Climate Change Adaptation in the News

August 2018

August 2018

La agricultura en África, clave para la paz

El Pais

Thursday 9 August 2018

La gente de África importa. Importa para nuestro medio ambiente. Importa para nuestra economía. Importa para nuestro planeta. Después de haber viajado a través del continente para probar alimentos, reunirnos con agricultores, representantes de gobiernos y chefs, y cultivar conocimientos culinarios que han nutrido nuestras recetas, estamos seguros de que la gente de África importa aún más para poner fin a la pobreza y proteger nuestro planeta de los riesgos reales y actuales que trae el cambio climático. En Nigeria, por ejemplo, comenzamos junto con Naciones Unidas, el Gobierno y el sector privado una iniciativa piloto liderada por el Fondo de Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible en Kaduna, al norte del país, para abordar el desperdicio de alimentos, el empleo juvenil y la seguridad alimentaria de una forma integrada.

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Solar solutions for displaced communities

UNDP

Thursday 9 August 2018

The Arab region is experiencing one of the most dramatic periods of change in its history - with an escalation of conflict, a dramatic rise in poverty, and the emergence of more than 20 million refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs). Of vital importance to the goal of recovering from crisis and putting communities back on the path to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, most of the places experiencing conflict and hosting displaced communities are also the very parts of the region that are facing high levels of energy insecurity. Leading UNDP’s local partnerships in the Arab region, one sees first-hand how lack of energy access can hold back the prospects for recovery and resilience in communities facing protracted displacement. The ability of communities to cope with and rapidly recover from crisis hinges in many ways on their ability to regain access to energy. But too often countries affected by crisis are unable to rapidly bring back the type of energy systems needed for recovery. In such contexts, decentralized solutions are receiving greater attention as a means of addressing needs while setting the foundations for longer-term resilience. In this regard, UNDP has commenced a series of new initiatives in the Arab region, led by our Country Offices and adapted to very localized needs of displaced communities. As elaborated in a new UNDP regional policy brief capturing lessons from these initiatives, we see energy access not as an end in itself, but as an enabler of resilience and putting communities on a path to recovery. Yemen, for example, is the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, with millions facing famine risk and lack of access to water and sanitation, with breakdown of hundreds of health facilities and an unprecedented outbreak of cholera. All such challenges are exacerbated by the energy crisis in the country. Yemen was already one of the region’s most energy poor countries, and the ongoing conflict has dramatically reduced conventional energy supplies every further.

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Training on energy efficient stoves manufacture can help create employment and reduce charcoal use in Somaliland

UNDP

Thursday 9 August 2018

Sixty people have received training in Hargeisa to build energy efficient stoves this month under a programme run by Somaliland’s Ministry of Environment and Rural Development, in partnership with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It is aimed that the new skills will allow the trainees to earn an income from eventually producing and selling the finished stoves in the market place, which will also help to reduce the use and production of charcoal in Somaliland. The training is part of a Joint Program for Sustainable Charcoal Reduction and Alternative Livelihoods (PROSCAL) which is led by the Somaliland Government and implemented by UNDP, the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and UN Environment, with funding from the European Union, Italy and Sweden. Cutting trees for charcoal and firewood has led to large scale deforestation and ecosystem destruction across Somaliland, with communities in Somaliland relying on firewood and charcoal for cooking and heating. The new energy efficient cooking stoves will burn 50% less charcoal than traditional cooking stoves, which will help to reduce demand for charcoal in the long term. The training to manufacture the stoves is aligned to Somaliland’s National Development Plan II, which has set a target to reduce charcoal production from indigenous species by 35% by 2021. Initially, with funding from the project, the stoves will be distributed free of charge to IDP and low-income communities, and vendors will be supported to move away from selling traditional stoves to the new energy efficient stove, to build a market for the product. The Minister of Environment for Somaliland, Ms. Shukri Haji Ismail Bandare, speaking at the opening day of the training, thanked UNDP, the European Union, Italy and Sweden for their support to the PROSCAL programme and underscored the opportunities the manufacture of the stoves will bring to the community. “The manufacture of these energy efficient cooking stoves will bring employment for you and also long-term job opportunities by ensuring that you can teach and pass on these skills to others”, she said. The Head of the United Nations Development Programme Area Office in Hargeisa, Ilaria Carpen, also highlighted the importance of the training in creating employment for the community and in building alternatives to charcoals use. “UNDP is very pleased to support this training, but we are looking forward to your role as trainees in bringing about change in your community. It will be an achievement if we can help reduce charcoal production and use though training programmes such as this one,” she said. The Joint Program for Sustainable Charcoal Reduction and Alternative Livelihoods (PROSCAL) program works to achieve the priorities of Somaliland’s National Development Plan II , and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular SDG12 (responsible consumption and production) and SDG15 (life on land).

