Economic Diversification


Enhancing Climate Resilience of India’s Coastal Communities

Implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India with support UNDP, the 6-year project ‘Enhancing Climate Resilience of India’s Coastal Communities’ (2019-2024) will enhance the climate resilience of the most vulnerable populations, particularly women, in the coastal areas of India. The project will shift the paradigm towards a new approach integrating ecosystem-centred and community-based approaches to adaptation into coastal management and planning by the public sector, the private sector and civil society.

Strengthening climate resilience of agricultural livelihoods in Agro-Ecological Regions I and II in Zambia

The "Strengthening climate resilience of agricultural livelihoods in Agro-Ecological Regions I and II in Zambia" project supports the Government of Zambia to strengthen the capacity of farmers to plan for climate risks that threaten to derail development gains, promote climate resilient agricultural production and diversification practices to improve food security and income generation, improve access to markets, and foster the commercialization pf climate-resilient agricultural commodities.

Programme Support for Climate Change Adaptation in the Vulnerable Regions of Mopti and Timbuktu

The "Programme Support for Climate Change Adaptation in the Vulnerable Regions of Mopti and Timbuktu" project in Mali will work to increase the resilience of vulnerable communities and their adaptive capacity to climate change in the regions of Mopti and Timbuktu, including the Faguibine system zone.

Improving the Resilience of the Agriculture Sector in Lao PDR to Climate Change Impacts

The land-locked country of Lao PDR is highly exposed and vulnerable to flooding and drought. These impacts are being induced by observable changes in the climate including higher than usual intensity rainfall events during the raining season and extended dry seasons. The related risks include sudden flash-floods, landslides and large-scale land-erosion on slopes and - recently - typhoons in the south.

Adaptation Initiative for Climate Vulnerable Offshore Small Islands and Riverine Charland in Bangladesh

Because of its geographical location, major rivers and low-lying deltaic terrain, Bangladesh is highly exposed to the impacts of both slow and rapid-onset climate-driven disasters, including sea-level rise, saline intrusion, cyclones, storm surges, floods, extreme heat and droughts.

Scaling up Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Climate Vulnerable Farming Communities in Southern Philippines

As a result of increasingly unpredictable weather and increasing frequency of extreme events (particularly drought, excessive rains and/or flooding), farmers in Southern Philippines are losing income and assets including access to community infrastructure and facilities critical to their livelihoods.

Addressing the Risks of Climate Induced Disasters in Bhutan through Enhanced National and Local Capacity for Effective Actions

The current NAPA II project, Addressing the Risk of Climate-Induced Disasters through Enhanced National and Local Capacity in Bhutan,  will address urgent and immediate climate change adaptation needs and leverage co-financing resources from national government, bilateral and other multilateral sources, and the private sector.  The project is working to “enhance national, local and community capacity to prepare for and respond to climate induced multi-hazards to reduce potential losses of human lives, national economic infrastructure, livelihood and livelihood asse

Ecosystem-Based Adaptation for Water Security in Mongolia

Mongolia’s geographic location, fragile ecosystems and socio-economic conditions make the country highly vulnerable to climate change. To address the additional ecological challenges presented by climate change, there is an urgent need to conserve and rehabilitate the ecosystem services upon which Mongolia’s rural economy, traditional culture, and rich biodiversity depend.

Sustaining agricultural biodiversity in the face of climate change in Tajikistan

According to the Russian botanist and geneticist, Nikolai Vavilov, Tajikistan is a storehouse of globally important agro-biodiversity. Tajikistan’s agricultural biodiversity is not only of importance to the livelihoods of rural communities, to the local economy, and to local long-term food security, but also to global food security particularly in light of the future challenges of global climate change.

Community based Adaptation to Climate Change through Coastal Afforestation in Bangladesh

This project, executed by Bangladesh’s Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and implemented by UNDP, has reached 18,269 households engaging citizens in afforestation, agriculture, livestock, and fishery-based livelihood adaptation and training measures. The project promotes the diversification of livelihoods and income generation, for example, through the rational use of coastal land to produce forest, fruit and fish resources.

CBA Bangladesh: Promoting Diversified Agro-Based Activities in Jamalpur District (RDOP)

In the hilly areas of Bakshigani Upazila region, the Adibashi community faces increased heavy rainfall and more frequent droughts. The region’s traditional hillside farming technique, known as jhum cultivation, gradually deteriorates the hillside environment, thereby increasing the risks of flash floods and landslides. Projected climatic changes exacerbate this risk, reducing the amount of cultivable land and threatening livelihoods.

