Climate Change Adaptation in the News

February 2018

February 2018

UNDP, GFLAC Urge Better Monitoring of Climate Change Spending

IISD

Thursday 22 February 2018

A joint study by UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the Latin American and Caribbean Climate Finance Group (GFLAC) tracked financial flows for action on climate change, finding a lack of international funding for climate adaptation efforts. The study analyzed climate change finance in six countries, and showed that more funds have been directed toward mitigation efforts than adaptation.

The two organizations are calling for better monitoring of climate change spending, to ensure that it is directed toward achieving the Paris Agreement on climate change and the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development. Sandra Guzmán, GFLAC, noted that multilateral funds such as the Adaptation Fund, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) have directed most climate change funding towards mitigation efforts, although many developing countries are experiencing social and economic losses that require “immediate adaptive responses.”

The report outlines recommendations for countries and multilateral organizations. At the national level, the authors urge countries to adopt integrated approaches to planning and budgeting in relation to climate finance, noting that, out of the study sample, only Colombia and the Philippines have done so. They recommend identifying specific financial needs as a basis for connecting with the relevant financing, and strengthening institutional arrangements for monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of climate finance. The other countries involved in the study were Guatemala, Kenya, Nepal and Zambia.

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A Review of Domestic Data Sources for Climate Finance Flows in Recipient Countries

ReliefWeb

Tuesday 20 February 2018

Improved national financial monitoring systems will increase accountability on climate change spending and foster transparency for global efforts to reach the goals outlined through the Paris Agreement and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, according to a joint study issued today by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Latin American and Caribbean Climate Finance Group (GFLAC).

“Climate finance data is key to measuring and reporting on how we are responding to the risks of climate change and building more climate resilient lives and livelihoods across the globe. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time, improving national financial monitoring systems will be essential in providing reliable, transparent and accountable reporting on global investments to reach our global goals for low-carbon climate-resilient development," said Rohini Kohli, UNDP Lead on National Adaptation Plans, Global Environmental Finance Unit.

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UNDP Praises Cuba's Work in Protecting Biological Diversity

Prensa Latina

Monday 19 February 2018

Edith Felipe, coordinator of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Cuba, praised here the work of Cuba in the protection and conservation of biological diversity, an issue in which important steps are taken. Felipe told the Prensa Latina news agency, after the opening ceremony of the workshop of the 6th National Report on the Convention on Biological Diversity, that Cuba is a pioneer country in taking steps in this field, while developing an approach on ecosystem management. She said that, in fact, the way these various issues are managed becomes an important measure for adapting to climate change. For Felipe, there are many examples in Cuba in this regard, both in the ocean and soil, such as the southern archipelagos and the northern protected area Sabana-Camaguey, which manage conservation of ecosystems by linking production and services to the community. She also highlighted the conservation work on the southwestern shore with the reforestation in the mangrove swamp, outlined to limit the rise in sea level across the areas most jeopardized by the surge of the sea. This approach based on ecosystems is probably one of the key actions we develop here, said Felipe referring to the workshop that begins today, to prepare the 6th National Report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Biological Diversity for 2020.

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We need an Olympic effort on climate change

Eco Business

Wednesday 14 February 2018

The Olympics gives us a chance to re-affirm our commitment to protect our people and our planet, says UNDP climate change adaptation expert Pradeep Kurukulasuriya. The Olympics offers us a time of hope, a time for mutual understanding, a time for goodwill and peace. But as all eyes turn toward Pyeongchang for the 23rd Winter Olympic Games, rising temperatures, melting glaciers and rising seas threaten to dash many of these lofty hopes and dreams. Just as world leaders got together in 1992 to re-affirm an Olympic Truce through the United Nations, these Olympic Games offer us the real opportunity to affirm the real risks of climate change and the real steps we will need to take – as individuals, as communities and as nations – to protect our people and planet. Originally published on Thomson Reuters.

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The ancient hairstyle of Set Set Yo, Myanmar

Myanmore

Tuesday 13 February 2018

A village near Bagan, known for keeping alive a millenia-old hairstyle, is battling climate change and food shortages. Producing crops such as pigeon pea, groundnut and sesame, the village is a recipient of the UNDP’s Adaptation Fund project, “Addressing Climate Change Risks on Water Resource and Food Security in the Dry Zone of Myanmar" (started in February 2015, is in partnership with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation). In the last 10 years, the village has suffered the effects of climate change. Shorter monsoon seasons with erratic rainfall patterns, high intensity rainfall with flash floods, and extreme temperatures producing drought spells have affected the village’s economy.

