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Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in Côte d'Ivoire

English
With financing from the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the "Strengthening climate change adaptation integration into development planning in Côte d’Ivoire" project is supporting the Government of Côte d’Ivoire to develop a national plan for climate change adaptation by strengthening national institutions’ technical capacities and exploring financing options to ensure that Côte d’Ivoire moves toward long-term sustainability. The project is addressing existing barriers to efficient and organized climate action, supporting the prioritization of climate change adaptation investments in priority sectors, and increasing the exploration of finance options.
 
With the development of a NAP process, the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire is preparing to undertake the systemic and iterative changes to identify and address medium and long-term risks, establish adaptation priorities, and move toward specific projects, ensuring that no one is left behind as the country approaches the goals outlined in the Paris Agreement and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The NAP process contributes to the formulation of new bases of information specific to national climate risks, indicators, and targets.
 
The main beneficiaries of the project are the Ministry of Sanitation, Environment, and Sustainable Development, the Ministry of Planning and Development, relevant sectoral ministries, targeted regional governance bodies, local universities and research centers, the private sector, and stakeholders from key priority sectors.
 
In parallel to this project, Côte d’Ivoire has had a GCF Readiness project approved. This 24-month project was approved in 2017 and seeks to strengthen the Ministry of Sanitation, Environment, and Sustainable Development. It supported the establishment of Côte d’Ivoire’s National Designated Authority (NDA) to the GCF; with an aim to develop a comprehensive foundation for the design of a strategic framework for communication and involvement with GCF, including the preparation of concept notes within the country programme.
 
Region/Country: 
Thematic Area: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (-4.9218750063049 7.2280692693932)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$2,388,865
Co-Financing Total: 
Project Details: 
The Government of Côte d’Ivoire began consulting national stakeholders on the NAP process in October 2015, through a series of workshops. Preliminary observations and recommended action plans for implementing the NAP were proposed off the back of the stocktaking exercise and stakeholder interviews. The Government of Côte d’Ivoire sees the NAP process as a key step to achieving the adaptation objectives outlined in its 2015 Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), as well as the revised version of this NDC it is currently working on ahead of COP26.
 
This project is addressing gaps in Côte d’Ivoire’s adaptation toolkit. Côte d’Ivoire has a relatively comprehensive institutional framework for adaptation. The 2015-2020 National Climate Change Programme (PNCC) is core to this, but there are gaps in financing, data availability, and national technical capacities. The project is supporting the development of a national plan for climate change adaptation that doesn’t jeopardize national efforts to strengthen the industrial sector of the economy.
 
The project is working with the government to map out the development of a NAP that will address the existing barriers to the integration of climate change adaptation into national and sub-national planning and budgeting. The NAP will focus on the priority sectors identified as highly vulnerable: agriculture, livestock, aquaculture, land use, forestry, water resources, energy, and coastal areas. These barriers have already been identified through the 2015 stakeholder consultations and the 2015 and 2017 Stocktaking reports. The NAP process will focus on establishing and strengthening research institutions and research universities within Côte d’Ivoire, coordinating efforts between distinct stakeholders, and exploring entry points for private sector engagement in adaptation projects for long-term sustainability (beyond the life of the projects themselves). It is likely that several iterations of adaptation planning will be required for climate change adaptation to become fully integrated in decision-making.
By targeting these priority sectors and attracting private financing through risk reduction, the project is mainstreaming adaptation planning. By focusing on research conducted locally, the information gathered is more effective and can predict the effects of climate change under business as usual scenarios. Meanwhile, the oversight and coordination capabilities of the PNCC will ensure that climate action and adaptation remain a national priority during the country’s economic resurgence.
 
Context
 
Côte d’Ivoire, a West African nation with a population of around 26 million people, is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its economic dependence on agriculture. The country was ranked 165 out of 189 on the 2019 Human Development Index. The country’s economy suffered between 1985 and 2011 due to political instability and civil unrest, which pushed many residents into poverty. Since 2012, the national economy has rebounded, reaching a GDP growth rate of 6.9 percent in 2019, making it one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. However, Côte d’Ivoire remains highly vulnerable to climate change because agriculture makes up such a significant portion of the country’s GDP and exports. Côte d’Ivoire is the world’s largest exporter of cocoa and the world’s third largest exporter of coffee, with the two crops’ export revenue equating to around 15 percent of the country’s GDP. One of the gravest climate risks the country is experiencing is the half degree increase in average temperatures that have occurred over the last five decades and the consequent shrinking of the rainy season by 10 to 27 days in coastal regions. These change jeopardize not only agricultural output but also energy security, since Côte d’Ivoire derives 42 percent of its energy from hydropower. 
 
NDCs and NAPs
 
Côte d’Ivoire’s vulnerability to climate change and economic dependence on rainfall require that adaptation becomes a fully integrated factor in national and sub-national policy-making and planning, especially in the nine priority sectors. In 2015, the Government of Côte d’Ivoire made steps toward this goal by compiling a Stocktaking Report, which laid out the NAP process, stakeholder interests, and recommendations for the next steps toward adaptation planning, including the need for workshops to educate workers in relevant Côte d’Ivoire agencies about the NAP process. 
 
Côte d’Ivoire’s NAP process is in complete alignment with the adaptation portion of the country’s NDC of 2015 , which called for adaptation support in agriculture, coastal zones, energy, forestry, and water. Apart from forestry, which will be most directly addressed by REDD+ projects, these sectors and an additional sector, health, will be the focus of adaptation projects undertaken through government policy and planning and private sector investments. To that end, the government of Côte d’Ivoire prepared a Readiness Proposal in 2019, which highlights the importance of local research and private sector financing.
 
Côte d’Ivoire is also engaged in UNDP’s Climate Promise, an offer to support at least 100 countries enhance their NDCs by COP26 – and is currently revising its NDC through this initiative. Côte d’Ivoire intends to review targets in the waste sector with the goal of raising its mitigation ambitions in that sector. Other sectors under review and with plans to be updated from a mitigation perspective are industry, forestry, agriculture and transport. Ensuring that this new NDC is gender responsive is a top priority, cross-cutting all NDC activities. This NAP project is complementing this work.
 
Baseline Situation 
 
A serious lack of coordination between national and sub-national levels for climate change adaptation has caused a confusion in overlapping roles and responsibilities in relation to climate action in Côte d’Ivoire. As of yet, climate change adaptation is not integrated into policy or planning for water, energy, agriculture, land use, or coastal resources. Despite these barriers, there are some existing national plans and frameworks charged with adapting to the effects of climate change. The Ministry of Sanitation, Environment, and Sustainable Development is the effective national authority on climate change and serves as the National Designated Authority for the GCF. Meanwhile, the 2015-2020 National Climate Change Programme is designed to coordinate and propose strategies to address climate change. The 2015 NDC remains the most comprehensive plan for climate action developed for Côte d’Ivoire to date. 
 
Stakeholder Consultations
 
The Government of Côte d’Ivoire has prioritized stakeholder consultation throughout the NAP process. Stakeholders were first involved through workshops in Abidjan leading up to the 2015 Stocktaking Report. The Stocktaking Report used the input from stakeholders to conclude that the lack of shared, public information is a significant barrier to engagement in climate change adaptation. This conclusion was made after consultation with the attendees: professionals from ministries in charge of Budget, Environment, Sanitation, Sustainable Development, Construction, Housing, Animal Resources, Agriculture, Economy, and Health, as well as UNDP staff, media, and local community organizations.
 
The 2015 Stocktaking Report highlighted a significant lack of coordination and communication between distinct stakeholders. This problem still exists and must continue to be addressed going forward. However, the Government of Côte d’Ivoire has already taken some action to ameliorate the negative effects of divided stakeholders through the 2015-2020 National Climate Change Program, which seeks to improve shared knowledge on climate change and strengthen the technical, human, and synergistic capacities of the stakeholders. In addition, there are initiatives that complement the NAP process that also address the need to unite stakeholders. For example, the REDD+ project has had an established network of public, private, and civil society organizations as stakeholders since 2011, which will be used as a model for the type of stakeholder network needed to undertake Côte d’Ivoire’s NAP process. 
 