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UN issues warning of climate instability across Arab region

Climate Change News

Wednesday 8 August 2018

Climate change threatens conflict and poverty in the Arab region, according to the UN Development Programme (UNDP). In a report, published on Wednesday, the agency suggested climate risks could derail development gains, such as the decrease in infant mortality and the achievement of near universal primary education. Mourad Wahba, director of UNDP’s regional bureau for Arab States said that the over the past decade cycles of drought, “the frequency and severity of which are beyond anything seen for hundreds of years in the region”, had contributed to “famine and food insecurity, loss of livelihoods and life, and the displacement of millions”. The report found this could disrupt efforts to bring peace to the region. “Climate change with its direct impact on decreasing water and food security is feeding armed conflict,” the UNDP paper concluded. The Arab region has 14 of the world’s 20 most water-stressed countries and 90% of the region lies in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid zones.

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UNDP Report Discusses Climate-SDG Nexus in Arab Region

IISD

Wednesday 8 August 2018

Climate risks threaten development gains in the Arab region, and will lead to an increase in “eco-migrants” and undermine efforts to end poverty, inequality and hunger by 2030, according to a UN Development Programme (UNDP) report that highlights challenges and opportunities of building climate resilience in the region. The report titled, ‘Climate Change Adaptation in the Arab States: Best Practices and Lessons Learned,’ highlights results from recent UNDP projects in a region that includes 14 of the world’s 20 most water-stressed countries, and, based on current climate projections, will have a water supply equal to only 15% of 1960 levels by 2025. It includes recommendations based on lessons learned from UNDP’s adaptation work that will help countries mainstream, scale up and accelerate adaptation initiatives, and achieve the SDGs and the objectives of the Paris Agreement on climate change and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).

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National Energy Globe Award Grenada 2018

Energy Globe

Wednesday 8 August 2018

High Protein Animal Feed from recycled organic Waste Protein from Waste [PFW] is a unique and fully engineered facility that operates every day processing animal, fish and brewery waste by cooking it at 250 degrees Celsius until it is dry and free from pathogens for animal feed production. The cooking process is energy intensive; however, the company has overcome its economy of scale with a unique technology that converts recycled oil into a clean burning cooking fuel. Prior to the implementation of the Protein from Waste plant, Grenada was plagued with several major environmental, economic and social challenges. The indiscriminate dumping of hazardous waste oil which was fouling land, water and coastal resources while decomposition of organic waste led to the increase in air pollution by methane gas. The solution is to convert organic waste such as animal, fish and brewery waste into high grade protein feed for animals. Waste oil is used to produce steam for cooking the organic waste at high temperature. In other words, motor oil is converted into cooking fuel. It thereby makes the process more sustainable. In another process called “rendering,” water is removed from the processed waste so that it can be bagged and have a workable shelf-life as animal feed. The organization’s innovation is that their facility is the world’s smallest and the first rendering plant. They have fully proven their unique concept of using used motor oil as a fuel to render organic wastes into valuable products that benefit agriculture. The process also included boilers that are clean burning and capable of supplying energy made from burning used lubricating oils.

