Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems for Climate Resilient Development

Projects

Solomon Islands Water Sector Adaptation (SIWSAP)

The impacts of climate change, particularly sea-level rise (SLR) and pronounced droughts have severe consequences on water and sanitation in the country. The areas which are most vulnerable to SLR are low-lying islands, atolls and flat deltaic regions at the mouth of larger rivers. Intrusion of salt water from rise in sea level has affected groundwater resources, especially freshwater aquifers (lens) in small atolls and low-lying islands that rely on rainfall or groundwater for their freshwater supply.

Enhancing Adaptive Capacity of Communities in Papua New Guinea

In Papua New Guinea’s North Coast and Islands regions, coastal flooding is the most important climate change-related hazard. It threatens both coastal populations and important economic centers, including provincial capitals and economic. In the hinterland areas, climate change-related inland flooding is the most pressing hazard with the largest potential for widespread damage. The lack of water impoundments and/or water reticulation schemes serves to increase the vulnerability of the largely agrarian communities.

Promoting Autonomous Adaptation at the Community Level in Ethiopia

Climate change is already affecting the security of Ethiopia's sustainable development because the livelihoods of the majority of the population are sensitive to climate-related shocks, including drought and flooding. This is due, in part, to the reliance of the economy on rainfed agricultural production.

Strengthening Comoros Resilience Against Climate Change and Variability Related Disaster

The "Strengthening Comoros Resilience Against Climate Change and Variability Related Disaster" Project will work to strengthen institutional, policy and regulatory freamworks to integrate climate and diaster risks into planning, improve knowledge and understanding of key climate drivers and natural disasters, and strengthen community resilience to climate-induced disaster risks. UNDP is currently working with the Government of Comoros to develop the project proposal for a US$8.5 million grant from the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Countries Fund.

Increased Resilience and Adaptation to Adverse Impacts of Climate Change in Guinea’s Vulnerable Coastal Zones

The impacts of climate change on the Guinean coastal zone are predicted to adversely affect coastal economic development, coastal natural resources, coastal agricultural production and globally, food security.

Saving Lives and Protecting Agriculture based Livelihoods in Malawi: Scaling Up the Use of Modernized Climate Information and Early Warning Systems

Climate change severely threatens sustainable development opportunities for Malawi. The country faces a number of climate-induced disasters including floods, droughts, stormy rains and strong winds. The intensity and frequency of climate-related hazards have been increasing in recent decades, due to climate change as well as other factors like population growth, urbanization and environmental degradation. Farmers and rural populations have been amongst the most affected.

Building Resilient Communities, Wetland Ecosystems and Associated Catchments in Uganda

The "Building Resilient Communities, Wetland Ecosystems and Associated Catchments in Uganda" project will support the Government of Uganda in the management of critical wetlands that are being affected by a changing climate. The project will restore wetlands and their eco-system services, based on the wise-use principles and guidelines  outlined by the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.

Supporting Vulnerable Communities in Maldives to Manage Climate Change-Induced Water Shortages

In response to climate change risks and challenges, the Supporting Vulnerable Communities in Maldives to Manage Climate Change-induced Water Shortages project will provide sufficient water to supply the potable water needs of island residents year round for a 35 year design period (to 2050). Project finance will be used to establish an integrated water resources management system that integrates the three main sources of water (rainwater, groundwater, and desalinated water) into a least cost delivery system.

Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Water Sector in Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde is highly vulnerable to climate change and possesses a low capacity to adapt without outside assitance. Four sectors are particularly vulnerable to climate change: water, agriculture, forestry, and coastal development. Increased water salinization and drought resulting from climate change has been identified as the greatest constraint on the future prospects of economic development in Cabo Verde. Climate induced changes have so far resulted in seasonal water shortages at an increasing number of economically important sites and year round shortages at others.

