Regional

Taxonomy Term List

Japan Caribbean Climate Change Partnership

The Challenge

Climate change is recognized as one of the challenges which compounds inherent vulnerabilities in the Caribbean; it could significantly increase the risk of hurricanes and storms and threaten the region’s development. Increasing coastal erosion and severe coral reef bleaching events in 2005 and 2010 bear witness to this. Tourism and agriculture will be among the sectors most negatively impacted by these climatic changes. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) confirms that small islands are highly vulnerable to climatic and non-climatic stressors, with sea level rise and temperature rise among the most insidious threats for coastal flooding and erosion, ecosystem degradation and loss of livelihoods. Further, inadequate awareness, information, technical and policy capacity, and limited funding availability for informing and formulating a low-emissions development strategy are among the reasons that it has been difficult to direct and guide climate change mitigation investments in the Caribbean. In sum, climate change threatens to undermine decades of progress and effort. As a result, it is a focal area for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), being explicitly identied in goal 13 but also encompassing other goals.

The Solution

Recognising that persistent climate-related liabilities will continue to undermine their potential for sustainable development, Caribbean countries are focusing their post-2015 long-term sustainable development strategies on the principles of climate risk management and resilience building – understood as market transformations based on “adjustments in ecological, social, or economic systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli and their eects or impacts.” Studies have shown that cost-effective adaptation and risk mitigation solutions can help to avoid up to 90% of expected losses. The Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership (J-CCCP) brings together policy makers, experts and representatives of communities to encourage policy innovation for climate technology incubation and diffusion. By doing so, the initiative aims to ensure that barriers to the implementation of climate-resilient technologies are addressed and overcome in a participatory and efficient manner. Policy instruments such as Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) provide tailored frameworks to expand access to clean energy and to prioritise adaptation measures. As a result, concrete mitigation and adaptation will be implemented on the ground, in line with countries' long-term strategies.

Building upon and supported by the NAMAs and NAPs, the partnership will support the incubation of climate technology into targeted public sectors, private industries, and community groups and enterprises so that green, low-emission climate-resilient technologies can be tested, refined, adopted, and sustained as a practical measure to enhance national, sub-national and community level resilience. These technologies will help reduce the dependence on fossil fuel imports, setting the region on a low emission development path; as well as improve the region’s ability to respond to climate risks and opportunities in the long-run, through resilient development approaches that go beyond disaster response to extreme events. The Partnership will include the following eight Caribbean countries: the Belize, Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, the republic of Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and the Republic of Suriname. The Government of Japan has provided financial and technical support for this project, with UNDP acting in the capacity of implementing partner.


 

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Coordinates: 
POINT (-62.226562504703 17.486911106985)
 
Presentation
Reports
Communications Products
Manual
Project Brief / Fact Sheet
ProDocs
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

 

Indicator

Baseline

Targets

End of Project

Source of verification

Risks and Assumptions

Project Objective

To support countries in advancing the process of low-emission risk-resilient development by improving energy security and integrating medium to long-term planning for adaptation to climate change

Number of plans and programmes that are informed by multi-hazard national and sub-national disaster and climate risk assessments, taking into account differentiated impacts on women and men

Few countries have a systematic process for incorporating disaster and climate risk into national planning and budgeting processes. Often “mainstreaming” of these issues is left with the key ministry and is not sufficiently integrated across sectors.

6 countries have completed NAPs, which explicitly address disaster and climate risk resilience and gender impacts

 

NAP roadmaps

 

Stocktaking/gap assessment reports 

 

Workshop reports

 

 

Evolving UNFCCC, Adaptation Committee and LEG guidance continues to support the medium to long-term adaptation planning process.

 

Key Government representatives and stakeholders recognise the value engaging in regular debate about the medium to long-term implication of climate risks and adaptation.

 

Senior planners and decision-makers continue to recognise the importance of climate change adaptation and are committed to support necessary policy changes.

Number of national/sub-national development and key sectorial plans that explicitly address disaster and/or climate risk management being implemented, disaggregated by those which are gender responsive (e.g. include the collection of disaggregated data, gender analysis and targeted actions)

 

 

Gender responsiveness and even mainstreaming of CCA and DRR are limited

 

 

 

All implemented demonstration activities are based on community-level risk and vulnerability assessment, which include gender analysis

 

 

 

 

Community capacity assessment reports (or supplemental analysis where capacity assessment previously completed)

 

Demonstration projects assessment criteria and selection justification

 

Engineer monitoring reports

 

Field visit reports

Gender inequalities and imbalances may affect the implementation efficiency of community activities as well as their sustainability. It is assumed that these imbalances can be identified early in order to adjust the project’s strategy.

 

Key community stakeholders will be open and receptive to government’s initiatives at community level, and that political considerations will not infer negatively in the implementation of the project, if for instance the communities have strong expectation on a topic unrelated to CC, disaster management, or even resilience.

Number of new jobs and other livelihoods generated, disaggregated by sex

Youth unemployment is high in the region, and women tend to have higher unemployment and less access to employment opportunities than men

50 persons develop new/enhanced skills with which they generate livelihoods, disaggregated by sex, age and sector

Training reports

 

Field visit reports

 

Mid-term evaluation

 

Final evaluation

Tools and approaches developed by the project are considered practical, locally appropriate, innovative, sustainable and cost effective.

 

Key Government representatives and stakeholders recognise the value of project-related training initiatives.

 

Low capacities of committees to support the implementation of appropriate climate resilient technologies.

Outcome 1

NAMAs and NAPs to promote alternative low-emission and climate-resilient technologies that can support energy transformation and adaptation in economic sectors are formulated and institutionalised

Number of countries where implementation of comprehensive measures - plans, strategies, policies, programmes and budgets - to achieve low-emission and climate-resilient development objectives have improved

Number of countries with disaster reduction and/or integrated disaster reduction and adaptation plans (disaggregated by gender responsiveness), and dedicated institutional frameworks and multi-stakeholder coordination mechanisms.

 

Number of national/sub-national development and key sectorial plans that explicitly address disaster and/or climate risk management being implemented, disaggregated by those which are gender responsive

Some Caribbean countries have developed urgent and immediate plans for adaptation and other related climate change strategies and started their implementation, with some having coordination mechanisms in place to integrate them into the development process as well as other elements which could be used for medium to long-term planning.

 

Almost all Caribbean countries report on lack of capacity, data, expertise, institutions and financial resources to undertake medium- to long -term oriented impact assessment and adaptation planning.

 

1 beneficiary country has submitted a NAMA to the UNFCCC (Dominica)

 

At least 3 countries have projects underway to develop NAPs/LEDS/GE Strategy (Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Lucia)

6 countries have completed NAPs, which explicitly address disaster and climate risk resilience and gender impacts

 

6 countries supported under this initiative have submitted NAMAs to UNFCCC

 

NAP roadmaps

 

Stocktaking/gap assessment reports 

 

Workshop reports

 

Coordinating mechanisms for the implementation of LEDS (e.g. NAMA registry, MRV and GHG inventory systems) and certified professionals for MRV, LEDS and NAMA oversight

 

Approved NAPs and NAMAs

Evolving UNFCCC, Adaptation Committee and LEG guidance continues to support the medium to long-term adaptation planning process.

 

Key Government representatives and stakeholders recognise the value engaging in regular debate about the medium to long-term implication of climate risks and adaptation.

 

Senior planners and decision-makers continue to recognise the importance of climate change adaptation and are committed to support necessary policy changes.

 

Tools and approaches developed by the project are considered practical, locally appropriate, innovative, sustainable and cost effective.

 

Key Government representatives and stakeholders recognise the value of project-related training initiatives.

Outputs to deliver Outcome 1:

Output 1.1. Technical support towards national and sub-national institutional and coordination arrangements in Caribbean countries to support the formulation of national roadmaps on the NAP process, including elements for monitoring the progress of their implementation.

Output 1.2. National teams are trained in the use of tools, methods and approaches to advance the NAP process and budgeting. 

Output 1.3. Business-as-usual greenhouse gas emission baselines established, and climate change mitigation options for selected sectors relevant for the Caribbean region identified.

Output 1.4. Design and implementation of NAMAs in the Caribbean with MRV systems and NAMA registries in place to monitor their execution.

Outcome 2

Selected mitigation and adaptation technologies transferred and adopted for low emission and climate resilient development in the Caribbean

 

Number of people with improved access to energy

 

Number people with improved access to energy as a result of UNDP-supported interventions

 

% of households benefitting from improved access to energy which are female-headed households

 

Number of schemes which expand and diversify the productive base based on the use of sustainable production technologies.

 

Number of communities where sector-specific risk reduction measures  are being implemented, disaggregated by urban and rural areas

Few positive measures exist (water harvesting, micro-dams, water saving incentives) but are limited in reach and need up-scaling

 

Some countries have incentives and mechanisms to encourage sustainable practices within various sectors.

20% increase in kWh of RE capacity installed in vulnerable communities

 

20% increase in kWh of RE capacity installed in agricultural operations

 

150 people with improved access to energy

 

55% of households benefitting from improved access to energy are female-headed households

 

5% decrease in or avoided tCO2 emissions

 

10 agricultural sites implementing climate adaptation and sustainable production methods

 

12 communities implementing risk reduction measures, disaggregated by urban/rural area

APR

 

Local level assessments at demonstration sites

 

Physical inspections

 

Field visit reports

 

Infrastructure designs and plans

 

Official country documents such as national reports

Target population do not see the benefit of new practices.

 

Low capacities of committees to support the implementation of appropriate climate resilient technologies.

 

Insufficient awareness of climate change by farmers.

 

Availability of technical expertise and equipment locally

Outputs to deliver Outcome 2:

Output 2.1 Affordable climate-resilient community-based water harvesting, storage and distribution systems designed, built and rehabilitated in selected target areas (e.g. communal reservoirs, rooftop catchment, rainwater storage tanks and conveyance systems)

Output 2.2 Crop diversification practices tested for their ability to improve resilience of farmers to climate change impacts.

