Agriculture/Food Security

Taxonomy Term List

Upscaling Community-Based Adaptation in Ethiopia

The "Upscaling Community-Based Adaptation in Ethiopia" project will work to empower communities to plan and implement adaptation interventions in a deliberate and proactive manner, reducing reliance on the Government of Ethiopia to provide already scarce resources for climate change adaptation. The five-year project will benefit from a US$8.8 million grant from the Global Environment Facility Least Developed Country Fund. The project builds on the successes of the Promoting Autonomous Adaptation at the Community Level in Ethiopia Project.

Building community self-reliance will enable project participants to tailor adaptation tools and technologies to  specific needs. At the local level, new technologies – or traditional technologies used in new ways – will be promoted to ensure that productivity and sustainability of livelihoods are maintained under a range of future climate change scenarios. These adaptation actions and associated technologies or practices will build on the natural resilience and innovativeness of Ethiopian communities to build their self-reliance and capacity to continue the adaptive process iteratively.

More specifically, an effective adaptation solution for vulnerable communities involves the availability of seasonal forecasts and assistance in interpretation of forecasts for implementation in their respective livelihood measures. Through forecasts and climate information services, individuals are able to make informed decisions and take advanced adaptive actions for the coming season. Woreda and urban communities need to be trained in the use of climate information as well as mobilized to plan and implement the most effective adaptation measures. Such adaptation strategies as climate-smart conservation agriculture, integrated and diversified farming systems, improved management of rangelands and other ecosystems, urban diversification of livelihood options are all in combination critical elements for a long-term adaptation solution designed for the unique risks and vulnerabilities of Ethiopia.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (43.593749991073 7.8960296000777)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$8.8 million GEF-LDCF Grant
Co-Financing Total: 
US$29 million cofinancing (US$27 million World Bank, US$2 million GiZ)
Project Details: 

 

The changes in Ethiopia’s climate are anticipated to result in a number of negative impacts on vulnerable communities, including droughts and floods. The impacts of past droughts and climatic changes have been particularly detrimental to Ethiopia’s agricultural sector. For example, seven major droughts have occurred over the past 25 years, five of which have resulted in famine. Furthermore, since 1988 Ethiopia has experienced six major floods. The number of flooding events and associated damages increased between 1996 and 2006.

At present, Ethiopia is experiencing one of the most severe droughts of the last 30 years brought on by El Niño events in 2015. The drought is impacting on the livelihoods of 10 million people, namely through food insecurity where the population has become reliant on humanitarian support through food aid. This has left 2.7 million people with malnutrition and 2.1 million without access to safe drinking water. In addition, the drought is causing losses to livestock and decreased agricultural production owing to crop failure.

Climate change is affecting sustainable development in Ethiopia. With a large part of the nation's agricultural production relying on rain-fed farming, the livelihoods of the majority of the population are sensitive to climate-related shocks, including drought and flooding. Climate change is likely  exacerbate the impacts of degradation of the country’s environmental resources – including arable land, water, pasture and forest – with connected impacts on Ethiopia’s food and water securities. Consequently, Ethiopian communities in both rural and urban settings will be impacted by this predicted climate change variability.

Currently, 8.2 million people are already considered “chronically” food insecure in Ethiopia, with 6.7 million people facing food insecurity. Both categories are characterised by a weak resilience to withstand climate-related shocks, such as severe droughts. Addressing climate change is of critical importance in Ethiopia as the economy remains reliant on: i) climate-sensitive agriculture and natural resources management; ii) rainfall; and iii) natural resource dependent energy – biomass and hydropower. Recent assessments have estimated that economic growth could decrease by up to 2.5% per year unless capacity building and climate change adaptation measures are implemented. Further to this, climate change is expected to further impact Ethiopia’s income inequality, affecting both rural and urban communities.

The long‑term preferred solution is for adaptation to be an integral part of Ethiopian livelihoods, specifically among vulnerable communities. The proposed project will empower communities to plan and implement adaptation interventions in a deliberate and proactive manner, reducing reliance on the Government of Ethiopia to provide already scarce resources for climate change adaptation. Building community self-reliance will enable them to tailor adaptation tools and technologies to their specific needs. At the local level, new technologies – or traditional technologies used in new ways – will be promoted to ensure that productivity and sustainability of livelihoods are maintained under a range of future climate change scenarios. These adaptation actions and associated technologies or practices will build on the natural resilience and innovativeness of Ethiopian communities to build their self-reliance and capacity to continue the adaptive process iteratively.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Ouctome 1 - Strengthened institutional and technical capacity for coordination of climate‑resilient planning and investment

Output 1.1. Training provided on tools and methodologies for gender-sensitive climate vulnerability and risk assessments and gender-responsive adaptation planning at the kebele, woreda and city levels.

Output 1.2. Integrated climate change adaptation/disaster risk reduction plans – with gender action plans – developed at the regional, city and local levels for key sectors.

Outcome 2 - Access to climate-smart technologies and practices for cost-effective adaptation is enhanced

Output 2.1. Training-of-trainers undertaken for decision‑makers and technical staff in targeted woredas and cities on implementation of gender-sensitive adaptation technologies tailored to local socio-economic and environmental contexts, including using climate data and forecasts to inform adaptation interventions at the community level.

Output 2.2. Targeted training to farmers in selected woredas on climate-smart agricultural practices, including the use of seasonal forecasts and climate advisories in their farming decisions.

Output 2.4. Localised weather and climate advisories disseminated to provide real time agro-meteorological information to farmers, pastoralists and local decision‑makers.

Output 2.5. Adaptation technologies and climate-smart agricultural practices introduced and scaled in targeted woredas and cities.

Outcome 3 - Knowledge management system to store and disseminate the best adaptive practices for further upscaling and replication established

Output 3.1. Woreda learning centres established to share lessons learned and best practices outside of targeted communities.

Output 3.2. Cost-benefit analyses of the field-demonstrated adaptation measures to inform strategies and action plans.

Output 3.3. Knowledge-sharing mechanisms developed to ensure that best practices and knowledge generated through this and other initiatives is documented for replication and upscaling.

Output 3.4. Awareness-raising campaigns undertaken on climate risks and adaptation options for government staff and local communities.

Output 3.5. Monitoring and evaluation conducted.

Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Ouctome 1 - Strengthened institutional and technical capacity for coordination of climate‑resilient planning and investment

Outcome 2 - Access to climate-smart technologies and practices for cost-effective adaptation is enhanced

Outcome 3 - Knowledge management system to store and disseminate the best adaptive practices for further upscaling and replication established

Datasets: Economics of Climate Change Adaptation

The datasets contained on this page were collected through the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation Programme (ECCA), 2013-2015.

Household surveys were conducted in various countries as part of the ECCA Programme and were made available here for download and analysis.

