UNDP Cambodia Project Document (April 2009)

The Project Document, from April 2009, gives detailed information on the GEF-LDCF Cambodia project. The ProDoc includes a Situation Analysis, with the Global, National and Regional Context, Climate Change Context, Past and Ongoing Activities in the country, Related Donor Assistance, and a Barrier Analysis. Also included is the Project Strategy, Operational Approach, Results and Resources Framework, Budget and Annual Work Plan, Management Arrangements and Coordination Structures, the Monitoring Framework and Evaluation and the Legal Context.

The project is based on priority interventions outlined in the Cambodian NAPA and focuses on climate change-resilient agricultural water management. The impacts of climate change on Cambodian agriculture, particularly on rice cultivation, are predicted to adversely affect food production and security in rural areas. At present, there is emerging evidence that agriculture based livelihoods and overall food security in Cambodia are affected by increased frequency and severity of floods, dry spells and drought events.  A major constraint in moving from a focus on post-disaster relief management to anticipatory agricultural and water resources planning is the limited institutional and individual capacity in both government agencies and community organizations to understand potential climate change impacts on irrigation systems, communal freshwater availability and agricultural production, and to internalize a perspective of longer-term resilience into sectoral policy and development planning processes.

LDCF support will be used to systematically address institutional and individual capacity gaps in affected rural communities to manage agricultural water resources in a changing climate, and  to demonstrate resilient irrigation, freshwater management, and farming options.  As Cambodia has been undertaking a concerted effort of decentralization, these efforts will primarily focus on provincial, district and communal planning systems, which include Planning and Budgeting Committees, Communal Councils and Farmer Water-Use Committees. The project will work in two contrasting agricultural districts, selected for their high vulnerability as well as for differences in agro-ecological and socio-economic circumstances.  Lessons learned from the project will be systematically replicated in other high risk areas within Cambodia, and made accessible to other countries in the region which face similar climate risk projections for their agriculture-based economies.