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EPA, UNDP Hold Regional Stakeholders Awareness Workshop on The Rio Conventions

Front Page Africa

Tuesday 7 August 2018

Recent deluge leading to disastrous flood in various parts of Liberia has raised eyebrow on the little attention being paid to effects of climate change and environmental degradation in the country. Liberia, a signatory to the Rio Convention, has not succeeded much in implementing these conventions which could avert some of these natural disasters caused by degrading the environment. But the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) through the Cross-Cutting Capacity Development project (CCD) is striving to capacitate stakeholders at community level across the country to strengthen and institutionalize commitments under the Rio Conventions. The three Rio Conventions—on Biodiversity, Climate Change and Desertification—derive directly from the 1992 Earth Summit. Each instrument represents a way of contributing to the sustainable development goals of Agenda 21. The three conventions are intrinsically linked, operating in the same ecosystems and addressing interdependent issues. At a two-day workshop in Ganta, Nimba County, the EPA brought together regional stakeholders like farmer corporations and environmental groups to broaden their understanding on their knowledge on how come environmental and biodiversity conservation. According to the Deputy Executive Director of the EPA, Randall M. Dobayou, the CCD project is intended for Liberia to make better decisions to meet and sustain global environmental obligations. However, he said, such would require “Liberia to have the capacity to coordinate efforts, as well as best practices for integrating global environmental priorities into planning, decision-making and reporting processes. To this end, the objective of the project is to strengthen a targeted set of national capacities to deliver and sustain global environmental outcomes within the framework of sustainable development priorities.”

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Supporting communities in climate change adaptation activities in Malawi

UNDP

Monday 6 August 2018

It cannot be debated that in Malawi, the livelihood of many people is heavily dependent on rain-fed agriculture. However, in recent years, the adverse impacts of Climate Change have been making the agriculture sector vulnerable. With the prolonged dry spells, seasonal droughts, changes in rainfall patterns and floods characterising the rainy seasons; these climate Change effects have been posing a serious risk to the productivity and profitability of crop farming in the country. To mitigate these challenges, UNDP in Malawi has been working hand in hand with the Government of Malawi to map pathways aimed at building resilient communities and minimize disruptions from climate disasters that affect everyday life and the local economy. The Government of Malawi - through the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining, with support from UNDP and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Least Developed Countries Fund - is implementing a project in 3 districts namely; Nkata-bay, Zomba and Ntcheu, to support the implementation of adaptation priorities through strengthened, decentralized and national development. The project aims at establishing and then demonstrate the institutional framework required to mainstream climate resilience and adaptation into development planning at local and national levels.

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Ecuador fortalece el trabajo para conservar sus bosques

Andes Info

Monday 6 August 2018

Con el objetivo de apoyar la ejecución de acciones relacionadas con el manejo forestal sostenible y actividades REDD+, la tarde de este viernes, John Preissing, representante de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura en Ecuador (FAO), y Tarsicio Granizo, ministro del Ambiente, firmaron un convenio para la implementación conjunta de varios procesos del proyecto PROAmazonía a nivel nacional, con énfasis en la región amazónica. La suscripción de este documento permitirá, hasta 2022, fortalecer el sistema de trazabilidad forestal y el sistema de monitoreo comunitario de bosques, la generación de información para la segunda Evaluación Nacional Forestal y la operativización de los sistemas de información para REDD+. Lea también: Ecuador presentó Estrategia Nacional de Educación Ambiental John Preissing y Nuno Queiros, representante adjunto del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo, destacaron que este tipo de colaboración interinstitucional permite aunar esfuerzos y diseñar mecanismos para enfrentar los impactos ocasionados por el cambio climático que afectan a los medios de vida de la población rural y que, en su mayoría, están ligados a la producción de alimentos. Nuevo modelo de desarrollo Por su parte, el ministro Granizo reconoció que “los temas forestales son fundamentales y hay que acudir a los que han liderado experiencias exitosas, como lo es la FAO en Ecuador, que se han involucrado en este proceso que busca un nuevo modelo de desarrollo para la Amazonía, pues estamos convencidos de que no podemos hablar de conservación si no hay beneficio para las comunidades que se deben a ellas y que a la vez conservan nuestros ecosistemas”. PROAmazonía inició su implementación en el mes de mayo de 2017, mediante una colaboración intersectorial entre el Ministerio del Ambiente del Ecuador y el Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería, con el financiamiento del Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial (GEF, por sus siglas en inglés) y del Fondo Verde para el Clima (GCF, por sus siglas en inglés). Esta intervención cuenta con el apoyo del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo y tiene como objetivo abordar la relación entre bosques y producción agropecuaria sostenible, mediante la disminución de las causas y agentes de la deforestación, así como la promoción de un manejo responsable e integrado de los recursos naturales que contribuyan a la reducción de la pobreza y al desarrollo social y económico de la población. Lea también: Ministro resalta declaratoria de la Unesco sobre el Chocó Andino

