Guatemala

 

With coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Honduras, the mountainous country of Guatemala covers an area of 108,889 square kilometers and has the largest population in Central America (estimated to be 14.36 million people). With political stability having returned to the country since 1996, its economy has grown. Agriculture accounts for 26 per cent of exports (including traditional products such as sugar, bananas and coffee, as well as new products such as winter vegetables, fruit and cut flowers). Other important economic sectors include tourism and the export of textiles and apparel (USDS, 2011). Despite these gains, Gross Domestic Product per capita remains about half of the average for Latin America and the Caribbean (at US$5,200 in 2010; CIA, 2010).

Like most countries in Latin America, Guatemala has submitted one national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Land use change and forestry are by far the largest contributors to GHG emissions in the country. The emission reduction potential of the sector is large, but not sufficiently explored. Guatemala counts with 8 CDM projects, one of which is in the agricultural sector.

The Project on Capacity building for Stage II adaptation to climate change (Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) is funded through the GEF Trust Fund and is implemented by UNDP. Central America, Mexico and Cuba serve as the pilot region for elaborating and applying an Adaptation Policy Framework for preparing adaptation strategies, policies and measures. The application of this framework will demonstrate how policy for adaptation can be integrated into national sustainable development for at least three human systems: water resources, agriculture and human health. This demonstration project builds upon the Stage I vulnerability and adaptation assessments of the Initial National Communications of the eight participating countries of the region and will prepare them to move onto Stage III Adaptation. The outputs of the project, Stage II adaptation strategies may be used for preparing second National Communications.

 

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Supporting developing countries to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans: Guatemala

Guatemala is particularly vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather events. Heavy rains, violent storms and prolonged droughts are threatening the agricultural sectors and consequently the food security in the country. It is not just the country’s geographical location that leaves it susceptible, but poor housing, high malnutrition and unemployment also compound the situation to make the country’s inhabitants more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, with indigenous communities and farmers being among the most affected.
 
To support these communities build resilience to the effects of climate change and the natural hazards that are increasingly more likely to strike as a result, the Government of Guatemala is developing a policy framework to underpin adaptation efforts, and welcomes the support of the NAP-Ag Programme in mainstreaming the planning of adaptation strategies into national planning and budgeting processes. 
 

 

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Adaptation policies

In an effort to increase resilience, Guatemala developed a National Climate Change Action Plan (Plan de Acción Nacional de Cambio Climático, PANCC) that incorporates mitigation and adaptation priority actions. Some of the activities that the country is looking to implement include: increasing the production of grains; (2) strengthening early warning systems for food and nutrition insecurity; and providing technical assistance to the farmers to improve resilience and adaptation to climate change.
 
 

NAP-Ag activities

The NAP-Ag Programme is supporting the NAP Agricultura Guatemala with the aim to strengthen the adaptation component linked to agriculture, livestock and food security (Result 1) within PANCC. Activities include: (1) dialogues efficient water use for irrigation; (2) capacity development on water use; (3) cost-benefit analysis; and (4) integration of agriculture in the sectoral monitoring and evaluation frameworks.
 
Dialogues on efficient water use for irrigation
Discussions on the legal, political and institutional framework associated with water use for irrigation include:
 
• Promotion of the efficient use of water in irrigation units through the National Federation of Irrigation Users -FENURGUA-, as practices of adaptation to climate change in the agricultural sector.
 
• Promotion of agricultural adaptation practices to climate change at the community, institutional and national levels.
 
Capacity development of policy makers and extension agents
Capacity development for ministry professionals on efficient use of water for irrigation, as a practice for adapting to climate change in agriculture.
 
Development of a training program aimed at MAGA extension agents, with the theme of adapting agriculture to change climate.
 
Cost-benefit analysis and monitoring and evaluation frameworks
Capacity development at the inter-institutional level through workshops on cost-benefit analysis and integration of agriculture in the sectoral monitoring and evaluation frameworks.
 
 
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Presentan Proyecto NAP-Agricultura en Guatemala

08 December 2017 - La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) en conjunto con el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) presentaron el Proyecto de Integración de la Agricultura en los Planes Nacionales de Adaptación (NAP, por sus siglas en inglés) que apunta a fortalecer los temas relacionados con el riego, adaptación ante el cambio climático en el sector agropecuario del país y el fortalecimiento de las capacidades institucionales a través del desarrollo o actualización de instrumentos de política y planificación en el ámbito nacional, sectorial y local, para contribuir con el Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación (MAGA).

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