Integration of Climate Change Risks and Resilience into Forestry Management in Samoa (ICCRIFS)


Although much has been accomplished in Samoa in disaster risk management during the past 20 years, communities in Samoa are still facing increasing and additional challenges in terms of addressing climate-related disaster risk. There is now a need to strengthen the capacity of Samoan communities to build further resilience to the impacts of climate change and extreme weather events, especially in rural communities.

This UNDP-supported project, GEF-LDCF financed project, Integration of Climate Change Risks and Resilience into Forestry Management in Samoa (ICCRIFS),  is working to increase the resilience and adaptive capacity of Samoa’s forest areas, and the communities that depend on them for livelihoods. The project aims at fostering a shift from current unsustainable forestry and agro-forestry practices towards a more sustainable and climate resilient system with forestry techniques adjusted to current and anticipated changes in climatic conditions. To this end, the project aims at implementing alternative forestry management approaches and techniques, in demonstration sites, supported through creating an enabling environment to build institutional and technical capacities.

For more information visit the ICCRIFS Project website.


Project Details

The project is working to bridge top-down and bottom-up approaches through linking the implementation of policy changes with on-the-ground adaptation measures in affected rural areas, adjacent to protected forest areas, with the active involvement of local communities. It will build adaptive capacity in public administrations and rural communities, in order to enhance the resilience of forest ecosystems and rural livelihoods, that depend on forest ecosystem services.

The project is supporting the integration of climate risk and resilience into relevant agroforestry and forestry policies and practices, including environmental and meteorological data to better respond to current and anticipated climate change impacts in Samoan rural communities depending on forestry resources for their livelihoods. The policy and management guidelines and recommendations to be developed will provide a knowledge basis for the application of enhanced forestry techniques under a range of anticipated climate change scenarios. The project will facilitate the testing and implementaiton of these guidelines in selected demonstraion areas and pilot communites, combining scientific techniques (such as climate change projections, GIS mapping and remote sensing) with grassroots participation and community-based appraisal of climatic hazards. Based on these capabilities, the target communities will develop communal risk reduction plans as part of their overall forest management plans. Small-scale adaptation measures will, therefore, be prioritized to effectively reduce the risk of rapid- and slow-onset climate-induced impacts.

The project seeks to enhance institutional capacities of relevant line Ministries and their specialized departments, including their district and local level representatives and field staff. Institutional capacities will be strenghtened to integrate climate resilience into sectoral policies and operational plans, as well as to deliver technical tasks related to forestry management and monitoring. The policy changes will aim at supporting an enabling environment for the implementation of on-the-ground demonstration measures, therefore strenghtening institutional structures to address climate risk in the longer term.

The demo interventions will directly benefit the following areas and populations:

Native upland forests:

  • Lake Lanotoo NP: 477 Ha
  • Mauga o Salafai NP: 5,974 Ha
  • Community upland forest in Laulii-Falevao area: 4,000 Ha

Lowland agro-forestry areas:

  • 14 villages Laulii-Falevao area: 10,000 Ha
  • 4 Villages next to Lake Lanotoo:  3,612 Ha
  • 8 villages next to Mauga o Salafai: 7,984 Ha

Number of population and households/farmers:

  • 14 villages Laulii-Falevao area: 10,440 persons, 1,271 households
  • 4 Villages next to Lake Lanotoo:  2280 persons, 268 households
  • 8 villages next to Mauga o Salafai: 4025 persons, 533 households


Signature Programmes: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Primary Beneficiaries: 
Local Samoan communities
Implementing Agencies & Partnering Organizations: 
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE), Government of Samoa
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Government of Samoa
Project Status: 
Under Implementation
Financing Amount: 
Co-Financing Total: 

Key Results and Outputs

OUTCOME 1: Climate risk and resilience integrated into lowland agro-forestry and upland native forestry policies, strategies and management techniques

  • Output 1.1. Revised policy frameworks (National Policy on Sustainable Forest Management, Forestry Management Bill), and new National Forest Sector Plan developed with climate change risks integrated
  • Output 1.2 Forestry-tailored climate early warning and information system developed

  • Output 1.3 Climate-sensitive Forest Fires Prevention Strategy Developed

  • Output 1.4 Government officers are trained on climate risk analysis, adaptive policies and planning techniques delivered

OUTCOME 2: Climate resilient agro-forestry and forestry techniques are demonstrated in lowland and upland areas