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Ghana: Bongo District Gets 4 Climate Change Adaptation Projects for Food Security

All Africa

Monday 6 August 2018

Four Adaptation Climate Fund Sub-Projects have been launched at the Aliba Community in the Bongo District of the Upper East Region to increase incomes and guarantee food sufficiency. They are dry season gardening, Integrated Beekeeping and Environmental Protection (IBEP), fishing and tree growing. The one year sub-projects being implemented in Yidongo, Gorigo, Adaboya, Vea, Amanga, Kukua and Aliba communities are climate change adaptation focused and aimed at increasing household's incomes and reducing food insecurity especially among women. The projects are being implemented by META Foundation, LINK Ghana, Rural Education and Agriculture Development International (READI) and the Community Self Reliance Centre (COSREC), all Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) with funding from the Adaptation Fund Project (AFP) of the United Nations Development Programme ( UNDP). The Ministry of Environment Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI) through the Upper East Regional Directorate of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is providing monitoring and supervisory services.

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Bénin/ Ministère de l’Energie : Les cadres en formation pour l’élaboration d’un plan stratégique

Les Pharaons

Monday 6 August 2018

Le ministère en charge de l’Energie aura bientôt son plan stratégique pour la période 2019-2023. Mais en attendant cela, les cadres de ce département ministériel ont participé à un atelier sur la méthodologie d’élaboration du plan stratégique. Il s’est tenu le 31 Juillet 2018 à Porto-Novo. Une occasion de renforcer leurs capacités afin d’atteindre les objectifs qui seront fixés dans ce plan. Le Ministère de l’Energie veut mettre fin à l’improvisation et à la navigation à vue pour les cinq prochaines années. Les cadres et les partenaires techniques et financiers ont alors décidé d’élaborer une feuille de route afin de relever les nombreux défis qui les attendent. L’ambition du Gouvernement pour le secteur de l’énergie rejoint celle de du 7ème Objectif pour le développement durable (Odd). C’est celle de rendre une énergie propre disponible pour tous et à un coût abordable. A en croire les cadres du ministère, cette convergence de vues facilite la collaboration entre le Programme des nations unies pour le développement (Pnud) et ce ministère. Selon le Ministre Jean-Claude Houssou, les enjeux au cœur de l’élaboration du Plan stratégique sont normes et requièrent des cadres de son ministère de l’abnégation, la disponibilité, l’appropriation d’une démarche méthodologique optimale Quant à Siaka Coulibaly, le représentant-résident du Pnud au Bénin, il a déclaré que son institution ne ménagera aucun effort pour apporter son appui pour le bon aboutissement du processus en cours. Il faut souligner que plusieurs communications ont meublé cette rencontre. D’importantes recommandations ont été faites à l’issue de ces travaux.