Output 2.3 Community-based water capacity and irrigation systems improved or developed to test their ability to raise agricultural productivity. 

Output 2.4 Climate-resilient agro-pastoral practices and technologies (e.g. water management and soil fertility) demonstrated in selected target areas.

Output 2.5 Small-scale infrastructure implemented to reduce climate change and disaster-induced losses

Output 2.6 Energy pilot demonstrations applied to selected adaptation, mitigation and disaster risk management interventions to catalyse low-emission climate-resilient technology transfer, development and investments in the Caribbean

Outcome 3

Knowledge networks strengthened in Caribbean to foster South-South and North-South cooperation through sharing of experiences surrounding climate change, natural hazard risk and resilience

 

Number of new partnership mechanisms with funding for sustainable management solutions of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste

 at national and/or sub-national level

Several formal and informal relationships exist within the region, and opportunities for cooperation originate in many forms, including through regional bodies as well as projects

3 partnership mechanisms agreed

Reports from workshops/policy dialogues

 

MOUs, partnership agreements, letters of agreement

 

Mid-term evaluation

 

Final evaluation

Experience and lessons sharing among beneficiary countries will lead to formal partnership for sharing of technical capacity, data and other resources.

Number of case studies disseminated and available on regional knowledge platforms

Often project results can be lost after project ends or only confined to a small number of users

10 case studies shared on at least 2 regional platforms

e.g. CCCCC, CIMH, CDEMA websites

 

UNDP website, ALM

It is assumed that all institutions will collaborate in information sharing

 

Outputs to deliver Outcome 3:

Output 3.1 Capacity building within the region to sustain and enhance approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation

Output 3.2 Communication campaign on the benefits of mitigation and adaptation, mitigation and disaster risk management interventions to catalyse low emission technologies for sustainable cities in island towns and communities

Output 3.3 Japan-Caribbean transfer of technical and process-oriented information on experiences, good practice, lessons and examples of relevance to medium to long-term national, sector and local planning and budgeting processes


 

Contacts: 
Yoko Ebisawa
Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership - Project Manager
Neisha Manickchand
Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership - Technical Specialist
Donna Gittens
Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership - Technical Specialist
Sherri Frederick
Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership - Monitoring & Evaluation Analyst
Penny Bowen
Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership - Communications Associate
Wilfred Tate
JCCCP National Focal Point - Belize
Claudine Roberts
JCCCP National Focal Point - Dominica
Astrid Lynch
JCCCP National Focal Point - Guyana
Annlyn Mc Phie
JCCCP National Focal Point - Grenada
Eltha Brown
JCCCP National Focal Point - Jamaica
Kurt Prospere
JCCCP National Focal Point - Saint Lucia
Ruthvin Harper
JCCCP National Focal Point - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sharon Legiman
JCCCP National Focal Point - Suriname
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

Capacity Development for Media Practitioners

J-CCCP provided climate change training to more than 30 journalists from across the region. The two-day training seminar enabled media practitioners to learn and share best practices on climate change issues including, climate change science, economics and policy as well as the role of media entities in communicating on climate change.

Consultation for the Development of a Transportation NAMA in St. Vincent and the Grenadines

As St. Vincent and the Grenadines pursues the development of a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) in the transportation sector, stakeholders gathered to consult on the process.

Presentation of KAP Study Results and Campaign Brainstorming in St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Stakeholders, some of whom took part in data collection for the study, gathered to hear the results of a knowledge, attitudes and practices study conducted in St. Vincent and the Grenadines in December, 2016. Participants also assisted with the development of campaign approaches and committed to supporting campaign implementation.

Development of Belize's National Communication Strategy for Climate Change

J-CCCP supported the National Climate Change Office of Belize in the development of a national communications plan for climate change. This support was in the form of a workshop where stakeholders from key sectors across the country fed into the development of the plan. 

Caribbean Climate Change Coordination Seminar

In April 2016, representatives from regional organisations gathered in St. Lucia to map synergies and actions between development partners and the Project relating to NAPs, NAMAs and knowledge management and communications. Organisations in attendance included: CARDI, CARICOM, CEDMA, CCCCC, CYEN, CIMH, CARPHA, and PANOS, among others. For NAP and NAMA development and pilot projects, organisations were asked to identify stages at which each organisation may be able to lend support based on their expertise, the specific nature of the assistance and how additional funding could be leveraged. Participants also contributed to plans under outcome 3, including policy events, study tours and campaigns and noted that the exercise was useful in order to break a trend of working in silos.-NAMA training

Training Seminar on the Development and Implementation of Climate Mitigation Actions

J-CCCP partnered with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Regional Collaboration Centre (UNFCCC RCC), the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme and local Ministries in the months of June and September to conduct two-day training seminars in Belize, Grenada, Guyana, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Suriname. The seminars were designed to support the development of climate mitigation actions, including Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Approximately two hundred persons were trained in total. 

National Adaptation Plans Regional Workshop for the Caribbean

Representatives from 10 Caribbean countries, including J-CCCP’s 8 beneficiary countries, met in Grenada’s capital of St. Georges to discuss strategies to prepare for the impact of climate change. Following Grenada’s final consultation on its National Adaptation Plan (NAP), they were able to share lessons from their experience of national adaptation planning, including some key topics such as political buy-in, coordination, integration of the sectoral plan, climate finance with peers through this two-day event.  The NAP Assembly was co-hosted by Grenada’s Ministry of Education, Human Resource Development and the Environment; the UNDP Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership (J-CCCP); and the NAP Global Network.

National Communication Strategy Development Workshop - Belize

J-CCCP supported the National Climate Change Office of Belize in the development of a country-wide communications strategy. This workshop saw Communications Professionals from Belizean Ministries, CBOs, NGOs and the media gather to have inputs into the strategy. The Project will focus its efforts on implementing the initial stage of the strategy with support from other local stakeholders.  

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Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Civil Society Engagement: 

 

Building Resilience of Health Systems in Asian LDCs to Climate Change

Climate change brings with it serious risks to public health, particularly in Asia which is vulnerable to its impacts.  Heat waves will increase morbidity and mortality in vulnerable groups.  Altered rain patterns and water flows will impact crop production and thus increase malnutrition.  And changes in air and water temperatures, as well as increased incidence of extreme events, will affect transmission of infections diseases.  Those in low-lying coastal zones and flood plains are particularly at risk.  The problem is exacerbated in Least Developed Countries (LDCs), where adaptive capacity and economic vulnerability limit adequate preparation for the impacts of climate change on health. 

The Building Resilience of Health Systems in Asian LDCs to Climate Change project will support Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal, and Timor-Leste by:

  • strengthening institutional capacity to integrate climate risks and adaptation into health sector planning
  • improving surveillance and/or early warning systems for effective decision-making
  • enhancing health sector service delivery
  • supporting regional cooperation and knowledge sharing to promote up-scaling and replication of best practices
  • and integrating health into the National Adaptation Plan process

This project will be implemented in partnership with the World Health Organization (WHO) and is funded by the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF).

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The long term solution for the governments of Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal and Timor-Leste is to have enhanced national health systems and institutions, which are able to respond effectively to climate change impacts on health.  While the impacts of climate change on health vary across countries, what is required to build the resilience of their respective health systems are similar.  Each of the governments requested support to:

  • strengthen institutional capacity to integrate climate risks and adaptation into health sector planning
  • improve surveillance and/or early warning systems for effective decision-making
  • enhance health sector service delivery
  • support regional cooperation and knowledge sharing to promote up-scaling and replication of best practices
  • and to integrate health into the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process

These complementary areas frame the Building Resilience of Health Systems in Asian LDCs to Climate Change project.  The project is currently at the concept stage, with stakeholder consultations and assessments ongoing.  These will inform further development of the project toward detailed activities with measurable indicators to track results.  Project development activities are expected to be completed by end-2016, followed by implementation starting in 2017.

The two-year project has an estimate budget of $9 million.

 

 

 

 

 

Contacts: 
UNDP
Mariana Simoes
Ms
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2016 to 2019

UNDP Support in Asian SIDS

Climate change is an existential threat in Small Developing Island States (SIDS) in Asia. Asian SIDS are characterized by their particular vulnerability to sea level rise and subsequent inundation and coastal erosion. For example, a sea level rise of even a meter would cause the loss of the entire land area of Maldives, as over 80% of its land area is less than one meter above mean sea level. The Asian SIDS face risk factors including extreme weather events, deforestation, soil erosion due to sub-prime agricultural practices, and tropical cyclones. Overall temperature and mean rainfall is increasing, while dry seasons are projected to be drier.

This will compound underlying trends of increasing pressure on scarce land resources, and increase physical vulnerability of island populations, infrastructure and livelihood assets. Especially, rural SIDS communities often become isolated when roads and bridges get washed away by localized extreme events. Also, given that the coral reefs surrounding the islands support their tourism and fisheries upon which the island populations depend on almost exclusively, the economic ramification for such threats is profound. Particularly those living in the remote interior of the countries and highly exposed coastal areas suffer more from infrastructure destruction and disrupted water supply. 

Therefore, the demand in the region is increasingly growing for improved understanding of climate variability and change induced threats at country level and target industries. Another area of interest is developing systematic adaptation planning within relevant development sectors to protect vulnerable social and environmental assets and natural resources.

Learn more about UNDP's Support to Small Island Developing States.

Sources: Timor-Leste Project Identification Form (PIF), GEF, 2011; Maldives Project Document, UNDP; Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action: South Asia, Adaptation Patnership/International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2011.

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POINT (100.54687497443 13.720708421819)
 
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UNDP Support in Pacific SIDS

Small Island developing States (SIDS) in the Pacific are particularly exposed to the climate change related risks since the majority of their population, agricultural land and infrastructure are concentrated in the coastal zone. Pacific SIDS are also unique since their dense and rapidly growing population and low-lying deltaic spatial locations render the region highly susceptible to only a small degree of change in climate conditions.

