National

Taxonomy Term List

Supporting North Macedonia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

North Macedonia, a small, landlocked country in southern Europe of 25,713 km2, is located in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula on an elevated plateau that is bisected and surrounded by hill and mountainous terrain, which covers 79 percent of North Macedonia’s territory. Despite the country’s small size, the climate ranges from alpine in the west and northwest of the country, to Mediterranean in the southern districts of the Vardar river valley, and is characterized by cold winters, hot summers and a highly variable precipitation regime with high levels of biodiversity. Climate change impacts are already evident in North Macedonia. Six of the ten warmest years on record since 1951 have occurred between 2007 and 2012 and a heat wave has been recorded in almost every year since 1987. The North Macedonian economy is relatively diverse though highly reliant on industrial manufacturing and energy production, and agricultural land uses and forests, which cover almost 80% of the country. Forty percent of the population is rural and 21.7 percent of the population is employed in the agricultural sector. Poverty is exacerbated by a high unemployment rate of 23 percent. Agriculture has significant importance to North Macedonia in terms of employment, rural livelihoods, food security and exports.

Energy sector and resilience to climate change are identified as one of the main contributors towards national sustainable development. Recognizing the important steps forward in the institutionalization of climate change issues and the mainstreaming of climate change considerations into the national and sectorial development policies, the development of three National Communications to the UNFCCC, the First Biennial Update Report and the 2015 Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) have contributed to the strengthening of climate mainstreaming processes. As part of North Macedonia’s Third National Communication, analysis of impacts, vulnerability and adaptive capacity was undertaken for eight sectors (agriculture and livestock, biodiversity, forestry, human health, tourism, cultural heritage, water resources and socio-economic development) with a special focus on the Southeast Region, which had been identified as being especially vulnerable to climate change. The development of the Forth National Communication is underway and should be completed by the end of 2021. In January 2018, North Macedonia ratified the Paris Agreement.

The Government of the Republic of North Macedonia requested support for the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process and was one of the first countries requesting the Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from the joint UNDP-UNEP NAP Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), a preliminary mission was undertaken in March 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, North Macedonia’s needs regarding the NAP process. The mission allowed for a preliminary assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process, through qualitative interviews and an extensive desk review.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the preliminary assessment mission and NAP Roadmap 

 

In March 2017, a preliminary mission was organized for initial consultations on North Macedonia’s NAP process. A Roadmap was then developed with the purpose to facilitate a consensus on the approach for the design of the NAP process. The roadmap identifies the overall approach to implementing the NAP process and the main work-streams (components) and activities for the first iteration of the NAP.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report and identified key entry points
 
Informed A stocktaking report was produced and outlines the implementation of the NAP I approach that will occur through three parallel work-streams (components). The first two components focus on establishing the foundations for a strong and effective NAP process and adaptation planning in general, and the third focuses on support for integrating lessons learnt into adaptation planning.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Government of the Republic of North Macedonia requested support for the development of its national adaptation plan (NAP) process, and one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. The stocktaking report was formulated as the basis for a GCF funding request.
 

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (22.499999988783 41.586688356211)
Funding Source: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

Eight Municipalities and National Parks Selected for Nature Protection Grant Scheme - June 2018 - A total of eight applicants representing a diverse group of municipalities and national parks have been selected to receive grants of EUR 200,000 – 400,000 for nature protection projects.

“Not a garbage dump”: New landfill in Gevgelija to meet highest environmental standards - January 2018 - The sanitary landfill project meets an urgent need to replace a hazardous illegal landfill now overspilling by the River Vardar in Gevgelija.

Cleaner Soil Leads to Healthier Yields - December 2017 - More than 200 farmers have developed knowledge and expertise in plant and soil interaction over the past year by attending UNDP and SDC educational seminars.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Mar 2003
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its First National Communication
Month-Year: 
Nov 2004
Description: 
North Macedonia ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Month-Year: 
Feb 2008
Description: 
North Macedonia publishes its National Strategy for Sustainable Development for the Republic of North Macedonia
Month-Year: 
Jan 2009
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its Second National Communication
Month-Year: 
Mar 2014
Description: 
North Macedonia communicates its Third National Communication
Month-Year: 
Aug 2015
Description: 
North Macedonia submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Mar 2017
Description: 
Macedonia hosts a preliminary mission supported by the NAP GSP to identify and stock take North Macedonia’s needs regarding a NAPs process
Month-Year: 
Jan 2018
Description: 
North Macedonia ratifies the Paris Agreement

Supporting Azerbaijan to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Azerbaijan is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Asia bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The physical and geographical characteristics of Azerbaijan make it a highly sensitive country to the adverse effects of climate change. The terrain in the north of Azerbaijan is sub-tropical, while the west coast of the country has 40 percent mountainous cover and 60 percent arid and semi arid terrain. Extreme weather events, such as flooding, drought and heat stress are expected to increase in frequency. The arid and semi-arid areas will experience increased temperatures and a reduction in precipitation. Forecasts for the Caspian Sea levels are uncertain; as these have both increased and decreased over the last 50 years. This situation adds complexities, especially when planning for climate adaptation measures in Azerbaijan. 

At the national level, Azerbaijan adopted the “Strategic Road Map on National Economic Perspectives” in 2016, which allowed the country to create a new development model based on short (2020), medium (2025) and long-term measures (post 2025). The Strategic Development Road Map (SDRM), up to 2025 and beyond, covers eight priority sectors, including the development of the manufacture and processing of agricultural products, the manufacture of small and medium entrepreneurship-level consumer goods, the oil and gas industry, development of heavy industry and machinery, tourism, logistics and trade, vocational education and training, financial services, communication and information technologies and utilities. Azerbaijan’s "Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for low-carbon end-use sectors" project from 2015-2020 was placed within the existing national framework of Azerbaijan and provided a particular focus on a programmatic NAMA approach that reflected specific greenhouse gas measures to be implemented by SOCAR, the national oil company of Azerbaijan.

Since Azerbaijan presented its National Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC in 2017, the Government of Azerbaijan has embarked on the preparation and implementation of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP). A stocktaking exercise was undertaken in 2017, where key barriers were identified. Some of Azerbaijan’s barriers include, limited data access, insufficient institutional and technical capacity on climate change adaptation at managerial, expert/practitioners and community levels and limited mainstreaming of climate change adaptation considerations into national, regional, local and sectoral planning, budgeting and regulatory frameworks. In December 2017, Azerbaijan’s first Green Climate Funding readiness adaptation planning project “National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Support Project for adaptation planning and implementation in Azerbaijan” was approved, with UNDP as Delivery Partner. The Green Climate Fund project supports the Government of Azerbaijan in facilitating the development of the NAP and the improved climate change adaptation actions in Azerbaijan in three priority sectors identified by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (MENR) through stakeholder consultations: water, agriculture and coastal areas.

