Climate Change Adaptation in the News

October 2018

October 2018

Forests: A natural solution to climate change, crucial for a sustainable future

UNDP

Thursday 18 October 2018

Throughout history, times of crisis have yielded extraordinary innovation and social cooperation. Not only has this been essential for conquering many seemingly insurmountable challenges, but it has also shown one of the greatest strengths of human nature: we can best face and overcome crises through joint, creative action. Anthropogenic climate change constitutes one such historical crisis. The UN-REDD Programme, a joint undertaking of FAO, UNDP and UN Environment to fight deforestation and forest degradation, was developed to advance the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and to foster innovative and collaborative approaches to address the existential challenge of climate change. Founded 10 years ago with the sustained and substantial support of Denmark, Japan, Luxembourg, Norway, Spain, Switzerland and the European Union, UN-REDD was the first joint global UN programme on climate change; it has been a pioneer of innovative policy and financing approaches to valuing and protecting forests and their social and ecosystem services. The Programme now encompasses 64 partner countries, and it has become a flagship UN partnership for the Paris Agreement and for delivering on the Sustainable Development Agenda. Today, it is a global knowledge hub for solutions to deforestation and forest degradation and a major world partner in the implementation of nature-based solutions to climate change. The Programme has accompanied its partner countries in improving governance and advancing national policy and institutional systems to safeguard forests and mitigate climate change. Ecuador, for example, with support from the Programme, became the second country after Brazil to meet all the requirements for the REDD+ mechanism (known as the Warsaw Framework for REDD+). Since 2012, Ecuador has reported reductions of over 28 million tonnes of CO2 emissions; in 2017 it became the first country to receive Green Climate Fund investment to co-finance its national REDD+ Action Plan.

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University of Liberia to Commence Environmental Studies Soon

Front Page Africa

Wednesday 17 October 2018

In preparation for the commencement of University of Liberia (UL)’s graduate program in environmental studies, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of Liberia in collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) concluded a four-day technical workshop to develop a curriculum for Master’s in Environmental Studies for the tertiary institution. The technical training which ran from 18-21 October 2018 in Gbarnga, Bong County attracted 30 participants including UL President and Vice President of Graduate studies, heads of curriculum development and various departments at UL, as well as representatives of the EPA and partners of regional programs were tasked on developing a draft curriculum, reviewing and producing a final draft, which is expected to be submitted for further review and validation by relevant authorities of UL.

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Adaptation Fund Board Moves to Accelerate Innovative Adaptation Actions through New Grant Funding Windows

Adaptation Fund

Wednesday 17 October 2018

The Adaptation Fund Board made several substantial decisions during its 32nd meeting in Bonn, Germany last week, which will contribute to implementing the Fund’s medium-term strategy to respond to the urgency of climate change by accelerating and enhancing the quality of adaptation actions in developing countries, scaling up innovative projects and disseminating knowledge of effective Fund actions...

New projects approved included an innovative US$ 1.4 million Direct Access project in Armenia by EPIU to manage floods as well as pit waste through closed stone facilities; a US$ 7.9 million regional project by WMO to manage flood, drought and early warning systems in integrated ways in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali and Togo; and a US$ 10 million regional project by UNDP to restore marine ecosystems in Mauritius and Seychelles by rehabilitating coral reefs. Another US$ 160,000 in project formulation grants were approved among 10 project concepts and pre-concepts endorsed by the Board.

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Liberia: 51 Vulnerable Youth and Women Trained in Production of Energy Efficient Cook Stoves

Front Page Africa

Tuesday 16 October 2018

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted a 3-day technical training session to train 51 local inhabitants from seven counties, in the production of energy efficient cook stoves. This initiative is supported by the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) project implemented by the EPA with support from United Nations Development Programme and funded by the Green Climate Fund. The participants (27 females and 24 males), are unemployed vulnerable youth and women without skills, that were selected from communities in Bong, Margibi, Nimba, Grand Cape Mount, Bomi, Lofa and Grand Bassa Counties by the EPA. During the exercise which took place in the City of Gbarnga, Bong County, the Deputy Executive Director of the EPA, Randall Dobayou emphasized that the right to a conducive environment is a human right that the EPA and its partners are committed to supporting. He noted that the training, besides boosting efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emission and air pollution, will reduce the health risks associated with the use of traditional cook stoves, reduce the time spent by women in cooking and enable them time for additional activities.