Climate Change Resilient Productive Landscapes in Guatemala

Guatemala faces many hazards related to climate variability and climate change. Projections and scenarios indicate increases in temperature, decreases in total mean precipitation, increases in the frequency of extreme precipitation events, as well as in the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events.

Integrating Climate Change Risks into Resilient Island Planning in the Maldives

As a Small Island Developing State, Maldives' population and infrastructure are highly exposed to flooding and coastal erosion. In response, this UNDP-GEF project enables the country to assess the costs and benefits of different adaptation strategies and develop capacities in land use planning and coastal protection.

Integration of Climate Change Risks and Resilience into Forestry Management in Samoa (ICCRIFS)

Facing the need to increase the resilience of Samoa's forest areas on which local communities significantly rely upon for their livelihoods, the project aims at implementing alternative forestry management approaches and technique, supported through creating an enabling environment to build institutional and technical capacities.

Enhancing the climate-resilience of tourism-reliant communities in Samoa

The tourism sector provides livelihood to many local businesses in handicrafts, agricultural production and communication services in this Small Island Developing State (SIDS). The objective of this project is to increase the resilience of the tourism sector in Samoa through mainstreaming climate risks into tourism-related policy processes and adaptation actions in coastal communities and tourism operators.

Coping with Drought and Climate change (CwDCC) in Zimbabwe

The project, Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Zimbabwe, worked to enhance the capacity of agricultural and pastoral communities in Zimbabwe to adapt to climate variability and change. The primary project objective was to demonstrate and promote adoption of a range of gender-sensitive approaches for adaptation to climate change among rural communities currently engaged in agriculture in vulnerable areas of the Chiredzi.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Uganda

This project, "Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Uganda to support climate resilient development", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Uganda which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events.

Strengthening the Resilience of the Cook Islands to Climate Change

The Cook Islands is subject to highly destructive cyclones, intense rainfall events, and devastating droughts. The isolated populations in the Pa Enua (sister islands to the capital island of Rarotonga) are especially vulnerable to the anticipated changes in climate, including increased frequency and intensity of rainfall and tropical storms; rising and extreme sea levels and changing wind patterns; and hotter, drier weather.

Strengthening the resilience of post-conflict recovery and development to climate change risks in Sri Lanka

The project's key objective is increase the resilience of communities to climate change-induced hazards through integration of climate-smart policies and actions into development planning and budgeting, including in the reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes in the Northern Province and Eastern Province.

Programme on Climate Information for Resilient Development in Africa (CIRDA)

Climate stresses and low adaptive capacity are increasing Africa´s vulnerability to climate change. Climate related shocks to the economy, vulnerable populations, ecosystems and infrastructure threaten development goals and poverty alleviation strategies. The ability of decision-makers to understand and communicate the likely impacts of climate change is of critical importance in adapting development plans to new climate realities.

Enhancing Resilience to Flood- and Drought-Related Risks in Fiji

The overall objective of the project is to replicate successful interventions in Fiji's Ba catchment area and fully integrate climate change considerations in flood/drought risk management by not only generating and producing information, but also through training and dissemination. Mitigation of flood damage remains the highest priority need in the area, particularly in light of projected increases in intensification of rainfall and storm events. Fiji lacks an integrated natural resource management plan that incorporates climate change, agriculture, flood, and drought risk simultaneously.

Climate Resilient Flood Management Practices in Georgia

This project aims to make highly vulnerable communities and regions resilient to climate related hazards such as floods and flash floods. It takes an integrated and comprehensive approach by addressing critical gaps in land use policy and regulatory frameworks, which are fundamental to climate resilient flood management.

Integrating climate change risk management in Azerbaijan

This project, "Integrating climate change risk management by vulnerable communities in the Greater Caucasus region of Azerbaijan", aims to reduce vulnerability of the mountain communities of the Greater Caucasus region of Azerbaijan to climate change induced water stress and flood hazards by improved water and flood management.