Azerbaijan has since submitted two more proposals to the Green Climate Fund. The third readiness proposal submitted in May 2019, “Development of a strategy and action plan for up scaling climate services and multi-hazard early warning in Azerbaijan” is under preparation, with UNEP as Delivery Partner. The third readiness proposal will assess climate services and multi-hazard early warning systems, the feasibility for up scaling them and the development of a strategy, action plan and financing strategy. 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Supported the NAP Roadmap and produced a Stocktaking Report

The stocktaking exercise for the NAP highlighted the fact that that there is limited data sharing among institutions, both within the Government of Azerbaijan and beyond. A fact-finding/stocktaking mission to Azerbaijan was organized during May-June 2017 to analyze and verify the gaps, needs and barriers to adaptation planning, gathered during the desk research. During the mission, close to 21 meetings were held with more than 30 people from Government, NGOs, private sector, and International organizations

Identified entry points for the NAPs process

Based on these consultations, the assessment was developed, and barriers and gaps for the national adaptation process were identified and validated. This process informed a theory of change as the basis for a project proposal that identifies the inputs, activities, sub-outcomes and outcomes, necessary to overcome said barriers and gaps.
 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 

 

In December 2017, Azerbaijan’s first Green Climate Fund readiness project Adaptation planning support for Azerbaijan through UNDP was approved. The adaptation planning supported by this GCF-funded project will build on the results of the GEF/SSCF Funded project  "Integrating climate change risks into water and flood management by vulnerable mountainous communities in the Greater Caucasus region of Azerbaijan," and will use the lessons learned and data produced, including the results of the impact assessment in the Northern-Western Regions of Azerbaijan, the implementation of an early warning system’s pilot and for that area and of water user associations. To maximize synergies between the Adaptation Planning project and the second and third readiness projects, close communication will be maintained with FAO and UNEP during the implementation of the projects’ specific activities.

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (48.86718748406 40.258568763376)
Funding Source: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

UNDP at the heart of climate change action in Azerbaijan - UNDP’s ongoing partnership framework with the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan SOCAR came into effect in 2015, with a firm commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy intensity of SOCAR’s major facilities.

UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative Ghulam Isaczai Speech - April 2018 - UNDP Resident Representative Ghulam Isaczai delivered the Opening speech at the conference on The Important Role of Hydrometeorology Organisations in the Adaptation to Climate Change about the Importance of Climate Action and Current Climate Change Adaptation Practices in Azerbaijan

EU, UNDP and Government launch groundbreaking new programme to fight climate change in Azerbaijan - April 2019 - A new regional EU4Climate project financed by the European Union kicked off in Baku today putting multi-stakeholder partnerships at the forefront of effective climate change action in countries of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) region.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Mar 2015
Description: 
Azerbaijan communicates its Third National Communication that forecasts an average annual temperature to increase by as much as 2°C between 2015 and 2030
Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Azerbaijan submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC Secretariat
Month-Year: 
Dec 2016
Description: 
Azerbaijan adopts a “Strategic Road Map on National Economic Perspectives” at the national level
Month-Year: 
Jan 2017
Description: 
Azerbaijan ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Jun 2017
Description: 
A fact-finding/stocktaking mission to Azerbaijan is organized to analyze and verify the gaps, needs and barriers to adaptation planning
Month-Year: 
Dec 2017
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s first GCF readiness project is approved and starts implementation in 2018, with UNDP as Delivery Partner
Month-Year: 
Mar 2019
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s second Readiness project is approved by GCF with a specific focus on agriculture and land use, land-use change and forestry, with FAO as Accredited Entity
Month-Year: 
May 2019
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s third Readiness proposal is submitted to GCF, with UNEP as Accredited Entity

Supporting Serbia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Serbia is a landlocked country in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula, in South-Eastern Europe. Serbia, located in the central part of Balkan Peninsula, has three major geographical areas: the lowland Pannonian Plain, Vojvodina in northern Serbia that covers about 25 percent of the territory, and is predominantly flatland of alluvial debris and plateau, and Central Serbia and the Šumadija Highlands, a predominant hilly region ranging from 100 meters to 500m in elevation. Rivers and lakes are relatively plentiful, but flow levels are already starting to fall as a result of climate change, a trend that is predicted to continue. The climate is moderately continental across most of the territory. Average temperature is already increasing, notably with winters becoming less cold. The changes in temperature and precipitation are predicted to increase both floods and droughts, with a negative impact on the country’s forestry resources and agriculture, which together contributes to around 10 percent of gross domestic product.

Serbia’s climate related policies include the National Sustainable Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia and its Action Plan for 2009 – 2017 and the National Strategy with Action Plan for Transposition Implementation and Enforcement of the EU ACQUIS on Environment and Climate Change 2016-2020 (NEAS). In addition, though the 2011 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and Protection and Rescue in Emergency Situations, the 2014 National Programme for Disaster Risk Management and the draft Action Plan for implementation of National Programme for Disaster Risk Management (until 2020) also addresses climate change related issues, climate change adaptation measures and policies are not sufficiently reflected in them. This prevents coordinated action, resource mobilization and financial expenditure.  In 2015, Serbia submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC that included both components, climate change mitigation and adaptation to climate change. However, the adaptation part of the INDCs was not elaborated and it noted the need for national level climate adaptation action to start addressing long-term climate vulnerabilities. In addition, Serbia has recently drafted its first Law on Climate Change as well as the Low Carbon Development Strategy with the Action Plan. Both documents are pending adoption by the Government.

The Government of the Republic of Serbia requested support for the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, and is one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from the joint UNDP-UN Environment NAP Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), a preliminary mission was undertaken in February 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, Serbia’s needs regarding the NAP process. The mission allowed for preliminary assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process through a stakeholder roundtable, qualitative interviews and an extensive desk review. A Stocktaking Report on the NAPs process in Serbia was produced in April 2017. The stocktaking would play a supporting role in Serbia’s NAP Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia” that was submitted to the GCF in July 2017 and approved by the GCF in July 2019.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the preliminary assessment and stocktaking mission 

 

In February 2017, the NAP GSP undertook a rapid capacity assessment and stocktaking mission, as an approach to identifying the required capacity needs based on the capacity development frameworks of UNDP and UNITAR. These frameworks identify three levels for technical and functional capacities: the individual, the organization and the enabling environment. The assessment was based on review of strategy documents, existing reports, individual interviews and a basic questionnaire distributed during the cross-sectoral roundtable.
 

