Project Brief : Uganda (Oct 2013)

Uganda’s economy is closely linked to its natural resources because a large proportion of its economy is based on rain-fed agriculture. Over the past three decades, increasing temperatures, shifting rainfall patterns and climate-related hazards – in particular droughts, floods and severe storms – have undermined social and economic development in Uganda. Climate hazards have negatively affected the livelihoods of some 150,000 people and caused an average of 74 deaths per year. The economic impact of climate hazards on the agriculture sector is estimated to be in excess of 120 billion Ugandan Shillings (US$ 46.9 million). There is limited data available to estimate the projected economic costs of climate change to Uganda, but studies from similar African countries indicate an annual loss in GDP of 1.5–3% by 2030 under a business-as-usual scenario. A large proportion of the Ugandan population has a low capacity to adapt to climate change. This is compounded by limited infrastructure in sectors such as water, sanitation, and health services. Uganda’s capacity to adapt to climate-related hazards should therefore be developed to limit the negative impacts of climate change and address the country’s socio-economic and developmental challenges effectively. 

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