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Improving impact evaluation to foster climate resilient development in Zambia

ReliefWeb

Tuesday 13 February 2018

By improving the capacity of its ministries to monitor and evaluate the impact of climate change actions, the Government of Zambia is ramping up its efforts to plan for low-carbon, climate-resilient development, and reach global goals for poverty reduction, food security and climate action outlined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

In a recent capacity building workshop, provided through the joint FAO-UNDP Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Programme (NAP-Ag) on 4 to 7 December 2017 in Siavonga, representatives from Zambia’s Ministry of Agriculture worked with leading global experts to improve capacity on Impact Evaluation techniques.

“Impact Evaluation assesses the changes in the well-being of individuals that can be attributed to a particular project, programme or policy,” said Stanislaus Chisakuta, Deputy Director, Technical Services Branch, Ministry of Agriculture.

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¿Por qué debemos proteger los manglares en Cuba?

Cuba Debate

Monday 12 February 2018

Cerca del 20 por ciento del área boscosa del país está constituida por manglares. Estos ecosistemas a su vez están presente en el cinco por ciento de la línea costera nacional y poseen gran relevancia al constituir una barrera natural contra los huracanes, el ascenso del nivel del mar, y el avance de la salinidad hacia los acuíferos y las tierras de cultivo. Sobre este importante tema, especialistas y directivos del Ministerio de Ciencia Tecnología y Media Ambiente (CITMA) debatieron en la emisión de este jueves de la Mesa Redonda. El M.Sc. José Manuel Guzmán Menéndez, Director técnico e investigador auxiliar del Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática del CITMA explicó que junto con los bosques de ciénaga constituyen los principales humedales que permiten la sostenibilidad de la vida en la zona costera. “Los manglares por mucho tiempo se consideraron bosques inservibles y por esta razón fueron desbastados sobre todo antes del triunfo de la Revolución, cuando su explotación era intensiva por parte de los carboneros”. No obstante, resaltó que la nación está a la cabeza de la conservación de este recurso natural en la región caribeña, gracias a que desde la década del 70 del siglo pasado comenzaron las primeras investigaciones sobre este tema en la Mayor de las Antillas. “Los manglares albergan una biodiversidad extraordinaria pues son hogar de aves costeras y es donde desovan especies de vertebrados e invertebrados. Entre las estrategias desplegadas por el Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente (Citma) para la adaptación al cambio climático y recogidas en la Tarea Vida, la recuperación de este recurso natural ocupa los primeros escaños de la lista”, acotó el directivo.

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Youths are the future of climate resilience

Fiji Times

Sunday 11 February 2018

Feburary 11, 2018 - Suva, Fiji. When the vulnerability of small island countries to climate change is reported in international media, it is often accompanied by images of houses and roads inundated with seawater, families standing among ruined homes, and children barefoot among wind-blown palm trees. People are often portrayed as victims at the mercy of the elements. It can be an easy narrative to fall into — communicating climate change is complex and multifaceted. Yet it is far from the full picture. And it fails both the subjects of the stories and the readers. As well as addressing the impacts and causes of climate change, we need to look to the solutions. How are communities going to, not just adapt, but build their resilience? What does resilience even mean? And how do we do it? Key to meeting the challenges will be youth.

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Tuvalu scholarships awarded under Green Climate Fund-financed project

Radio New Zealand

Thursday 8 February 2018

February 8, 2018. Two students from Tuvalu have been granted university scholarships under the Tuvalu Coastal Adaptation Project. The project focuses on building coastal resilience in three of Tuvalu's nine inhabited islands and is funded by the Green Climate Fund. Investing in young people is among the country's environmental adaptation plans. "At the moment we only selected the civil engineering with some coastal background for one of the students to take and the other scholarship award is the Bachelor of Science in geospatial science", said manager of the Funafuti based project, Moeo Finauga. Finauga said the students would be offered jobs on the project once they had completed their studies.