 

Produced of a Stocktaking Report and NAP roadmap
 
A Stocktaking report was produced in April 2017, followed by a NAP Roadmap. The purpose of the NAP roadmap is to articulate a country-based consensus on the approach for the design of the NAP process.  The roadmap identifies the overall approach to implementing the NAP process and the main work streams (components) and activities for the 2017–2020 iteration of the NAP. Based on stakeholder input received during the stocktaking mission, the envisioned approach to Serbia’s NAP will be driven by development of a strategic document – the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan – for implementing the national direction for adaptation.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

Serbia received approval from the GCF in July 2019 for it’s NAP Readiness Proposal ‘Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia’, a project that is informed by a consultative process that launched three years prior and will help Serbia integrate climate change adaptation considerations into developmental planning and budgeting. This project proposes two phases to help the government of Serbia increase its capacity to address the country’s climate change vulnerabilities, particularly in the areas related to the Agriculture-Water Management nexus, and the sectors of Energy Infrastructure, and Transport Infrastructure and Construction. The first phase of funding request will support the setting up of the NAP process and development of a comprehensive national Climate Change Adaptation Plan. 
 

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (21.796874988909 44.162504181925)
Funding Source: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

Climate change was one of the most important topics of the 9th Belgrade security forum - October 2019 - The panelists at "Climate Security: Adaptation, Mitigation, Change" were UNDP Resident Representative in Serbia Fransine Pickup, Minister for the Environmental Protection Goran Trivan.

Joint message on Climate Change to the Government of The Republic of Serbia - October 2019 - The European Union Delegation to Serbia and the United Nations Development Programme kindly request the support of the Republic of Serbia in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Cities are crucial for the fight against climate change - October 2019 - Best practices and solutions for development of climate-smart cities across Europe were presented today at the event “Citizens Build Smart Cities” in Belgrade.

In Serbia, climate change forces a new reality - September 2019 - In Serbia, temperatures are rising and extreme weather events means both flooding and severe droughts. For those who make their living off the land and sea, climate change is forcing a new reality.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jun 2001
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Month-Year: 
Oct 2007
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Month-Year: 
Nov 2010
Description: 
Serbia communicates its initial National Communication
Month-Year: 
Jun 2015
Description: 
Serbia submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Feb 2016
Description: 
Serbia communicated its First Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Feb 2017
Description: 
The NAP GSP and Serbia hosts a NAP support and stocktaking mission
Month-Year: 
Apr 2017
Description: 
The NAP GSP and Serbia produces a Stocktaking Report for the NAPs process in Serbia
Month-Year: 
Jul 2017
Description: 
Serbia submits its Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia” to the Green Climate Fund
Month-Year: 
Jul 2017
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the Paris Climate Agreement
Month-Year: 
Aug 2017
Description: 
Serbia communicates its Second National Communication (SNC)
Month-Year: 
Jul 2019
Description: 
The Green Climate Fund approves Serbia’s Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia”

Supporting Tanzania to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The United Republic of Tanzania is one of the largest countries in East Africa. Besides its mainland, the country also includes the semi-autonomous archipelago of Zanzibar, which lies roughly 35 km off the mainland’s coast. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to its north, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Zambia to its west, Malawi and Mozambique to its south, and the Indian Ocean to its east. Tanzania is bestowed with a relative abundant level of natural resources and has comparative advantages in the production of many crops, such as coffee, tea, maize, rice, and cashew nuts, amongst others.

In recent years, the country experienced a significant change in its climatic conditions, including increasing temperatures, rising sea levels, intensified rain fall patterns, and longer dry spells.  Livelihoods and food supply are highly dependent on rainfed agriculture, which makes up around 80 percent of total agricultural output. Around 25 percent of Tanzania’s GDP is generated by the agriculture sector, which employs between 75 to 80 percent of the population.  Likewise, coastal and inland fisheries are increasingly placed in jeopardy by sedimentation after heavy rains and warming ocean and freshwater temperatures.

In recent years, the government has taken necessary steps to address the adverse effects of climate change and its wider environmental consequences. The country acknowledges that successfully dealing with these issues requires a wide range of measures. Its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (2015) presents risks and vulnerabilities for its key economic sectors - water, health, agriculture, rangelands and livestock, forestry, wildlife, tourism, and coastal and marine environment. For each sector the government has analyzed the detailed potential impacts that climate change is expected to have and has developed standard responses to counter climate variability.

Tanzania’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, the Hyogo Framework of Action 2005-2015, the Agriculture Climate Resilience Plan 2014-2019, the National Climate Change Strategy, and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy have provided strategic entry points for the government for the initiation of its National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process. The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 with a national training for ministers that led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap. In May 2016, a national multi-sector, multi-agency NAP team with around 30 experts was formed and was supported by the institution of a NAP Secretariat based at the Vice-President’s Office, assisted by GIZ. Subsequently, capacity-building trainings and workshops for the national NAP team were conducted to ensure ownership and coordination among government agencies. A comprehensive stocktaking of climate information, vulnerabilities, capacities and gaps at national and sub-national levels has been carried out in 2017 and 2018, involving the environment officers of all 185 local councils of Tanzania.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Support with the NAP process and roadmap

 

The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 with a national training for ministers that led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap. In May 2016, the NAP-GSP kicked off the NAP process with an inception workshop for a two-year bilateral NAP support project funded by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), co-funded by USAID and implemented by GIZ. The inception was followed by the formation of the NAP Secretariat and a national multi-sector and multi-agency NAP Team of 30 experts.
 

 

Produced of a Stocktaking Report to identify entry points for the NAP process
 
A comprehensive stocktaking of climate information, vulnerabilities, capacities and gaps at national and sub-national levels was conducted in 2017 and 2018, involving the environment officers of all 185 local councils of Tanzania. Tanzania’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, the National Climate Change Strategy, and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy have provided strategic entry points for the government for the initiation of its National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  awareness
 

 

 

With the support of international development partners, the government established the NAP Secretariat, hosted by the Vice President’s Office. The secretariat has supported several workshops and training events to capacitate key sectors and agencies, as well as its NAP Team. To increase awareness amongst stakeholders and ensure government ownership, the team conducted awareness raising events and engaged all 185 councils, both in Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar.

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (35.85937498639 -6.560931812593)
Funding Source: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

UNDP disburses 1.3bn/- for climate change adaptation projects - 18 May 2017 - The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) recently disbursed 1.3bn/- to six NGOs to help vulnerable local communities to mitigate the effects climate change through solar power solutions.