Community-Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction in Nepal

The objective of this project is to reduce human and material losses from Glacier Lake Outburst Flooding (GLOF) in Solukhumbu district and catastrophic flooding events in the Terai and Churia Range.

Securing Marine-based Coastal Livelihoods from Climate-Induced Disasters in Tuvalu

Tuvalu's climate vulnerability stems from its inadequate public service delivery and vulnerable communication network in outer islands, compounded by its geography. The goal of the project is to increase the resilience of outer island communities to future climate change induced risks such as declining marine resources productivity and intensifying climatic hazards.

Reducing risk and vulnerability to climate change in Colombia

With one of the highest rates of disaster occurrences in Latin America, Colombia experiences on average 2.97 disasters per year - floods and landslides accounted for a third of these between 1970-1999. The increasing intensity of these events has consequently pushed back advances in social development, leading to increased inequality and poverty.

Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in Bhutan

This project, Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys, was identified by the National Adaptation Programme of Action of Bhutan as a national priority to address the adverse impacts of climate change. Its goal is to enhance adaptive capacity to climate change-induced disaster impacts in Bhutan.

Vanuatu Coastal Adaptation Project (VCAP)

Like most small island nations, the coastal zone in Vanuatu is the country’s hub of economic activity. Best estimates of long term, systematic changes indicate that by 2050, sea level is likely to have increased by 20 cm. Thus in order to protect its economy it is imperative to enhance the adaptive capacity of the coastal zone in Vanuatu.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Gambia

The EWS project in Gambia responds directly to the priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Gambia. The NAPA articulates the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes.

Identification and Implementation of Adaptation Response Measures in the Drini-Mati River Deltas

The Drini and Mati River Deltas in Albania are experiencing stressful impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems as a result of climate change. There is currently a lack of institutional and individual capacities to undertake a rigorous assessment or to address the potential climate change impacts on biodiversity. The aim of this project is to address key risks and vulnerabilities in the coastal areas of Drini Mati River Deltas of the Northern Adriatic by developing the capacity to adapt to climate change.

Addressing the Risks of Climate Induced Disasters in Bhutan through Enhanced National and Local Capacity for Effective Actions

The current NAPA II project, Addressing the Risk of Climate-Induced Disasters through Enhanced National and Local Capacity in Bhutan,  will address urgent and immediate climate change adaptation needs and leverage co-financing resources from national government, bilateral and other multilateral sources, and the private sector.  The project is working to “enhance national, local and community capacity to prepare for and respond to climate induced multi-hazards to reduce potential losses of human lives, national economic infrastructure, livelihood and livelihood asse

Strengthening Liberia's Climate Information and Services to Enhance Climate Resilient Development and Adaptation

This project responds to priorities and actions identified in the Liberia's NAPA which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events. 

Reducing Risks and Vulnerability to Flooding and Drought in Nicaragua

Climate variability, especially during El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) episodes, results in droughts that cause significant losses, particularly affecting the agricultural sector on which Nicaraguans' food security depends.  This project is designed to reduce drought and flooding risks generated by climate change and variability in the Estero Real River watershed.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Burkina Faso

The project, "Strengthening Climate Information and EWS in Western and Central Africa: Burkina Faso", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Burkina Faso which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events. 

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in São Tomé and Príncipe

In response to adaptation technology needs addressed in the NAPA of São Tomé and Príncipe, this project aims at helping this Small Island Developing State (SIDS) secure and transfer critical Early Warning Systems (EWSs) technologies. Expected impacts include benefits for the poor excluded from large protective infrastructure project, and long term planning for land use, agricultural planning and hydro electricity.

Reducing Disaster Risks from Wildfire Hazards Associated with Climate Change in South Africa

The goal of the project is to reduce the country's environmental, social and economic vulnerability to the increased incidence of wildfires in order to adapt to climate change effects. This is to be achieved through a biome-scale change in the fire management approach from reactive fire-fighting to proactive integrated fire management (IFM), including managing the ecosystem through controlled burns. 