The likely prospect of land loss, salinization, and droughts due to climate change will threaten the sustainability of agriculture in Pacific countries. The sea surface temperatures causes coral bleaching which affects artisanal fisheries and reduces storm surge protection. Also, the biodiversity of upland and coastal forests, including mangroves, is threatened by both global change and local factors. Low rainfall can lead to a reduction in the amount of water that can be physically harvested, a reduction in river flow, and a slower rate of recharge of the freshwater lens, which can result in prolonged droughts. Finally, impacts on infrastructure due to extreme climate events would become increasingly destructive. 

Learn more about UNDP's Support to Small Island Developing States.

Source: UNFCCC, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Small Island Developing States - Background paper for the expert meeting on adaptation for Small Island Developing States; and Global Climate Change Alliance, http://www.gcca.eu/regional-programmes/gcca-pacific-small-island-states. 

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POINT (-171.76025392095 -13.837079824861)
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The Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project is the largest climate change adaptation initiative in the Pacific region, with demonstration projects in 14 Pacific island countries.

The PACC project is funded by the Global Environment Facility's Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) – a fund that was established to support adaptation and technology transfer in all developing country parties to the UNFCCC. Additional funding has been provided by the Australian Government to support the replication of successful demo adaptation interventions in a broader range of vulnerable communities. Project execution is supported by Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme.

Project Status: 

UNDP Support to Small Island Developing States

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) supports a substantial portfolio of projects in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) focused on climate change adaptation. Key donors include the Global Environment Facility (GEF), Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF), Adaptation Fund (AF), Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), and the Government of Australia. 

UNDP is supporting SIDS across a number of different thematic areas.  111 projects have received support on climate change adaptation and mitigation through the UNDP-GEF Green Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategies (GLECRDS) team; 101 projects have received support from the UNDP-GEF Ecosystems and Biodiversity (EBD) team for interventions in protected areas, mainstreaming biodiversity, and ecosystem-based climate change adaptation and mitigation; 18 projects for interventions focusing on sustainable fisheries and integrated water resources management are supported by the UNDP-GEF Water and Oceans team; 17 projects are supported by the UNDP-GEF Energy, Infrastructure Transport and Technology (EITT) team; and nine projects receive support from the UNDP-GEF Chemicals team.

Learn more about UNDP's Support to Small Island Developing States:

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Coordinates: 
POINT (178.39599605788 -18.098865692873)
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The UNDP-GEF Green Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategies (GLECRDS) team is currently working in 25 Small Island Developing States.

Country-level Initiatives: 

Programme on Climate Information for Resilient Development in Africa (CIRDA)

Climate stresses and low adaptive capacity are increasing Africa´s vulnerability to climate change. Climate related shocks to the economy, vulnerable populations, ecosystems and infrastructure threaten development goals and poverty alleviation strategies. The ability of decision-makers to understand and communicate the likely impacts of climate change is of critical importance in adapting development plans to new climate realities. However, the lack of access to reliable climate information and the lack of capacity of disseminating it prove to be significant obstacles in allowing governments and populations to develop the correct tools to address the changes that will be brought on as a result of climate change.

The Programme on Climate Information for Resilient Development in Africa (CIRDA) will enable vulnerable countries in Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, the Gambia, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia) to strengthen national climate information systems as well as to benefit from regional coordination and draw upon a platform of knowledge management.

The CIRDA Programme will coordinate among different stakeholders needs and capacities in collecting, generating, analysing and disseminating relevant climate information. It will also provide capacity building on: meteorological, climate and hydrological observing and forecasting systems, disaster risk management and viable communication systems/processes for disseminating alerts, and the use of alternative cost-effective technologies. The Programme will provide special consideration on reaching end user populations such as farmers as well as strategies to engage with the private sector as a service provider and as an end user of climate information.

The multi-country programme is being implemented by UNDP with funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF) and is an example of the concrete actions that the UN is taking to reduce the impacts of climate change in all development sectors.

CIRDA Blog

 

 

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POINT (38.320312491284 10.328754533132)
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UNDP Climate Change Adaptation: Prevent Natural Disasters in Benin

Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams
Programme Related Events
Communications Products
Knowledge Products
Training & Tools
Reports and Publications by country teams
Newsletter
Brochures, Posters, Communications Products
News article
Board Meeting Reports
Planning Meeting Presentations
Project Brief / Fact Sheet
Nairobi Round Table on Strengthening Development of Climate Information and Early Warning Systems
ProDocs
Launch Workshop CIRDA
Project Details: 

The Multi Country Programme will support the following countries in Africa use climate information as a key tool in long term planning fundamental for economic development.

The Programme will strengthen the capacity of these countries and the region to develop and operate modern climate information and early warning systems by making available technical assistance and provide access to new technologies. Countries will also benefit from regional coordination and a knowledge sharing platform.

For up to date information on the CIRDA Programme and to engage in our ongoing discussions, make sure to check out our blog: http://undp-cirda.blogspot.com/

For a brief snapshot of the Programme, download the CIRDA Fact Sheet.

Bonizella Biagini

Dr. Bonizella (Boni) Biagini currently manages the UNDP’s Programme on Climate Information for Resilient Development in Africa (CIRDA).

Prior to joining UNDP in 2014, Dr. Biagini worked at the Global Environment Facility (GEF) for 12 years, leading the creation and development of the GEF Adaptation program and project portfolio. She was the senior official responsible for mobilizing resources for the first two dedicated adaptation funds: the Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF) and the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), which together have received donor support of $1.5 billion.  Before joining the GEF, Dr. Biagini worked at several NGOs including the Climate, Energy and Pollution Program at the World Resources Institute and the international office of Legambiente, a leading Italian environmental research organization.

A physicist by training, Dr. Biagini has worked on climate change and other global environmental issues for 25 years in Europe, the United States, Africa, Asia, and several small island states. In addition to her technical skills, her background encompasses an unusual combination of operational experience on the ground and high-level participation in international environmental meetings including the Earth Summit and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Learn more about Dr. Biagini's work with the GEF Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) and the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) in the May 2016 publication "Time to Adapt: Insights from the GEF's Experience in Adaptation to Climate Change." Dr. Biagini is also a contributor to the IPCC Third and Fourth Assessment Reports on Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, and the author of numerous publications on climate change science and policy, including the report “Confronting Climate Change, Economic Priorities and Climate Protection in Developing Nations.” (Biagini, 2000).  She is the lead author of three recent articles documenting experiences resulting from climate change adaptation projects:  “Engaging the Private Sector in Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries” (Biagini, Miller, 2013), “A Typology of Adaptation Actions: A Global Look at Climate Adaptation Actions Financed Through the Global Environment Facility” (Biagini, Bierbaum, Stults, Dobardzic, McNeeley, 2014); and “Technology Transfer for Adaptation” (Biagini, Kuhl, Sims Gallagher, Ortiz, 2014). (Photo Courtesy Margherita Mirabella)

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Climate Data Digitization

Overview
At the request of the governments of The Gambia, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia, the UNDP Programme on Climate Information for Resilient Development in Africa (CIRDA) is taking steps to assist in the preservation of historic climate data in these six African Least Developed Countries.

In its initial phase of support, two experts were commissioned by the CIRDA Programme to meet with National Hydro-Meteorological Services (NHMS) to provide guidance on digitization efforts and create a plan to capture digital records, particularly data used to manage climate impacts on agriculture, fishing and floods. With new training support, three countries are now scaling up efforts to capture historic records and digitize tens of thousands of pages of historic climate archives.

Types of Climate Data
Climate data generally falls into two categories: historical data and data from recent and current observations.

While most people understand the importance of current and recent climate data, fewer appreciate the equal importance of historical climate data. Historical data allow one to establish long-term trends, which in turn helps us understand and better plan for future changes in climate. They also help in developing and refining climate models and seasonal forecasts, as well as provide the foundational datasets used for adaptation studies at local, national and regional scales.

Climate models are mathematical representations of the interactions between the atmosphere, oceans, land surface, ice and the sun. Once a climate model is developed, it has to be tested to find out if it works. And since we can’t wait for 30 years to see if a model is any good or not, the models have to be tested against the past in a process that is called “hindcasting” that rely on historical observations. The simple assumption of hindcasting is that if a model can correctly predict current trends from a starting point somewhere in the past, one can expect it to predict what might happen in the future.

History of Climate Data
Meteorological data observations in most African countries date back to the early 19th Century (for example, in Tanzania the first meteorological observation was made along the coast in 1850). Once recorded on paper, the observations are kept in various formats in data archives usually located at meteorological agency headquarters or even still at the stations where the measurements were originally taken. But this historical data is recorded largely on paper and, depending on the age of the paper and the condition of the archives, some of the data is unreadable or is wearing out at dramatic rates, due to handwritten ink that fades over time. 

Initial Needs Assessment
During an initial needs assessment, only Malawi reported having partial access to digitized historic data, with other countries often reporting no central digital archive of these data existing. One reason for this is that historic climate data sets are often held by other agencies aside from the NHMS. Alternative agencies holding historic data sets often include the Ministries of Agriculture, Water, Transport and Education.

Why Digitization is Important
Climate data is an essential ingredient needed to develop weather/climate-based early warning systems and a cornerstone for resilience building efforts. It not only allows us to monitor adverse impacts across development sectors, populations and ecosystems, but it also helps countries to prepare for and adapt to the realities of climate change. This information can be analyzed and applied to protect development gains and aid in the achievement of National Adaptation Plan goals. It is also an essential ingredient in creating more accurate forecasts that can be used to track storms, protect lives and build more resilient livelihoods. Unfortunately, in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, these important data – often recorded with pen and paper – is being lost at a remarkable rate. Civil War, material decay and the sands of time are literally erasing the historical record of climate in the region.