UNDP Facilitates NGOs Proposal Writing Workshop on Gender, Climate Change and Energy in the Context of SDGs - 2 November 2016 - The UNDP Tanzania’s Environmental Sustainability, Climate Change and Resilience pillar recently held a proposal-writing workshop with the aim of capacitating NGOs to integrate gender and SDGs.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jul 2015
Description: 
The NAP-GSP, GIZ, and the UNDP Tanzania Country Office conduct a national training for ministries that results in a surge in government support
Month-Year: 
Aug 2016
Description: 
The Tanzania Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment highlights key adaptation priorities for the country’s health sector
Month-Year: 
May 2017
Description: 
A comprehensive NAP stocktaking process begins, including regional workshops involving all 185 local councils in mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar
Month-Year: 
May 2018
Description: 
A participatory process begins to update Tanzania’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution and to align it with the NAP process
Month-Year: 
Sep 2018
Description: 
A workshop is facilitated by the NAP-GSP to identify early priorities for the NAP strategy and provides technical support to the adaptation focal points
Month-Year: 
Dec 2018
Description: 
The Ministry of Health supports by the national NAP team and funded by GIZ, WHO, and DFID, finalizes Tanzania’s Health NAP to Climate Change 2018-2023
Month-Year: 
Mar 2019
Description: 
Development begins on a climate change statistics report to track implementation of SDG 13
Month-Year: 
Dec 2019
Description: 
Tanzania submits a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal for adaptation planning to the GCF

Supporting Morocco to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Morocco is situated in the north west of the continent of Africa. The territory extends over 710,850 km2 and the coastline covers 2900km on the Atlantic Ocean, as well as 512 km of coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. The Moroccan population is approximately 33.8 million people. Sixty percent of the Moroccan population, and the majority of the country’s economic activities, are located in coastal zones. Forty-two percent of the Moroccan coastline will be at high risk of erosion and floods by 2030. Another major climate risk for Morocco is the impact of climate change on already limited and declining water resources. Water resources are projected to decline due to an increase in drought conditions. Future climate trends in Morocco include rising temperatures of 1–1.5°C by 2050 (rate of warming faster in the interior) and a decrease in average precipitation by 10–20 percent across the country, and 30 percent decrease for the Saharan region by 2100.

Morocco has developed several overarching policies and high-level documents that promote and enable climate resilient development. Morocco has submitted three national communications to the UNFCCC (2001, 2010 and 2016). The Third National Communication (2016) includes a summary of the most recent climate projections and studies. Morocco has carried out various studies to assess climate change impacts and vulnerabilities at the national level. This includes state-of-the-art GIS-based catastrophe risk modeling, and the Morocco Natural Hazards Probabilistic Risk Assessment, which allows for an analysis for risks of earthquake, flood, tsunami, drought and landslide across Morocco.

In 2014, Morocco developed its National Climate Change Policy (MCCP) as a coordination tool of the various measures and initiatives on climate change. It provides an operational framework for the development of a medium and long-term strategy, with a vision for 2040. In 2015, Morocco submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), which is based on the NSSD, and outlines a vision of Morocco for 2030. Regarding adaptation, Morocco intends to implement a sectoral approach, adapted to its varied natural conditions. The INDC sets several quantified sectoral goals for 2020 and 2030, which focus primarily on the water sector.  In 2016, Morocco submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which sets new objectives for 2020 and 2030 for agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, in addition to refining the objectives set by the INDC for water. In the NDC, Morocco estimates that the cost of implementation of adaptation projects between 2020 and 2030 for the water, forestry and agriculture sectors. The existing institutional framework in Morocco was built gradually to meet the requirements of the UNFCCC. Morocco’s National Committee for Climate Change was established in 2007 and oversees all climate-related activities. Morocco is addressing the 2030 development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals, in relation to the country’s National Adaptation Plan.

 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Support with the NAP roadmap and the identification of adaptation investment priorities

Morocco has started its national adaptation planning process since 2015 and developed a detailed roadmap for its national adaptation plan. The NAP roadmap was highly consultative and involved a dialogue process the resulted in 10 national and regional workshops. The consultative process highlighted key gaps to be addressed, in particular with regard to the governance and coordination arrangements for climate adaptation planning, the identification and appraisal of adaptation investment priorities, the integration of adaptation considerations into budgeting systems, and the engagement with the private sector.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report to identify entry points for the NAP process
 
Based on a stocktaking mission, a Stocktaking Report was produced in consultation with all key stakeholders. This preliminary work aimed at identifying the main actors and stakeholders in adaptation through a stakeholder analysis. This activity facilitated the analysis of the current institutional framework and capacity and outlined the best options for a governance structure and institutional coordination mechanisms in the Moroccan context.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

A NAP readiness proposal for the GCF was formulated and submitted to the GCF in December 2018, to “Supporting the foundations for sustainable adaptation planning and financing in Morocco”.  The project has a strong focus on enhancing regional and local capacities for adaptation planning and financing. This GCF NAP readiness support project will achieve this objective through strengthening institutional framework for adaptation planning and awareness at the national and regional level. The second outcome focuses on regional adaptation plans (Territorial Plans against Global Warming) and sustainable financing strategies formulated for three vulnerable regions in Morocco. Thirdly, the project aims to strengthen the foundations for sustainable engagement of the private sector in finance for adaptation. The work undertaken through the GCF NAP project will be highly complementary and will be implemented in close collaboration with the readiness and preparatory support project, managed by the Agency for Agricultural Development (ADA), a GCF national accredited entity.
 

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-6.328125006053 32.338200272423)
Funding Source: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

Integrating climate change adaptation in development planning in Morocco - 27 September 2017 – What is the process to formulate and implement National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)? How can it be used to reduce Morocco’s vulnerability to climate change and integrate climate change adaptation into ongoing development planning processes?

Establishment of the “Morocco Global Compact Network” - 5 March 2018 - The Morocco Global Compact Network aims to position Moroccan companies in the international and regional networks of the United Nations Global Compact. It will allow the exchange of experiences and the promotion of good practices from the Moroccan private sector in terms of social responsibility and efforts made to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
2001
Description: 
Submits its First National Communications to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2007
Description: 
Establishes its National Committee for Climate Change that oversees all climate-related activities. The Department for Sustainable Development chairs this committee
Month-Year: 
2010
Description: 
Submits its Second National Communications to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2014
Description: 
Develops its National Climate Change Policy (MCCP) as a coordination tool of the various measures and initiatives on climate change
Month-Year: 
2015
Description: 
Submits its INDC that outlines a vision of Morocco for 2030. Morocco commences the adaptation planning process to take climate adaptation into account in the sectoral planning process
Month-Year: 
2016
Description: 
Submits its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which sets new objectives for 2020 and 2030 for agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, in addition to refining the objectives set by the INDC for water
Month-Year: 
2016
Description: 
Submits its Third National Communication, which includes a summary of the most recent climate projections and studies
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
Organizes a second national workshop that focuses on the capacity building priorities identified by the roadmap.