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ZCFU revises projected agric growth rate

The Herald Zimbabwe

Monday 5 February 2018

The Zimbabwe Commercial Farmers Union (ZCFU) has revised its projected agriculture growth rate to 8 percent from 15,7 percent on the back of anticipated negative impact of the late onset of the rainy season. ZCFU said late start to the 2017/18 rainy season had affected the crop situation across the country hence the agriculture sector would not achieve initially projected growth and performance. In his 2018 National Budget Finance and Economic Planning Minister Patrick Chinamasa projected agriculture to grow by 15,9 percent in 2017, on the back of coordinated Government interventions and private sector initiatives. The extension of Command Agriculture Programme to include soya beans and livestock is expected to sustain the growth. However, ZCFU president Wonder Chabikwa indicated the late onset of the rain season, which resulted in crops wilting in many parts of the country posed a threat to the sector, the backbone of the economy. “Projected agriculture sector growth at 15,7 percent – before the dry conditions – revised to 8 percent on backdrop of wilting crops,” said Mr Chabikwa in a presentation at the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries (CZI) 2018 economic outlook symposium. Overall, the economy is projected to grow by 4,5 percent. Mr Chabikwa however highlighted weather patterns had bearing on the performance of the agriculture sector and ultimately the entire economy. The country expects normal to below normal rainfall with drought risk high in some parts of the country. Already, climate change is affecting the small holder farmers who are mostly not insured, despite being major contributors, especially tobacco and grain producers. “The optimal planting window passed without meaningful rains reducing yields. The country is also utilising 50 percent of established irrigation,” he said. ZEC warns against political violence Re-engagement a critical plinth for Zim ZCFU revises projected agric growth rate February 5, 2018 Business Mr Chabikwa Mr Chabikwa Business Reporter The Zimbabwe Commercial Farmers Union (ZCFU) has revised its projected agriculture growth rate to 8 percent from 15,7 percent on the back of anticipated negative impact of the late onset of the rainy season. ZCFU said late start to the 2017/18 rainy season had affected the crop situation across the country hence the agriculture sector would not achieve initially projected growth and performance. In his 2018 National Budget Finance and Economic Planning Minister Patrick Chinamasa projected agriculture to grow by 15,9 percent in 2017, on the back of coordinated Government interventions and private sector initiatives. The extension of Command Agriculture Programme to include soya beans and livestock is expected to sustain the growth. However, ZCFU president Wonder Chabikwa indicated the late onset of the rain season, which resulted in crops wilting in many parts of the country posed a threat to the sector, the backbone of the economy. “Projected agriculture sector growth at 15,7 percent – before the dry conditions – revised to 8 percent on backdrop of wilting crops,” said Mr Chabikwa in a presentation at the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries (CZI) 2018 economic outlook symposium. Overall, the economy is projected to grow by 4,5 percent. Mr Chabikwa however highlighted weather patterns had bearing on the performance of the agriculture sector and ultimately the entire economy. The country expects normal to below normal rainfall with drought risk high in some parts of the country. Already, climate change is affecting the small holder farmers who are mostly not insured, despite being major contributors, especially tobacco and grain producers. “The optimal planting window passed without meaningful rains reducing yields. The country is also utilising 50 percent of established irrigation,” he said. He highlighted the need for Government to address climate change at national level with aim to build resilience and implement National Adaptation Plans (NAP) to cushion farmers from the excessive effects of climate change on crop production. Additionally, despite the high drought risk that will affect output, Mr Chabikwa said there was also need to curb unnecessary imports of agriculture products to save the much needed foreign currency.

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Nepal's climate to get warmer and wetter

