Western Asia

Central Asian countries face a particular set of interrelated human development challenges that combine inequalities and a lack of job opportunities, ethnic tensions and human rights issues, scarcity of water resources and risk of disasters as well as heavy reliance on remittances and shock-prone extractive industries. 

Wide disparities in human development continue to exist, income inequalities and poverty are widespread and gender inequalities remain.

Central Asia continues to be vulnerable to external instability stemming from water scarcity, transboundary water disputes and unsustainable energy use, community-level tensions and a range of cross-regional effects of instability and conflict, such as organized cross-border crime in its Southern neighbourhood.