Supporting Kyrgyz Republic to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked nation located in the heart of Central Asia and has an extreme continental climate, mostly arid, which is somewhat mitigated by increased cloudiness and precipitation due to the alpine relief. Drought is a common occurrence in the country, as are land and mudslides, avalanches, squalls, downpours, icing, frosts, breakthrough of glacial lakes, floods, rise of sub-soil waters, epidemics, pests, crop diseases, river erosion, and earthquakes. Temperatures in the Kyrgyz Republic have increased consistently over the past 80 years. Future projections indicate continued warming in the range of 2.6-4.8°C by the end of the century.

The Kyrgyz Republic has recognized the risks posed by climate change and began to take steps towards improving their adaptive capacity. In 2013, with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) the Kyrgyz Republic developed and approved their first national strategic document on adaptation to climate change, Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic Until 2017. The document focuses on the minimization of negative risks and the capitalization of potential opportunities of climate change for sustainable development.  The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic requested support for the development of its national adaptation plan (NAP) process, and is one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from UNDP, a preliminary NAP support mission was undertaken April 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, the Kyrgyz Republic’s needs regarding the NAP process.

In 2015, the Kyrgyz Republic submitted its first INDC that outlined actions for climate change adaptation to be further developed and was linked to the "Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic till 2017" strategic document strategy.  The Kyrgyz Republic together with the UN and other partners are working towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: 17 interconnected and ambitious Goals, which address the major development challenges faced by people in Kyrgyzstan and around the world. In order to do that, climate change has been elevated to a more central position in the national planning processes.

 

The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has submitted a request for Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness and Preparatory Support for the initiation of its National Adaptation Plan process. This process will be consistent with the government’s strategic vision for climate change adaptation. The project proposal has prioritized adaptation planning through its national long-term strategic planning process and associated medium-term implementation plans, through which the long-term plan is implemented. The proposed project will advance the general goals of the NAP process, while addressing strategic priorities developed by the Government of Kyrgyz Republic and empowering the country to implement its NDC commitments.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Produced a stocktaking report to support the NAP Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal 

Based on the findings of the stocktaking report, a Theory of Change was developed in a consultative process, aimed at strengthening national coordination and institutional arrangements for adaptation planning, formulating gender-responsive adaptation plans and budgets for priority sectors and strengthening climate change adaptation capacities at provincial and sub-national levels.

 

Identified entry points for the NAP process
 
Several prioritized NAP activities were identified in this report and include: (1) enhancing climate data and use in planning, (ii) carrying out sectoral, regional and ecosystem level vulnerability assessments, (iii) doing appraisal and costing of adaptation options, (iv) establishing a comprehensive monitoring framework and (v) developing an operational framework to fulfill gender-inclusion targets through the NAP process.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Kyrgyz Republic prepared a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal that was first submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in June 2018. The project outlined in the Readiness proposal “Advancing development of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process for medium and long-term adaptation planning and implementation in the Kyrgyz Republic” and has an anticipated duration of 36 months.  The project objective is to strengthen institutions and enhance vertical and horizontal coordination for climate change adaptation planning, facilitate mainstreaming of climate risks at sectoral and subnational levels, and identify a program of priority climate change adaptation investments.
 

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
GEOMETRYCOLLECTION (POINT (74.531249979463 41.586688356211), POINT (74.531249979463 41.586688356211))
Funding Source: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

UNDP Climate Promise - Ambition. Acceleration. Mobilization - 19 September 2019, New York - In support of the UN Secretary-General’s 2019 Climate Action Summit on 23 September, UNDP is scaling up its support to developing countries through “UNDP’s Climate Promise: Ambition, Acceleration and Mobilization."

The Russian scientific experience of agricultural irrigation to support resource efficiency in Kyrgyzstan - 30 June 2019, Kyrgyzstan - Agriculture is a resource intensive-production, affecting human health, livelihoods, and the environment. Besides, it has an important impact on the local economy in Osh province and Kyrgyzstan as a whole. In the context of the Central Asian region, crop production is impossible without proper irrigation and Kyrgyzstan has, comparatively, well-developed irrigation system.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Nov 2012
Description: 
The Government establishes the Climate Change Coordination Commission (CCCC) to coordinate all the activities related to climate change
Month-Year: 
Jan 2013
Description: 
The Kyrgyz Republic 2013–2017 National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) is approved
Month-Year: 
Oct 2013
Description: 
The Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic until 2017 is established
Month-Year: 
Sep 2016
Description: 
The first steps towards establishing a National Adaptation Plans process are taken at a high-level conference entitled ‘From Paris to Bishkek: On the Way to Sustainable Climate Resilient Development for Kyrgyzstan
Month-Year: 
Oct 2016
Description: 
The country’s Third National Communication to the UNFCCC is finalized and the Government sends an official request to the GCF and UNDP to begin work on a NAP support project
Month-Year: 
Apr 2017
Description: 
A preliminary stocktaking mission is undertaken by the National Adaptation Plans-Global Support Programme team to identify the Kyrgyz Republic’s needs regarding the NAP process, in consultation with stakeholders
Month-Year: 
Jun 2018
Description: 
A Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal is submitted to the Green Climate Fund for review
Month-Year: 
Feb 2020
Description: 
The Kyrgyz Republic submits its National Determined Contribution

Supporting Turkmenistan to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Turkmenistan is located in the western part of Central Asia, between the Caspian Sea and the Amudarya River, and is a part of the Aral Sea and Caspian Sea basins. Climate change impacts are already evident in Turkmenistan. The meteorological data show a steady temperature increase of 1.4°С since the 1950s. By 2040, atmospheric air temperature is expected to increase by 2°C across the entire country. While annual precipitation varies greatly, ranging from 76 mm to 380 mm, the climate projections suggest that between 2040 and 2100 precipitation is likely to decrease by 8–17%, which, coupled with the temperature increase, will reduce the total volume of water availability.

In 2012, the Government approved the National Climate Change Strategy that lays out the policy framework for building climate resilience and a low-emission economy. The strategy, which has a focus on development, infrastructure and economic security, prioritizes a number of sector-tailored measures to ensure mitigation and adaptation responses from key economic areas—such as oil and gas, power engineering, construction, water and agriculture—with the key objective to improve the identification and assessment of climate change impacts. As part of the three National Communications under the UNFCCC, submitted in 2006, 2010 and 2015, climate related activities included a national inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals by sinks, vulnerability analysis of ecosystems and the economy, adaptation recommendations and mitigation analysis (i.e., assessed potential measures in various sectors of the economy. The National Communications outline expected climatic change impacts for the country until 2100.