Data Collection and Sampling Methods: 

The questionnaire was first translated into the local language and tested twice with local farmers. The data were collected in 2014 by a national team. Information collected in the questionnaire included the following:

  1. Past experience on climate change, communications and adaptation response. Interviewees were asked about their perception about climate change and current sources of weather information.
  2. Detailed farming area information. The survey collected information on farm planting area, fallow land area, and the division of the plots by crops and other livelihood by the household.
  3. Household information. Detailed information on household members, gender and basic infrastructure availability. Data were also collected on the primary and secondary occupation of the head of the households.
  4. Data required to calculate the farmer’s net revenue based on ongoing agriculture practices (crop and livestock). Data were collected on labour available to the household, type of crops grown including by growing season, prices as well as input costs including cost and quantity of fertilizer, irrigation, and machinery. Similar information was collected for livestock farmers.
  5. Global Positioning System (GPS) locations. Location is important when analysing climate impacts so information on the latitude and longitude of farms was collected.
  6. Information on extension services. Detailed information was provided by private extension groups, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), central government agencies, cooperatives and local government to be able to elicit potential policy tools available to support adaptation.
Datasets: 
ECCA Bangladesh
A total of 360 farm households were interviewed for this study drawn from 7 provinces. Of the sampled households, 87% practised irrigated agriculture while 13% relied on non-irrigated (rainfed) agriculture. Interviewed farmers on average own 7.10 acres of land in total, with those practicing rainfed farming owning larger parcels (average 8.99 acres) relative to those practicing irrigated farming (average 6.81 acres).
ECCA Indonesia
The data collection was conducted in Brantas River Basin in East Java district as agriculture center in Indonesia, particularly in villages in Batu City (> 100 m above sea level) and Mojokerto District (< 45 m above sea level). In each location, 100 farm households were interviewed based on purposive sampling by using size of farmland as selection criteria. The households in the survey reported having about 27 years of farming experience ranging from 1 to 70 years. The average household size is 4, ranging from 1 to 13. The heads of household have an average of 9 years of education with access to electricity by almost all the households. In terms of access to information and telecommunication technology, the majority (68%) of the respondents have a telephone, although only 32% have a computer and 20% have access to the Internet.
ECCA Sri Lanka
Three hundred and twenty-one households were interviewed spanning the agro-ecological zones of the country. About 40% of the sample is from the Central Province of the country while the rest are distributed across the other provinces including the North west and Uva provinces that are about 14% of the sample. The majority of the households in the survey reported having about 20 years of farming experience, with a minimum of four years and a maximum of 60 years. On average, each household consisted of five people (minimum four, max 16) with 10 years of education. The majority (88 percent) of the respondents owned a telephone, while 33 percent had a computer, 18 percent of which had access to the Internet.
ECCA Thailand
A total of 395 farm households were interviewed, drawn from 18 provinces. Of the sampled households, 58% practised irrigated agriculture while 42% relied on non-irrigated (rainfed) agriculture. Interviewed farmers on average own 15.18 acres of land in total, with those practicing irrigated farming owning larger parcels (average 18.89 acres) relative to those practicing rainfed farming (average 10.26 acres).
ECCA Viet Nam
Survey locations were selected to cover each of the ago-ecological zones present across Viet Nam in the context of agriculture production. In each location, the Viet Nam country team surveyed 18 households, with a total of 342 surveyed households. Out of the 342 surveyed households, the team obtained 323 usable questionnaires, of which 306 cover households with cultivation activities. The households in the survey have about 27 years of farming experience ranging from one year to 60 years. The average household size is 4, ranging from 1 to 13. The heads of household have an average of 7.5 years of education with access to electricity by almost all the households. In terms of access to information and telecommunication technology, the majority (96 per cent) of the respondents have a telephone, although only 20 per cent have a computer and 15 per cent have access to the Internet. On average, the respondents owned 7.4 acres of land (2.96 ha) with the majority of planted crops in two seasons, while a few planted all the three seasons. The average annual planted area across the three seasons is 5.5 acres (Figure 11), with 2 acres left fallow, on average. A third of the farmers have less than 2 acres of planted area, while nearly 15 per cent of farmers planted more than 10 acres.
Country: 
Bangladesh
Indonesia
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Theme: 
Agriculture/Food Security
Tools: 
Title: 
Economics of Adaptation Toolkit
Title: 
Survey Questionnaire
Description: 
Countries Conducting Survey: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

Scaling up of Glacial Lake Outburst Flood risk reduction in Northern Pakistan

In Northern Pakistan, the melting of the Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and Himalayan glaciers due to rising temperatures have created 3,044 glacial lakes in the federally-administered territory of Gilgit-Baltistan and province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

It is estimated that 33 of these glacial lakes are hazardous and likely to result in glacial lake outburst floods. Such flooding can release millions of cubic metres of water and debris in just a few hours, resulting in the loss of lives, destruction of property and infrastructure, and severe damage to livelihoods in some of the most remote areas of Pakistan. Over 7 million people in Gilgit-Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are threatened.

Early warning systems, engineering structures and disaster management policies will reduce risk, protecting local communities and providing early warning of devastating flood events.

The project Scaling-up of Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) risk reduction in Northern Pakistan will build 250 engineering structures including damns, ponds, spill ways, tree plantation and drainage to reduce risk. At the same time, the development of disaster management policies and the introduction of weather monitoring stations, flood gauges, hydrological modelling and early warning systems will increase the ability to respond rapidly to flood scenarios.

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (70.664062480156 30.225848324545)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
29 million people
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$37 million (GCF financing according to GCF website)
Co-Financing Total: 
US$500,000 (Government of Gilgit - Baltistan according to GCF website)
Project Details: 

The melting of the Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and Himalayan glaciers in Northern Pakistan due to rising temperatures has created 3,044 glacial lakes in the federally-administered territory of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) and the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). It is estimated that 33 of these glacial lakes are hazardous and likely to result in glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs). Such outbursts have occurred in the past and when they do, millions of cubic metres of water and debris is released in a few hours, resulting in the loss of lives, destruction of property and infrastructure, and severe damage to livelihoods in some of the most remote areas of Pakistan. Currently 7,101,000 people remain at risk in GB and KP. Most recently, in July 2015, over 280,000 people in GB and KP were affected, a combination of heavy rains and GLOFs.

At present, the country faces a critical gap in technical and technological capacity to monitor the status of glaciers through hydrological monitoring and forecasting. Current early warning systems (EWS) do not have the capacity to support the management of risks posed by rising water levels in the lakes, including failure to issue early warnings to communities. The design and implementation of medium- and long-term disaster management policies and risk reduction and preparedness plans are also not fully geared to deal with the specifics of GLOF threats. 

The Government of Pakistan has recognized the threat from GLOFs in its National Climate Change Policy and in its National Determined Contribution to monitor changes in glacier volumes and related GLOFs. The Government of Pakistan is seeking GCF resources to upscale ongoing initiatives on early warning systems and small, locally-sourced infrastructure to protect communities from GLOF risks. The interventions proposed for scale up by this project will be based on activities implemented in two districts on a trial basis that have proven to be impactful. In particular, engineering structures (i.e. gabion walls) have been constructed; automatic weather stations, rain gauge and discharge equipment were installed to support rural communities to avoid human and material losses from GLOF events. The proposed GCF project will expand coverage to twelve districts in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan provinces. The proposed project will strengthen the technical capacity of sub-national decision makers to integrate climate change and disaster risk management into medium- and long-term development planning processes.