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98th Meeting of the Development Committee

UNDP

Friday 12 October 2018

As the UN Secretary-General has said “climate change is running faster than us and we are running out of time” as confirmed by the findings of the new report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).  According to the IPCC, global warming is likely to reach 1.5°C between 2030 and 2052 if it continues to increase at the current rate. Limiting global warming to 1.5°C would avoid some of the more dangerous scenarios of climate change. For example, by 2100, global sea level rise would be 10 cm lower with global warming of 1.5°C compared with 2°C, which would expose 10 million fever people to sea level rise. It would also expose several hundred million fewer people to risk and poverty by 2050 compared with 2°C. Every bit of extra warming makes a difference. Limiting global warming to 1.5°C requires urgent, ambitious and collective climate action in all areas.  

Climate action provides an unprecedented opportunity to unlock massive economic and social benefits that can help us achieve the SDGs. Recent studies  have found that low-carbon growth could deliver at least US$26 trillion in economic benefits by 2030 and create over 65 million new jobs. Climate action and socio-economic progress are mutually supportive.
Achim Steiner statement as prepared

... The Urgency of Climate Action

We need strong political will and leadership to push for urgent and ambitious action now. As articulated by the UN Secretary-General, key priorities will include urgent shift to renewable energy by phasing out fossil fuels and expanding carbon price market - while also curbing existing and future energy demand through energy efficiency solutions.  

Renewable energy is becoming increasingly available and affordable, with the market share growing from 16.7 per cent in 2010 to 17.5 per cent in 2015 and is expected to reach 21 per cent by 2030.  According to IRENA, the global energy transition could contribute up to US$10 trillion every year by 2050 and boost the world GDP.  

We need to significantly boost public and private investment, including innovative financing mechanisms, for climate action.  This includes ensuring developed countries honor their financial pledges under the Paris Agreement, including the US$100 billion per year by 2020 pledge.  This also means rigorous and transparent tracking of global public and private finance flows to ensure accuracy.

Financing adaptation and resilience is also critical. While the world takes steps to reduce carbon emissions, for many of the most vulnerable and most exposed, this may be too little, too late.  A strong focus on adaptation and risk reduction is necessary to ensure we can sustain and advance national development priorities and achieve the 2030 Agenda.

We are hopeful that we can achieve the ambitious goals set out under the Paris Agreement, as the motto for the 2019 climate summit states – it is “A Race We Can Win”. We should build on the progress being made. For example, the International Development Finance Club (IDFC) has recently reported that in 2017 its members committed USD$196 billion in climate finance and USD$24 billion to other environmental objectives.  The IDFC also reported that despite doubling from 2016, adaptation to climate change still represents 4 per cent of its total green finance.

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What tiny Bhutan can teach the world about being carbon negative

CNN

Thursday 11 October 2018

High up in the Eastern Himalayas is one of the greenest countries in the world. While many nations are struggling to reduce their carbon emissions, the Kingdom of Bhutan is already carbon negative: it takes more greenhouse gasses from the atmosphere than it emits. "Bhutan is the only country in the world that by its own constitution protects its forests," explains Juergen Nagler, of the UN Development Program in Bhutan.

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UNDP Chief says clock ticking on climate action

UNDP

Monday 8 October 2018

New York 8th October 2018 : UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner joined the chorus for climate change action following the release of a UN report that delivers a warning on warming temperatures. 

The special report from IPCC, made the case for urgent action around the world to keep global warming to within a 1.5-degree Celsius increase, or face more frequent and more powerful weather events, and a worsening quality of life for millions of people.

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Pakistan: 250 small-scale engineering structures to be established to reduce effects of Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF)

Urdu Point

Wednesday 3 October 2018

ISLAMABAD 3 October 2018: With Green Climate Fund finance, at least 250 small-scale engineering structures - such as tree plantation, controlled drainage and mini dams - are to be established to reduce the effects of glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) events on livelihoods. Implementation partners of the project include the Ministry of Climate Change, Khyber Pakthunkhwa, Gilgit-Baltistan, Planning and Development Department and Pakistan Meteorological Department. 

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