In terms of the policy framework related to climate change adaptation, Turkmenistan has initiated a few policy documents that aim to improve its agricultural and forest management practices, advance socioeconomic reforms, and enhance policies related to monitoring and management of the hydromet services. Despite the policy developments, Turkmenistan has experienced several challenges, namely insufficient coordination and harmonization among existing and forthcoming legislative documents as well as the lack of implementation and enforcement of policies and secondary legislation.  To address these gaps and improve monitoring capacity, the National Economic Program of Action on Adaption and Mitigation to Climate Change (NEPAAM) was developed. NEPAAM identified a series of climate related objectives that include promotion of long-term sectorial planning on climate change in line ministries. The government sees NEPAAM as the basis for its NAP.

The Government of Turkmenistan decided in 2017 to develop a NAP process. To support their efforts, they engaged UNDP Turkmenistan to help elaborate this Readiness Proposal, “Integrating Climate Change Risks into Adaptation Planning Processes in Turkmenistan.” The Government of Turkmenistan seeks to strengthen its adaptive and resiliency capacities to climate change by integrating climate risks and adaptation measures into planning and budgeting processes via the development of a national adaptation process (NAP). In doing so, the proposal will complement other key foundational measures including Turkmenistan’s Nationally Determined Contribution, a Third National Communication, and the adoption of a National Climate Change Strategy.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Support to the capacity needs assessment and stakeholder consultations

A rapid capacity assessment was undertaken in April 2017. The approach to identifying the required capacity needs is based on UNDPs and UNITARs capacity development frameworks. These frameworks identify three skill and capacity levels – the individual, the organization and the enabling environment – for technical and functional capacities. Over the course of the two missions, a stocktaking exercise was conducted, as were extensive stakeholder consultations with relevant government counterparts, and representatives of the private sector and civil society. 

 

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report 
 
As outlined in Turkmenistan’s roadmap and stocktaking report, the NAP process will be driven by NEPAAM, which outlines the coordination, monitoring and over-arching strategic targets for implementing the national direction. NEPAAM will focus on crosscutting adaptation and mitigation analysis and action, and especially on stronger linkages between climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, in the agriculture, water and health sectors.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

On 24 July 2018, a round table was held to review the pre-final draft of the proposal application. The meeting discussed in detail the proposal and concluded that the country should submit to the GCF the Readiness Proposal, “Integrating Climate Change Risks into Adaptation Planning Processes in Turkmenistan.” While the project focuses at a national level as it relates to governance, as planning is centrally controlled, there is a specialized sub-focus on the water sectors of Ashgabat and the province of Dashoguz.

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (61.699218724575 38.265501341512)
Funding Source: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

UNDP and the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Turkmenistan held a working meeting to develop a draft National Strategy for Waste Management - 10 March 2020 - Participants touched upon issues of existing legislation in the field of waste management, the work of the project and the national consultant on the analysis of the current situation.

What is a sustainable city? Interview with Alexei Zakharov, UNDP/GEF project advisor on Sustainable Cities - 31 May 2019 - An ideal sustainable city is the one that has zero carbon emission footprints on the Planet’s wellbeing. That means the city generates energy for its needs from renewable sources, such as hydro, solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass, and deposits zero non-recyclable waste into the environment.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jun 2012
Description: 
The Government approves the National Climate Change Strategy
Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Turkmenistan submits its Intended National Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Jan 2016
Description: 
The country’s Third National Communication to the UNFCCC is finalized and the Government sends an official request to GCF and UNDP to begin work on the NAP support project
Month-Year: 
Jun 2017
Description: 
The Government of Turkmenistan decides to formulate a NAP process
Month-Year: 
Jul 2018
Description: 
Turkmenistan submits its Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal “Integrating Climate Change Risks into Adaptation Planning Processes in Turkmenistan” to the GCF for review

Supporting Bhutan to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked least developed country (LDC) in the Himalayan Mountains, with a population of 768,577, covering an area of 38,394 km². The area is mountainous, with steep slopes and 70 percent forest cover. The climate varies by altitude from alpine to subtropical and is strongly influenced by monsoons. The terrain limits agricultural productivity, but whilst agriculture contributes only 16 percent to GDP, it employs around 58 percent of the workforce. Changes in rainfall are expected to lead to wetter conditions in the monsoon season and slightly drier winters. Extreme climate events, such as heavy rainfall, are becoming more common and have led to flash floods and landslides. These hazards are expected to affect a range of sectors.

In 2006, Bhutan developed its National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). The NAPA formed a set of objectives, which included identifying immediate projects and activities that can help communities adapt and to integrate climate change risks into the national planning process. The NAPA projects and profiles were updated in 2012, to identify eight priority projects. Environmental protection is a priority for the Kingdom of Bhutan, and this is mandated by the Constitution. Bhutan´s 11th Five Year Development Plan 2013-2018 prioritises climate change, with a National Key Result Area (NKRA) on ‘Carbon neutral/green and climate resilient development’. However, the NKRA still needs to be articulated into sectoral strategies, in key areas such as hydropower and agriculture. Climate change adaptation is not explicitly integrated into policies such as the National Environment Protection Act (2007) and the Economic Development Policy (2017). Bhutan ratified the Paris Agreement in September 2017. The country’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), submitted in 2015, includes an adaptation component, identifying ten priority adaptation needs based on the NAPA and the vulnerability assessment of the Second National Communication (2011).

As adaptation to climate change is critical, Bhutan has highlighted priority adaptation actions in its NDC. For each of the priorities, a set of proposed adaptation actions are put forward. The NDC also stated that it recognizes the importance of formulating a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for the medium-to long-term, to reduce vulnerability, by integrating adaptation into development planning and implementing priority adaptation actions. The importance of external funding to enable the formulation and implementation of the NAP process has been highlighted in the NDC. Preliminary climate change scenarios and a vulnerability assessment were carried out as part of the Second National Communication (SNC) to the UNFCCC (2011).

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Support with the NAP preliminary assessment and capacity development 

There are several projects supporting the strengthening of climate and weather information systems. Preliminary assessments have been carried out specifically for the water sector. Water has been identified as a key, crosscutting sector for adaptation in the country, calling for further water-specific risk assessments. There is a need to put in place more solid baseline risk assessments and economic analysis to inform selection of priority adaptation investments. A capacity development plan on adaptation and a review of institutional arrangements were carried out under the NAPA II project.

 

 

Produced a Stocktaking Report to identify priority areas for the NAP process
 
Priority areas for the NAP process, identified during consultations, include: enhancing climate information; addressing climate risk management in line with NDC adaptation priorities, especially with regards to water; strengthening prioritization and appraisal of adaptation investments; and building monitoring and evaluation systems to strengthen learning and evidence on adaptation.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Kingdom of Bhutan launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process in 2015, and in January 2019 the Green Climate Fund (GCF) approved readiness funding to further advance Bhutan’s NAP process with a focus on water as a cross-cutting adaptation issue with the support of UNDP. Bhutan’s NAP process aims to build on Bhutan’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), articulate medium to long-term climate adaptation priorities, and scale up investment in adaptation in priority sectors - including water resources.
 