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St. Vincent & the Grenadines climate change campaign kicks off in communities

ReliefWeb

Thursday 2 August 2018

Three places in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – Mesopotamia, Vermont and Bequia – have been the kick off spots for a climate change public education programme being implemented by the United Nations Development Programme’s Japan Caribbean Climate Change Partnership (UNDP J-CCCP) in coordination with the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The campaign will started in the three communities with the dissemination of posters and raising of banners highlighting specifically tailored climate messages as well as engagement with community members on climate impacts. The engagements will be followed by the promotion of a climate song and video entitled, Climate Action, on local radio and television stations. The song was written by Damion McTair and fellow artiste Adrian Wright and features local songstress Danielle Viera. ”Public awareness and public education is an important component of the push to integrate climate change considerations into every aspect of life of the Vincentian populace,” said Nyasha Hamilton, Environmental Educator and National Climate Change Focal Point in Saint Vincent. The campaign has also seen engagement among the youth population with a photo and video competition and several school visits sensitising the young people about climate change. Climate change – the long-term changes in the weather associated mainly with natural and manmade activities – is viewed as perhaps the greatest threat to national development especially for small island developing states. Islands like Saint Vincent and the Grenadines have been impacted by stronger hurricanes, longer droughts, more frequent flash flooding and sea level rise in the last 20 years. In December 2013 for example, damages from the troughs impacting the island were estimated at US$93.3 million (13% of its Gross Domestic Product).

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Climate change Adaptation Fund unveiled in Nadowli-Kaleo

Business Ghana

Thursday 2 August 2018

An Adaptation Fund Project targeted at addressing climate change issues and its related effects on rural farmers in the Northern, Upper East and Upper West regions has been unveiled in Nadowli-Kaleo District of the Upper West Region. Ten communities in the district are expected to benefit from the project, which was unveiled by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) – Ghana’s implementing partner, the Coalition for Change (C4C). The 10 months project is aimed at addressing climate change induced decreases in the availability and increasing unpredictability of water resources and the associated negative impacts of the trends on livelihoods of rural communities in Upper West, Upper East and Northern regions. In a News statement copied to the Ghana News Agency (GNA) in Wa on Monday, Mr Jacob Agyakinla, C4C Executive Director, said the Nadowli-Kaleo District was among the 10 pilot districts. The project seeks to enhance resilience and adaptive capacity of communities to climate impacts and risks on water resources in Northern Ghana.The statement said the project objective would be achieved through improvement in water access and increased institutional capacity. It would also be realised with coordination for integrated water management to support other uses of water resources, especially for the diversification of rural livelihoods.Other uses include; dry-season gardening activities, fish farming, bee-keeping activities, establishment of tree seedling nurseries, incorporating cultural values in river and dam basin protection and establishing agricultural processing schemes like; Shea butter and groundnut oil extraction among others. According to the statement, sub-projects like; dry season gardening, beekeeping and fish farming were carried out in Jang, Goli, Nanvilli, Takpo and Zukpiri communities where over 100 farmers were benefitting in the district. The Environmental Protection Agency together with the Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI) is supporting the project.C4C, a Wa based Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) focuses on raising secured families using ecologically sustainable local farm base strategies, adaptable income generating activities and available forms of education as means of closing poverty gap in Ghana. The NGO has been working with poor households in deprived communities to eliminate identified forms of obstruction to full attainment of basic human stateliness through participatory approaches. The aim is to reduce poverty using gender mainstreaming, self-help communal spirit and promoting quality education.

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Rain does not bring fear anymore: Families receive safe roofs over their heads

UNDP

Thursday 2 August 2018

Four years after the devastating floods and landslides that hit Bosnia and Herzegovina, hundreds of families are looking forward to their new homes that will be built as part of the European Union and UNDP project. „I was at home when the landslide begun moving“ Đorđa clearly remembers May 2014 when, after record-breaking rainfalls that affected the whole region, his life changed irreversibly. Literally overnight his humble home surrounded by lush greenery near city of Modriča became source of everyday fear. Without regular income and, thus, possibility to move away and build a new house, Đorđa and his wife Dušanka have been living in peril for the past four years. „I can not sleep“ he says. „Every time it rains, I wonder if the house will start moving“. More than one hundred kilometers away, Imamovic family from Kalesija is experiencing the same problem. This comes as no surprise as 2014 floods and landslides affected one quarter of the Bosnia and Herzegovina territory and around one million people. The damages were astronomical, resulting in many families and communities not recovering even after four years have passed. „Imagine how it would feel if you were in this situation“ Hasida Imamovic asks simply pointing at the deep cracks on the walls of home she shares with her husband, two children and husband's parents. As Đorđa, Imamovic family looks at the cloudy sky with discomfort. „How can we not be afraid? Especially when it rains, day after day“ says Hasida. „We spent many of our nights awake since the landslide appeared”