The Strategy
National digitization strategies depend on a number of factors, including where and how data is stored, legal frameworks, in-house capacity, budgets, and equipment. Generally speaking, and often utilizing external funding, governments electronically capture paper records into a database with the first step being to record digital images of the data using a scanner or digital camera. This ensures that a digital copy of the record is preserved and can be be shared. However, the data itself is not yet in a digital form where it can be used to make calculations or for computational analyses. This requires either manually keying the records into a digital database, using software such as ClimSoft or Excel, or using automatic character recognition software to read, analyze and warehouse the new digital archive. Each variable and data set is important for improved weather forecasting and historical climate tracking, with different variables being used in different applications e.g. wind speed, humidity, temperature and incident radiation all important to calculate evaporation which is used model hydrological flows and crop development. An example of some of the main data useful for climate applications are given below:

Top Level Data Sets

  • Rainfall
  • Temperatures
  • Wind speed and direction
  • Humidity
  • Sunshine duration
  • Incident solar radiation
  • River Discharge
  • Salinity
  • Surface Water levels

Resources and Further Reading

Images

From top to botton: Historic records in The Gambia, where the archive is not in a good state, but recent records are intact; handheld data recue efforts in Uganda; and the Tanzania Meteorological Department's historic archive.

Programme Outputs

UNDP's CIRDA Programme provides support to 11 vulnerable countries African countries in their efforts to enhance their capacity to collect, analyze and disseminate climate information as a tool in adaptation planning. It does so by providing expert technical advice, promoting regional cooperation efforts, and capacity building.The support provided by the CIRDA Programme is in addition to each countries efforts to implement individual national climate information/early warning projects.

Click below to learn about some recent on the ground achievements:

Uganda

Zambia

Benin

Sao Tome and Principe

Tanzania

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Implementation of the CIRDA Programme is carried out under the general guidance of a Project Board composed of senior-level representatives from UNDP-GEF, WMO, UN-SPIDER, and representatives from 3 UNDP Country Offices.

The Project Board is the strategic decision-making body of the project, providing overall guidance and direction to the CIRDA Programme Manager.

II Board Meeting- 2015

A CIRDA Project Board Meeting was held in Kampala, Uganda on March 5, 2015. The meeting was held to present the Programme's 2015 Annual Work Plan and Budget, both were approved by all board members.

Click here for Board Meeting Minutes

Click here for the Board Meeting Presentation

I Board Meeting- 2014

The first Project Board Meeting was held on July 8, 2014. The meeting's objective was the presentation of CIRDA's Annual Work Plan and Budget, both which were unanimously approved.

Click Here for the Board Meeting Minutes

Click Here for the Board Meeting Presentation

Contacts: 
UNDP-GEF
Bonizella Biagini
Programme Manager
UNDP-GEF
Montserrat Xilotl
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

‘The Last Mile’

Saving lives, improving livelihoods and increasing resiliency with tailored weather information services
for a changing climate

15-17 March, 2016, Livingstone, Zambia

Climate information and early warning systems can save lives, improve livelihoods and build resiliency across Africa. In order to seize this opportunity, timely, accurate and actionable weather and climate information must be delivered from data collection and creation sources across the “Last Mile” to uninformed and vulnerable end-users.

In this innovation-driven multi-country workshop, experts on cutting-edge technology, communications, public-private partnerships, meteorology and sustainable development will come together to explore new pathways to move from the collection of data to its application, with the end goal of creating actionable recommendations that UNDP-supported climate-information programmes can leverage to impact lives and build sustainability. For this to happen, national weather information services should not only have access to modern weather observation technologies and forecast information, but they must also be able to communicate and apply the content derived from these systems to those in need.

Interactive sessions will cover diverse topics beginning with the sharing of best practices on the application of weather data in the field, followed by sessions and panel discussions that explore important topics that will guide our journey toward the “Last Mile.” These include defining roles and responsibilities of public and private information goods, establishing key partnerships required for the design, development and potential commercialization of “Last Mile” products and services, and developing integrated communications strategies. A notable side event, The Climate Action Hackathon, will also take place in parallel to generate ideas for Last Mile products and services from the application development community and local media.

Ample time will be provided for interactive discussion between project managers, implementing agency officials and the Last Mile application development community in order to more deeply explore the development of workshop ideas within each national project.

Main Goals

  • Understand challenges and opportunities for UNDP-supported Climate Information and Early Warning Systems projects as we journey toward the last mile
  • Share best practices, innovative technologies and cutting-edge methodologies
  • Define actionable recommendations to cover the “Last Mile”
  • Build relationships and partnerships
  • Ensure long-term sustainability
  • Embrace innovation
  • Connect, listen, explore

Resources

Presentations - Day 1

Presentations - Day 2

Country Presentations

Mobile APP

Climate Action Hackathon

Big Ideas, Visionaries, Amateur Forecasters and Computer Developers Welcome at UNDP Climate Information for a Resilient Africa Event. Learn More

 


 

25-27 August, 2015, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

UNDP CIRDA Country Project Managers Workshop

This workshop hosted by the UNDP’s Programme on Climate Information for Resilient Development in Africa (CIRDA) brings together country project managers, technical advisories, meteorologists and hydrologists, and experts on public-private partnerships, communications and development to explore innovative approaches and new technologies to strengthen and sustain climate information and early warning systems in Africa.

The meeting offers an opportunity for collaboration and knowledge sharing between in-country leadership teams from 11 African nations. Sessions focus on technical support mission planning, reports from the Strengthening National Climate Information/Early Warning System (CI/EWS) Projects, public-private partnership market studies, support for the procurement of Hydro-Meteorological technology, and covering the “Last Mile.”

Unique country clinics bring country project managers together with experts from the CIRDA Programme to discuss innovative climate and weather information
technologies, new approaches and cutting-edge applications of climate data.

The meeting is hosted at the UNDP Regional Service Center for Africa (RSC). Powerpoint presentations and videos from the event will be shared on this page as they become available.

Links

Presentations

Introductions, Meeting Goals and Strategies

Reports from Strengthening National Climate Information/ Early Warning System (CI/EWS) Projects

Day 1

Day 2

Videos

 


 


 

3 March, 2015, Kampala, Uganda- Workshop on Creating Value Added Weather and Climate Services through Innovative Public Private Partnerships

The UNDP-CIRDA Programme and the Government of Uganda held a training workshop at the Golf Course Hotel in Kampala aimed at building sustainable climate change adaptation and economic development plans. The workshop will support National Hydrological and Meteorological Services (NHMS) in Africa create value added weather and climate services by engaging with the private sector and developing innovative public private partnerships. 

The workshop brought together government representatives, the private sector, international experts, representatives from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and UNDP.  Discussions were held with representatives from agriculture, financial, aviation and telecommunication sectors on how to  meet their needs and best engage them through the use of new technologies to communicate timely and reliable climate information to support national development. 

Long term financial sustainability of national weather and climate services was a key topic  addressed during this two day event.  As governments deal with budget constraints on many fronts, limited budget resources are a challenge for NHMS in their attempts meet the information needs of local populations. Conversations were centered on analyzing the potential for generating revenue to support the sustainability of weather and climate services, including opportunities for collaboration with mobile phone companies and establishing succesful public private partnerships. These discussions led to the development of country action plans to provide a pathway forward in CIRDA's 11 partner countries.

Workshop Agenda

Workshop Logistic Note

Official Press Release

Workshop Minutes

Action Plans

Presentations:

Day 1

Day 2

CIRDA Partner Country Presentations

 


 

14 October, 2014, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania- Workshop on a Systems Approach to Designing, Implementing, and Utilizing Observing Networks

UNDP’s Multi Country Support Programme to Strengthen Climate Information and Resilience Development in Africa (CIRDA), in close collaboration with the UNDP Country Office in Tanzania, held a training workshop on a Systems Approach to Designing, Implementing, and Utilizing Observing Networks from 14 to16 October, 2014, at the Hotel White Sands in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

The workshop provided training to Directors of the National Meteorology and Hydrology Services (NHMS), Directors of the NHMS Observation Networks, CIRDA country managers, and other interested CIRDA partners, by introducing a systems approach to the design, implementation, and utilization of observing networks. Training sessions were led by international professionals in the fields of meteorology, surface observations, data quality, private sector engagement, and climate technologies. The event also provided an opportunity for country representatves to present their progress on implementing local and national early warning systems (EWS) with the support of the Programme. The workshop discussion resulted in the development of country posters that detailed national observing networks.

Click here for the agenda workshop

Workshop Participants

Links to Presentations:

Click here to see a video on the EWS in Benin and its success in alerting local populations on hazardous floodings.

Click here for a fact sheet on Sao Tome and Principe's EWS

Country posters detailing national observing networks

 


 

20 May, 2014, Nairobi, Kenya- Roundtable on Strengthening Development of Weather, Climate and Hydrology related Early Warning Systems in Africa

Development banks, intergovernmental agencies and meteorological services working in Africa to support the development of climate information and early warning systems across Africa met in Nairobi to communicate and raise awareness of ongoing and planned iniatives.  This event is an example of the ongoing  coordination between programmes and agencies to assure that all iniatives are in keeping with development and adaptation needs. Discussions served to highlight the complementary nature of regional activities directed at enhancing climate information systems. 

CIRDA Programme Manager, Bonizella Biagini, presented the aims, objectives, actions and scope of the CIRDA Programme.

Click here for presentation.

Presentations were also made by representatives from UNESCO, WMO, AFDB, Kenya's Metorological Service, ICPAC, NDMA, UNEP and the UN's International System for Disaster Reduction.

For a full summary of the event, click here.

 


 

13 April, 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia- Launch of the Multi Country Support Programme to Strengthen Climate Information Systems in Africa

Representatives from UNDP's GEF Unit met in Ethiopia on April 13-14 with high level representatives from Benin, Liberia, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Sao Tome and Principe, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia to launch the Multi Country Support Programme to Strengthen Climate Information Systems in Africa. The Honorable Ministers of Environment from Uganda, Sao Tome and Principe as well as the Executive Chairperson of the Environment Protection Agency of Sierra Leone were present to celebrate the Programme's onset.

