Climate change impacts are already visible throughout Ecuador. Studies conducted in the snow-capped mountains, estimate a loss of approximately 40 percent of the Ecuadorean glacier coverage over the past century.
Furthermore, researchers were able to determine the association between changes in temperature and precipitation and the distribution of vectors such as _Aedes aegypti, _and it was concluded for the first time that the altitude limit of this mosquito species reaches 1000 meters above sea level in the foothills of the Cordillera Occidental, and 1650 meters in the Cordillera Oriental (Navarro, J.C, et.al, 2015). The oceanic zone is not excepted from the effects of climate change: the analysis of long-term trends in sea surface temperature shows an increase of 1 ° C (Breaker et.al, 2016). This increase in temperature could endanger marine species in a similar way to El Niño-related events which have been associated with the death of 70 percent of the penguins, 90 percent of the sea lions or 50 % of the cormorants in the Galapagos Islands (Palacios, et. al., 2011).