Supporting Tanzania to advance their NAP Process


Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement

The United Republic of Tanzania is situated in East Africa on the coast of the Indian Ocean. Tanzania is already experiencing adverse impacts from climate change with coastal zones, public health, energy supply and demand, infrastructure, water resources, agricultural production and availability of ecosystem services and goods are all being affected. Despite experiencing strong economic growth over the last decade, partly due to increased government spending, Tanzania remains one of the largest aid recipients in sub-Saharan Africa and it is ranked 154th out of the 189 countries assessed in the Human Development Index (2018), with poverty levels staying around 40 percent since the early 2000s. Limited growth in the agricultural sector is a particular challenge for the Tanzanian population, who primarily rely on agriculture for livelihoods.  The agriculture sector is especially vulnerable to climate change impacts and agricultural output is projected to be severely hampered over the coming decades as a result. Both floods and droughts have already significantly impacted Tanzania’s local and national economy and extreme weather events are leading to major economic losses in excess of 1 percent of GDP annually. 
While there is an elaborate policy infrastructure in place, institutional infrastructure is somewhat lacking for systematically addressing climate change. Even well-established institutional arrangements suffer from governance challenges such as fragmentation, poor coordination, and under-resourcing. This prevents institutions from fully fulfilling their functions, such as developing, implementing and evaluating bankable climate change adaptation projects. Limits to adaptation over the past decade have exacerbated climate-related damages to infrastructure and properties, agricultural productivity, and human and animal ecosystems impacts. 
The policy infrastructure includes specific strategies like the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), the Hyogo Framework of Action 2005-2015, the National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS) and Zanzibar Adaptation Strategy. These strategies provided entry points for the government to begin planning the development of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP). The NAP process was officially established in July 2015 when a national training for ministers resulted in a surge in government support for adaptation action. Then, a three-year NAP Roadmap identified the priority actions needed to establish a NAP. In 2015 Tanzania submitted an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement in 2015. The INDC was designed to align to the Tanzania Development Vision (2025) and the Tanzania Five Year Development Plan (2011/12-2015/16) and is anchored within the NCCS, mapping out how the country can mitigate climate change and its impacts, paving the way towards the Sustainable Development Goals. It includes mitigation and adaptation priorities in the sectors of agriculture, livestock, forestry, energy, coastal, marine environment and fisheries, water resources, tourism, human settlements and health. An update of the NDC is expected in 2019. In 2016, a national NAP Team was established to oversee implementation of the NAP process. In 2018 the Ministry of Health supported by the NAP Team finalized Tanzania’s Health NAP, but Tanzania’s water and agricultural ministries also have institutional adaptation plans. In 2019, supported by GIZ, Tanzania developed a Draft NAP Stocktaking Report. This builds on current information and synthesizes climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and risks. Stakeholders consulted for the Stocktaking Report included government officials from 185 local councils as well as from ministries and technical agencies in mainland and Zanzibar. Tanzania is aiming to develop and launch its first NAP document during the period 2019-2021. This process will build on the findings of the 2019 Stocktaking Report. Institutional capacity will be strengthened during the development process across levels of governance and in priority sectors. International and national research institutions have supported Tanzania’s adaptation efforts by developing climate risk and vulnerability studies for different sectors. 

How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?


Convened stakeholders to build political ambition to accelerate the NAP process 


UNDP-UNEP NAP GSP helped to build early support from government for adaptation action. A training on 8 July 2015, organized by the Vice President’s Office with support from the UNDP-UNEP NAP Global Support Program, UNDP Tanzania and the GIZ led to the launch of the NAP Roadmap and sparked the start of the Tanzania NAP process. NAP-GSP continues to support momentum on adaptation in Tanzania through participating in international, regional and national trainings, workshops and events and peer-reviewing documents.  


Helped build capacity and facilitated access to additional climate finance
The Government of Tanzania (GoT) is requesting support from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to develop a NAP over the period 2019-2021. The NAP-GSP is working with the GoT to identify solutions that could be addressed by developing a NAP. The NAP-GSP team facilitated a workshop in 2018 to identify early priorities for the NAP and provided technical support to the adaptation focal points in VPO as they sought funding for the NAPs development. 


Supported planning processes for adaptation



NAP-GSP provides technical support to the NAP process so that the NAP may assist the Government of Tanzania to meet its national development goals and international obligations by establishing an effective national planning framework and processes that guide climate change adaptation policies, investments and actions. 



Laying the Foundations for the NAP Process in Tanzania

10 July 2015, Bagamoyo, Tanzania - The Government of Tanzania held a national training for ministries involved in the NAP process on 8 July 2015. A NAP launching ceremony was followed by a three-day training workshop on the NAP process that was organised by the Tanzanian Vice President’s Office with technical support from the UNDP-UNEP NAP Global Support Programme, UNDP Tanzania Country Office and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). A health sector stock-taking exercise was initiated after the training.