As a highlight to the workshop, an Expo with 13 meteorological companies and service providers was held to introduce government representatives to the cutting edge technologies available in the collection, processing and dissemination of climate information.

Agenda

Links to Presentations

Workshop Participants

 

Map Caption: 

The CIRDA Programme is based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and provides technical support and expertise to Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems Projects in 11 African least developed countries.

 


 

News and Updates: 

CIRDA Blog

 

Video Playlist

Livefeed - Climate Action Hackathon - Leveraging Weather and Climate Data to Create Solutions for Adaptation

May 24, 2016, 18:30 (CEST) Bonn, Germany | Post questions on Twitter @unfccc_ccstudio
With obsolete or malfunctioning technologies, dozens of local languages, high-levels of illiteracy, and limited electricity and access to media, many vulnerable communities in Africa do not receive reliable weather reports, and only a few nations possess the ability to issue early warning messages and reach the “last mile.” In response to this challenge, this past March in Zambia the UNDP’s CIRDA Programme launched a Climate Action Hackathon. The event engaged young African developers to create innovative software focused on communicating directly with end users. The livestream of the side event at the May Bonn Climate Change Conference will present a practical demonstration of the innovative solutions that were developed by the hackers to provide weather information for specific end users, including farmers, vulnerable communities and policymakers to inform adaptation actions. The side event will also introduce the results of a Market Study on revenue generating opportunities for weather services in Africa.

CIRDA and CI/EWS Projects In The News

Tanzania: Free Mobile Phones to Boost Awareness On Climate, Weather
All Africa
Wednesday 19 April 2017

The government has embarked on issuance of free mobile phones to local farmers to facilitate direct channeling of information on climate, weather and related disasters to peasants for increased awareness. The initiative has been hatched under the 'Strengthen Climate Information and early Warning System,' the programme that the Disaster Management Department in the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) is executing. Read more

 

New GEF Least Developed Countries Fund Project Supported by UNDP to Detect Lightning in Uganda
Uganda Oberserver
20 May 2016
...The Uganda National Meteorological Authority (UNMA) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have joined hands to strengthen climate information and early-warning systems [in Uganda]. Their initiative would, among other things, detect lightning and inform people to move away from known lighting hotspots... Read More

 

Procurement Assistance

As part of the CIRDA Programme’s objective to enhance national capacities in monitoring and forecasting extreme weather, hydrology and climate change, UNDP-GEF and UNDP's Procurement Support Office (PSO) have established a collaboration framework under the CIRDA Programme to support  partner countries in the procurement of weather, climate and hydrological monitoring infrastructure and new technologies.

Procurement support includes: a) reviewing technical specifications and Terms of Refrence (ToRs) developed by requisitioning units & projects; b) feedback and recommendations pertaining the suitability of technical specifications/requirements to conduct procurement processes; c) market research and sourcing activities to ensure awareness and interest of relevant supplier base; d) review of procurement documents submitted by requisitioning units/projects; e) assistance to Country Offices (COs) & projects with procurement related clarifications during tender processes; f) reviewing submissions to contract review committees and provide recommendations to COs and projects; g) assistance and backstopping support to ensure satisfactory completion of vendor’s contractual obligations and; h) developing managing and maintaining, suitable procurement tools, systems, mechanisms, agreements and contracts to ensure reliable on-going supply chain mechanisms.

In collaboration with CIRDA experts on alternative technologies, the PSO Unit has developed a fact sheet to serve as a support guide to partner countries in their efforts to procure new technologies.

The PSO Unit has also created an online platform with various resources to help country offices and partners. This information is available at the following websites:

UNDP-GEF Procurement Tools & Knowledge Sharing

Long Term Agreements (LTAs) and their corresponding Standard Operation Procedures (SOP)

For any questions please feel free to contact Mettelena Herring at mettelena.herring@undp.org

Display Photo: 

Africa Adaptation Programme

The Africa Adaptation Programme was launched in 2008 by the United Nations Development Programme in partnership with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP) and with US$92.1 million support from the Government of Japan. The AAP was established under the Japan-UNDP Joint Framework for Building Partnership to Address Climate Change in Africa, which was founded at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) in May 2008.

Over a 3 year period, concluding at the end of 2012, AAP instituted transformational changes in the 20 African countries in the areas of 1) long-term planning; 2) leadership and institutional capacity; 3) climate-resilient policies and measures; 4) innovative finance; and 5) knowledge generation and sharing.  AAP’s support helped enhance the adaptive capacity of the AAP countries, promote early adaptation action and lay the foundation for long-term investment to increase resilience to climate change across the African continent.

The 20 AAP countries were: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Morocco, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome Principe, Senegal, Tanzania, and Tunisia.

Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-17.2265625065 14.8173706265)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$92,100,000
Project Details: 

Africa is particularly vulnerable to climate change. It will exacerbate the economic, political and humanitarian stresses that countries in the region already face, and greatly reduce their capacity to eradicate extreme poverty. The poorest segments of society will be the most severely affected because they are also the least able to adapt. Responding to the threat of climate change will require concerted action on an unprecedented scale. Systematic action will be required across all levels of development planning and implementation (regional, national, sub-national, and local) if development in a number of countries is not to be reversed.

Some African countries have identified key vulnerabilities and priority adaptation measures, and others have initiated demonstration adaptation projects. However, countries continue to face a number of challenges including the following: (i) adaptation initiatives are limited in scope and scale, and their impacts are neither cohesive nor sustainable; (ii) institutional capacities, relationships, policies and practices to assess and manage climate change risks are not developed sufficiently to create an enabling environment, with corresponding political and social champions to support the formulation and implementation of efficient solutions to a problem that has complex multi-sectoral effects; (iii) limited knowledge of the most appropriate adaptation policies and measures hinders countries from preparing themselves with the necessary institutional capacities to support climate risk management; (iv) limited financing options to sustain scaled-up adaptation remains a constraint; and (v) it is difficult for countries to learn from each other about their experiences with different approaches to adaptation.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

During the three years of its implementation (2010-2012), AAP laid the groundwork for an ongoing, dynamic adaptation process in harmony with each country’s social, environmental and economic priorities. In all 20 countries, AAP has nourished an environment in which decisions and activities in support of adaptation can be evidence-based, strategic and appropriate to the goals of sustainable development, resulting in long-term investment to increase resilience to climate change.

Strengthening Long-Term Planning Mechanisms

AAP’s Data and Information Management Component (DIMC) assisted countries to develop the infrastructure and capabilities needed to access, analyse and apply climate data and information for decision-making. Overall, over 10,000 people were trained in climate data analysis under AAP’s DIMC.  AAP’s support under DIMC helped increase countries’ capacity to support vulnerability and risk assessments and use climate data and information to integrate adaptation into national development planning.

Building Institutional and Leadership Capacity

AAP assisted in enhancing professional leadership capacity and institutional effectiveness in countries by increasing awareness of climate change issues, developing multi-stakeholder approaches and implementing national adaptation strategies that address the needs of men and women equally.   For example, under AAP, Kenya established a National Climate Change Secretariat to coordinate the different climate change focal points in key government ministries. Through this multi-ministerial coordination, Kenya has facilitated the National Climate Change Response Strategy and ensured adaptation interventions take a multi-sectoral approach.

Implementing Climate-Resilient Policies and Measures

AAP provided assistance to countries to implement policy measures that protect climate sensitive sectors and encourage private sector investment in adaptation, such as adaptation pilot projects and national climate change strategies.  For example, Nigeria, with the support of AAP, adopted a National Policy on Climate Change and Response Strategy, which will ensure a coordinated approach to addressing climate change.

Innovative Finance

Under AAP, innovative financing options to meet national adaptation costs were expanded at the local, national, sub-regional and regional levels. For example, AAP supported Morocco to expand public-private partnerships to mobilise funds for future climate change projects in local communities.  Through a public-private partnership developed through AAP, a solar lighting project was completed in a rural community.  Additionally, AAP trained stakeholders to undertake cost-benefit analyses of adaptation options.

Generating and Sharing Knowledge

Through AAP, knowledge on adjusting national development processes to fully incorporate climate change risks and opportunity was generated and shared across all levels across all 20 countries. For example, the production and broadcast of television and radio segments (e.g. Burkina Faso, Mauritius, Namibia, and Tunisia) and documentaries (e.g. Cameroon, Kenya, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal and Tanzania) effectively shared information and concerns on climate change adaptation.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Jen Stephens
Climate Specialist
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 


 

Strengthening Capacity to Address the Risks and Impacts of Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events in Thailand

Coastal communities in southern Thailand are amongst the most vulnerable to climate change impacts. Over recent decades, tropical storms, cyclones, floods and coastal erosion have become more frequent and severe, with increasing loss of life and damage to livelihoods, property and infrastructure. Climate change is projected to aggravate existing problems through increased frequency and intensity of existing climate hazards and rising sea levels.

This UNDP-GEF SCCF project will develop mechanisms for communities to identify and articulate their climate risk reduction priorities, with the aim of obtaining sustainable financing for concrete adaptation proposals from provincial and sub-district government budgets in three southern provinces and five sub-district. The project will seek the integration of climate change risks into existing disaster risk management polices and programmes. Most significantly, the project will generate an invaluable body of knowledge and experience on how coastal communities in Thailand can make use of new opportunities to influence public and private investment to promote demand-driven, sustainable and climate resilient development. 

Source: UNDP Thailand Project Document (PIMS 3771)

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (99.6114962497 7.56074648239)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Communities in low-lying coastal zones threatened by increasing intensity and frequency of tropical storms, flooding, winds as well as those whose livelihoods may be lost due to salinization of agricultural lands.
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
870,000 (as of September 4, 2009)
Co-Financing Total: 
2,700,000 (as of September 4, 2009)
Project Details: 

Thailand is prone to a number of climate-related risks including intense rainfall, drought, tropical storms and cyclones, windstorms and storm surges. ADPC (2007) has identified floods, drought and tropical storms as the country’s most serious natural disaster risks, with floods having the highest rate of incidence. Thailand’s climate is classified as tropical savannah in the mainland and tropical monsoon in the southern peninsula. The frequency and severity of tropical storms, cyclones, flooding and drought has been increasing across the country in recent decades, with growing associated loss of life and destruction of property, infrastructure and livelihoods.