 

 

 

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (90.878906226539 27.675421332563)
Funding Source: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

Advancing climate adaptation in Bhutan: Common challenges and solutions 7 March 2020 – Common challenges and solutions that emerged from a compilation of interviews conducted at the Gobeshona 6 Conference from the government, municipality and academic sector.

Success stories from Bhutan’s process to formulate and implement the NAP  5 March 2020 - The Kingdom of Bhutan launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process in 2015, and in January 2019 the Green Climate Fund (GCF) approved readiness funding to further advance Bhutan’s NAP process with a focus on water as a cross-cutting adaptation issue with the support of UNDP.

Preparation of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for Bhutan, with a focus on the water sector - June 2019 - Bhutan has identified the water sector as a national priority, and seeks to identify synergies and areas of cooperation in terms of water resources management and development among different sectors in the 12th Five Year Plan (FYP).

‘Protect landscapes to protect everything’: Bhutan announces national push for climate resiliency and conservation - 11 November 2017 - As COP23 international climate talks continue in Bonn, Bhutan has launched a groundbreaking US$13.9 million Global Environment Facility project aimed at enhancing the resilience of communities and protecting the country’s unique and rich biodiversity in the face of a changing climate.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
May 2015
Description: 
NAP process is presented to stakeholders and launches during a Dialogue on Climate Resilient and Carbon Neutral Development in Thimpu, along with the launch of the NDC
Month-Year: 
Feb 2016
Description: 
NEC meeting directives establishes that the Climate Change Department (CCD) of NECS would take the lead on NAP development and that a Climate Change Policy concept note would be developed
Month-Year: 
Mar 2016
Description: 
A roadmap for Bhutan´s NAP process is presented for discussion and finalization at a National Workshop on Advancing Action on Climate Change for National Priorities and International Obligations
Month-Year: 
Apr 2016
Description: 
NECS prepares a draft proposal for NAP readiness support from the GCF, with support from UNDP, and engages with stakeholders in consultations, including on project objectives and outputs and on institutional roles
Month-Year: 
Jun 2016
Description: 
A workshop is held on Climate Change Information and Tools for Vulnerability and Adaptation included stocktaking of existing information in Bhutan on vulnerability and adaptation and generated information useful for the NAP process
Month-Year: 
Sep 2017
Description: 
The Gross National Happiness Commission (GNHC) submits a NAP Readiness proposal to the Green Climate Fund
Month-Year: 
Jan 2019
Description: 
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) approves readiness funding to further advance Bhutan’s NAP process

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems for Climate Resilient Development and Adaptation to Climate Change in Guinea

Despite considerable natural resources, including rich biodiversity, fertile soil, forests and mineral deposits, the West African nation of Guinea remains one of the world’s least developed countries due in part to the poor management of climate variability over past decades.

In line with climate change, the country has seen a decline in rainfall, recurring droughts since the 1970s, and frequent and early floods. The observed impacts of these disturbances are the drying up of many rivers and soils, the reduction of vegetation cover, a decline in agricultural, pastoral and fishing production, and the resurgence of waterborne diseases, all exacerbated by unsustainable production systems.

National development strategies are struggling to achieve results while the country is still recovering from the devastating effects of the 2015 Ebola virus disease.

By improving climate monitoring, forecasting and early warning for disasters, and strengthening the capacities of key actors, this four-year project (2019-2023) will help Guinea to respond to shocks and to mainstream adaptation into development planning for climate-sensitive sectors (agriculture, livestock, water, coastal and forestry areas) – supporting more inclusive and sustainable development into the future.

Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-13.623046879746 9.4942150191335)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
9,600,000 individuals (80 per cent of the Guinean population) who are currently affected by the effects of climate change in the agriculture, fishing, livestock farming, mining and forest industry sectors. Approximately 200,000 will be direct beneficiaries and around 51 per cent of the beneficiaries will be women. | Grassroots community organizations and farming associations | Over 120 political decision-makers from the agriculture, fishing, livestock farming, mining and forest industry sectors as well as from the planning and finance sectors.
Financing Amount: 
GEF-LDCF US$5,000,000; UNDP TRAC resources $350,000
Co-Financing Total: 
Ministry of Agriculture $30,000,000; Ministry of Transport - National Directorate of Meteorology $1,503,000; National Directorate of Hydrology $384,300; Agronomic Research Centers $240,000; SOGUIPAH $120,000; IRD $450,000
Project Details: 

A coastal country bordered by Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau, Senegal and Mali, Guinea is at the crossroads of major West African climate groups including the Guinean coastal climate, the Sudanese climate and the wet tropical climate at the edge of the equatorial climate.

For several successive decades, the country has recorded a considerable decline in rainfall over the entire territory. This decline has been accompanied by a general rise in temperatures, recurring droughts since the 1970s, a decline in the frequency and intra-annual distribution of rainfall, early and frequent floods, and sea-level rise.

The effects of these changes is having negative consequences for many rural development sectors still largely dominated by rainfed activities and for communities already living under precarious conditions.

By expanding hydrometeorological infrastructure and strengthening institutional capacities in climate monitoring, early warning and development planning, this project is aimed at reducing vulnerability to shocks and promoting climate adaptation in Guinea’s most exposed sectors.

The project feeds into national and global priorities including Guinea’s National Economic and Social Development Plan (PNDES) 2016-2020, Vision Guinée 2040, Guinea’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (2007) and the country’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (2015) submitted to the UNFCCC under the global Paris Agreement.

It cuts across several Sustainable Development Goals in Guinea, including SDG 7 (Gender Equality); SDG 12 (Sustainable Consumption and Production), SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 15 (Life on Land).

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

COMPONENT 1: Technology transfer for monitoring climate and environmental infrastructure

Outcome 1: The capacities of the national hydrometeorological departments are strengthened in monitoring extreme weather phenomena and climate change

Outputs:

  • 64 hydrological stations with telemetry, processing and archiving of data rehabilitated/installed and operational.
  • 37 automatic weather stations, 1 upper air station and 24 lightening detection sensors with archiving and data processing facility rehabilitated/ installed
  • A training program for the efficient operating and maintaining of the hydrometeorology equipment is developed and delivered to hydrological and meteorological technicians of the National Directorate of Meteorology and National Directorate of Hydraulics
  • A training program to run hydrological models and produce climate information products and services (including early warning information) is delivered to meteorologist engineers and hydrologist engineers of the National Directorate of Meteorology and National Directorate of Hydraulics
  • A centralized national climate data and hazard information center and knowledge management system is set up

 

COMPONENT 2: Integrating climate information, early warning and climate adaptation products into development plans.