  • Output 2.1: Climate-resilient agroforestry techniques are demonstrated in lowland customary lands at the mid-North Coast lowlands on Upolu Island (from Laulii to Falevao Villages), and in the villages adjacent to Lake Lanoto’o (Uplou) and Mauga o Salafai (Savaii) National Parks
  • Output 2.2 Climate-resilient agroforestry techniques are demonstrated in upland native forestry areas in customary lands at the mid-North Coast lowlands on Upolu Island (from Laulii to Falevao Villages), and at Lake Lanoto’o (Uplou) and Mauga o Salafai (Savaii) National Parks

OUTCOME 3: Project knowledge captured, analyzed and disseminated

Outputs and activities under this outcome principally serve to facilitate the systematic capturing, codification and dissemination of lessons learnt from project implementation from early stages of assessments, consultations and planning throughout the policy changes and delivery of on-the-ground actions

  • Output 3.1 Lessons learned and best practices are generated and shared between local communities, and national stakeholders through appropriate mechanisms.

  • Output 3.2 Project experience in forestry adaptation is transmitted to education institutions to incorporate knowledge generated in training materials, curricula and school programs, as appropriate

  • Output 3.3 Knowledge on adaptation practices are presented and shared through regional and global platforms and events

Programme Meetings and Workshops

More information to come... 

Monitoring and Evaluation

Project M&E procedures will be designed and conducted by the project team and the UNDP-CO, in accordance with established GOS and UNDP-GEF procedures. The principal components of the Monitoring and Evaluation Plan are outlines using the different activities within the project.

Project Inception Phase

  • Annual and quarterly work plans will be the main management instruments governing the implementation of the project. The project will prepare an AWP with well-defined result indicators, using the standard format for UNDP-supported projects. AWPs will be appraised and endorsed by the PD/MNRE and UNDP. Quarterly work plans will also be prepared, consistent with the AWPs
  • A Project Inception Workshop will be conducted, with participation of the PD, PM, PC, MNRE and other relevant ministries and implementing partners of the PB, co-financing partners, the UNDP-CO and representation from the UNDP RCU, as well as UNDP Headquarters, as appropriate. The results of the Inception Workshop will be documented in an IR. A fundamental objective of this Inception Workshop will be to finalize preparation of the project's first operational AWP on the basis of the project's SRF. The IW will also provide an opportunity for all parties to understand their roles, functions and responsibilities within the project's decision-making structures, including reporting and communication lines, and conflict resolution mechanisms

Monitoring Responsibilities and Events

  • A detailed schedule of project review meetings will be developed by the project management, in consultation with project implementation partners and other stakeholders, and incorporated into the PIR. Day-to-day monitoring of implementation progress will be the responsibility of the PC, based on the annual and quarterly work plans and associated indicators, with overall guidance from the PD. Quarterly monitoring of implementation progress will be undertaken jointly by the PC and UNDP-CO through quarterly progress and financial reports, and the meetings of the PB
  • Tripartite Review (TR) provides the tool for annual monitoring of the project and for international overseeing of the project and consists of the three signatories to the project document - UNDP, MNRE and the GEF Operational Focal Point. The project will be subject to TR at least once every year
  • The Annual Project Report (APR) will be used as one of the basic documents for discussions in the TR meeting. With support of the PM, the PD will present the APR to the TR, highlighting policy issues and recommendations for the decision of the TR participants
  • The UNDP-CO and the UNDP-GEF RCU, as appropriate, will conduct yearly visits to the project field sites (based on an agreed upon schedule to be detailed in the project's IR and AWP) to assess firsthand the project progress
  • Terminal Tripartite Review (TTR) is held in the last month of project operations. With support of the PC, the PD is responsible for preparing the TTR Report and submitting it to UNDP-CO and UNDP-GEF.

Project Monitoring and Reporting

The following reports are the responsibility of the PC and the UNDP-GEF extended team: inception report, annual project report, project implemtation report, quartely progress reports, periodic thematic reports, and the project termination report. The project will be will be subjected to at least two independent external evaluations. An independent Mid-Term Evaluation (MTE) will be undertaken at the end of the second year of implementation. The MTE will determine progress being made towards the achievement of outcomes and will identify course correction if needed. An independent Final Evaluation (FE) will take place three months prior to the TTR meeting, and will focus on the same issues as the MTE. The FE will also look at impact and sustainability of results, including the contribution to capacity development and the achievement of global environmental goals. The FE should also provide recommendations for follow-up activities 

Learning and Knowledge Sharing

Results from the project will be disseminated within and beyond the project intervention zone through existing information sharing networks and forums. The project will identify and participate, as relevant and appropriate, in scientific, policy-based and/or any other networks, which may be of benefit to project implementation though lessons learned. The project will identify, analyze, and share lessons learned that might be beneficial in the design and implementation of similar future projects.



Gabor Vereczi
Regional Technical Advisor
Martha Moneo
CO Focal Point
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
Tony Leutele
Preoject Manager