Source: UNDP South Africa Project Information Questionnaire 

Integrating Climate Change Risks into the Agriculture and Health Sectors in Samoa

Increasing evidence of climate risks confronts Samoa with decreasing agricultural productivity and climate related water-borne diseases. This project aims to enhance the technical capabilities of the Samoa Meteorological Division, improve capacity for agricultural planning and public health in this Small Island Developing State (SIDS).

Climate Change Adaptation in Mauritius' Coastal Zone

As a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), the sea rises and tropical cyclones have affected Mauritius's coastal zones significantly. This project initiates new adaptation measures at three priority sites, develops an early warning system, promotes climate proofed planning and design, and also encourage knowledge sharing among areas with similar vulnerabilities.

Increasing Climate-resilience in Rwanda through EWS, Disaster Preparedness & Integrated Watershed Management

The Gishwati ecosystems of the Nile-Congo crest watersheds in North-Western Rwanda are increasingly vulnerable. In 2007, heavy flooding occurred, taking the lives of dozens of people and displacing hundreds of families from Gishwati Forest to Nyabihu District. Climate change, overpopulation and inadequate disaster preparedness compound the risk of future floods and landslides, putting the lives of the 280,210 inhabitants of the district in peril. 

Africa Adaptation Programme

The Africa Adaptation Programme was launched in 2008 by the United Nations Development Programme in partnership with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP) and with US$92.1 million support from the Government of Japan. The AAP was established under the Japan-UNDP Joint Framework for Building Partnership to Address Climate Change in Africa, which was founded at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) in May 2008.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Ethiopia

The project, "Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Ethiopia to Support Climate Resilient Development", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Ethiopia which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Zambia

This project, "Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Zambia to support climate resilient development", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Zambia which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Sierra Leone

The project, "Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems for Climate Resilient Development and Adaptation in Sierra Leone", responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Sierra Leone which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Tanzania

This project responds to priorities and actions identified in the NAPA of Tanzania which articulate the need for securing, transferring and installing critical technologies, as well as developing the necessary systems for climate change-related information to permeate into decision-making processes. The technologies required to achieve these aims will increase the capacity of the national early warning network to forewarn and rapidly respond to extreme climate events.

Strengthening Community Resilience to Climate Induced Natural Disasters in Rural Timor-Leste

The government of Timor-Leste is currently investing heavily in transport infrastructure as a basis for securing the country’s long-term development goals. These investments are at risk as a result of climate change and therefore require a strategy to ensure their long-term sustenance. The Dili to Ainaro development corridor is one such region that is increasingly at risk from climate change and disaster related impacts including localized flooding, landslides and strong winds.

Climate Risk Finance for Rain-fed Farming in Sudan

A country housing the largest number of displaced population, Sudan faces additional stress as a result of climate change. In particular, the increasingly unreliable nature of rainfall, together with its concentration into short growing seasons, heightens the vulnerability of Sudan’s rain-fed agricultural systems.

Coping with Drought and Climate change (CwDCC) in Ethiopia

Vulnerability analyses for Ethiopia suggest that environmental changes over the coming decades present a serious threat to economic and social sectors. 

Implementing adaptation priorities through national development plans in Malawi

Extreme weather events have adversely impacted Malawi’s food security, water security, energy supply, infrastructure, human health and the sustainable livelihoods of family households. Further, the unsustainable use of natural resource costs Malawi USD191 million or 5.3% of GDP every year with the resulting forest cover in the country decreasing from 41% in 1990 to 35% in 2008.

Community Disaster Risk Management in Burundi

The overarching goal of the project is to safeguard development benefits for vulnerable communities from future climate change induced risks. The community disaster risk management project will enhance local climatic governance by building capacity of key actors and providing necessary risks management tools (e.g. contingency plans, EWS). The project will also promote sustainable and equitable economic growth through the adoption of adaptation-related technologies aiming to rehabilitate and protect vulnerable communities assets

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems to Support Climate-Resilient Development in Cambodia

The project seeks to include climate change considerations in short and long term planning processes, sectoral planning and other decision-making processes. Data generated through installed hardware, along with risk mapping and forecasted data will be made available to specifically benefit agriculture and water management sectors in their planning processes.