Since 1950, more than 40 million people have been affected by hydro-meteorological hazards such as floods, droughts, and windstorms. Between 2001-2004, tropical storms, floods and droughts are estimated to have cost the country over US$ 3.25 million as well causing over 710 fatalities and 500 injuries. Flooding was responsible for the greatest number of fatalities, while drought resulted in the highest economic losses.

Thailand’s densely populated and economically valuable coastal areas are especially vulnerable to climate-related hazards, particularly in the southern peninsula, which is bordered by the Gulf of Thailand to the east and the Andaman Sea to the west. Natural disasters are becoming more frequent and destructive in southern Thailand, as a result of heavier storms and strong winds. Damage caused by flooding has been greatest in the southern peninsula compared to other regions. Increased rainfall and ocean-induced flooding are placing pressure on existing drainage and flood control facilities, while ocean-induced flooding is also causing salinization of land and fresh water resources as well as adversely affecting natural wetlands.

Coastal erosion has also become an increasingly pressing issue on both coasts, but particularly along the Gulf of Thailand, forcing the relocation of households and infrastructure, sometimes more than once. Six hundred kilometers of Thailand’s coastline experience erosion levels of more than one meter annually. The World Bank in 2006 estimated that approximately 2 square kilometerss of coastal ‘real estate’ valued at US$ 156 million was being lost each year due to erosion.

Thailand’s coastal areas will are expected to experience the following specific climate change impacts:

  • An increase in aquatic and terrestrial pests and diseases
  • Increased frequency and severity of tropical storms
  • Increased coastal erosion caused by storms and sea level rise, including the disappearance of some beaches
  • Sea-water inundation in low lying coastal areas
  • Salt-water intrusion into aquifers and other freshwater resources
  • A reduction in mangrove forests with associated impacts on fish and bird species, due to sea level rise
  • Increased incidence of coral bleaching due to rises in sea surface temperatures

These projections have grave implications for Thailand’s continued economic development and for the wellbeing of its coastal population. Many of the 13 million people living in Thailand’s coastal provinces, or 20% of the country’s total population, rely directly or indirectly on climate-sensitive coastal and marine resources for their livelihoods, particularly in the tourism and fisheries sectors.  Tourism accounts for 7% of national GDP and is a major source of both employment and foreign exchange. Although fisheries accounts for only 1% of national GDP, it is an important source of employment, particularly in coastal areas. Fisheries and fishery products also generate valuable foreign exchange. Among the coastal population, certain socio-economic groups, such as the small-scale and artisanal fishers and tourism operators, are particularly vulnerable to current and future climate risks.

Adaptation planning in Thailand’s coastal areas is likely to be most effective when local communities are able to fully understand and analyze their climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation options, and empowered to shape and implement locally appropriate adaptation strategies. The project will further equip vulnerable local communities with the knowledge, skills and resources needed to:

  • Fully understand their climate change-induced problems
  • Define and prioritize adaptation strategies, including the human, technical and financial resources needed to implement these
  • Obtain longer-term public and financial  support for community-based adaptation, especially through provincial and sub-district government development plans and budgets

To achieve these outcomes, the project will need to address several barriers as described below. These relate to the root causes described earlier and correspond to the barriers identified in the hazards and adaptive-capacity based approaches of the Adaptation Policy Framework (UNDP 2005).

Source: UNDP Thailand Project Document (PIMS 3771)

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
  • Outcome 1: Increased knowledge and awareness of climate-related risks and impacts in vulnerable coastal communities
    • Output 1.1: Climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation options of 10 target communities systematically analyzed and documented through participatory and gender-sensitive climate change Vulnerability and Capacity Assessments (VCA)
    • Output 1.2: Key public service providers and decision-makers at the sub-district and village levels have increased ability to integrate climate change risk reduction and community-based adaptation into coastal development planning
    • Output 1.3: Priority community climate risk reduction proposals integrated into Community Development Plans and submitted for approval and financing by sub-district government
    • Output 1.4: Increased TRCS & DDPM capacity for integrating climate change risks into DRM planning and practice
  • Outcome 2: Increased climate risk management and disaster preparedness capacity in vulnerable coastal communities
    • Output 2.1: Up to 10 small-scale adaptation grants provided to target communities to demonstrate priority climate risk reduction measures identified in their Climate Risk Reduction Action Plans
    • Output 2.1: The effectiveness and adaptation potential of at least 2 community-based adaptation measures in target coastal sub-districts systematically assessed
  • Outcome 3: Integration of climate change adaptation into provincial development plans and sector policies
    • Outcome 3.1: Priority community climate risk reduction proposals submitted for provincial government approval and financing
    • Outcome 3.2: Provincial decision-makers, planners and line ministry staff in 3 target provinces understand climate change risks and know how to integrate climate risk reduction measures into coastal development planning
    • Outcome 3.3: Recommendations for strengthening coastal climate risk reduction and community-based adaptation developed and discussed with provincial decision-makers
  • Outcome 4: Project knowledge captured, disseminated and replicated through dedicated follow-up activities
    • Output 4.1: Project knowledge and lessons learned systematically analyzed and documented
    • Output 4.2: Increased awareness of climate change risks and community-based adaptation options and experiences among coastal communities in Thailand
    • Output 4.3: Project knowledge and lessons learned disseminated nationally and internationally through websites, adaptation networks, the media and public events

Source: UNDP Thailand Project Document (PIMS 3771)

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Project Start:

Project Inception Workshop: will be held within the first 2 months of project start with those with assigned roles in the project organization structure, UNDP country office and where appropriate/feasible regional technical policy and programme advisors as well as other stakeholders.  The Inception Workshop is crucial to building ownership for the project results and to plan the first year annual work plan. 

Daily:

Day to day monitoring of implementation progress: will be the responsibility of the Project Manager, based on the project's Annual Work Plan and its indicators, with overall guidance from the Project Director. The Project Team will inform the UNDP-CO of any delays or difficulties faced during implementation so that the appropriate support or corrective measures can be adopted in a timely and remedial fashion.

Quarterly:

Project Progress Reports (PPR): quarterly reports will be assembled based on the information recorded and monitored in the UNDP Enhanced Results Based Management Platform. Risk analysis will be logged and regularly updated in ATLAS.

Annually:

Annual Project Review/Project Implementation Reports (APR/PIR): This key report is prepared to monitor progress made since project start and in particular for the previous reporting period (30 June to 1 July).  The APR/PIR combines both UNDP and GEF reporting requirements.  

Periodic Monitoring through Site Visits: 

UNDP CO and the UNDP RCU will conduct visits to project sites based on the agreed schedule in the project's Inception Report/Annual Work Plan to assess first hand project progress.  Other members of the Project Board may also join these visits.  A Field Visit Report/BTOR will be prepared by the CO and UNDP RCU and will be circulated no less than one month after the visit to the project team and Project Board members.

Mid-Term of Project Cycle:

Mid-Term Evaluation: will determine progress being made toward the achievement of outcomes and will identify course correction if needed.  It will focus on the effectiveness, efficiency and timeliness of project implementation; will highlight issues requiring decisions and actions; and will present initial lessons learned about project design, implementation and management.  Findings of this review will be incorporated as recommendations for enhanced implementation during the final half of the project's term.  

End of Project:  

Final Evaluation: will take place three months prior to the final Project Board meeting and will be undertaken in accordance with UNDP and GEF guidance.  The final evaluation will focus on the delivery of the project’s results as initially planned (and as corrected after the mid-term evaluation, if any such correction took place).  The final evaluation will look at impact and sustainability of results, including the contribution to capacity development and the achievement of global environmental benefits/goals.  The Terminal Evaluation should also provide recommendations for follow-up activities.

Project Terminal Report: This comprehensive report will summarize the results achieved (objectives, outcomes, outputs), lessons learned, problems met and areas where results may not have been achieved.  It will also lie out recommendations for any further steps that may need to be taken to ensure sustainability and replicability of the project's results.

Learning and Knowledge Sharing:

Results from the project will be disseminated within and beyond the project intervention zone through existing information sharing networks and forums. 

The project will identify and participate, as relevant and appropriate, in scientific, policy-based and/or any other networks, which may be of benefit to project implementation though lessons learned. The project will identify, analyze, and share lessons learned that might be beneficial in the design and implementation of similar future projects.

Establish a two-way flow of information between this project and other projects of a similar focus. 

Source: UNDP Thailand Project Document (PIMS 3771)
Contacts: 
UNDP
Yusuke Taishi
Regional Technical Advisor
UNDP
Sutharin Koonphol
Country Officer
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Funding Source Short Code: 
sccf
Project Status: 

Adapting to Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (KACCAL) in Kenya

The rural poor are the most vulnerable to the impacts of Kenya’s current climate variability. In response this project is supporting poor and vulnerable communities in the Mwingi District of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) to enhance their adaptive capacity to drought (and flood). Working in the pilot areas, this is being achieved through enhanced access to and management of water for irrigation, promotion of indigenous crops that more resilient to anticipated climate (and improved access to markets for these crops),  and promoting livestock varieties that are more suited to the climate, development and promotion of alternative livelihood opportunities (such as beekeeping activities). The project is also strengthening climate risk management planning and capacity of District level planners to mainstream climate change into District-level sectoral development plans.  Extension workers will be supported to improve their adaptation extension advice to farmers based on best available climate forecast information. 