 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Output 1: Strengthened sub-national institutional capacities to plan and implement climate change -resilient development pathways

This output responds to the need for systematic integration of GLOF risk management into the processes, policies and plans of institutions that have a stake in avoiding human and material losses from GLOF events in vulnerable areas in the Departments of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Gilgit-Baltistan (GB). GCF resources will be used to strengthen the capabilities of local level institutions (Disaster Risk Management, Agriculture, Livestock and Water sector in the Departments of GB and KP and federal level institutions (Ministry of Kashmir Affairs, Ministry of Environment and National Disaster Management Authority) to incorporate climate change adaptation considerations into development plans in GB and KP. The incorporation of climate change adaptation measures into the planning instruments will also be based on progress made at the national level under NCCP and by other regions in including climate change measures in sectoral, territorial, and environmental planning instruments. More specifically, the project will make use of the lessons learned from the recently completed UNDP/Adaptation Fund supported project: “Reducing Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacier Lake Outburst Floods in Northern Pakistan”. In addition, GCF resources will be used to promote the inclusion of information generated from early warning systems and hydrological modeling (Output 2) to generate flood scenarios that then can better inform local development plans and, by extension, budgeting.

Output 2: Community-based EWS and long-term measures are up-scaled to increase communities’ adaptive capacity

A key result that GCF resources will finance focuses on the scaling up of interventions that have been tested with other financing to increase adaptive capacity of communities in target valleys. GCF resources will expand the climate information surveillance and discharge measuring network in the region. GCF resources will be used to procure and install 50 automatic weather stations (AWS) and 408 river discharge gauges/sensors. These monitoring instruments will provide the requisite data to conduct hydrological modeling to generate flood risk scenarios that will feed into a flood early warning system to enable the dissemination of flashflood warning signals on a 24-hour basis generated by PMD through cellphones. AWS and river discharge sensors will provide information to capacitate village hazard watch groups that will be part of a local-level early warning system. Small-scale hard adaptation structures will be constructed (gabion walls, spillways, check dams) to protect human lives and household’s assets in combination with bioengineering interventions to stabilize slopes slides, reducing the risk of debris slides. In Pakistan EIAs are not required for smaller infrastructure projects. The protective capability of these structures will be amplified by additional resources channeled to the communities ex ante and following a GLOF event through the scale up of already established, revolving community-based disaster risk management fund. In addition, ecosystem-based adaptation interventions will be promoted in order to increase resilience against GLOFs events while supporting livelihoods.

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Project-level monitoring and evaluation will be undertaken in compliance with the UNDP POPP and the UNDP Evaluation Policy. UNDP will perform monitoring and reporting throughout the Reporting Period in accordance with the AMA. UNDP has country presence and capacity to perform such functions. In the event of any additional post-implementation obligations over and above the AMA, UNDP will discuss and agree these with the GCF Secretariat in the final year of the implementation period.

The primary responsibility for day-to-day project monitoring and implementation rests with the Project Manager. The Project Manager will develop annual work plans to ensure the efficient implementation of the project. The Project Manager will inform the Project Board and the UNDP Country Office of any delays or difficulties during implementation, including the implementation of the M&E plan, so that the appropriate support and corrective measures can be adopted. The Project Manager will also ensure that all project staff maintain a high level of transparency, responsibility and accountability in monitoring and reporting project results.  

The UNDP Country Office will support the Project Manager as needed, including through annual supervision missions. The UNDP Country Office is responsible for complying with UNDP project-level M&E requirements as outlined in the UNDP POPP. Additional M&E and implementation quality assurance and troubleshooting support will be provided by the UNDP Regional Technical Advisor as needed. The project target groups and stakeholders including the NDA Focal Point will be involved as much as possible in project-level M&E. 

A project inception workshop will be held after the UNDP project document has been signed by all relevant parties to: a) re-orient project stakeholders to the project strategy and discuss any changes in the overall context that influence project implementation; b) discuss the roles and responsibilities of the project team, including reporting and communication lines and conflict resolution mechanisms; c) review the results framework and discuss reporting, monitoring and evaluation roles and responsibilities and finalize the M&E plan; d) review financial reporting procedures and mandatory requirements, and agree on the arrangements for the annual audit; e) plan and schedule Project Board meetings and finalize the first year annual work plan. The Project Manager will prepare the inception report no later than one month after the inception workshop. The final inception report will be cleared by the UNDP Country Office and the UNDP Regional Technical Adviser, and will be approved by the Project Board.   

 

The Project Manager, the UNDP Country Office, and the UNDP Regional Technical Advisor will provide objective input to the annual Project Implementation Report (PIR) for each year of project implementation.  The Project Manager will ensure that the indicators included in the project results framework are monitored annually well in advance of the PIR submission deadline and will objectively report progress in the Development Objective tab of the PIR.  The annual PIR will be shared with the project board and other stakeholders.  The UNDP Country Office will coordinate the input of the NDA Focal Point and other stakeholders to the PIR.  The quality rating of the previous year’s PIR will be used to inform the preparation of the next PIR.  The final project PIR along with the terminal evaluation report and corresponding management response will serve as the final project report package.   

An independent mid-term review process will be undertaken and the findings and responses outlined in the management response will be incorporated as recommendations for enhanced implementation during the final half of the project’s duration. The terms of reference, the review process and the final MTR report will follow the standard templates and guidance available on the UNDP Evaluation Resource Center. The final MTR report will be cleared by the UNDP Country Office and the UNDP Regional Technical Adviser, and will be approved by the Project Board. The final MTR report will be available in English. 

 

An independent terminal evaluation (TE) will take place no later than three months prior to operational closure of the project.  The terms of reference, the review process and the final TE report will follow the standard templates and guidance available on the UNDP Evaluation Resource Center. The final TE report will be cleared by the UNDP Country Office and the UNDP Regional Technical Adviser, and will be approved by the Project Board. The TE report will be available in English. 

The UNDP Country Office will include the planned project terminal evaluation in the UNDP Country Office evaluation plan, and will upload the final terminal evaluation report in English and the management response to the public UNDP Evaluation Resource Centre (ERC) (http://erc.undp.org).  Once uploaded to the ERC, the UNDP Independent Evaluation Office will undertake a quality assessment and validate the findings and ratings in the TE report, and rate the quality of the TE report.  

The UNDP Country Office will retain all M&E records for this project for up to seven years after project financial closure in order to support ex-post evaluations.