Outcome 2: The generated climate products and services are accessible and used efficiently and effectively for the production of warnings for producers and in the drafting of medium- and long-term climate-resilient development plans

Outputs:

  • Risk profiles and maps for floods, landslides, thunderstorms, bushfires, stormy winds, and droughts, malaria and meningitis (length of transmission period and geographic range), risk zoning based on hazard and risk maps for all ecological regions of the Guinea, the key river basins, agrometeorological bulletins, rainy season outlooks are developed
  • Hazards risks and climate information products and services are integrated in the multi-year investments plans of the agricultural, water, environment and health sectors, the national land use plan, the national disaster risks management strategy and the local development plans of 26 municipalities
  • A multi hazards Early Warning System covering all Guinea is developed and operational
  • A financial sustainability strategy for the Early Warning System and the centralized national hydroclimatic data and hazard information and knowledge system is developed
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

Project results are monitored annually and evaluated periodically during project implementation in compliance with UNDP requirements as outlined in the UNDP POPP and UNDP Evaluation Policy. Additional mandatory GEF-specific M&E requirements are undertaken in accordance with the GEF M&E policy and other relevant GEF policies. Further M&E activities deemed necessary to support project-level adaptive management will be agreed during the Project Inception Workshop and will be detailed in the Inception Report.

The Project Manager is responsible for day-to-day project management and regular monitoring of project results and risks, including social and environmental risks. The UNDP Country Office supports the Project Manager as needed, including through annual supervision missions.

The Project Board holds project reviews to assess the performance of the project and appraise the Annual Work Plan for the following year. The Board will take corrective action as needed to ensure results.

In the project’s final year, the Project Board will hold an end-of-project review to capture lessons learned and discuss opportunities for scaling up and to highlight project results and lessons learned with relevant audiences. This final review meeting will also discuss the findings outlined in the project terminal evaluation report and the management response.

The UNDP Country Office will retain all M&E records for this project for up to seven years after project financial closure in order to support ex-post evaluations undertaken by the UNDP Independent Evaluation Office and/or the GEF Independent Evaluation Office. 

Key reports:

  • Annual GEF Project Implementation Reports
  • Independent Mid-term Review and management response 
  • Independent Terminal Evaluation  
Contacts: 
UNDP
Julien Simery
Technical Specialist - Climate Change Adaptation
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

Inception workshop, August 2019.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2019 to 2023
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
February 2017
Description: 
Concept approved by the GEF
Month-Year: 
March 2019
Description: 
GEF CEO endorsement
Month-Year: 
August 2019
Description: 
Inception workshop
Proj_PIMS_id: 
5552

Addressing Climate Vulnerability in the Water Sector in the Marshall Islands

As with many small island developing states, the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) has had little if anything to do with causing global climate change, but is left to now cope with the consequences. 
 
The country faces worsening droughts, and coastal inundation which can contaminate groundwater resources, resulting in water shortages that have significant economic and social impacts.  Rural communities and households are particularly vulnerable.  
 
This 7-year project (2019-2026) supports the Government to adapt to increasing climate risks, particularly more frequent and extreme droughts, which impact the country’s water supply for drinking, cooking, hygiene and sanitation.
 
The project focuses on:
Improving household and community rainwater harvesting and storage structures to increase resilience of water supply in all outer islands and atolls, accounting for approximately 28% of RMI’s population currently at risk 
Securing groundwater resources from contamination due to inundation caused by wave overtopping of seawater.
Strengthening the technical capacities of national and subnational institutions and key stakeholders to integrated climate change risks into water governance processes so that management of climate change risks are coordinated, effective, participatory, equitable, and sustained over the long-term when risks are expected to worsen.
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (171.4746093371 7.050020671154)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
• Outer atoll and island communities (approx. 15,572 direct beneficiaries, including 7,630 women) • Population of RMI (55,226) will benefit indirectly through capacity building and integration of water management into national governance framework.
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$18.631 million Green Climate Fund grant
Co-Financing Total: 
US$6.116 million Government of RMI
Project Details: 

.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
Output 1: Implementation of optimal mix of interventions to ensure climate resilient water security in outer atolls and islands of RMI
 
Activity 1.1. Improve existing rainwater harvesting systems for community buildings and households in outer islands and atolls for usage during increasing frequency and periods of drought
 
Activity 1.2. Provide additional rainwater harvesting systems and increase of storage capacity for communities in outer islands and atolls for usage during increasing frequency and periods of drought
 
Output 2:  Optimization of alternative water sources to reduce reliance on harvested rainwater in the context of reduced rainfall
 
Activity 2.1. Protect groundwater wells from more frequent climate change induced storm surges and contaminations
 
Activity 2.2. Enhance women and youth’s leadership through best practices and community awareness programmes on efficient usage (demand management) of rainwater
 
Output 3: Climate change induced drought preparedness and response measures implemented in outer atolls and islands
 
Activity 3.1. Update national-level contingency plans and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for climate change induced drought response
 
Activity 3.2. Develop and implement community-level drought contingency planning in outer islands and atolls
 
Monitoring & Evaluation: 
Project results are monitored and reported annually and evaluated periodically during project implementation. Monitoring and evaluation is undertaken in compliance with the UNDP POPP and the UNDP Evaluation Policy.
 
The primary responsibility for day-to-day project monitoring and implementation rests with the Project Manager. The UNDP Pacific Office in Fiji will support the Project Manager as needed, including through annual supervision missions.  
 
A Project Implementation Report will be prepared for each year of project implementation.  
 
An independent Mid-Term Review will be undertaken and the findings and responses outlined in the management response will be incorporated as recommendations for enhanced implementation during the final half of the project’s duration.  
 
An independent Terminal Evaluation will take place no later than three months prior to operational closure of the project and will be made available to the public via UNDP’s Evaluation Resource Centre.
 
The UNDP Pacific Office will retain all M&E records for this project for up to seven years after project financial closure.  
Contacts: 
Jose Padilla
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
News and Updates: 

.

Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 
Output 1: Implementation of optimal mix of interventions to ensure climate resilient water security in outer atolls and islands of RMI
Output 2:  Optimization of alternative water sources to reduce reliance on harvested rainwater in the context of reduced rainfall
Output 3: Climate change induced drought preparedness and response measures implemented in outer atolls and islands
 
Project Dates: 
2019 to 2026
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
July 2019
Description: 
Green Climate Fund project approval
Month-Year: 
December 2019
Description: 
FAA Effectiveness
Proj_PIMS_id: 
5701