According to Kenya’s First National Communication (2002), the incidence of droughts is anticipated to increase both in intensity and frequency as a result of climate change. In response, UNDP and the World Bank have initiated a joint project on Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (KACCAL) aimed at facilitating adaptation of the key stakeholders in arid and semi-arid lands to long-term climate change. The joint project seeks to develop and pilot a range of coping mechanisms for reducing the vulnerability of small-holder farmers and pastoralists in rural Kenya to long-term climate change, including variability.

Project activities are aligned with UNDP‟s comparative advantage in aspects of capacity building, and support for MDG-based planning, as well as experience in designing and implementing climate change adaptation and sustainable land management projects. The UNDP component focuses primarily on enhancing adaptive capacity of key stakeholders in the District of Mwingi, complementing the support given by the World Bank in four other districts: Garissa, Turkana, Marsabit and Malindi.

Source: UNDP Kenya Project Document (PIMS 3792)

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (38.066610829 -0.933290855656)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Communities in the selected districts of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs). This joint project seeks to develop and pilot a range of coping mechanisms for reducing the vulnerability of small-holder farmers and pastoralists in rural Kenya to long-term climate change, including variability.
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
Project Cost US$2,350,000 (as of January 2013)
Co-Financing Total: 
1,350,000 (as of January 2013)
Project Details: 

Kenya's geographic location makes it inherently prone to cyclical droughts and floods.  According to the First National Communication (INC), such types of cyclical climate-driven events will increase in intensity and frequency due to global climate change.  Serious repercussions are anticipated thereby not only on agricultural productivity but also the achievement of poverty reduction and other Millennium Development Goals.  In response, UNDP and the World Bank, with funding from the Special Climate Change Fund through Global Environment Facility (GEF), have designed a four-year (2008-2012) project for implementation entitled "Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands" (KACCAL). 

The project seeks to facilitate adaptation of key national and local level stakeholders to long-term climate change by developing capacity to manage climate risks, adjusting relevant national policies and programmes to better reflect impending concerns, and piloting a range of priority coping mechanisms for reducing vulnerability of small-holder farmers and pastoralists in rural Kenya. The project builds on an existing development baseline in Kenya _largely activities led by the Arid Lands Resource Management Programme and the Ministry of Agriculture), with SCCF resources earmarked for specific activities that increase adaptive capacity to cope with droughts and floods under changing long-term climate conditions. 

Activities focus primarily (although not exclusively) on interventions in the Mwingi district.  The district, which is in the semi-arid Ukambani region, has a 66% chance of climate induced-crop failure each year.  The UNDP component is anchored around three global level outcomes which underpin the joint UNDP/World Bank project:

  • Strengthened knowledge base, coordination and information sharing towards action on management of climatic risk at the National and Regional levels,
  • Capacity developed and investments made to integrate CRM into local/district planning, and for engaging the private sector, and
  • Support for community driven initiatives to enhance the resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems to climatic risk. 

UNDP-led activities will enhance adaptive capacity in this pilot area in terms of (a) strengthening drought mitigation skills of extension workers whose role is to support household and community based projects; (b) improve the flow and use of early warning information in drought/flood mitigation practices in community services and programmes; and (c) identify and remove barriers impeding adaptive capacity of community level stakeholders to overcome long-term climate change risks.  The World Bank's activities will focus on interventions in another four districts within Kenya. 

The design of UNDP's planned interventions within the KACCAL project has been guided by UNDP's Adaptation Policy Framework (APF) approach in that it took into consideration current vulnerabilities (to climate and non-climatic factors), future climate change and anticipated risks, and adaptive capacity requirements and barriers.  The project design phase benefited from a participatory approach where stakeholders from government, communities, donors and other interested parties were consulted and had the opportunity to contribute.

Source: UNDP Kenya Project Document (PIMS 3792)

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
  • Outcome 1: Enhanced capacity of national and regional stakeholders to plan, manage and implement climate change adaptation measures
    • Output 1.1: Targeted knowledge-based tools developed for effective climate risk management.
    • Output 1.2: National and regional coordination and information sharing improved, for effective climate risk management.
    • Output 1.3: Advocacy and outreach programme prepared and conducted for replication of adaptation measures.
    • Output 1.4: Adaptation learning disseminated through national, regional and international networks.
      • At the end of the project, mechanism for applying climate risk management information will be established and policy needs awareness created within the project sites.
      • By the end of the project, community leaders in the project pilot sites are able to describe at least one lesson in coping with drought learnt from another site (not necessarily in Kenya)
      • By the end of the project, senior officials in relevant sectoral ministries are able to describe strategies to increase adaptive capacity to cope with drought from both Kenya and neighboring countries.
      • By the end of the project, senior officials in relevant sectoral ministries are able to describe strategies to increase adaptive capacity to cope with drought from both Kenya and neighboring countries.
      • By the end of the project, community leaders in the project pilot sites are able to describe at least one lesson in coping with drought learnt from another site (not necessarily in Kenya)
      • At the end of the project, mechanism for applying climate risk management information will be established and policy needs awareness created within the project sites.
  • Outcome 2: Enhanced capacity of district and local level stakeholders to plan, manage and implement climate change adaptation measures
    • Output 2.1: Community-level capacity increased to undertake adaptation measures.
      • By the end of the project, more than 90% of extension staff and, NGOs and private organizations working with the communities have skills in effective climate risk management practices
      • By the end of the project, more than 50% of the community, extension workers and development partners to be using climate information for decision-making
  • Outcome 3: Enhanced communities‟ ability to plan, manage and implement climate-related activities
    • Output 3.1: Community based micro-projects supported
      • By the end of the project, at least 75% of the households are food secure within the UNDP-managed pilot sites
      • By the end of the project, the yields among small-scale farmers will be increased by 10%, and livestock productivity increased by 10%.
      • By the end of the project, at least 50% of the farmers and pastoralist at the UNDP-managed project sites will be aware of the relevant policies and institutions dealing with climate risk management Throughout the project, annual PIRs do not identify access to technical inputs as a constraint to implementation.

Source: UNDP Kenya Project Document (PIMS 3792)

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Project Start:

Project Inception Workshop: will be held within the first 2 months of project start with those with assigned roles in the project organization structure, UNDP country office and where appropriate/feasible regional technical policy and programme advisors as well as other stakeholders.  The Inception Workshop is crucial to building ownership for the project results and to plan the first year annual work plan. 

Daily:

Day to day monitoring of implementation progress: will be the responsibility of the Project Manager, based on the project's Annual Work Plan and its indicators, with overall guidance from the Project Director. The Project Team will inform the UNDP-CO of any delays or difficulties faced during implementation so that the appropriate support or corrective measures can be adopted in a timely and remedial fashion.

Quarterly:

Project Progress Reports (PPR): quarterly reports will be assembled based on the information recorded and monitored in the UNDP Enhanced Results Based Management Platform. Risk analysis will be logged and regularly updated in ATLAS.

Annually:

Annual Project Review/Project Implementation Reports (APR/PIR): This key report is prepared to monitor progress made since project start and in particular for the previous reporting period (30 June to 1 July).  The APR/PIR combines both UNDP and GEF reporting requirements.  

Periodic Monitoring through Site Visits: 

UNDP CO and the UNDP RCU will conduct visits to project sites based on the agreed schedule in the project's Inception Report/Annual Work Plan to assess first hand project progress.  Other members of the Project Board may also join these visits.  A Field Visit Report/BTOR will be prepared by the CO and UNDP RCU and will be circulated no less than one month after the visit to the project team and Project Board members.

Mid-Term of Project Cycle:

Mid-Term Evaluation: will determine progress being made toward the achievement of outcomes and will identify course correction if needed.  It will focus on the effectiveness, efficiency and timeliness of project implementation; will highlight issues requiring decisions and actions; and will present initial lessons learned about project design, implementation and management.  Findings of this review will be incorporated as recommendations for enhanced implementation during the final half of the project's term.  

End of Project:  

Final Evaluation: will take place three months prior to the final Project Board meeting and will be undertaken in accordance with UNDP and GEF guidance.  The final evaluation will focus on the delivery of the project’s results as initially planned (and as corrected after the mid-term evaluation, if any such correction took place).  The final evaluation will look at impact and sustainability of results, including the contribution to capacity development and the achievement of global environmental benefits/goals.  The Terminal Evaluation should also provide recommendations for follow-up activities.

Project Terminal Report: This comprehensive report will summarize the results achieved (objectives, outcomes, outputs), lessons learned, problems met and areas where results may not have been achieved.  It will also lie out recommendations for any further steps that may need to be taken to ensure sustainability and replicability of the project's results.

Learning and Knowledge Sharing:

Results from the project will be disseminated within and beyond the project intervention zone through existing information sharing networks and forums. 

The project will identify and participate, as relevant and appropriate, in scientific, policy-based and/or any other networks, which may be of benefit to project implementation though lessons learned. The project will identify, analyze, and share lessons learned that might be beneficial in the design and implementation of similar future projects.

Establish a two-way flow of information between this project and other projects of a similar focus. 

Source: UNDP Kenya Project Document (PIMS 3792)

Contacts: 
UNDP
Jessica Troni
Regional Technical Advisor
UNDP
David Githaiga
Country Officer
Kimathi J. Mutungi
Project Coordinator
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Funding Source Short Code: 
sccf
Project Status: 

Adaptation to Climate Change through Effective Water Governance in Ecuador

Ecuador is well known for its beautiful and rugged topography and has an extreme diversity of climates that range from high altitude glaciers to tropical rain forests in the Amazon and dry tropical forest on the Pacific Coast. Some of these areas show a greater sensitivity to climate change, or will undergo rapid changes as a result of climate change. Water is a defining factor in this process. In Ecuador melting glaciers and irregular rainfall have already begun affecting available power, agricultural production and drinking-water supplies.

Addressing these problems, the "Adapting to Climate Change through Effective Water Governance in Ecuador" project aims to increase the adaptive capacities of water resource management in the agriculture and the energy sector through sound water governance arrangements, information management and flexible financial mechanisms to promote local innovation towards sustainable water management. The project’s overall goal is to reduce Ecuador’s vulnerability to climate change and increase resilience through improved access to timely and accurate climate data. The project will mainstream climate change adaptation into water management practices in Ecuador through the integration of climate change risk of the water sector into key national and local development plans, the implementation of adaptation measures, and information management and knowledge brokering.