Pursuant to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals relating to gender equality, stakeholder consultation throughout Côte d’Ivoire’s NAP process includes engagement plans designed to be inclusive to women, who face unique effects from climate change and are often excluded from policymaking and planning decisions. Upholding this initiative will be an expectation of public and private stakeholders. 
 
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
Output 1: The institutional framework for climate change adaptation and national capabilities to develop a CCA knowledge base are strengthened
This output will address the inefficiency, gaps in knowledge, and lack of accountability that exist as a result of poorly coordinated national entities charged with responding to climate change threats. The PNCC is the ideal agency to oversee and organize national efforts for climate change adaptation. Therefore, making the PNCC fully operational and fully informed must be a priority.
 
Sub-outcome 1.1: PNCC is strengthened as the primary institutional framework for coordinating climate action and the capacities of other sectoral ministries for integrating climate change adaptation are enhanced
It is envisioned that the PNCC will be the primary agency overseeing Côte d’Ivoire's climate action. In order for the PNCC to operate effectively, the agency must have a thorough understanding of the existing agencies and coordination mechanisms in this policy area, including committees like the REDD+ Executive Secretariat. After a thorough review of the existing institutions is conducted, the PNCC will be made operational by the establishment of a steering committee, a secretariat, a scientific committee, and a working group. Six meetings will be held each year to ensure the PNCC remains effective.
 
Sub-outcome 1.2: The technical capacities of national actors and structures for data and information production on base are strengthened
Technical capacities are currently limited to the national meteorological department and some independent researchers. Through this sub-outcome, five capacity priorities will be identified so that trainings can be organized for the national and local levels. It is important to establish and strengthen climate research centers in Côte d’Ivoire to ensure a reliable and long-term knowledge base of climate information specific to local needs.
 
Sub-outcome 1.3: An MRV system for adaptation is developed at the national level including mechanisms for monitoring, evaluation and review
The ability to track progress in the implementation of climate change adaptation in national and local policy is hindered by the lack of an MRV system to effectively monitor, evaluate, and review climate action. The establishment of an MRV system, essential for the efficient achievement of NAPs, will also make reporting on commitments under the Paris Agreement easier. 
 
Output 2: Adaptation priorities for the five most vulnerable sectors are identified in the NAP framework document, and integration into national and sectoral development planning is enhanced
As Côte d’Ivoire undertakes the NAP process, it is essential that specialized climate information is readily available and reliable. This output will ensure that data on the projected effects of climate change, especially in relation to the five priority sectors identified under Output 1, is produced by highly trained national research centers.
 
Sub-outcome 2.1: The information base for the formulation of the NAP is available
It is envisioned the NAP will be the primary guide for Côte d’Ivoire’s implementation of climate adaptation strategies. For the NAP to be formulated, a wealth of information must be made available, including climate change projections, risk and vulnerability studies, and economic and social impact projections.
 
Sub-outcome 2.2: A NAP Framework document is formulated
This output will produce a consolidated and integrated adaptation planning document, which will be the first step in an iterative process toward long-term climate adaptation. The NAP Framework document will be drafted by a team with experts from different specialized backgrounds and an advisory group, and the document will be reviewed at workshops by stakeholders representing the five priority sectors.
 
Sub-outcome 2.3: Guidelines are produced to facilitate the integration of CCA into development planning
This sub-outcome will aim to prioritize the integration of climate change adaptation into the five priority sectors and new policy. This sub-outcome will also aid the development of guidelines based on the vulnerabilities specific to distinct sectors.
 
Output 3: Sustainable financing mechanisms for CCA are strengthened, including through private sector engagement, innovation, and the identification of pilot projects
Opportunities for private sector engagement in climate change adaptation are underexplored. The success of REDD+ projects’ innovative approach to forest protection through private financing strategies has made it apparent that strengthening public-private partnerships will be a key step in establishing climate change adaptation projects. 
 
Sub-outcome 3.1: New financing opportunities are identified and promoted through a stronger enabling environment for public-private partnership
It is envisioned that the private sector will be an active part in the financing for Côte d’Ivoire adaptation projects. To that end, a study will be conducted to identify opportunities for private sector investment in adaptation, and the information gathered will be made public. This sub-outcome will attract private sector funding and raise the awareness of climate change adaptation needs. This sub-outcome will also include regional workshops where key private sector stakeholders will be made aware of new and ongoing opportunities for investment.
 
Sub-outcome 3.2: Prioritized innovative adaptation options are developed into project ideas
The strategy behind this sub-outcome is informed by the success of de-risked and innovative public-private relationships in REDD+ projects, which attract private sector interest because they lower the financial risk of investment. It is also informed by the African Development Bank’s Adaptation Benefit Mechanism, which encourages investments by facilitating financial compensation for the achievement of adaptation goals. Firstly, a national vulnerability credit register will be developed to estimate the vulnerability reduction credit, the cost of the estimated impact of climate change. This creates a credit for any work done that avoids the damages used to arrive at the vulnerability amount. Secondly, climate insurance plans will be developed to cover vulnerable sectors of the economy, including insurance for cocoa crops due to changes to the rainy season. Lastly, financing will be coordinated through collaboration between the adaptation community, REDD+, and the private sector, and the feasibility of a National Climate Fund will be investigated.
Location: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 
Output 1: The institutional framework for climate change adaptation and national capabilities to develop a CCA knowledge base are strengthened
 
Output 2: Adaptation priorities for the five most vulnerable sectors are identified in the NAP framework document, and integration into national and sectoral development planning is enhanced
 
Output 3: Sustainable financing mechanisms for CCA are strengthened, including through private sector engagement, innovation, and the identification of pilot projects
 

 

Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in Niger

With financing from the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the "Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning and budgeting in Niger" project supports the Government of Niger to develop its national plan for climate change adaptation through an iterative process focused on strengthening foundational capacities to ensure that they are institutionalized for long-term sustainability. The project is strengthening institutional and technical capacities for the iterative development of a NAP and integration of climate change adaptation into national and subnational planning and budgeting processes in Niger.
 
With the development of a NAP process, Niger lays the groundwork for the systemic and iterative identification of medium and long-term risks, allowing it to establish adaptation priorities and build out specific activities that ensure no one is left behind in the country’s work to reach the goals outlined through the Paris Agreement and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. As part of the localization of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the NAP process contributes to the formulation of corresponding national climate-responsive indicators and targets.
 
This project is steered by the Executive Secretariat of the National Council of Environment for Sustainable Development (SE/CNEDD) and closely engages with the Ministry of Planning and the Ministry of Finance, as well as key sectoral ministries, national training and research institutions and civil society, including the private sector. 
 
The foundations of this project were built through the preparation of the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) in 2006, with support from UNDP and the GEF. The NAPA identified urgent needs in seven vulnerable sectors through 14 priority adaptation interventions. To move beyond these immediate needs towards a medium-term approach, Niger intends to integrate climate change into medium and long-term development planning and budgeting through the NAP process, under its obligation towards the UNFCCC. This process contributes to ensuring that the country’s long-term development strategy - starting with its Sustainable Development and Inclusive Growth Strategy (SDDCI) and its National Economic and Social Development plans - are based on an understanding of climate-related risks.
 
 
English
Region/Country: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (9.4921874911132 17.291207400606)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$2,997,282
Project Details: 
This project addresses the main challenges of integrating climate change adaptation into planning and budgeting, as identified in the NAP Stocktaking Report (2014) and under the framework of the LEG Technical Guidelines on NAPs (2012). These challenges and suggested interventions were confirmed by stakeholder consultations held in August 2016:
 
Limited institutional, functional and technical capacity;
Constrained financial, human and material resources;
Limited synergies and coordination among climate adaptation initiatives;
Weak monitoring and evaluation mechanisms; and
Insufficient data availability, reliability and management.
 
Thus, the challenges are being addressed through an integrated strategy which includes the following:
Output 1 aims to strengthen the NAP and climate change adaptation coordination mechanisms in Niger through facilitating stakeholder and cross-sectoral engagements. This is done with the aim of building long-term capacity to effectively implement the NAP.
Output 2 ensures that adaptation planning is informed by the best available climate and socio-economic information. By providing an appraisal of adaptation options and establishing an evidence-base of existing information; enabling addressing gaps to become easier and more evidence-based.
Output 3 facilitates the integration of climate change adaptation into national development planning and budgeting processes, with a focus on aligning NAPs with national priorities and strategic frameworks.
Output 4 strives to reinforce monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to assess and share the results. It contributes to an integrated national adaptation platform to support the management of easily accessible data. This would also help strengthen the monitoring and evaluation mechanisms for wider development planning.
Output 5 addresses the constraints of the financial resources of the Government of Niger through costing adaptation needs, engaging the private sector, and identify financing opportunities. Particularly for national actors such as the National Implementing Entity (NIE), and local authorities.
 
Context
 
Niger is a Sahelian landlocked country of approximately 18 million people. It mainly consists of savannah, dotted with trees in the southern part and bushes in its northern part. The country was ranked 189 out of 189 in the UNDP’s Human Development Index (HDR, 2019), with nine out of ten people living in multidimensional poverty. In Niger, over 40 percent of the GDP comes from agriculture, forestry and the livestock sectors - which employ 80 percent of the workforce. These sectors are inherently linked to climate and therefore extremely susceptible and vulnerable to climate change. Over the next decades, Niger is expected to experience worsening: (i) droughts, resulting in a decrease in agricultural production, an increase in grazing pressure on pastoral ecosystems, and consequently soil erosion on a mass scale; and (ii) prevalent floods resulting from the heavy rainfall and overflow of rivers. These risks as well as the land-locked nature of Niger make it one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the world. 
 
NDCs and NAPs
 
The Government of Niger launched its NAP process in May 2014. With support from the UNDP-UNEP NAP-Global Support Programme (GSP), a stocktaking was undertaken to understand the policy gaps and a NAP road map was constructed. The assessment concluded that the NAP process in Niger offers opportunities to generate greater awareness of climate risks at decision-making levels. It can help build institutional capacity for climate change coordination for key actors and address climate risk in long term development planning. The NAP road map detailed activities, and a timeline over a three to five-year period. These activities are aligned with the “Nigeriens Nourish the Nigeriens” Initiative (Initiative 3N), the Sustainable Development and Inclusive Growth Strategy (SDDCI), the National Economic and Social Development Plan (PDES), and the National Climate Learning Strategy. 
In 2016, Niger ratified the Paris Agreement, bringing its first NDC and climate commitments to the Paris Agreement into force. The ‘Sustainable Development and Inclusive Growth Strategy (2035)’, or the ‘2035 Vision’ was adopted in 2016. Both of these national plans recognise the importance for Niger to build resilience; with climate change adaptation at their core. The first NDC lists “National Priorities for Adaptation to Climate Change” and states that the priorities for the AFOLU sector relate to improving the resilience of the agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry sub-sectors. The other priorities concern water resources, fishing, fauna, health and capacity building of the actors at all levels.
Niger is also engaged in UNDP’s Climate Promise - to support at least 100 countries enhance their NDCs by COP26 – and is currently revising its NDC. Niger intends to raise the ambition of both its mitigation as well as its adaptation to goals in its enhanced NDC. Regarding mitigation, specific attention will be paid to land-use, energy and refrigerant gases, with gender equality being a priority that will cross-cut through all NDC activities. This NAP project is complementing this work.
 
Baseline Situation
 
The Government of Niger recognizes the pressing need of tackling climate change to safeguard food security and to reduce poverty. Therefore, the Government of Niger has set up institutional arrangements to address this need. The National Technical Commission on Climate Change and Variability (CNCVC) was set up in July 1997. To coordinate climate change and disaster related interventions, the Government of Niger has also established the National Council on Environment for Sustainable Development (CNEDD) and the National Mechanism for Disaster and Food Crises Prevention and Management (DNPGCCA). The Government has also signed and ratified various international conventions and agreements, such as the three Rio Conventions, the Paris Agreement, and the Sendai Framework for DRR.
 
Stakeholder Consultations
 
To prepare for this project, a stocktaking mission was conducted to review relevant climate change initiatives and to engage and communicate with national stakeholders. 
As part of the government consultations at national level - held in 2014 and 2016 with the support of UNDP - approximately 70 stakeholders were consulted, and 25 interviews and meetings were conducted. During the development of this project, a note was formulated by government and validated through a meeting of the national GCF committee, which is comprised of representatives of SE/CNEDD, Ministries of Planning, Agriculture, Economy, Energy, Finance, High Commission on I3N, and the National Meteorological Institute among others. The Ministries of Finance and Planning and the High Commission for the 3N Initiative were also consulted on the priority interventions of the project. Going forward, stakeholders will be consulted and engaged at all stages, from the launch to implementation and review of the NAP. This is done through sensitization, consultation, and training workshops. Stakeholders represent government institutions, financial and technical partners, international non-governmental organizations, and local civil society. A gender analysis will be conducted to assess the status of gender mainstreaming and to promote gender-responsive adaptation planning.
 
Expected Key Results and Outputs: 
Output 1: National mandate, strategy and steering mechanisms are in place and gaps are assessed and addressed
The NAP process will be relaunched. A Stocktaking will be conducted, available information on climate change impacts will be identified, and vulnerability, adaptation, and gaps will be assessed. Capacity gaps and weaknesses in undertaking the NAP process will be addressed. Development needs and climate vulnerability will be comprehensively and iteratively assessed.
 
Output 2: Preparatory work for the NAP undertaken to develop a knowledge-base and compile a NAP
This activity will start with a stocktaking of available information collected and produced through other initiatives. Additional assessments, analyses and modelling will be produced to complement existing information. Information collected and produced will be made available through the information platform developed under the CNEDD Executive Secretariat through the Africa Climate Change and Food Security Project and supported through the PARC- DAD project. It would also build on research institutes such as the National Agricultural Research Institute and the International Crops Research Institute for semi-arid tropics (ICRISAT).
Current climate, future climate change, and socio-economic scenarios will be analyzed. Climate vulnerabilities will be assessed, and adaptation options at the sector, subnational, national and other appropriate levels will be identified. Adaptation options will be reviewed and appraised. The National Adaptation Plan will be compiled and communicated. Climate change adaptation into national and subnational development and sectoral planning and budgeting will be integrated.
 
Output 3: NAP implementation facilitated
Mainstreaming climate change into planning and budgeting is still at a nascent stage in Niger despite the threat climate change poses to the country’s development. It is still in part considered a sectoral issue and needs to be further integrated into development planning and budgeting, and aligned with national priorities and strategic frameworks, such as the SDDCI, the PDES and the I3N. The NAP process deals with the full integration of climate change concerns and climate risks into planning, budgeting and decision-making processes in all relevant sectors and at all adequate levels. This output will facilitate the NAP implementation, in particular by reinforcing the current budgeting framework, and supporting the integration of CCA into future budgets. It will also include developing an implementation strategy for the NAP.
Climate change adaptation in national planning and budgeting will be prioritized. A national adaptation implementation strategy will be developed. The capacity for planning, budgeting and implementation of adaptation will be enhanced. Coordination and synergy at the regional level and with other multilateral environmental agreements will be promoted.
 
Output 4: Mechanisms for Reporting, Monitoring and Review of NAPs and adaptation progress in place
This output will contribute monitoring, review and updating of adaptation plans over time, to ensure progress and effectiveness of adaptation efforts and to demonstrate how gaps are being addressed. It will also go beyond the NAP, to include monitoring of adaptation interventions into a wider development framework. Activities under this output will also support reports and outreach on the NAP process to stakeholders nationally and internationally vis-a ̀-vis progress on adaptation under the UNFCCC convention.
The capacity to monitor the NAP process and adaptation progress will be enhanced. The NAP process will be reviewed to assess progress, effectiveness and gaps. Outreach will be conducted on the NAP process and report on progress and effectiveness.
 
Output 5: Funding strategy for the NAP and CCA is available
The NAP should serve as an investment framework and as a means of attracting domestic and international funding, both from public and private sources. Adaptation options will be cost, appraised and prioritized, ahead of NAP compilation. This output will also help identify financing sources and opportunities and contribute to enhancing access to climate finance by national actors, especially the national implementing entity (NIE), as well as local authorities.
The costs of meeting integrated adaptation needs will be assessed. Policy and strategic options for scaling up financing for adaptation investments, including through public-private partnerships, will be identified, analyzed, and recommended. Study or research programmes to inform future investments in adaptation across sectors will be conducted. 
 
Location: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 
Output 1: National mandate, strategy and steering mechanisms are in place and gaps are assessed and addressed
 
Output 2: Preparatory work for the NAP undertaken to develop a knowledge-base and compile a NAP
 
Output 3: NAP implementation facilitated
 
Output 4: Mechanisms for Reporting, Monitoring and Review of NAPs and adaptation progress in place
 
Output 5: Funding strategy for the NAP and CCA is available
 

Supporting Chad to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Republic of Chad is located in north-central Africa and is dominated by the Saharan desert, covering half of its 1,284,634 km2. The Sahelian ecological zone runs through the center of the country, and is characterized by poor soils and scrubland. In the south, the wetter Sudanian savanna zone is dominated by forest and wooded savannah. The country’s unique position within the Middle Africa region aligns it with both the Congo Basin and the Sahel (as a member of both the Central African Forests Commission and the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel). Landlocked, the country is home to about 15.4 million people (2018 estimate), with only 28 percent of the population lives in urban areas.

According to the IPCC, Chad is projected to experience a moderate increase in temperature of between 0.6 and 1.3 Celsius (under a medium warming scenario) by 2023 and 1 to 2.5 Celsius of warming expected by 2050. It is expected that the number of “hot” days and nights will increase, while there will be a decrease in the number of “cold” days and nights. With respect to precipitation changes, model simulations for the Sahel remain widely divergent; some models estimate that mean annual precipitation could decrease by up to 28 percent, while others suggest that it could increase by up to 29 percent by the 2090s. A significant increase in extreme rainfall events (greater than 50 mm in the maximum five-day precipitation) has also been projected—a change that could increase runoff and flooding conditions.

In September 2015, Chad submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC.  In order to provide a better living environment for Chadians, the government has drawn up "Vision 2030, the Chad we want," which is broken down into three national development plans. The first, covering the period 2017-2021. Chad, through its commitment, will pursue efforts to reduce social inequalities and improve the wellbeing of populations, protect the environment and economic diversification. In response to these expected climate change impacts, the United Nations Development Programme is working with the Government of Chad to implement The Chad National Adaptation Plan Advancement Project is intended to integrate climate change adaptation into medium- and long-term planning and budgeting of climate-sensitive sectors. Chad’s NAP will be anchored in the Chadian Vision 2030 and contribute to the effective integration of adaptation. It incorporates priorities including new productive capabilities and opportunities for the creation of decent work, the development of human capital, the fight against desertification, environmental protection, and adaptation to climate change and improved governance. Under the first component in the NAP, it includes the development of integrated information systems and a climate and socioeconomic database, the project will support planning and decision-making based on scientific evidence. As a result, Chad will be endowed with a national framework able to produce forecasts and assess the vulnerability of production systems to the adverse effects of climate change.  In addition, Chad is receiving support from UN Environment to access funding from the Green Climate Fund on adaptation planning.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the NAP regional workshop 

 

In 2014, Chad attended the NAP-GSP Francophone Africa Regional Training Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to share best practices from countries in the region. Key stakeholders from Chad identified six barriers for implementing the NAP during the project-planning meeting held on 26 May 2017 in N'Djamena.

 

 

Supported the formulation of a Roadmap 

 
In Chad, a basic need for analysis was identified, the NAP GSP supported Chad carry out the preparations for a road map for conducting the NAP process.
 

 

Helped build capacity for accessing climate financing for launch of NAP

 

 

The government of Chad launched their NAP project at the end of 2019. The NAP project is implemented by the Ministry of the Environment and Fisheries in Chad and is funded through the Global Environment Facility LDC Fund. It was developed with the support of the NAP-GSP.

 

English
Region/Country: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (18.43932864564 15.526028373889)
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Le Plan National d’Adaptation au changement climatique (PNA) opérationnel dans la zone méridionale - February 2020 - Permettez-moi de remercier l’équipe du PNA pour avoir lancer le projet dans la zone soudanienne et de proposer cette formation sur le changement climatique. Pendant longtemps, on a pensé que le changement climatique est une affaire des autres et qu’on ne peut pas être touché. On s’est rendu compte maintenant que le changement climatique est un phénomène réel qui affecte tout le monde.

Lancement du « Plan National d’Adaptation aux changements climatiques » - Octobre 2019 - Le PNUD et le Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Eau et de la Pêche, ont lancé officiellement le projet « Plan National d’Adaptation aux changement climatiques » (PNA), ouvrant sa mise en œuvre à l’échelle nationale.

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Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
1992
Description: 
Chad signs the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was later ratified on 30 April 1993
Month-Year: 
2009
Description: 
Chad adopts the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) for Climate Change
Month-Year: 
2015
Description: 
Chad submits its INDC to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2017
Description: 
Chad ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
2019
Description: 
Chad starts implementing the “Chad National Adaptation Plan” project
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Burkina Faso to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Due to its geographical position, Burkina Faso is characterized by a dry tropical climate, which alternates between a short rainy season and a long dry season. Burkina Faso’s climate is prone to strong seasonal and annual variation due to its location in the hinterland and within the confines of the Sahara. Climate change may affect the Sahelian region of Africa through severe variations in rainfall, water shortage and low agricultural yield. This should amplify drought risks and evaporation, and reduce agricultural productivity (a 10% drop in rainfall is expected by 2050). In addition, climate change will probably result in higher temperatures (a 1.4-1.6°C rise is expected by 2050), potentially increasing the risk for forest fires or bushfires.

Since ratifying the UNFCCC in 1993, Burkina Faso qualified for the Adaptation in Africa Programme (AAP) launched by the UNDP with funding from the Japanese government. In October 2008, between the UNDP and Japan and the implementation of the AAP, twenty African countries, including Burkina Faso, were granted funding for their climate variability and change adaptation programmes. Burkina Faso has contextualized the 2030 agenda in its National Economic and Social Development Plan (PNDES), operationalized through 14 sectoral policies and local development plans. The country is focusing on SDG4, SDG8, SDG10, SDG13, SDG 16, and SDG17. Burkina Faso launched its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process to formulate a medium- and long-term climate change adaptation strategy denoted NAPA programming. In September 2014, Burkina Faso submits its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC and one year later, in September 2015, Burkina Faso submitted its Intended National Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC.

Burkina Faso submitted its NAP to the UNFCCC in October 2015. The methodology for formulating a NAP in Burkina Faso includes four steps or 'elements and also took into account the national circumstance of the country when planning these actions. 1) Laying the ground work and addressing gaps, includes assessing available information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation, measures taken to address climate change and gaps and needs, at the national and regional levels. 2) The preparatory elements include activities aimed at integrating climate change adaptation into national and sub-national development and sectoral planning, as well as consultation workshops and awareness building. 3) Implementing strategies includes strengthening institutional and regulatory frameworks to support adaptation and training/ coordinating at the sectoral and sub-national levels. 4) Reporting, monitoring and review activities include addressing inefficiencies, incorporating the results of new assessments and emerging science and reflect lessons learned from adaptation efforts.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the Regional NAP workshop

 

In 2014, Burkina Faso attended the NAP-GSP Francophone Africa Regional Training Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to share best practices from countries in the region.

 

 

Supported the methodology for identifying gaps and specific priorities

 

 
NAP-GSP supported Burkina Faso in formulated the methodology to lay the groundwork for addressing gaps in their NAP document. As outlined in the NAP, these activities are designed to identify gaps and omissions in intervention frameworks and address them as necessary, to support the formulation of comprehensive adaptation plans, programmes and policies.
 

 

Supported with the preparation of the initial NAP

 

 

 

In May 2015, NAP GSP supported Burkina Faso with an initial review of the final draft of the NAP document. Burkina Faso submitted the NAP document to the UNFCCC in September later that year.

 

 

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Strengthening national resilience capacities - May 2017 - The objective of this workshop is to strengthen the capacities of actors from ministerial departments and NGOs involved in disaster management on the PDNA approach and to adapt the tools.

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Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Sept 1993
Description: 
Burkina Faso ratifies the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Mar 2005
Description: 
Burkina Faso ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Month-Year: 
Nov 2007
Description: 
Burkina Faso adopts its National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA)
Month-Year: 
Oct 2008
Description: 
Burkina Faso takes part in the UNDP Adaptation in Africa Programme funded by the Government of Japan
Month-Year: 
Oct 2012
Description: 
Burkina Faso launches its NAP process of formulating a medium and long-term climate change adaptation strategy
Month-Year: 
Sept 2014
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Sept 2015
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its INDC to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Oct 2015
Description: 
Burkina Faso submits its NAP to the UNFCCC
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Argentina to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

In Argentina, changes in the climate have been observed since the second half of the past century and, according to the projections of the climatic models, these changes would intensify in this century. These changes have already caused impacts on natural and human systems. In most of the non-Patagonian Argentina there was an increase in temperature of up to a half degree between 1960 and 2010, with smaller increases in the center of the country. There was also a change towards more frequent intensified rainfall in much of the country, which resulted in more frequent floods caused by an inappropriate occupation and use of space that generated areas with high exposure and the inadequacy of the water works that were planned for weather conditions that are no longer valid. In the west and more noticeably in the north, the dry periods of winter have become longer. This has generated problems in the availability of water for some populations, created more favorable conditions for grassland fires and greater stress on livestock.

Argentina has submitted two National Communications to the United Nations Frameworks Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), laying out the actions that the government has already taken and the analytical basis for its policy response to climate change, as well as its commitments to take future actions within an official international framework. The National Program for Climate Change Impacts was created with the purpose of developing a national strategy for the better understanding of Argentina’s vulnerability to climate change impacts and for the development of adaptation measures to climate change. Among its functions is the implementation of studies related to the global climate change impact on the various climates of Argentina, elaboration of national climate change adaptation measures, coordination of climate change actions with other related national programs such as the one for desertification prevention.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) established the Global Process of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) as a way to facilitate adaptation planning in developing countries. According to this strategy, Argentina considers that it is essential to take into account the adaptation aspects in the design and implementation of policies and programs. In its National Determined Contribution (NDC) -revised in 2016 and presented at the COP22 in Marrakesh-, Argentina has committed to articulate actions and initiatives related to adaptation to climate change through a systematic and participatory National Adaptation Plan. For the particular case of Argentina, several factors hinder the development of the NAP process, which are of legal and geographical nature. In the first case, the objective of carrying out the process in a participatory manner obliges the political area at the national level to make economic efforts to ensure the full participation of all provincial representatives and to support them in parallel processes of formulating provincial plans.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the vulnerability assessment and the NAP formulation

 

Within the work of National Cabinet in 2017, a participatory process was initiated to define priorities and to define which studies are the most important ones to carry out for the vulnerability analysis proposed in the project eventually outlined in Argentina’s Readiness Proposal that was developed in 2018. 
 

 

Produced a project document to identify entry points for the NAP process

 
With support of the NAP GSP, Argentina identified technical capacity needs, either at the national and sub-national level or at the sectoral level. With the Global Support Porgramme, Argentina drafted a project document that sets the basis for an adaptation strategy and includes tools for decision making and planning of the NAP process, and mechanisms to include local stakeholders, community‐based organizations, non‐governmental organizations and the private sector.
 
 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 

 

In January 2019, the GCF approved Argentina’s Readiness Proposal “Adaptation Planning support for Argentina through UNDP.” The NAP project will facilitate integration of climate change adaptation into existing strategies, policies and programs and in this way facilitate the assessment and reduction of vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change. The Argentinean government will advance adaptation planning at a national, sub-national and sectorial level. The NAP Readiness will raise awareness on adaptation potential and needs at national, sub-national and local levels, as well as disseminate adaptation initiatives being carried out in the country and their respective impacts.

 

 

 

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Region/Country: 
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News and Updates: 

Climate Change and Environment in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires - 1 October 2019 - Workshop organized by the Ombudsman's Office of CABA together with OHCHR, UN and UNDP in Argentina.

Sustainable Land Management NOA and Cuyo - 3rd. Call for projects - 2 March 2020 - Third call for projects for sustainable land management and comprehensive management of water resources in NOA and Cuyo.

Evidence for policymaking in Argentina, there we go! - 26 March 2020 - Evidence plays a fundamental role both in understanding our problems and in designing, implementing and measuring the impact that laws have on our day-to-day life.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
2015
Description: 
Argentina submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2016
Description: 
National Climate Change Cabinet is created with the objective of articulating policies that allow to face the consequences of climate change and to raise awareness in all the society on its relevance.
Month-Year: 
2018
Description: 
A consultative study is completed by DiTella Foundation on “Elements for a National Adaptation Strategy” in order to kick-start the preparation of a national adaptation plan for Argentina
Month-Year: 
2019
Description: 
Argentina hosts two trainings for municipalities with 40 participants about National Adaptation Planning
Month-Year: 
2019
Description: 
The GCF approves Argentina’s Readiness Proposal Adaptation Planning support for Argentina through UNDP
SDGs: 
SDG 13 - Climate Action

Supporting Azerbaijan to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Azerbaijan is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Asia bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The physical and geographical characteristics of Azerbaijan make it a highly sensitive country to the adverse effects of climate change. The terrain in the north of Azerbaijan is sub-tropical, while the west coast of the country has 40 percent mountainous cover and 60 percent arid and semi arid terrain. Extreme weather events, such as flooding, drought and heat stress are expected to increase in frequency. The arid and semi-arid areas will experience increased temperatures and a reduction in precipitation. Forecasts for the Caspian Sea levels are uncertain; as these have both increased and decreased over the last 50 years. This situation adds complexities, especially when planning for climate adaptation measures in Azerbaijan. 

At the national level, Azerbaijan adopted the “Strategic Road Map on National Economic Perspectives” in 2016, which allowed the country to create a new development model based on short (2020), medium (2025) and long-term measures (post 2025). The Strategic Development Road Map (SDRM), up to 2025 and beyond, covers eight priority sectors, including the development of the manufacture and processing of agricultural products, the manufacture of small and medium entrepreneurship-level consumer goods, the oil and gas industry, development of heavy industry and machinery, tourism, logistics and trade, vocational education and training, financial services, communication and information technologies and utilities. Azerbaijan’s "Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for low-carbon end-use sectors" project from 2015-2020 was placed within the existing national framework of Azerbaijan and provided a particular focus on a programmatic NAMA approach that reflected specific greenhouse gas measures to be implemented by SOCAR, the national oil company of Azerbaijan.

Since Azerbaijan presented its National Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC in 2017, the Government of Azerbaijan has embarked on the preparation and implementation of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP). A stocktaking exercise was undertaken in 2017, where key barriers were identified. Some of Azerbaijan’s barriers include, limited data access, insufficient institutional and technical capacity on climate change adaptation at managerial, expert/practitioners and community levels and limited mainstreaming of climate change adaptation considerations into national, regional, local and sectoral planning, budgeting and regulatory frameworks. In December 2017, Azerbaijan’s first Green Climate Funding readiness adaptation planning project “National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Support Project for adaptation planning and implementation in Azerbaijan” was approved, with UNDP as Delivery Partner. The Green Climate Fund project supports the Government of Azerbaijan in facilitating the development of the NAP and the improved climate change adaptation actions in Azerbaijan in three priority sectors identified by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (MENR) through stakeholder consultations: water, agriculture and coastal areas.

Azerbaijan has since submitted two more proposals to the Green Climate Fund. The third readiness proposal submitted in May 2019, “Development of a strategy and action plan for up scaling climate services and multi-hazard early warning in Azerbaijan” is under preparation, with UNEP as Delivery Partner. The third readiness proposal will assess climate services and multi-hazard early warning systems, the feasibility for up scaling them and the development of a strategy, action plan and financing strategy. 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Supported the NAP Roadmap and produced a Stocktaking Report

The stocktaking exercise for the NAP highlighted the fact that that there is limited data sharing among institutions, both within the Government of Azerbaijan and beyond. A fact-finding/stocktaking mission to Azerbaijan was organized during May-June 2017 to analyze and verify the gaps, needs and barriers to adaptation planning, gathered during the desk research. During the mission, close to 21 meetings were held with more than 30 people from Government, NGOs, private sector, and International organizations

Identified entry points for the NAPs process

Based on these consultations, the assessment was developed, and barriers and gaps for the national adaptation process were identified and validated. This process informed a theory of change as the basis for a project proposal that identifies the inputs, activities, sub-outcomes and outcomes, necessary to overcome said barriers and gaps.
 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance

 

 

In December 2017, Azerbaijan’s first Green Climate Fund readiness project Adaptation planning support for Azerbaijan through UNDP was approved. The adaptation planning supported by this GCF-funded project will build on the results of the GEF/SSCF Funded project  "Integrating climate change risks into water and flood management by vulnerable mountainous communities in the Greater Caucasus region of Azerbaijan," and will use the lessons learned and data produced, including the results of the impact assessment in the Northern-Western Regions of Azerbaijan, the implementation of an early warning system’s pilot and for that area and of water user associations. To maximize synergies between the Adaptation Planning project and the second and third readiness projects, close communication will be maintained with FAO and UNEP during the implementation of the projects’ specific activities.

 

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UNDP at the heart of climate change action in Azerbaijan - UNDP’s ongoing partnership framework with the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan SOCAR came into effect in 2015, with a firm commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy intensity of SOCAR’s major facilities.

UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative Ghulam Isaczai Speech - April 2018 - UNDP Resident Representative Ghulam Isaczai delivered the Opening speech at the conference on The Important Role of Hydrometeorology Organisations in the Adaptation to Climate Change about the Importance of Climate Action and Current Climate Change Adaptation Practices in Azerbaijan

EU, UNDP and Government launch groundbreaking new programme to fight climate change in Azerbaijan - April 2019 - A new regional EU4Climate project financed by the European Union kicked off in Baku today putting multi-stakeholder partnerships at the forefront of effective climate change action in countries of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) region.

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Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Mar 2015
Description: 
Azerbaijan communicates its Third National Communication that forecasts an average annual temperature to increase by as much as 2°C between 2015 and 2030
Month-Year: 
Sep 2015
Description: 
Azerbaijan submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC Secretariat
Month-Year: 
Dec 2016
Description: 
Azerbaijan adopts a “Strategic Road Map on National Economic Perspectives” at the national level
Month-Year: 
Jan 2017
Description: 
Azerbaijan ratifies the Paris Agreement
Month-Year: 
Jun 2017
Description: 
A fact-finding/stocktaking mission to Azerbaijan is organized to analyze and verify the gaps, needs and barriers to adaptation planning
Month-Year: 
Dec 2017
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s first GCF readiness project is approved and starts implementation in 2018, with UNDP as Delivery Partner
Month-Year: 
Mar 2019
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s second Readiness project is approved by GCF with a specific focus on agriculture and land use, land-use change and forestry, with FAO as Accredited Entity
Month-Year: 
May 2019
Description: 
Azerbaijan’s third Readiness proposal is submitted to GCF, with UNEP as Accredited Entity

Supporting Serbia to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Serbia is a landlocked country in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula, in South-Eastern Europe. Serbia, located in the central part of Balkan Peninsula, has three major geographical areas: the lowland Pannonian Plain, Vojvodina in northern Serbia that covers about 25 percent of the territory, and is predominantly flatland of alluvial debris and plateau, and Central Serbia and the Šumadija Highlands, a predominant hilly region ranging from 100 meters to 500m in elevation. Rivers and lakes are relatively plentiful, but flow levels are already starting to fall as a result of climate change, a trend that is predicted to continue. The climate is moderately continental across most of the territory. Average temperature is already increasing, notably with winters becoming less cold. The changes in temperature and precipitation are predicted to increase both floods and droughts, with a negative impact on the country’s forestry resources and agriculture, which together contributes to around 10 percent of gross domestic product.

Serbia’s climate related policies include the National Sustainable Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia and its Action Plan for 2009 – 2017 and the National Strategy with Action Plan for Transposition Implementation and Enforcement of the EU ACQUIS on Environment and Climate Change 2016-2020 (NEAS). In addition, though the 2011 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and Protection and Rescue in Emergency Situations, the 2014 National Programme for Disaster Risk Management and the draft Action Plan for implementation of National Programme for Disaster Risk Management (until 2020) also addresses climate change related issues, climate change adaptation measures and policies are not sufficiently reflected in them. This prevents coordinated action, resource mobilization and financial expenditure.  In 2015, Serbia submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC that included both components, climate change mitigation and adaptation to climate change. However, the adaptation part of the INDCs was not elaborated and it noted the need for national level climate adaptation action to start addressing long-term climate vulnerabilities. In addition, Serbia has recently drafted its first Law on Climate Change as well as the Low Carbon Development Strategy with the Action Plan. Both documents are pending adoption by the Government.

The Government of the Republic of Serbia requested support for the development of its National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, and is one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from the joint UNDP-UN Environment NAP Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), a preliminary mission was undertaken in February 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, Serbia’s needs regarding the NAP process. The mission allowed for preliminary assessment of relevant initiatives on climate mainstreaming and of the institutional framework and capacities relevant to the NAP process through a stakeholder roundtable, qualitative interviews and an extensive desk review. A Stocktaking Report on the NAPs process in Serbia was produced in April 2017. The stocktaking would play a supporting role in Serbia’s NAP Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia” that was submitted to the GCF in July 2017 and approved by the GCF in July 2019.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Supported the preliminary assessment and stocktaking mission 

 

In February 2017, the NAP GSP undertook a rapid capacity assessment and stocktaking mission, as an approach to identifying the required capacity needs based on the capacity development frameworks of UNDP and UNITAR. These frameworks identify three levels for technical and functional capacities: the individual, the organization and the enabling environment. The assessment was based on review of strategy documents, existing reports, individual interviews and a basic questionnaire distributed during the cross-sectoral roundtable.
 

 

Produced of a Stocktaking Report and NAP roadmap
 
A Stocktaking report was produced in April 2017, followed by a NAP Roadmap. The purpose of the NAP roadmap is to articulate a country-based consensus on the approach for the design of the NAP process.  The roadmap identifies the overall approach to implementing the NAP process and the main work streams (components) and activities for the 2017–2020 iteration of the NAP. Based on stakeholder input received during the stocktaking mission, the envisioned approach to Serbia’s NAP will be driven by development of a strategic document – the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan – for implementing the national direction for adaptation.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

Serbia received approval from the GCF in July 2019 for it’s NAP Readiness Proposal ‘Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia’, a project that is informed by a consultative process that launched three years prior and will help Serbia integrate climate change adaptation considerations into developmental planning and budgeting. This project proposes two phases to help the government of Serbia increase its capacity to address the country’s climate change vulnerabilities, particularly in the areas related to the Agriculture-Water Management nexus, and the sectors of Energy Infrastructure, and Transport Infrastructure and Construction. The first phase of funding request will support the setting up of the NAP process and development of a comprehensive national Climate Change Adaptation Plan. 
 

 

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Climate change was one of the most important topics of the 9th Belgrade security forum - October 2019 - The panelists at "Climate Security: Adaptation, Mitigation, Change" were UNDP Resident Representative in Serbia Fransine Pickup, Minister for the Environmental Protection Goran Trivan.

Joint message on Climate Change to the Government of The Republic of Serbia - October 2019 - The European Union Delegation to Serbia and the United Nations Development Programme kindly request the support of the Republic of Serbia in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Cities are crucial for the fight against climate change - October 2019 - Best practices and solutions for development of climate-smart cities across Europe were presented today at the event “Citizens Build Smart Cities” in Belgrade.

In Serbia, climate change forces a new reality - September 2019 - In Serbia, temperatures are rising and extreme weather events means both flooding and severe droughts. For those who make their living off the land and sea, climate change is forcing a new reality.

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Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jun 2001
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Month-Year: 
Oct 2007
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the Kyoto Protocol
Month-Year: 
Nov 2010
Description: 
Serbia communicates its initial National Communication
Month-Year: 
Jun 2015
Description: 
Serbia submits its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Feb 2016
Description: 
Serbia communicated its First Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
Feb 2017
Description: 
The NAP GSP and Serbia hosts a NAP support and stocktaking mission
Month-Year: 
Apr 2017
Description: 
The NAP GSP and Serbia produces a Stocktaking Report for the NAPs process in Serbia
Month-Year: 
Jul 2017
Description: 
Serbia submits its Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia” to the Green Climate Fund
Month-Year: 
Jul 2017
Description: 
Serbia ratifies the Paris Climate Agreement
Month-Year: 
Aug 2017
Description: 
Serbia communicates its Second National Communication (SNC)
Month-Year: 
Jul 2019
Description: 
The Green Climate Fund approves Serbia’s Readiness Proposal “Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia”

Supporting Tanzania to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The United Republic of Tanzania is one of the largest countries in East Africa. Besides its mainland, the country also includes the semi-autonomous archipelago of Zanzibar, which lies roughly 35 km off the mainland’s coast. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to its north, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Zambia to its west, Malawi and Mozambique to its south, and the Indian Ocean to its east. Tanzania is bestowed with a relative abundant level of natural resources and has comparative advantages in the production of many crops, such as coffee, tea, maize, rice, and cashew nuts, amongst others.

In recent years, the country experienced a significant change in its climatic conditions, including increasing temperatures, rising sea levels, intensified rain fall patterns, and longer dry spells.  Livelihoods and food supply are highly dependent on rainfed agriculture, which makes up around 80 percent of total agricultural output. Around 25 percent of Tanzania’s GDP is generated by the agriculture sector, which employs between 75 to 80 percent of the population.  Likewise, coastal and inland fisheries are increasingly placed in jeopardy by sedimentation after heavy rains and warming ocean and freshwater temperatures.

In recent years, the government has taken necessary steps to address the adverse effects of climate change and its wider environmental consequences. The country acknowledges that successfully dealing with these issues requires a wide range of measures. Its Second National Communication to the UNFCCC (2015) presents risks and vulnerabilities for its key economic sectors - water, health, agriculture, rangelands and livestock, forestry, wildlife, tourism, and coastal and marine environment. For each sector the government has analyzed the detailed potential impacts that climate change is expected to have and has developed standard responses to counter climate variability.

Tanzania’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, the Hyogo Framework of Action 2005-2015, the Agriculture Climate Resilience Plan 2014-2019, the National Climate Change Strategy, and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy have provided strategic entry points for the government for the initiation of its National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process. The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 with a national training for ministers that led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap. In May 2016, a national multi-sector, multi-agency NAP team with around 30 experts was formed and was supported by the institution of a NAP Secretariat based at the Vice-President’s Office, assisted by GIZ. Subsequently, capacity-building trainings and workshops for the national NAP team were conducted to ensure ownership and coordination among government agencies. A comprehensive stocktaking of climate information, vulnerabilities, capacities and gaps at national and sub-national levels has been carried out in 2017 and 2018, involving the environment officers of all 185 local councils of Tanzania.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

Support with the NAP process and roadmap

 

The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 with a national training for ministers that led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap. In May 2016, the NAP-GSP kicked off the NAP process with an inception workshop for a two-year bilateral NAP support project funded by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), co-funded by USAID and implemented by GIZ. The inception was followed by the formation of the NAP Secretariat and a national multi-sector and multi-agency NAP Team of 30 experts.
 

 

Produced of a Stocktaking Report to identify entry points for the NAP process
 
A comprehensive stocktaking of climate information, vulnerabilities, capacities and gaps at national and sub-national levels was conducted in 2017 and 2018, involving the environment officers of all 185 local councils of Tanzania. Tanzania’s National Adaptation Programme of Action, the National Climate Change Strategy, and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy have provided strategic entry points for the government for the initiation of its National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  awareness
 

 

 

With the support of international development partners, the government established the NAP Secretariat, hosted by the Vice President’s Office. The secretariat has supported several workshops and training events to capacitate key sectors and agencies, as well as its NAP Team. To increase awareness amongst stakeholders and ensure government ownership, the team conducted awareness raising events and engaged all 185 councils, both in Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar.

 

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UNDP disburses 1.3bn/- for climate change adaptation projects - 18 May 2017 - The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) recently disbursed 1.3bn/- to six NGOs to help vulnerable local communities to mitigate the effects climate change through solar power solutions.

UNDP Facilitates NGOs Proposal Writing Workshop on Gender, Climate Change and Energy in the Context of SDGs - 2 November 2016 - The UNDP Tanzania’s Environmental Sustainability, Climate Change and Resilience pillar recently held a proposal-writing workshop with the aim of capacitating NGOs to integrate gender and SDGs.

Display Photo: 
Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Jul 2015
Description: 
The NAP-GSP, GIZ, and the UNDP Tanzania Country Office conduct a national training for ministries that results in a surge in government support
Month-Year: 
Aug 2016
Description: 
The Tanzania Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment highlights key adaptation priorities for the country’s health sector
Month-Year: 
May 2017
Description: 
A comprehensive NAP stocktaking process begins, including regional workshops involving all 185 local councils in mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar
Month-Year: 
May 2018
Description: 
A participatory process begins to update Tanzania’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution and to align it with the NAP process
Month-Year: 
Sep 2018
Description: 
A workshop is facilitated by the NAP-GSP to identify early priorities for the NAP strategy and provides technical support to the adaptation focal points
Month-Year: 
Dec 2018
Description: 
The Ministry of Health supports by the national NAP team and funded by GIZ, WHO, and DFID, finalizes Tanzania’s Health NAP to Climate Change 2018-2023
Month-Year: 
Mar 2019
Description: 
Development begins on a climate change statistics report to track implementation of SDG 13
Month-Year: 
Dec 2019
Description: 
Tanzania submits a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal for adaptation planning to the GCF

Supporting Morocco to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Morocco is situated in the north west of the continent of Africa. The territory extends over 710,850 km2 and the coastline covers 2900km on the Atlantic Ocean, as well as 512 km of coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. The Moroccan population is approximately 33.8 million people. Sixty percent of the Moroccan population, and the majority of the country’s economic activities, are located in coastal zones. Forty-two percent of the Moroccan coastline will be at high risk of erosion and floods by 2030. Another major climate risk for Morocco is the impact of climate change on already limited and declining water resources. Water resources are projected to decline due to an increase in drought conditions. Future climate trends in Morocco include rising temperatures of 1–1.5°C by 2050 (rate of warming faster in the interior) and a decrease in average precipitation by 10–20 percent across the country, and 30 percent decrease for the Saharan region by 2100.

Morocco has developed several overarching policies and high-level documents that promote and enable climate resilient development. Morocco has submitted three national communications to the UNFCCC (2001, 2010 and 2016). The Third National Communication (2016) includes a summary of the most recent climate projections and studies. Morocco has carried out various studies to assess climate change impacts and vulnerabilities at the national level. This includes state-of-the-art GIS-based catastrophe risk modeling, and the Morocco Natural Hazards Probabilistic Risk Assessment, which allows for an analysis for risks of earthquake, flood, tsunami, drought and landslide across Morocco.

In 2014, Morocco developed its National Climate Change Policy (MCCP) as a coordination tool of the various measures and initiatives on climate change. It provides an operational framework for the development of a medium and long-term strategy, with a vision for 2040. In 2015, Morocco submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), which is based on the NSSD, and outlines a vision of Morocco for 2030. Regarding adaptation, Morocco intends to implement a sectoral approach, adapted to its varied natural conditions. The INDC sets several quantified sectoral goals for 2020 and 2030, which focus primarily on the water sector.  In 2016, Morocco submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which sets new objectives for 2020 and 2030 for agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, in addition to refining the objectives set by the INDC for water. In the NDC, Morocco estimates that the cost of implementation of adaptation projects between 2020 and 2030 for the water, forestry and agriculture sectors. The existing institutional framework in Morocco was built gradually to meet the requirements of the UNFCCC. Morocco’s National Committee for Climate Change was established in 2007 and oversees all climate-related activities. Morocco is addressing the 2030 development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals, in relation to the country’s National Adaptation Plan.

 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Support with the NAP roadmap and the identification of adaptation investment priorities

Morocco has started its national adaptation planning process since 2015 and developed a detailed roadmap for its national adaptation plan. The NAP roadmap was highly consultative and involved a dialogue process the resulted in 10 national and regional workshops. The consultative process highlighted key gaps to be addressed, in particular with regard to the governance and coordination arrangements for climate adaptation planning, the identification and appraisal of adaptation investment priorities, the integration of adaptation considerations into budgeting systems, and the engagement with the private sector.

 

Production of a Stocktaking Report to identify entry points for the NAP process
 
Based on a stocktaking mission, a Stocktaking Report was produced in consultation with all key stakeholders. This preliminary work aimed at identifying the main actors and stakeholders in adaptation through a stakeholder analysis. This activity facilitated the analysis of the current institutional framework and capacity and outlined the best options for a governance structure and institutional coordination mechanisms in the Moroccan context.

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

A NAP readiness proposal for the GCF was formulated and submitted to the GCF in December 2018, to “Supporting the foundations for sustainable adaptation planning and financing in Morocco”.  The project has a strong focus on enhancing regional and local capacities for adaptation planning and financing. This GCF NAP readiness support project will achieve this objective through strengthening institutional framework for adaptation planning and awareness at the national and regional level. The second outcome focuses on regional adaptation plans (Territorial Plans against Global Warming) and sustainable financing strategies formulated for three vulnerable regions in Morocco. Thirdly, the project aims to strengthen the foundations for sustainable engagement of the private sector in finance for adaptation. The work undertaken through the GCF NAP project will be highly complementary and will be implemented in close collaboration with the readiness and preparatory support project, managed by the Agency for Agricultural Development (ADA), a GCF national accredited entity.
 

 

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News and Updates: 

Integrating climate change adaptation in development planning in Morocco - 27 September 2017 – What is the process to formulate and implement National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)? How can it be used to reduce Morocco’s vulnerability to climate change and integrate climate change adaptation into ongoing development planning processes?

Establishment of the “Morocco Global Compact Network” - 5 March 2018 - The Morocco Global Compact Network aims to position Moroccan companies in the international and regional networks of the United Nations Global Compact. It will allow the exchange of experiences and the promotion of good practices from the Moroccan private sector in terms of social responsibility and efforts made to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

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2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
2001
Description: 
Submits its First National Communications to the UNFCCC
Month-Year: 
2007
Description: 
Establishes its National Committee for Climate Change that oversees all climate-related activities. The Department for Sustainable Development chairs this committee
Month-Year: 
2010
Description: 
Submits its Second National Communications to the UNFCCC
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2014
Description: 
Develops its National Climate Change Policy (MCCP) as a coordination tool of the various measures and initiatives on climate change
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2015
Description: 
Submits its INDC that outlines a vision of Morocco for 2030. Morocco commences the adaptation planning process to take climate adaptation into account in the sectoral planning process
Month-Year: 
2016
Description: 
Submits its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which sets new objectives for 2020 and 2030 for agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture, in addition to refining the objectives set by the INDC for water
Month-Year: 
2016
Description: 
Submits its Third National Communication, which includes a summary of the most recent climate projections and studies
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2017
Description: 
Organizes a second national workshop that focuses on the capacity building priorities identified by the roadmap.

Supporting Kyrgyz Republic to advance their NAP process

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked nation located in the heart of Central Asia and has an extreme continental climate, mostly arid, which is somewhat mitigated by increased cloudiness and precipitation due to the alpine relief. Drought is a common occurrence in the country, as are land and mudslides, avalanches, squalls, downpours, icing, frosts, breakthrough of glacial lakes, floods, rise of sub-soil waters, epidemics, pests, crop diseases, river erosion, and earthquakes. Temperatures in the Kyrgyz Republic have increased consistently over the past 80 years. Future projections indicate continued warming in the range of 2.6-4.8°C by the end of the century.

The Kyrgyz Republic has recognized the risks posed by climate change and began to take steps towards improving their adaptive capacity. In 2013, with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) the Kyrgyz Republic developed and approved their first national strategic document on adaptation to climate change, Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic Until 2017. The document focuses on the minimization of negative risks and the capitalization of potential opportunities of climate change for sustainable development.  The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic requested support for the development of its national adaptation plan (NAP) process, and is one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from UNDP, a preliminary NAP support mission was undertaken April 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, the Kyrgyz Republic’s needs regarding the NAP process.

In 2015, the Kyrgyz Republic submitted its first INDC that outlined actions for climate change adaptation to be further developed and was linked to the "Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic till 2017" strategic document strategy.  The Kyrgyz Republic together with the UN and other partners are working towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: 17 interconnected and ambitious Goals, which address the major development challenges faced by people in Kyrgyzstan and around the world. In order to do that, climate change has been elevated to a more central position in the national planning processes.

 

The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has submitted a request for Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness and Preparatory Support for the initiation of its National Adaptation Plan process. This process will be consistent with the government’s strategic vision for climate change adaptation. The project proposal has prioritized adaptation planning through its national long-term strategic planning process and associated medium-term implementation plans, through which the long-term plan is implemented. The proposed project will advance the general goals of the NAP process, while addressing strategic priorities developed by the Government of Kyrgyz Republic and empowering the country to implement its NDC commitments.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Produced a stocktaking report to support the NAP Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal 

Based on the findings of the stocktaking report, a Theory of Change was developed in a consultative process, aimed at strengthening national coordination and institutional arrangements for adaptation planning, formulating gender-responsive adaptation plans and budgets for priority sectors and strengthening climate change adaptation capacities at provincial and sub-national levels.

 

Identified entry points for the NAP process
 
Several prioritized NAP activities were identified in this report and include: (1) enhancing climate data and use in planning, (ii) carrying out sectoral, regional and ecosystem level vulnerability assessments, (iii) doing appraisal and costing of adaptation options, (iv) establishing a comprehensive monitoring framework and (v) developing an operational framework to fulfill gender-inclusion targets through the NAP process.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Kyrgyz Republic prepared a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal that was first submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in June 2018. The project outlined in the Readiness proposal “Advancing development of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process for medium and long-term adaptation planning and implementation in the Kyrgyz Republic” and has an anticipated duration of 36 months.  The project objective is to strengthen institutions and enhance vertical and horizontal coordination for climate change adaptation planning, facilitate mainstreaming of climate risks at sectoral and subnational levels, and identify a program of priority climate change adaptation investments.
 

 

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GEOMETRYCOLLECTION (POINT (74.531249979463 41.586688356211), POINT (74.531249979463 41.586688356211))
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UNDP Climate Promise - Ambition. Acceleration. Mobilization - 19 September 2019, New York - In support of the UN Secretary-General’s 2019 Climate Action Summit on 23 September, UNDP is scaling up its support to developing countries through “UNDP’s Climate Promise: Ambition, Acceleration and Mobilization."

The Russian scientific experience of agricultural irrigation to support resource efficiency in Kyrgyzstan - 30 June 2019, Kyrgyzstan - Agriculture is a resource intensive-production, affecting human health, livelihoods, and the environment. Besides, it has an important impact on the local economy in Osh province and Kyrgyzstan as a whole. In the context of the Central Asian region, crop production is impossible without proper irrigation and Kyrgyzstan has, comparatively, well-developed irrigation system.

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Project Dates: 
2020
Timeline: 
Month-Year: 
Nov 2012
Description: 
The Government establishes the Climate Change Coordination Commission (CCCC) to coordinate all the activities related to climate change
Month-Year: 
Jan 2013
Description: 
The Kyrgyz Republic 2013–2017 National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) is approved
Month-Year: 
Oct 2013
Description: 
The Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic until 2017 is established
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Sep 2016
Description: 
The first steps towards establishing a National Adaptation Plans process are taken at a high-level conference entitled ‘From Paris to Bishkek: On the Way to Sustainable Climate Resilient Development for Kyrgyzstan
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Oct 2016
Description: 
The country’s Third National Communication to the UNFCCC is finalized and the Government sends an official request to the GCF and UNDP to begin work on a NAP support project
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Apr 2017
Description: 
A preliminary stocktaking mission is undertaken by the National Adaptation Plans-Global Support Programme team to identify the Kyrgyz Republic’s needs regarding the NAP process, in consultation with stakeholders
Month-Year: 
Jun 2018
Description: 
A Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal is submitted to the Green Climate Fund for review
Month-Year: 
Feb 2020
Description: 
The Kyrgyz Republic submits its National Determined Contribution