A detailed M&E budget, monitoring plan and evaluation plan will be included in the UNDP project document.  UNDP will perform monitoring and reporting throughout the reporting period in accordance with the AMA and Funded Activity Agreement (FAA).  UNDP has country presence and capacity to perform such functions.  In the event of any additional post-implementation obligations over and above the AMA, UNDP will discuss and agree these with the GCF Secretariat in the final year of the project and will prepare a post-implementation monitoring plan and budget for approval by the GCF Board as necessary.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Reis Lopez Rello
Regional Technical Advisor in Climate Change Adaptation
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 


News and Updates: 

Funding Proposal approved by Green Climate Fund Board: 14 October 2016
Local Project Appraisal Committee meeting (LPAC): 22 June 2017
Funded Activity Agreement (FAA) effectiveness reached: 12 July 2017 

Project Document signature between UNDP and Government: 24 August 2017

Information in French / Informations en français: 


Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Output 1: Strengthened sub-national institutional capacities to plan and implement climate change-resilient development pathways

Output 2: Community-based EWS and long-term measures are up-scaled to increase communities’ adaptive capacity

Civil Society Engagement: 


Kiribati: Enhancing National Food Security in the Context of Climate Change

Kiribati is a nation comprised of 33 atolls (21 inhabited) spread across a vast Pacific Ocean territory. The people of rural Kiribati are largely reliant upon a limited land base and coastal zone fisheries for both nutrition and livelihood.

As the population grows and climate change advances, the security of island resources will be challenged. Already, the ecosystem integrity upon which islanders depend for climate change resilience is being eroded. This is evinced by many factors including deteriorating quality of near-shore fisheries, degraded lagoon health, and reduced freshwater quality. The primary reason for this is that current management regimes for both atoll and lagoon resources are defined by open resource access. There is very little active management, research, and/or regulation to make certain use of lagoon resources is maintained within sustainable limits. The nation has very little experience with the design and implementation of community-based management regimes to incentivize improved and more innovative management techniques. There are few tools in place to support better management of lagoon resource in light of expanding economic use and demand for these resources. This situation challenges resource management both within the lagoon and on the atoll. Climate change will certainly exacerbates an already very high level of vulnerability.

The project objective is to build the adaptive capacity of vulnerable Kiribati communities to ensure food security under conditions of climate change.

To address these challenges and reach the project’s objective, the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) investment will support the realization of two components and related activities. Both components will be closely aligned so that national and site-based activities are designed to build synergies, increase awareness, and generate much more informed and strategic use of natural resources so that ecosystem integrity is able to continue to function as the foundation of food security needs.

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-157.357 1.88243)
Funding Source: 
Project Details: 

The project objective is to build the adaptive capacity of vulnerable Kiribati communities to ensure food security under conditions of climate change.

To address these challenges and reach the project’s objective, the LDCF investment will support the realization of two components and related activities. Both components will be closely aligned so that national and site-based activities are designed to build synergies, increase awareness, and generate much more informed and strategic use of natural resources so that ecosystem integrity is able to continue to function as the foundation of food security needs.

Under Component One, the project will assist Kiribati to address urgent institutional capacity building needs primarily on the national level. This will include helping to set in place an improved regulatory environment, strengthened institutional planning and policy frameworks, and generation of data required to support informed decision-making.

Under Component Two, the project will assist Kiribati to address climate change vulnerabilities by implementing and demonstrating community-based adaptation measures. The project will work on a select number of atolls to set in place models for land and lagoon resources management that is predicated upon informed planning and management processes. The general awareness of rural communities regarding fisheries management and climate change impacts will be increased.  Community-based monitoring systems will be established. This will be used to inform decision-making, serve as an early warning system for climate change impacts, and be linked to island-wide vulnerability assessments. The monitoring system will linked to national level programming so that national level decision-making benefits from more broad-based information sources. The project will support the generation, adoption, and implementation of model council by-laws designed to be ecosystem inclusive and enhance ecosystem integrity. This will include model regulations for the management of fisheries, including permit and reporting mechanisms for both subsistence, commercial and tourism use of lagoon resources. The project will work with extension officers responsible for both agriculture and fisheries resources. This will include building the capacities of officers, responsible government agencies, island councils, and rural stakeholders through formal training programs utilizing fisheries field schools. Model programs for more sustainable and climate resilient practices will be tested, assessed, and ready for national replication.

All project activity will target the reduction of food security issues by setting in place capacities required for local communities to maintain and enhance ecosystem integrity. By project close, Kiribati should have operational models showing that food security, ecosystem integrity and climate change resilience can be enhanced through improved management approaches.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
Expected Outcomes
Expected Outcome
Institutional capacity development to reduce vulnerability to climate change-induced food shortages
Implementation of community adaptation measures to increase food security
Project Management

Expected Outputs
Expected Output
1.1 Development of Climate Early Warning and Information System, and the capacity to use the system nationally including (i) Extended meteorological and hydrological observations by National Meteorological Service; (ii) identification of critical areas for agro-ecological, hydrological and coastal services in relation to livelihoods, and overlay of likely climate change impacts under modelling scenarios; (iii) development of coastal fisheries spatial database and GIS including predicted impacts of climate on species population and distribution; and (iv) Use of state radio and TV for dissemination of climate risk information, seasonal forecasts related to food production, and warning of extreme events.
1.2 National policy and planning framework and capacities emplaced to integrate decision making tools to increase adaptation to changed climatic conditions and preparedness for extreme events, and to deploy funds and human resources as needed, including: (i) Training of officials and community groups in the Tarawa Atoll and seven main outer islands to use climate risk information to undertake vulnerability assessments, integrated land/ marine resource-use planning taking into account climate risks, development of management framework for inshore/lagoonal ecosystems under changing cliimate, prioritization of adaptation actions for fisheries and food security; and (iii) Review and amendment of fisheries legislation and guidelines to implement measures that enhance resilience to climate impacts, including draft community protocols or by-laws for community-sanctioned set-asides to protect refugia and recruitment areas.
2.1 Demonstration of climate resilient fishery practices, including, including i) public works to restore vegetative cover in degraded coastal areas to reduce erosion and siltation of coral reefs under changing climate conditions, and monitoring of coral reef siltation levels in pilot sites; (iii) building artificial coral reefs in pilot sites,; (v) training community members to participate in monitoring lagoon and coastal ecosystems
2.2 Increasing effective processing and storage to act as food buffer during times of shortages at community level because of drought or disruption of transport by storms, including: (i) constructing storage and processing facilities where needed on the seven main outer islands; (ii) feeding information from the Climate Early Warning and Information System into the surplus food collection and distribution system; and (iii) undertaking extension work with communities to promote traditional local preservation methods

 

Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Project Status: 

Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans

The Integrating Agriculture in NAPs programme targets eight countries: Kenya, Nepal, the Philippines, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Viet Nam and Zambia.   The programme aims to assist decision makers in programme countries to integrate climate change concerns that affect agriculture based livelihoods into national  and sector planning and budgeting processes. The initiative plans to expand assistance to include other countries in the Pacific, Asia, Africa as well as Latin America and the Caribbean regions. The initiative is implemented by UNDP in collaboration with FAO with funding from the Government of Germany's International Climate Initiative.

Photos: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Funding Source: 
Communications Products
Reports and Publications of relevance to Country Teams
Annual Reports
Training & Tools
Newsletter
Planning Meeting Presentations
Programme Outline

National Adaptation Plans: Building Climate Resilience in Agriculture - Zipora's Story

Zipora Otieno is working for the United Nations as the National Coordinator of the "Integrating Agriculture into National Adaptation Plans" Programme in her home country, Kenya. Her personal story is a special feature in the upcoming massive open online course on National Adaptation Plans: Building Climate Resilience in Agriculture (NAP-Ag MOOC).