Reducing vulnerability of natural resource dependent livelihoods in Boucles du Mouhoun Forest Corridor and Mare d’Oursi Wetlands Basin in Burkina Faso

With more than 70% of the population live on less than $2 per day, Burkina Faso’s economy is heavily dependent on natural resources.

Enhancing Climate-Resilient Agriculture in Liberia

The project, 'Enhancing Resilience to Climate Change by Mainstreaming Adaptation Concerns into Agricultural Sector Development', aims to to enhance the resilience of Liberia's agricultural sector. The focus is on enhancing resilience to increasing rainfall variability.

Enhancing Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector in Mali

According to current information on climatic variability and predicted climate change scenarios for Mali, the country's long-term development is expected to be significantly affected by: both insufficient and unpredictable rainfall; increased frequency of flooding; and more violent winds in the Sahel and Sahara regions. As Mali's agriculture sector is highly dependent on climatic factors, it is generally agreed upon that climate change will produce great impacts in this sector, even when considering the uncertainty of the forecasting models.

Developing Agro-Pastoral Shade Gardens in Djibouti

Djibouti faces multiple adverse effects due to climate change, which threaten large biophysical and socio-economic impacts. A priority area of concern is that of water availability, which is the main limiting factor of agricultural productivity and livelihood security.

Economy-Wide Integration of Climate Change Adaptation and disaster risk management/reduction to Reduce Climate Vulnerability of Communities in Samoa

This project aims to enhance a more efficient integration and management of adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction into national development planning and programming and the resilience of communities’ physical assets and livelihoods across Samoa to climate change and natural disasters.

This will be accomplished through three major components:

Increasing Climate Change Resilience of Maldives through Adaptation in the Tourism Sector

With tourism making up 30% of GDP for these vulneralbe islands, increasing climate resilience is crucial to protect the industry in Maldives. This project establishes 10 new investment projects to modify operational infrastructure, assess the feasibility of market-based financing solutions and promote private sector investments in adapation projects.

Enhancing the climate-resilience of tourism-reliant communities in Samoa

The tourism sector provides livelihood to many local businesses in handicrafts, agricultural production and communication services in this Small Island Developing State (SIDS). The objective of this project is to increase the resilience of the tourism sector in Samoa through mainstreaming climate risks into tourism-related policy processes and adaptation actions in coastal communities and tourism operators.

Strengthening the resilience of women producer groups and vulnerable communities in Mali

The Government of Mali is currently tackling development constraints which include various agricultural and rural development initiatives focusing on stimulating rural economies, improving agricultural productivity and promoting sustainable land management. This UNDP-supported "Strengthening the resilience of women producer groups and vulnerable communities in Mali" project aims to integrate climate variability into development strategies, with a special focus on food security.

Enhancing capacities of rural communities to pursue climate resilient livelihood in Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and principe (STP) being a Least Developed Country (LDC) and Small Island Developing State (SIDS), is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Coupled by the fact that agriculture, remains the biggest source of incomes for rural families, generating 70% of rural employment and about 80% of export revenues, renders the majority of STP’s populace extremely vulnerable to the vagaries of climate change. Further, the available climatic information indicates that the length of dry seasons is likely to increase in STP.

Building Climate-Resilience and Adaptive Capacity in the Agricultural Sector of Niger

The project, 'Implementing NAPA Priority Interventions to Build Resilience and Adaptive Capacity of the Agriculture Sector to Climate Change', contributes to the building of adaptive capacity to climate change in the agricultural sector of Niger. At the national level, government, NGOs, and business entities will strengthen capacity to integrate climate change risk reduction strategies into development policies and programmes. National ministries will have developed better-adapted policies and programmes that support planned and autonomous adaptive strategies.

Strengthening Livelihoods and Climate-Resilience in the Guinean Prefectures of Gaoual, Koundara and Mali

Agriculture and livestock are the main economic activities in the prefectures of Gaoual, Koundara and Mali. However, while their importance for the economy and community livelihoods is undeniable, agriculture and livestock farming in Gaoual, Koundara and Mali remain of subsistence, dependent entirely on the natural resource potential and characterized by unsustainable environmental practices.The agriculture and livestock production are currently facing several constraints which limit their productivity and render them highly vulnerable to any external shock including climate effects.

Building Capacity for Climate-Resilient Food Production in DRC

This project, 'Building Capacity in DRC to Respond to Threats Posed by Climate Change on Food Production and Security', seeks to respond to the climate-change induced increased variability in agro-climatic conditions and its impacts on the agriculture sector in the DRC. The agriculture sector forms the basis of livelihood opportunities for the majority of the population.  Although increased rainfall is expected in most parts of the country, model predictions of rainfall distribution (temporal) is uncertain.