The Kathmandu Post

Monday 5 February 2018

The average annual precipitation may increase in both the short-term and long-term period by 2-6 per cent and 8-12 per cent respectively, the report predicts. The Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DoHM) and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development’s (Icimod) carried out the joint study. Their experts analysed climate change data for the medium- term period (2016-2045) and long-term period (2036-2065). The study forms technical support to the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process. Icimod Water and Climate Specialist Santosh Nepal says, “Temperature related parameters show significant increase as the report suggests. “Based on this study, Nepal’s future climate would be more challenging. There will be an upsurge in extreme precipitation and temperature,” says Nepal. The researchers considered 1981-2010 as the reference period for the study. They took two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) - RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 - as representations of extreme future scenarios in the country. The RCPs are four greenhouse gas concentration trajectories designed to support research on impacts of climate change. They predict climate future, which means the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) in four different periods in future. Under the RCP 4.5, the GHG emissions will rise around 2040 and then decline. Likewise, emissions continue to rise throughout the 21st century in RCP 8.5. The study estimates both the average annual mean temperature and average annual rainfall will see a continuous surge up to the end of the century. Rainfall may increase by 11-23 per cent, whereas the temperature will go up by 1.72-3.58 degree Celsius in the period. While the study predicts temperature increase for all seasons, the highest rise in mean temperature of 1.3-1.4 degree Celsius (medium-term period) and 1.8-2.4 degree Celsius (long-term period) may be seen post-monsoon. Rainfall may decrease during the pre-monsoon season by 4-5 per cent in the medium-term period, but will continue to rise rest of the season. The post-monsoon season will experience the highest increase in rainfall 6-19 per cent (middle-term period) and 19-20 per cent in (long-term period). Such abnormal changes in the climate may trigger extreme events related to temperature and rainfall. “We already have too much water during the monsoon season. We do not have enough catchment areas. Imagine what level of havoc additional rainfall could cause. Excess rainfall would cause floods and landslides and damage property,” says Nepal.

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Córdoba y Sucre se unen para preservación de humedales en La Mojana

El Universal Colombia

Monday 5 February 2018

Las comunidades de Córdoba y de Sucre se unieron para adelantar estrategias que permitan la conservación de los humedales, especialmente en La Mojana, sitio en el que habitan miles de aves. Un grupo de 28 personas de 18 comunidades de ambos departamentos se dieron cita en la zona de La Mojana para adelantar una jornada de avistamiento de aves, con el objeto de sensibilizarlos sobre la importancia de los humedales, como hábitat de numerosas especies de pájaros y promover la adopción de medidas de adaptación al cambio climático que aseguren la conservación del humedal y el bienestar de las comunidades locales. La actividad estuvo enmarcada en el trabajo del proyecto “Reducción del riesgo y la vulnerabilidad frente al cambio climático en la región de la Depresión Momposina en Colombia” implementado por el Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible y el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo, PNUD, en alianza con el Fondo Adaptación, el IDEAM y el Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander Von Humboldt. El avistamiento se llevó a cabo en el marco de la celebración del día internacional de los humedales, con el cual se conmemora la firma del único acuerdo multilateral ambiental dedicado a la conservación de estos ecosistemas: la Convención sobre los humedales de importancia internacional, especialmente como hábitat de aves acuáticas; conocida también como Convenio Ramsar1. Los asistentes al taller coincidieron en que nunca habían tenido la oportunidad de salir a explorar y escuchar el canto de las aves, conocer su nombre científico y detenerse en datos relacionados con sus características, los lugares donde viven y su entorno. Por su parte, Wendy López, bióloga del PNUD, dijo que la actividad ornitológica está incrementándose en el país con la participación creciente de estudiantes, instituciones, comunidades locales y organizaciones ornitológicas regionales que trabajan activamente en la visibilización, investigación y conservación de las aves, actividad que a largo plazo será fundamental para la conservación del humedal y sus aves.

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Potential Renewed Growth: 4 Major Development Projects in Vanuatu

Borgen Magazine

Sunday 4 February 2018

Febuary 4, 2018 - Port Vila, Vanuatu. As in all nations of the Pacific Islands, development projects in Vanuatu must address the current and impending effects of climate change. The Vanuatu Coastal Adaptation Project (VCAP), through the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Climate Change Adaptation initiative, works to implement adaptive strategies and resilience to the effects of rising sea level – indeed, projections estimate a rise of 20 centimeters by 2050. Programs for strengthening early warning systems and for integrating water resource and coastal management are developed to aid in national policy reform, increased knowledge, agricultural resilience and, of course, saving lives. The project also incorporates rehabilitation of coastal ecosystems like mangroves, coral reefs and fisheries.

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Toolkit - National adaptation plans: Building climate resilience in agriculture

PreventionWeb

Thursday 1 February 2018

This toolkit is comprised of videos, lecture notes and ongoing conversations from the massive open online course (MOOC) on National Adaptation Plans: Building Climate Resilience in Agriculture.

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