Project Details: 

Integrating Agriculture in NAPs is a joint UNDP-FAO, multi-year initiative, funded by the Government of Germany. Through it, support is provided to partner countries for the identification and integration of agriculture climate adaptation measures into national planning and budgeting processes. This integration will help to enhance:

  • institutional capacities and processes for operationalizing climate response strategies in the sector;
  • more strategic allocations of national budgets earmarked for adaptation investments;
  • access to international climate finance sources, such as Global Environment Facility  and the Green Climate Fund.

While the focus of the programme is mainly on the agricultural sector (including fisheries and forestry), lessons learned can be used by other sectors interested in integrating adaptation needs into national planning and budgeting. 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Objectives and Expected Outcomes

The objective of the Programme is to support countries to integrate climate change concerns as they affect agriculture sector-based livelihoods into relevant national and sectoral planning and budgeting processes.

The expected outcomes (specific programme goals) are as follows:

(I) Technical capacity and institutions on NAPs strengthened: Capacities of policy and technical staff in key ministries including Agriculture, Environment, Planning, and Finance as well as key institutions in local government will be strengthened to take climate change risks and opportunities for the Agriculture sector into account in planning and budgeting processes. Existing methods and tools are employed for officers to a) understand adaptation options and implications of climate change in the agriculture sector; b) use data and tools for climate risk management-related decision-making processes at the sector level; and c) incorporate key priorities for climate change risk management within existing planning and budgeting processes at the national and sub-national levels.

(II) Integrated roadmaps for NAPs developed: Processes for the formulation of NAPs that address priorities of the agriculture sector will be defined and institutionalized. Each country will develop, in the context of their NAP process, a roadmap for incorporating climate change risks management practices in the planning and budgeting process of the agriculture sector over the medium and long term.

(III) Evidence-based results for NAPs improved: An impact assessment framework will be developed for the agriculture sector that will generate evidence-based results of adaptation options. This evidence base will be critical for national adaptation planning. Quasi-experimental design principles will be used in the impact evaluation framework. The results from the application of the framework will serve as input into policy dialogues on national adaptation planning and monitoring, tracking and reporting on adaptation at the national level.

(IV) Advocacy and knowledge-sharing on NAPs promoted: The sharing of lessons and best practices between countries for integrating climate change risks and adaptation measures into sectoral and national development plans will be facilitated. North-south, south-south, and triangular exchanges between countries will be convened to share and compile lessons learned on climate change adaptation planning and budgeting for the agriculture sector, and including their relevance for ecosystems-based adaptation and other emerging issues.

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Programme Governance and Outreach

The project governance structure for each target country will be driven by country-specific needs for advancing agriculture sector priorities for planning and budgeting for adaptation. A technical team comprising of representatives of the Ministries of Agriculture, Environment/UNFCCC Focal Points, and programme team members from UNDP and FAO, will ensure the delivery of outputs according to an agreed-to workplan that meets the needs of target countries.

UNDP and FAO will support the Programme through its network of specialised technical staff. UNDP staff working on Sustainable Development Pathways, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction, and Governance, as well as the FAO technical department on Agriculture and Investment, will be directly involved in supporting countries. Additional specialized technical experts will be utilized to support countries with their capacity building needs.

The Programme aims to establish an international network of institutions and organizations specialising in the Agriculture sector to support countries on designing and implementing NAPs and to leverage the results to a larger community of practice. From the beginning and no later than after the first year into programme implementation, activities will be conducted to engage a wider group of donors to be able to scale up NAP activities. Countries themselves will take a strong role in this advocacy work by providing evidence of policy change, planning results and overall impact. This will create country ownership, update existing methodological approaches, and amplify policy and planning practices by partners and in countries.

A Steering Committee comprised of representatives from the BMUB, UNDP, FAO, Target Countries, and others (e.g. UNFCCC Adaptation Committee, Least Developed Countries Expert Group) will be formed to review the progress and annual benchmarks achieved. Additional partners and donors will be integrated into the governing structure of the Programme where necessary.

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Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility

The Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF), established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.  This facility incorporates national projects in CambodiaCabo VerdeHaitiMaliNigerand Sudanthat scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund (GEF/LDCF).  In addition, a global component of the CCAF promotes south-south cooperation and enhance understanding about initiatives that address adaptation, especially the gender dimensions. 

The global Facility collects and analyzes information, experiences, and lessons learned emanating from the six national projects to produce and disseminate knowledge that can be shared between the countries and usefully applied in other contexts.  The CCAF also helps to broadly inform climate and sustainable development policies at the local, national and global levels, while promoting global exchange of information, experiences, and lessons learned.

Click on the country name below to find out more about each national project.

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Level of Intervention: 
Funding Source: 

La Facilité d’adaptation aux changements climatiques Canada/PNUD

La Facilité d’adaptation aux changements climatiques Canada/PNUD œuvre pour renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et la gestion de l’eau dans le contexte des changements climatiques. Elle soutient des initiatives d’adaptation dans six pays en développement: le Cap-Vert, le Cambodge, Haïti, le Mali, le Niger et le Soudan. Elle encourage les échanges, tout en favorisant la diffusion des stratégies innovantes ainsi que la transposition à plus grande échelle des initiatives concluantes. 
 

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility Video

This 5 minute video gives an introduction to the Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). Established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, the facility aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.

The CCAF facility incorporates national projects in Cambodia, Cabo Verde, Haiti, Mali, Niger, and Sudan, that scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund.

Formation aux Outils de Communications: Essais photo et Photorecits

Le film du Webinaire (14 Avril, 2015) a été organisé par

Webinar Training on Communications Tools: Exposure Essays and Photostories

This video presents a Webinar held April 9, 2015 by the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility.  The training is on How to Develop Exposure Essays and Microsoft Photostories - two tools that are simple to use and have great impact in telling a visual story of project deliverables. (In English)

Le Fonds d’Adaptation au Changement Climatique Canada-PNUD

Le Fonds d’Adaptation au Changement Climatique Canada-PNUD aide six pays à se préparer et à répondre aux impacts du changement climatique sur les vies et les moyens de subsistance

Le Fonds encourage l'échange et l'interaction entre ces pays et régions. Pour partager leurs approches novatrices et expériences réussies. Réunir connaissances et expériences est la seule façon de relever le défi du changement climatique.

El Fondo de Adaptación al Cambio Climático PNUD-Canadá

El Fondo de Adaptación al Cambio Climático PNUD-Canadá apoya seis países para prepararse y hacer frente a los impactos del cambio climático en la vida y los medios de subsistencia. La iniciativa promueve el intercambio y la interacción entre los países y regiones. Para compartir enfoques innovadores y ampliar las estrategias exitosas. Reuniendo a una diversidad de conocimientos y experiencias es la única forma de hacer frente al desafío del cambio climático.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility Trailer

This short trailer gives an introduction to the Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF). Established by Canada in partnership with UNDP, the facility aims to strengthen climate-resilient approaches to agriculture and water management, with an emphasis on gender-sensitive approaches.