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Kisiwa cha marashi kiko hatarini kutokana na mabadiliko ya tabia nchi:UNDP

UN News

Wednesday 1 August 2018

Comoro, ni kisiwa kimesheheni fukwe mwanana, milima ya volkano, manukato ya maua ya ylang-ylang yanayotoa mafuta ya uzuri, lavani au vanila na karafuu, ni kisiwa kilichoko kwenye baharí ya Hindi katikati ya Afrika na Madagascar, kisiwa hiki ni maarufu kama ‘kisiwa cha marashi” Kwa mujibu wa shirika la Umoja wa Mataifa la mpango wa maendeleo, UNDP Paradiso hii hivi sasa iko njia panda kutokana na mabadiliko ya tabia nchi yanayotishia maisha ya watu wanaoendeleza mazoea ya kilimo cha jadi kinachokiweka kisiwa hiki katika hatari kubwa. Kisiwa hiki ni moja ya visiwa vidogo kabisa na masikini zaidi barani Afrika. Kilimo kinasalia kuwa uti wa mgongo wa maisha ya Wacomoro huku zaidi ya asilimia 30 ya wafanyakazi wa taifa hilo wakipata ujira na kumudu maisha yao kupitia mashamba. Takriban watu 200,000 wanategemea kilimo kwa kila kit na hawa ujuzi wowote katika kilimo, katika wakati huu ambao elimu ya jadi inatoweka , wakulima hawa wanahitaji kuelimishwa, kupata tarifa, na nyezo za kwenda sanjari na mabadiliko ya tabia nchi kuliko wakati mwingine wowote . Kwa mujibu wa UNDP ukosefu wa mbinu za kisasa umewasababishia wakulima wengi hasara kubwa , mtego wa umasikini na kuzuia uwezo wa nchi hiyo kufikia malengo ya kupunguza umasikini, kuwa na uhakika wa chakula na malengo mengine yaliyoainishwa katika ajenda ya maendeleo endelevu ya 2030. Njia mojawapo inayotumiwa na serikali kuwasaidia wananchi kukabiliana na hali hiyo ni kupitia mradi wa “ Kuimarisha uwezo wa kuhimili na mnepo dhidi ya mabadiliko ya tabia nchi katika sekta ya kilimo (CRCCA) . Mradi ambao unafadhiliwa namfuko wa kituo cha kimataifa cha mazingira kwa nchi zilizo na maendeleo duni (GEF-LDCF) na UNDP. Mradi huo unajitahidi kuhakikisha wakulimanchini Comoro wana uwezo, nyenzo na teknolojia wanayohitaji kupunguza hatari ya m,abadiliko ya tabia nchi kwenye mifumo ya kilimo. Mradi huo ulioanzishwa mwaka 2014 umeshasaidia karibu jamii 200 za wakulima ambao wako katika hatari ya mabadiliko ya tabia nchi katika kisiwa hicho.

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FROM THE FIELD: Indian Ocean perfume islands threatened by climate change

UN News

Wednesday 1 August 2018

Farmers living on the Indian Ocean Comoros archipelago are being supported through a UN Development Programme (UNDP) initiative, to adapt to climate change in an effort to ensure they can continue to prosper in one of Africa’s poorest nations. Some 200,000 Comorians rely solely on agriculture to make a living from crops such as ylang-ylang, vanilla and clove; fragrant plants which have led many to name the small island nation, the perfume islands. But, changes to the climate are upending traditional agricultural practices and threatening the islanders’ livelihoods. UNDP has partnered with the Government of Comoros to mentor farmers in a new agricultural approach.

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