Supporting Kyrgyz Republic to advance their NAP process

Introduction

Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked nation located in the heart of Central Asia and has an extreme continental climate, mostly arid, which is somewhat mitigated by increased cloudiness and precipitation due to the alpine relief. Drought is a common occurrence in the country, as are land and mudslides, avalanches, squalls, downpours, icing, frosts, breakthrough of glacial lakes, floods, rise of sub-soil waters, epidemics, pests, crop diseases, river erosion, and earthquakes. Temperatures in the Kyrgyz Republic have increased consistently over the past 80 years. Future projections indicate continued warming in the range of 2.6-4.8°C by the end of the century.

The Kyrgyz Republic has recognized the risks posed by climate change and began to take steps towards improving their adaptive capacity. In 2013, with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) the Kyrgyz Republic developed and approved their first national strategic document on adaptation to climate change, Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic Until 2017. The document focuses on the minimization of negative risks and the capitalization of potential opportunities of climate change for sustainable development.  The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic requested support for the development of its national adaptation plan (NAP) process, and is one of the first countries requesting Green Climate Fund (GCF) readiness financing for this purpose. With support from UNDP, a preliminary NAP support mission was undertaken April 2017 to identify, in consultation with stakeholders, the Kyrgyz Republic’s needs regarding the NAP process.

In 2015, the Kyrgyz Republic submitted its first INDC that outlined actions for climate change adaptation to be further developed and was linked to the "Priority Directions for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic till 2017" strategic document strategy.  The Kyrgyz Republic together with the UN and other partners are working towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: 17 interconnected and ambitious Goals, which address the major development challenges faced by people in Kyrgyzstan and around the world. In order to do that, climate change has been elevated to a more central position in the national planning processes.

 

The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has submitted a request for Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness and Preparatory Support for the initiation of its National Adaptation Plan process. This process will be consistent with the government’s strategic vision for climate change adaptation. The project proposal has prioritized adaptation planning through its national long-term strategic planning process and associated medium-term implementation plans, through which the long-term plan is implemented. The proposed project will advance the general goals of the NAP process, while addressing strategic priorities developed by the Government of Kyrgyz Republic and empowering the country to implement its NDC commitments.

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?

Produced a stocktaking report to support the NAP Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal 

Based on the findings of the stocktaking report, a Theory of Change was developed in a consultative process, aimed at strengthening national coordination and institutional arrangements for adaptation planning, formulating gender-responsive adaptation plans and budgets for priority sectors and strengthening climate change adaptation capacities at provincial and sub-national levels.

 

Identified entry points for the NAP process
 
Several prioritized NAP activities were identified in this report and include: (1) enhancing climate data and use in planning, (ii) carrying out sectoral, regional and ecosystem level vulnerability assessments, (iii) doing appraisal and costing of adaptation options, (iv) establishing a comprehensive monitoring framework and (v) developing an operational framework to fulfill gender-inclusion targets through the NAP process.
 

 

Helped build capacity and  facilitated access to additional climate finance
 

 

 

The Kyrgyz Republic prepared a Readiness and Preparatory Support Proposal that was first submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in June 2018. The project outlined in the Readiness proposal “Advancing development of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process for medium and long-term adaptation planning and implementation in the Kyrgyz Republic” and has an anticipated duration of 36 months.  The project objective is to strengthen institutions and enhance vertical and horizontal coordination for climate change adaptation planning, facilitate mainstreaming of climate risks at sectoral and subnational levels, and identify a program of priority climate change adaptation investments.
 

 

News

UNDP Climate Promise - Ambition. Acceleration. Mobilization - 19 September 2019, New York - In support of the UN Secretary-General’s 2019 Climate Action Summit on 23 September, UNDP is scaling up its support to developing countries through “UNDP’s Climate Promise: Ambition, Acceleration and Mobilization."

The Russian scientific experience of agricultural irrigation to support resource efficiency in Kyrgyzstan - 30 June 2019, Kyrgyzstan - Agriculture is a resource intensive-production, affecting human health, livelihoods, and the environment. Besides, it has an important impact on the local economy in Osh province and Kyrgyzstan as a whole. In the context of the Central Asian region, crop production is impossible without proper irrigation and Kyrgyzstan has, comparatively, well-developed irrigation system.