Reducing vulnerability to coastal flooding through ecosystem-based adaptation in Cuba

Mangroves cover more than 5% of the total area of Cuba and play a vital protective role against effects of storm surges and sea level rise. This UNDP-supported project, "Reduction of vulnerability to coastal flooding through ecosystem-based adaptation in the south of Artemisa and Mayabeque provinces," seeks to reduce the vulnerability of communities in coastal areas of Artemisa and Mayabeque provinces from climate change related coastal erosion, flooding and saltwater intrusion.

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems for Climate Resilient Development & Adaptation in Tanzania

This project will initiate Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) frameworks in the Pangani River Basin of Northern Tanzania. These frameworks will address climate change and pilot adaptation measures. It is one of the first field-based climate change preparation projects in Eastern Africa with strong links to basin and national planning and policy, and as such will build national and regional capacity, provide lessons and serve as a national and regional demonstration site.

Source: Tanzania Project Document (PIMS: 3308)

Adaptation to the Effects of Drought and Climate Change in Zambia

The project, "Adaptation to the Effects of Drought and Climate Change in Zambia", will support climate-resilient water management and agricultural practices.

Strengthening Capacity to Address the Risks and Impacts of Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events in Thailand

Coastal communities in southern Thailand are amongst the most vulnerable to climate change impacts. Over recent decades, tropical storms, cyclones, floods and coastal erosion have become more frequent and severe, with increasing loss of life and damage to livelihoods, property and infrastructure. Climate change is projected to aggravate existing problems through increased frequency and intensity of existing climate hazards and rising sea levels.

Scaling up Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Climate Vulnerable Farming Communities in Southern Philippines

As a result of increasingly unpredictable weather and increasing frequency of extreme events (particularly drought, excessive rains and/or flooding), farmers in Southern Philippines are losing income and assets including access to community infrastructure and facilities critical to their livelihoods.

Reducing Glacier Lake Outburst Flood Risks in Northern Pakistan

The Himalayan Karakorum Hindukush (HKH) Mountain region contains the second largest glacier in the world and acts as the main source for river systems in the area. However, it is also prone to climate-related hazards such as floods, avalanches and landslides, which occur annually and can cause significant human and material losses. Rapid glacial melt due to climate change is causing increased water flow into glacier lakes, threatening the prospect of Glacier Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs).

Coping with Drought and Climate Change (CwDCC) in Mozambique

The Government of Mozambique recognizes that the country is vulnerable to catastrophes and that the hazards resulting from climate change are exacerbating the persistence of absolute poverty in Mozambique. Of all of the natural hazards affecting the country, drought is the most common and the most devastating. In light of this challenge, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and its partners are implementing the Coping with Drought and Climate Change (CwDCC) project in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

Adaptation to Climate Change Impacts in Mountain Forest Ecosystems of Armenia

Containing more than half the region’s floral diversity and over 300 species of trees and bushes, Armenia’s forest ecosystems form a vital eco-corridor that extends through the Eastern Lesser Caucasus. Although these forests are a biodiversity hotspot and a global conservation priority, the region has been identified as critically vulnerable, especially to the risks posed by climate change.

Climate-resilient development & enhanced adaptive capacity for disaster risk in Angola’s Cuvelai River Basin

The Cuvelai Basin has experienced regular flooding for centuries; however over the past three hydrological years (2008-2011) the Basin has had extensive floodings with various negative repercussions, including loss of life and property. According to the Angola Civil Protection Commission, at least 234 persons were killed, 204,000 displaced and 254,000 directly affected by flooding between January and April 2011 throughout Angola. The Cuvelai Basin region was especially impacted.