“Now it’s unpredictable”: Young people face climate change in Papua New Guinea
Growing up on an island, Kim Allen is acutely aware of climate change.
“I can see vividly what coastal erosion can do,” he says. “It’s the displacement of communities.”
Allen grew up on Tubetube Island, part of the Engineer Islands, located off the southeast coast of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Leaving his home at the age of 12 for educational pursuits, he returned several years later to find that the coastline from his childhood had washed away.
Allen’s experience is the story of PNG’s coastal communities, who face an uncertain future as climate change brings about sea level rise, increased inland water salinity, and the loss of marine life.
Giving the example of food insecurity, Allen points to changing weather patterns and rising salinity as causing hunger in PNG. People used to know how to predict when it would be rainy, or sunny, or when to harvest, but “now it’s unpredictable,” he says.
Allen, now an Assistant Communications Officer with the USAID Papua New Guinea Lukautim Graun Program, which roughly translates to “biodiversity conservation,” uses his experiences to advocate for Papua New Guineans affected by climate change, especially communities dependent on forestry and marine resources. This includes focusing on youth.
“Youth have the potential and the power,” he explains, as he talks about tapping into the potential of the country’s youth to help solve PNG’s most pressing issues.
His work with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and USAID has included educating young people about climate change and conservation, including school awareness projects about tree planting and coastal cleanups, which reached around 5,000 students.
In 2019, Allen was one of two PNG youth representatives to travel to New York City to participate in youth and policy discussions at the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Youth Forum. He was also part of a youth delegation that traveled to Fiji to attend the Regional Young Leaders Dialogue on Good Governance and Human Rights, with discussions about the issues Pacific-island youth face, including climate change.
In addition to his advocacy and policy work, Allen looks to the people of PNG, especially the youth, as a source of hope for combatting climate change.
For example, traditional systems, upheld by local communities, often include conservation efforts.
One such system comes from the coastal regions, which are dependent on the ocean for food and livelihoods. Community-led decisions manage overfishing by rotating where and when fishing can take place. Marine biodiversity is maintained by allowing fish and other marine stocks to replenish themselves.
“We have internal solutions” he says, while observing that leaders often fail to see the potential found in PNG itself, including young people. “PNG is labelled as a developing country, but we contribute immensely to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.”
While communities and young people are mobilizing to develop solutions, Allen explains that their perspectives often fail to reach national-level policy conversations.
“We need the political will to elevate their voices,” he notes.
Additionally, Allen calls for more education and awareness so that young people understand climate change and climate policy, including the translation of policy into practical actions.
“We are interconnected with the environment and that gives us hope,” he says. “We look after the environment and the environment looks after us.”