The CCAF facility incorporates national projects in Cambodia, Cape Verde, Haiti, Mali, Niger, and Sudan, that scale up or extend projects previously supported by the Global Environment Facility’s Least Developed Countries Fund.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experiences from Mali

This photostory illustrates activities being undertaken and results achieved under a Canada-funded climate change adaptation project in Mali.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experience from Cambodia and Sudan

This video provides an illustration and comparison of the concrete activities and results achieved to adapt to climate change in Cambodia and Sudan.  While working in different contexts, both countries are working to address similar challenges related to food security and water management through gender-sensitive approaches.  These projects are implemented under the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility- supported by the Global Environment Facility's Least Developed Countries Fund and the Government of Canada.

Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility: Experiences from Sudan

This video illustrates specific activities and impressive results emerging from the climate change adptation project being implemented in Sudan.  Focusing primarily on the State of North Kordofan, resilient agricultural and water management practice are being introduced to address food security and water scarcity issues exacerbated by climate change.  This work is part of a project supported by the Global Environment Fund's Least Developed Countries Fund, and the Government of Canada.

Communications Products
Knowledge Products
Project Brief / Fact Sheet
Training & Tools
Case Study
Programme Related Events
Highlights
Project Details: 

As illustrated below, the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility targets and supports three groups of stakeholders through its work:

1) Canada-funded adaptation projects Community of Practice which strengthens implementation of Canada-funded projects by facilitating communication, identifying lessons learned and sharing resources between project stakeholders'

2) Other CCA projects which strengthens and informs other adaptation projects supported by UNDP and other partners by documenting and sharing lessons learned from Canada-funded projects.  CCAF projects will also use lessons learned from this wider portfolio to inform implementation.

3) External Partners through communicating and sharing lessons learned from Canada-funded projects and UNDP's broader CCA portfolio with partners and donors.

 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The global Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility has three key outcomes:

Outcome 1: Global coordination of Canada-UNDP portfolio of climate change adaptation projects is operational and visible

Outcome 2: Global knowledge management of climate change adaptation experience and lessons emerging from Canada-UNDP portfolio of projects is enhanced and effective

Outcome 3: Gender results from Canada-UNDP climate change adaptation project portfolio inform broader adaptation processes.

Contacts: 
UNDP
Jennifer Baumwoll
Project Coordinator - Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

Global Exchange Workshop - Niamey, 2-5 March 2015: Bringing together a diversity of knowledge and experience is the only way to tackle the challenge of climate change. 

   To see video interviews with workshop participants, visit the CCAF YouTube Channel.
 
Climate change adaptation is a new and evolving area of work that has bourgeoned in the last decade, with many different measures tried, and many successes, challenges and lessons emerging.  As such, it becomes increasingly important to ensure the information and knowledge arising from this vast experience is shared through exchange and interaction at all levels - within countries, across borders and between regions. This was the aim behind the Global Exchange Workshop on Adaptation for Food Security and Resilience.  This Workshop, co-hosted by the Canada-UNDP Climate Change Adaptation Facility (CCAF) and the Africa Climate Adaptation Food Security (ACA) regional programme, brought together experts from eleven countries to share their experiences and lessons learn on a variety of adaptation-related issues.
 

The CCAF was established in 2014 to promote south-south cooperation and enhance understanding about initiatives that address adaptation, with a focus on gender dimensions. This Facility focuses on six initiatives supported by Canada, all aiming to strengthen resilient approaches to agriculture and water management. It also provides broader exchange between these projects and other adaptation initiatives supported by UNDP and other partners.  Similarly, the ACA regional programme, supported by the Government of Japan, aims to 1) improve climate information systems for informed decision-making and integrated planning approaches; and 2) test and scale up climate risk management measures including weather index insurance and community based adaptation measures, while also enhancing the capacity to access and manage climate finance. These two initiatives jointly hosted the Exchange Workshop in Niamey, Niger from 2-5 March.

Representatives from countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Arab States were brought together to share experiences and document critical lessons and successes emerging from their ongoing projects. The workshop was organized around six thematic issues:

  • Climate-related information and services,
  • Innovations in water, soil, energy and crop management technologies and approaches,
  • Strengthening policy and institutions to better integrate agriculture, food security and climate change,
  • Financing measures for resilience,
  • Gender-sensitive approaches, and
  • Measuring impact of adaptation on development outcomes. 

Every participating country shared at least one innovative experience from their project related to these themes, and participants discussed the various processes, challenges and success factors that would allow others to apply the same approach in their countries.

The participants also visited three project sites near Niamey, where adaptation activities are being undertaken with support of the GEF and the Government of Canada. Activities observed included the introduction of new irrigation techniques and supporting women’s collectives engage with alternative income generating activities, such as gardening and livestock fattening. The participants had an opportunity to speak with the beneficiaries directly and understand their experiences and challenges.

This workshop stands as the first step in establishing a community of practice around the issues of adaptation and food security.  The information shared will be turned into technical briefings and comparative analyses, and the countries will continue their exchange.  A full workshop report is available on the CCAF ALM website here: in English: Proceedings of Global Exchange Workshop - Niamey, 2-5 March 2015, and en Francais: Rapport de l"Atelier International d'Echanges sur l'Adaptation pour la Securite Alimentaire et la Resilience and all of the presentations and workshop materials are available on the Global Exchange Workshop Teamworks Page.  

For further information, please contact Jennifer Baumwoll, CCAF project coordinator at Jennifer.baumwoll@undp.org

News and Updates: 

How to get gender-responsive adaptation right

Why is it so difficult to integrate gender into climate change responses? Even with increased emphasis from global policies, donors and funding streams, gender-responsive adaptation is still challenging. Observers mention a number of hurdles such as limited resources, lack of information or deficient expertise —it seems that many practitioners lack an understanding of how to do it. The underlying issue, though, is a refusal to accept that gender-responsive adaptation is better adaptation. We must therefore shift the way that we approach it. Typical solutions to addressing gender in climate change include scattering into proposals and other documents terms like “women” and “equality”, or increasing the number of women beneficiaries in climate projects. In practice, this fails to fundamentally change any part of the underlying design or implementation of a strategy or programme, and therefore has limited impact on ensuring true gender equality. Climate change adaptation is inherently context-specific, and often based on changing behaviour. Climatic changes vary based on the location, as do the social, economic and cultural conditions which define resilience and sustainability. Therefore, when it comes to integrating gender into adaptation, there is no single solution. This is, again, why the challenge is so real.

SciDev
Tuesday 5 September 2017


Women. Work. Climate. by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Adaptive Farms, Resilient Tables by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Equal Access to Water by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Women. Food. Climate. by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Run the World by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure


Solar EmPOWERment by Climate Adaptation UNDP on Exposure

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Enhancing capacities of rural communities to pursue climate resilient livelihood in Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and principe (STP) being a Least Developed Country (LDC) and Small Island Developing State (SIDS), is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Coupled by the fact that agriculture, remains the biggest source of incomes for rural families, generating 70% of rural employment and about 80% of export revenues, renders the majority of STP’s populace extremely vulnerable to the vagaries of climate change. Further, the available climatic information indicates that the length of dry seasons is likely to increase in STP.