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-79.5574829001 -1.50497829844)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Rural Ecuadorians facing potential water shortages resulting from climate change and from diminishing supplies due to weak infrastructure.
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
3,000,000 (as of June 30, 2009)
Co-Financing Total: 
16,080,000 (as of June 30, 2009)
Project Details: 

Given its geographical location and rugged topography, Ecuador is a highly vulnerable country to impacts of climate change (UNFCCC First National Communication, Quito, 2000). Periodic El Niño events, particularly those of 1982-83 and 1997-98, have demonstrated the catastrophic effects of climate variability in the country. This high degree of exposure, combined with the vulnerability of key economic sectors such as agriculture, health, energy, water resources, coastal resources, fisheries, infrastructure and tourism, reinforces the notion that Ecuador is a country particularly vulnerable to climate change.

Characterized by extreme diversity of climate zones, Ecuador boasts an extraordinary array of geographical systems that range from high altitude glaciers to tropical rain forests in the Amazon upper tributaries to dry tropical forest on the Pacific Coast, as well as an insular outpost in the Pacific with the Galapagos Islands, a World Heritage Site. Some of these systems show a greater sensitivity to climate change, or at least are considered most likely to undergo rapid changes as a result of climate change, including variability. As highlighted in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Summary Report, such ecosystems provide a range of environmental services that are critical to rural livelihoods and urban welfare. As these systems deteriorate due to various direct and indirect factors, including climate change, the quality of environmental goods and services also decreases.

The UNDP country programme (CPO/CPD) in Ecuador (2004-2008) supports the new government’s efforts to reinforce citizen participation and democratic dialogue, combat corruption, reduce poverty and exclusion, and reactivate the economy to create jobs and wealth, as well as improve the environmental security. The natural endowment of Ecuador is summarized in an important natural resource base, an extremely diverse environment, rich and diversified culture and traditions, favourable climatic conditions and a potential access to world markets. This contrasts with the cycle of exclusion and inequality, forcing a majority of Ecuadorians into poverty. UNDP is assisting Ecuador combat poverty by strengthening social protection networks and technical and other resource support for expanding livelihood opportunities

Given high vulnerability to natural disasters, Ecuador needs to implement anticipatory measures  in order to avoid recurrent costly climate induced hazards. Populations with limited resources are the most vulnerable to natural phenomena in terms of exposure to the risk of losing assets. The impact on infrastructure is another serious concern. By working with government institutions at the local and central levels, it is possible to contribute to the implementation of a range of risk reduction measures. UNDP will work closely with international financial institutions as well as with other United Nations Agencies and national authorities to support both the prevention and responses to natural disasters. The United Nations system contingency plan and the United Nations Emergency Team for Ecuador represent an invaluable asset to be utilized in this regard.

The country programme of UN agencies in Ecuador is articulated around three UNDAF objectives: (i) poverty reduction through improved access to basic social services and employment; (ii) democratic governance and transparency through strengthening of government institutions and decentralization process; and (iii) sustainable environment through equitable access to natural resources. The proposed project, which aims to address climate change risks confronting the water sector, will contribute directly to outcomes under two of these objectives: UNDAF objective 1: poverty reduction through access to quality basic social services and productive activities:

  • Public awareness and policy dialogue on sustainable human development. This project willcontribute through promoting awareness on climate change risks on water resources and therefore on livelihood opportunities. It will contribute to the policy dialogue on sustainable human development by focusing on climate change issues relevant to human development.
  • Capacity of and partnership between local authorities and civil society organizations. This project will contribute by focusing on developing partnerships between government, the private sector and civil society to manage climate change risks.
  • Access to basic social services and systems for risk management. The project will contribute through establishing information systems that can support climate change risk management strategies.
  • Capacity development to manage and reduce risk of natural disasters. This project will contribute by focusing on capacity development of key stakeholders to manage climate change risks. UNDAF objective 2: environmentally sustainable development to reduce poverty
  • National policy, legal and regulatory framework for environmentally sustainable development. The project’s focus on policy instruments to manage climate change risks will promote environmentally sustainable development.
  • Institutional framework for sustainable environmental management and energy development. The development of institutional structures to better manage climate change risks will be animportant contribution to sustainable environmental management.

This project aims to address climate change risks in the water sector. The project will mainstream climate change adaptation into water management practices in Ecuador through the integration of climate change risk of the water sector into key national and local development plans, the implementation of adaptation measures, and information management and knowledge sharing.

The project is designed to address a range of considerations that are a priority for improved management of climate risks. For one, the project will integrate climate change concerns into planning and policy formulation processes for water resources, including day-to-day practices of planners and other stakeholders (i.e. a “top-down” approach). The project will also train local and regional water resources managers in government agencies, grassroots organizations and NGOs on innovative approaches to mainstream climate change adaptation to water management practices (i.e. a “bottom-up” approach).

The project focuses on interventions at the national and local levels. At the national level, the project will improve water governance by incorporating climate risks consideration into water management and decision making processes. At the local level, interventions will be in specific provinces that have been identified based on climate change vulnerability assessments and stakeholder consultations. These provinces which host key watersheds have shown a political willingness to implement adaptation measures to climate change to improve the governance and management of water resources in the face of climate change with the participation of provincial authorities and local communities. The provinces where pilot measures will be implemented include Los Rios, Manabi, Loja and Azuay

Source: UNDP SCCF Ecuador Project Document 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
  • Outcome 1: Climate change risk on the water sector integrated into key relevant plans and programs
    • Output 1.1: Practical guidance on the integration of climate risks into relevant water management plans and programmes developed
    • Output 1.2: Relevant plans and programmes incorporate climate risks in the water sector
  • Outcome 2: Strategies and measures that will facilitate adaptation to climate change impacts on water resources implemented at the local level
    • Output 2.1: Measures, technologies and practices to improve the adaptive capacity of water resources management introduced and implemented in pilot systems.
    • Output 2.2: Information management systems reflecting climate change impacts on the water sector developed
  • Outcome 3: Institutional and human capacity strengthened, and information/lessons learned disseminated
  • Output 3.1: Improved institutional and technical capacities to support the mainstreaming of climate risks and implementation of adaptation measures in the water sector
  • Output 3.2: Knowledge and lessons learned to support implementation of adaptation measures compiled and disseminated
  • Output 3.3: Guidance documents for GEF and MoE on climate change adaptation programming in the water resource sector provided

Source: UNDP SCCF Ecuador Project Document 

 

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Project Start:

Project Inception Workshop: will be held within the first 2 months of project start with those with assigned roles in the project organization structure, UNDP country office and where appropriate/feasible regional technical policy and programme advisors as well as other stakeholders.  The Inception Workshop is crucial to building ownership for the project results and to plan the first year annual work plan. 

Daily:

Day to day monitoring of implementation progress: will be the responsibility of the Project Manager, based on the project's Annual Work Plan and its indicators, with overall guidance from the Project Director. The Project Team will inform the UNDP-CO of any delays or difficulties faced during implementation so that the appropriate support or corrective measures can be adopted in a timely and remedial fashion.

Quarterly:

Project Progress Reports (PPR): quarterly reports will be assembled based on the information recorded and monitored in the UNDP Enhanced Results Based Management Platform. Risk analysis will be logged and regularly updated in ATLAS.

Annually:

Annual Project Review/Project Implementation Reports (APR/PIR): This key report is prepared to monitor progress made since project start and in particular for the previous reporting period (30 June to 1 July).  The APR/PIR combines both UNDP and GEF reporting requirements.  

Periodic Monitoring through Site Visits: UNDP CO and the UNDP RCU will conduct visits to project sites based on the agreed schedule in the project's Inception Report/Annual Work Plan to assess first hand project progress.  Other members of the Project Board may also join these visits.  A Field Visit Report/BTOR will be prepared by the CO and UNDP RCU and will be circulated no less than one month after the visit to the project team and Project Board members.

Mid-Term of Project Cycle:

Mid-Term Evaluation: will determine progress being made toward the achievement of outcomes and will identify course correction if needed.  It will focus on the effectiveness, efficiency and timeliness of project implementation; will highlight issues requiring decisions and actions; and will present initial lessons learned about project design, implementation and management.  Findings of this review will be incorporated as recommendations for enhanced implementation during the final half of the project's term.  

End of Project:  

Final Evaluation: will take place three months prior to the final Project Board meeting and will be undertaken in accordance with UNDP and GEF guidance.  The final evaluation will focus on the delivery of the project’s results as initially planned (and as corrected after the mid-term evaluation, if any such correction took place).  The final evaluation will look at impact and sustainability of results, including the contribution to capacity development and the achievement of global environmental benefits/goals.  The Terminal Evaluation should also provide recommendations for follow-up activities.

Project Terminal Report: This comprehensive report will summarize the results achieved (objectives, outcomes, outputs), lessons learned, problems met and areas where results may not have been achieved.  It will also lie out recommendations for any further steps that may need to be taken to ensure sustainability and replicability of the project's results.

Learning and Knowledge Sharing:

Results from the project will be disseminated within and beyond the project intervention zone through existing information sharing networks and forums. 

The project will identify and participate, as relevant and appropriate, in scientific, policy-based and/or any other networks, which may be of benefit to project implementation though lessons learned. The project will identify, analyze, and share lessons learned that might be beneficial in the design and implementation of similar future projects.

Establish a two-way flow of information between this project and other projects of a similar focus. 

Source: UNDP SCCF Ecuador Project Document 

Contacts: 
UNDP
Reis Lopez Rello
Regional Technical Advisor
UNDP
Gabriel Jaramillo
Country Officer
Ernesto Martínez
Project Coordinator
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Funding Source Short Code: 
sccf
Project Status: