Since 2017, UNDP has been engaged with 35 countries in multi-year projects across Asia, Africa, Latin America and Central Europe on advancing National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) with funding from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness Programme. Adaptation planning and policy support under these programmes is integrally aligned to UNDP’s Climate Promise and support to NDC enhancement and implementation. The programmes are delivered in close cooperation with UNDP’s global, regional and country initiatives on climate, disaster risk reduction and SDG relevant portfolios. The current GCF-funded NAPs portfolio currently has 30 active projects under implementation and 5 projects that have successfully completed.
UNDP is supporting countries reach the objectives of Article 7 on adaptation in the Paris Agreement in relation to adaptation planning. The NAPs process was originally established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework. It enables Parties to formulate national adaptation plans (NAPs) as a means of identifying and addressing medium- and long-term adaptation needs. UNDP works with governments across national and sub-national levels, offering integrated and multi-sectoral solutions. UNDP’s on-the-ground presence and long-standing experience on climate change adaptation programmes over two decades, serves as the foundational architecture for countries to integrate adaptation in development planning.
Almost all the GCF-funded NAP projects are undertaking comprehensive risk assessments, building knowledge platforms and monitoring and evaluation systems, and identifying adaptation options. Many projects are supporting the formulation of National Adaptation Plans. Most projects are developing financing strategies that include quantifying the cost of adaptation options and identifying financing sources and integrating climate adaptation into national budgets. Building stronger inclusion, multi-stakeholder collaboration and gender sensitive action through engagement of youth and local communities is emphasized across the portfolio.
The projects are designed within the framework of the NAP Guidelines issued by the UNFCCC. Specific projects’ themes in this portfolio have been selected based on country priorities and the specific context is tailored to each country. These vary from enhancing water and irrigation planning and management; digitizing climate data systems; increasing resilience in marine and coastal areas; advancing adaptive solutions in cities and urban communities or integrating gender equality into climate adaptation planning – among many more. Each project is about 2-4 years in duration and the desired outcomes of each project is tailored to address the specific adaptation needs in their NAP.