As a result this UNDP-supported, LDCF project, Enhancing capacities of rural communities to pursue climate resilient livelihood in Sao Tome and Principe, aims to strengthen the resilience of rural community livelihood options against climate change impacts in the Sao Tome districts of Caué, Me-Zochi, Principe, Lemba, Cantagalo, and Lobata (CMPLCL).

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (6.74560544012 0.357053381391)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Rural communities of Caué, Me-Zochi, Principe, Lemba, Cantagalo, and Lobata districts in Sao Tome and Principe
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$4,200,000 (As of 21 February 2013 detailed in PIF)
Co-Financing Total: 
$16,200,000 (As of 21 February 2013 detailed in PIF)
Project Details: 

(More information to come)

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The project has three main components with the following associated outcomes –

  1. Developing capacities of the key institutions of relevance to rural development and livelihoods to effectively support communities’ resilience and adaptation to climate change. This includes a training programme to provide technical capacity to develop agro-sylvo-pastoral adaptation technologies and climate resilient seeds and seedlings (Outcome 1.1); Design of a human and technical capacity development plans to convert the CATAP to a national agro-sylvo-pastoral climate change adaptation training center (Outcome 1.2); Training of 200 agricultural extension services n adaptation strategies (Outcome 1.3); Creation of districts and village level climate change platforms to facilitate dialogue and coordination for the implementation and monitoring of village and districts level annual adaptation plans (Outcome 1.4); Training of representatives of the districts and villages platforms, district governments assemblies on how to develop, implement and monitor annual adaptation plans (Outcome 1.5) and; Empowering and mobilizing community based organizations to efficiently contribute in the processes of identifying and addressing the underlying causes of vulnerability and developing adaptative practices (Outcome 1.6).
  2. Investments made for the  protection of communities livelihoods against climate risks including the development of small scale community managed infrastructure to fight against climate induced erosion, crop fields flooding etc. (Outcome 2.1) and; Development of extreme climate and weather disaster safety nets mechanisms for managing risks associated with climate variability impacts on foods resources, natural and economic assets and livelihoods (Outcome 2.2)
  3. Diffusion of climate resilient livelihoods strategies in the most vulnerable communities including the development of district and village annual and multiyear adaptation plans to identify, prioritize, coordinate and implement adaptation actions of the supporting institutions and the communities (Outcome 3.1); Implementation of priority community adaptation projects focusing on enhancement of current livelihoods resilience and livelihood diversification (Outcome 3.2); Development of agro-sylvo-pastoral adaptation technologies and climate resilient seeds and seedlings (Outcome 3.3) and; Design of micro-credit products to increase resilience of current  livelihoods  and support alternatives income generating activities  in village adaptation plans (Outcome 3.4)
     

 

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

(More information to come)

Contacts: 
UNDP
Henry Diouf
Regional Technical Advisor
Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

(More information to come)

News and Updates: 

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Strengthening the resilience of women producer groups and vulnerable communities in Mali

The Government of Mali is currently tackling development constraints which include various agricultural and rural development initiatives focusing on stimulating rural economies, improving agricultural productivity and promoting sustainable land management. This UNDP-supported "Strengthening the resilience of women producer groups and vulnerable communities in Mali" project aims to integrate climate variability into development strategies, with a special focus on food security.

The Government of Mali emphasized in the NAPA and PNCC the importance of investing on adaptation to strengthen the climate resilience of most vulnerable groups (especially women and children) at the community level. The project will focus enhancing women and producer group’s adaptive capacities to secure livelihoods production from climate impacts and increase socio-economic resilience in Malian vulnerable communes (Kayes, Koulikoro and Sikasso). The targeting of women is especially important because they are significantly involved in farming and are the main providers for the household. Women are not prominent in farmer associations and a majority lack the requisite technical skills to make the necessary adjustments – on farm, and thereby through a significant portion of the local economy – to address a changing climate.

Photos: 
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-4.13085938202 15.0509057141)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
2500 households living in 10 vulnerable communes including rural producers, chronically poor and vulnerable households, with a special focus on women.
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$2,340,000
Co-Financing Total: 
$10,622,300
Project Details: 

Mali’s priorities in terms of development and global strategies are outlined in the Strategic Framework for Growth and Poverty Reduction (SFGPR 2012-2017) which focuses on 4 strategic axis: (i) Promoting sustainable growth and job creation; (ii) Equitable access to social services; and (iii) the consolidation of governance and structural reforms.

The proposed project will support economic growth of poor people in vulnerable communes by increasing the resilience of agro pastoral and fisheries production, diversifying woman incomes sources, while strengthening their capacities to respond to the increasing incidence of extreme weather events. The  project will support the implentation of the “Initiative 166 Communes.” In an effort to achieve the country’s MDGs and SDGs, the 166 Communes Initiative was launched to combat food insecurity in the 166 municipalities (communes), identified as the most vulnerable to food crises.

This initiative was executed as part of the National Food Security Programme (“Programme National de Sécurité Alimentaire” - PNSA) and stems from the Economic and Social Development Project (“Projet pour le Développement Economique et Sociale” – PDES) whose goal is to accelerate Mali’s development. The regions in which the 166 communes are located are: Tombouctou, Kidal, Gao, Mopti and Kayes and a few communes located in the regions of Koulikoro and Ségou.

Commonalities between these communes include a lack of sufficient infrastructure required to meet the MDGs, such as health and educational centers, as well as strong rural-urban migration, leaving primarily women behind without the necessary financial and material necessities to fend for themselves and their children. The total cost of the 166 Communes Initiative is US$95 million and focuses on 8 axis: (i) Agriculture and Hunger, (ii) Education , (iii) Gender, (iv) Health, (v) Energy, (vi) Water supply and Sanitation, (vii) road and transport and (viii) Environment.

The project will support this ongoing initiative by enabling Mali to enhance adaptive capacities of vulnearble groups in the context of resilience to expected climate change pressures. Climate change will limiting factor for the development of the Initiative 166 communes (in particular results that it is seeking to achieve) is no longer going to be effective without considering climate change in local development strategies. Proposed project target communes’ (Kayes, Koulikoro and Sikasso) are highly sensitive to changes in rainfall, where most households in these regions derive over 70 percent of their income from agriculture, livestock and forestry sectors, and are therefore the most vulnerable to climate change.

