Supporting Guinea Conakry to advance their NAP process

Introduction

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

Guinea is a coastal country in West Africa and currently one of the wettest in the West African sub-region, with neighbouring countries dependent on rivers that originate in Guinea. However, climate change is predicted to have severe impacts on Guinea and its precipitation levels. Mean annual temperatures are expected to leap to up to 3°C above pre-industrial levels by the 2060’s, which could decrease total precipitation by around one third.
 
Guinea’s economic output is dominated by agriculture, livestock and fisheries, while mining is also a prominent industry. Such drastic decreases in precipitation will have significant impacts on these activities, which are highly vulnerable to climate change and have already been impacted. Droughts over the past 50 years (1961-1990 and 2002), as well as floods have already contributed to the decline of cereal crops. Other critical climate change impacts include sea-level rise, which already occurring along Guinea’s coastline, will cause increased salinization and flooding as well as shortages in drinking water, destruction of infrastructure and damage to mangrove ecosystems. After weak economic growth in 2014 and 2015, mainly due to the Ebola outbreak, the Guinean economy bounced back in 2016 with growth of around five percent. With sufficient climate change adaptation planning, such growth and subsequent development gains can be protected, paving the way towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Mainstreaming climate change considerations into all aspects of national and sub-national planning is essential to preventing the drastically changing climate having severe effects.
 
The government of Guinea has established a set of policy frameworks geared towards sustainable development, which act as entry points for the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation. 
Key strategies include a national vision for development over 25 years (Vision 2040) and a five-year plan to implement the Vision 2040 – referred to as PNDES. The PNDES aims to give priority to: i) national capacity building on the fight against climate change; ii) promotion of clean energy and energy efficient technologies; iii) mitigation of greenhouse gases in the transport and agriculture sectors; iv) promotion of the use of household appliances with clean technology; and v) increase the capacity of carbon sequestration by means of agroforestry development. Guinea has also submitted a First (2002) and Second (2018) National Communication to the UNFCCC, as well as developed a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement. The NDC outlines some priority actions that deal with the local consequences of climate change. These are: (1) preserve the quality and quantity of water resources, for the benefit of the people of Guinea and the West African region; (2) put in place the measures needed to protect, conserve and manage ecosystems, revive economic activities and boost the resilience of communities in its coastal zone; and (3) support the adaptation efforts of rural communities to develop agro-sylvo-pastoral techniques enabling them both to continue their activities and preserve the resources on which they rely.

 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

 

 
 
Conducted a number of NAP sensitization and stakeholder consultation missions to Guinea

 

NAP-GSP has undertaken a number of missions to Guinea in 2016 and 2018. In May 2016 an inception meeting and three-day workshop took place to inform key stakeholders and government representatives on the NAP process and understand the current climate change adaptation initiatives to gauge the best entry points. In July 2017 another workshop was organised to discuss plans around a Readiness proposal to submit to the Green Climate Fund (GCF), requesting funding support for a NAP project. Objectives and expected outcomes of the proposed project were discussed. The most recent mission was conducted in June 2018 to further consult with stakeholders and fill in information gaps on the status of climate change adaptation mainstreaming.
 

 

 
Undertook a stocktaking of the main barriers to climate change adaptation
 
The conclusions of the stakeholder consultations and stocktaking conducted in 2016 and 2018 suggest the main barriers to climate change adaptation mainstreaming and financing for the long-term in Guinea are: (i) the absence of links connecting research to policy for informing decision-making processes; (ii) weaknesses and often fragmentation of existing coordination, monitoring and evaluation, and funding mechanisms; (ii) the absence of adaptation in the Planning-Programming-Budgeting-Monitoring and Evaluation (PPBSE) procedures; and (iv) lack of private sector involvement in the adaptation landscape.
 
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

Specifically through supporting the preparation of a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal, to request finance support from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) for a NAP project. The “Supporting the Achievement of National Development Policies by Building Climate Adaptive Capacity and Planning in Guinea” project proposal was finalised in May 2019.
 

 

News

> The Republic of Guinea inititates its National Adaptation Plan process

5 May 2016, Conakry, Republic of Guinea: The Principal Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Guinea, Dr. Souleymane Camara, chaired the launch of the NAP process in the Republic of Guinea on 3 May 2016. This launching ceremony was followed by a three-day training workshop, organized and facilitated by UNITAR with support from the NAP-GSP. The training brought together mid- to senior level experts from different ministries engaged in the national adaptation planning process, coming from the environment, agriculture, finance and budget sectors, as well as representatives from research institutions, NGOs, civil society and parliamentarians.