The barriers to increasing the resilience of Malian communes to climate change are related to the biophysical environment, the availability of financial resources and limited capacity of local communities to implement identified climate-resilient activities/practices across landscapes commune/wide capacity. The absence of coherence in perceptions of change and what needs to be done to manage uncertainties is a recipe for undermining resilience to climate change and adaptive capacity and therefore national efforts on human development. As climate change manifests and increasingly impacts the communities’ livelihood resources, regional efforts on poverty reduction is likely to be undermined and hamper the achievement and certainly the sustainability of MDG targets.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1 - Sustainable climate resilient water management systems provided to vulnerable communities, including women farmers, which in turn ought to support the development of subsistence activities

Output 1.1. Dredging and protecting channels from erosion of major rivers & ponds to restore fish habitats threatened by climate change and ensure resilience of sources of protein for men, women and children in rural communities

Output 1.2. Small scaled irrigation schemes provided to smallholder farmers, including women farmers, in high climate risks zone

Output 1.3. Local water management activities supported to strengthen roles and capacities of local water associations, including women groups

Outcome 2 - Innovative approach and sustainable climate resilient technologies provided to women farmers and producers in vulnerable communes to enhance and secure the production of local livelihood systems from climate impacts

Output 2.1. Climate resilient multipurpose farm combined with water and soils conservation, diffusion of drought-adapted crop, provision of agro-meteorological information and building of Local Strategic Grain Reserves adopted by most vulnerable women and farmer to improve and ensure the sustainability of livelihoods 

Output 2.2. Pastoral perimeters created or restored to support production and maintain resilience of livestock resources from climate impacts

Output 2.3. Dry-season gardening activities by women supported to improve food and income diversification

Output 2.4. Collective action for women farmers established to share, build capacity and incorporate most effective livelihood management strategies’ in different climate contexts and for different groups of women

Monitoring & Evaluation: 

 

The implementation of the project’s activities will reflect GEF monitoring and evaluation standards and procedures as well as UNDP guidelines on monitoring and evaluation of projects on adaptation policy.

(More Information to come)

Contacts: 
UNDP
Clotilde Goeman
Regional Technical Advisor
Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

 

(More Information to come)

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Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1 - Sustainable climate resilient water management systems provided to vulnerable communities, including women farmers, which in turn ought to support the development of subsistence activities

Outcome 2 - Innovative approach and sustainable climate resilient technologies provided to women farmers and producers in vulnerable communes to enhance and secure the production of local livelihood systems from climate impacts

Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience of Women and Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change and its effects on rainfall patterns and temperatures are exacerbating the vulnerability of rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Women in particular, who represent 60% of agricultural labourers and 73% of farmers, and produce 80% of food crops for household consumption, are at risk. Several dynamics make their adaptation more difficult such as lack of access to formal education, economic poverty, food insecurity, limited access to resources, etc. These inequalities increase women’s vulnerability to harmful climate change impacts while limiting their options for coping and adaptation. 

The GEF-LDCF funded project, Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience of Women and Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, seeks to support women and children through a community-centred approach to adopt and adapt livelihood strategies in innovative ways based on current and future climate changes scenarios. 

Photos: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (23.8183593597 -5.24412756697)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
The women and children of the rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$4,725,000
Co-Financing Total: 
$15,500,000
Project Details: 

More Information to come...

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The project has two main components with the following outcomes –

  1. Climate resilient diversification practices to secure communities livelihoods including the development of profitable climate resilient alternative livelihoods involving aquaculture, livestock and agriculture products by women groups to increase sources of revenue and improve family nutrition (Outcome 1.1); Installation of at least 200 unsophisticated food processing units (oil presses, presses and grated cassava, husking machines and millers, etc.) and fish conservation units by women's groups (Outcome 1.2); Production and distribution of certified adapted varieties of  at least 400 seeds multipliers through support of 50 women groups (Outcome 1.3);  Provision of 4 automated agro-meteorological stations and 400 rain-gauge for tailored agro-meteorological information (Outcome 1.4) and; Installation of small scale water saving technologies and distribution systems in high climate risks zone (Outcome 1.5)
  2. Development of key capacities for undertaking climate resilient activities including training and engagement of women's groups in food processing, processing technology, maintenance of units, rural finance, marketing and organization strategies (Outcome 2.1); Engagement of women’s groups in adapted seeds production and diversification, soil fertility and water management activities (Outcome 2.2); Extending support to nearly 10 rural radio stations and 100 community volunteers as well as producers and staffs from extension services to analyse, interpret, produce and disseminate climate and weather information (Outcome 2.3) and; Establishment of community learning mechanisms through website, technical papers, video, technical forums, and other relevant media/social networks (Outcome 2.4).
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

More Information to come...

Contacts: 
UNDP
Mame Diop
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

More Information to come...

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Enhancing Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector in Comoros

Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, contributing over 90% towards Comoros’s exports earnings. Despite the crucial role of agriculture in the economy and for employment, the domestic agricultural sector is struggling to provide the food needs of the population. The project's objective therefore, is to strengthen the capacities of vulnerable communities to cope with the additional risks posed by climate change as well as the variability on agro-sylvo-pastoral systems through training and dissemination of information. Cover Image: Maesha ya lavani, the first cooperative on the islands focused on vanilla. A dozen of its members are women. Photo: UNDP Comoros

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (43.2421874769 -11.7114096113)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$ 8,990,909
Co-Financing Total: 
$ 35,000,000
Project Details: 

More information to come...

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

 

The project is expected to achieve the following –

  1. Strengthening the adaptive capacity of the agriculture-sector institutions through the design and implementation of training programmes for management of climate risks for Agro-sylvo-pastoral systems (Outcome 1.1) and; Revision and integration of climate risks into national, regional and local development plans (Outcome 1.2)
  2. Production and dissemination of agro-meteorological information for informed decision-making in the agricultural sector including identification and monitoring of severe weather warnings, and climatic information needs for climate resilient agricultural in the 30 most vulnerable communities (Outcome 2.1); Development of training programmes for the staffs of agriculture, meteorology and disaster management divisions (Outcome 2.2) and; Design of a decision-support system which combines information on agricultural and climatic conditions (Outcome 2.3)
  3. Diffusion of climate resilient agro-sylvo-pastoral technologies in the most vulnerable communities including climate-resilient food crop, and fruit farming and livestock breeding technologies (Outcome 3.1); Low cost community infrastructures to fight against climate induced erosion (Outcome 3.2); Creation of a climate resilient agriculture advisory support group (Outcome 3.3); Creation of a sustainable climate-resilient agricultural inputs delivery system between inputs supply companies and strengthened rural retailers (Outcome 3.4); Public private partnership enabling private and public sector contribution towards integrating climate risks and adaptation options (Outcome 3.5) and; Creation of innovative financial products to finance farmers to make climate change adaptation investments (Outcome 3.6)
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

More information to come...

Contacts: 
UNDP
Henry Diouf
Regional Technical Advisor
Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

More information to come...

 

News and Updates: 

Securing vanilla for farmers and development in Comoros

Nasmata Ahamada Djaé got involved in vanilla production two years ago, although she still works full time at a hospital. “My parents never worked in agriculture, and the cooperative has been very supportive,” said Nasmata. “Vanilla is now key to our economy and this is important for my children’s education.” Nasmata works in the vanilla field only during the weekends. She is among the 54 members of Maesha ya lavani, the first cooperative on the islands focused on vanilla. A dozen of its members are women. Abdillah Mohamed Saïd is one of the founding members of the cooperative, and has been making a living from vanilla since he was a teenager. “It was my father who guided me into working with vanilla. I have no regrets, since vanilla has given me salaries way higher than those of civil servants,” says Said. “Our plots are packed with vanilla; other crops are a minority. I personally grow vanilla, I must have around 10,000 vanilla vines in three quarters of my plot. The other 25 percent has mangos, oranges, coconut, lemons, etc.”

ReliefWeb
Thursday 28 September 2017

 

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