Democratic Republic of the Congo

Like most African countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo is in the process of implementing the United Nations Framework Agreement on Climate change. Within the framework of its Initial National Communication, it has undertaken studies on the country’s vulnerability and adaptation strategy in priority areas such as water resources, agriculture and coastline. The country’s objective in terms of water resources is mainly to ensure correct water supply to the populations of major urban centres such as Kinshasa, Lubumbashi and Kananga. The water catchment, production and distribution infrastructure will therefore have to be rehabilitated and/or developed. In the agricultural area, the major challenge is for DRC to ensure food security in the long term despite changing weather conditions. The Democratic Republic of Congo is a totally land-locked country with a few km-long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean; it is limited to the west by the Kabinda District of Angola and the Republic of Congo, to the north, by the Central African Republic and Sudan, to the east, by Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania, and to the south, by Zambia and Angola. It extends over a total area of about 2,350,000 square km. In Africa, only Sudan and Algeria have a larger territory than DRC. DRC’s territory stretches between Latitude 5°30' North and Latitude 13°50' South and one-third of the country area is located north of the Equator. DRC offers an exceptionally great diversity of biomes, ecosystems, habitats including notably dry rainforests or Muhulu, open woodland forests or Miombo, the full savannah range as well as cloud and gallery forests. A vast network of protected areas representing about 8% of the national territory preserve this variety of ecosystems.The country’s landscape is dominated by the world’s second largest area of tropical rainforest—which stores 8 per cent of global forest carbon—as well as mountainous terraces, plateaus, savannahs, grasslands and mountains. Although incredibly rich in natural resources such as timber, energy, minerals and gemstones, the DRC is presently ranked 168 out of 169 on the UNDP’s Human Development Index. DRC is one of the most populated countries in Africa with an estimated population of 52,100,000 inhabitants in 1999 growing at a rate of about 3%. Worsening socio-economic conditions, political instability and civil war have contributed to increased migration from the rural areas towards the cities. About 70 per cent of the economy is informal, and dominated by rural sectors; industrial development remains embryonic. Per capita GDP in 2008 was US$182. There is an enormous legacy of conflict in the country due to the Second Congo War (1998 to 2003). Insecurity persists in the east of the country and continues to cause the loss of human life and limit development efforts. Substantial environmental damage and degradation has been one of many results of the country’s past and present conflicts.

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National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This country briefing on the process to formulate and implement National Adaptation Plans in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) considers firstly the country context and the climate change risks. The groundwork for supporting NAPs is reviewed, covering the policy, planning and budgetary framework, priority adaptation sectors in the NDC, climate assessments, the implementation of adaptation actions and plans thus far. The briefing contains a timeline of the process to formulate and implement NAPs in the DRC. Challenges, successes and opportunities are also discussed.

National Adaptation Plans Readiness in Democratic Republic of the Congo

The “National Adaptation Plans Readiness in Democratic Republic of the Congo” support grant from the Green Climate Fund will provide resources for readiness and preparatory activities and technical assistance to build capacity to undertake GCF-related activities and develop a strategic framework for engagement with GCF.  

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is endowed with enormous natural resources potential that could drive its economic development and the continent’s growth. It also has favorable climatic and geological conditions and an extensive network of rivers including the River Congo. Yet, it was ranked as the poorest nation in the world in 2013.

The newly created Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development – where the Nationally Designated Authority (NDA) is hosted – lacks both human and financial capacity. The Ministry’s staffs lack relevant technical and operational skills, making it difficult to effectively engage with the GCF. The readiness grant will support stakeholder engagement across the country and DRC’s efforts to plan for climate change impacts and align on-going development processes for the National Adaptation Programme (NAP), Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA), and Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) with the GCF’s investment criteria.

Through the grant, the DRC expects to see the capacity of its NDA strengthened to carry out GCF-related tasks and a smooth engagement with the GCF arising from the implementation of the country programme to be developed as a result of this support.

Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (22.055590120037 -4.093518537273)
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
US$1,270,000 GCF grant
Project Details: 

The DRC is the second largest country in Africa (almost two-third the size of Western Europe) with a landmass of 2,344,799 sq.km. It is endowed with enormous natural resources potential that could drive its economic development and the continent’s growth. The country has more than 130 million hectares, including 11 million ha of forest making up 10% of global tropical forest. Only about 3% of its landmass is hither to exploited. It also has favourable climatic and geological conditions (making it possible to harvest 3-4 crops annually) and an extensive network of rivers including the River Congo (2nd in the world in terms of flow rate, which helped build the powerful Inga hydropower dam). DRC has over 1,100 minerals and precious metals.

Yet, it was ranked as the poorest nation in the world in 2013, with a GDP per capita on a purchasing power parity basis of less than US$400. Also, it remains a fragile state that is slowly recovering from over two decades of political and economic instability. It also continues to face rebellions, which threaten its institutions and the population’s security. DRC’s main challenge is to lift itself out of its fragile situation and rise to a new level of development commensurate with its potential.

The country also has a high rate of deforestation – within the top ten in the world. Most of this loss of forest cover is due to family/small-scale farming for energy needs. CO2 emissions nationally are around 3 million metric tons per year, equating to around 0.04 metric tons per person. Between 1960 and 2010 the population of DRC more than tripled to 64 million people. Approximately 70% of this population rely on agriculture for their nutrition and livelihoods, but only around 7% of the country’s area, mostly around cities, is cultivated or has livestock.

Due to climate change, temperatures are set to increase between 1 and 3 degrees Celsius. Changing temperatures are likely to have a detrimental impact of human health, especially by changing the geographical distribution of diseases. Additionally, malaria incidence is expected to rise. The national adaptation capacity will need to increase significantly to absorb these changes.

Rainfall changes are less certain – models predict both increases and decreases in different parts of the country. Models do agree, however, that crop yields will increase in some areas of the country, such as Kivu and decrease in others, like Bandundu. Water scarcity is not an issue for the DRC, due to substantial existing resources, however people’s access to this water is an ongoing problem. Heavy rains are causing erosion and are damaging infrastructure and settlements.

The Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index ranked DRC as 161st out of 180 countries in terms of vulnerability at second to worst (183rd out of 184th) with regard to readiness.

Previous engagement with GCF

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been actively engaged with the GCF from its inception, starting from the nomination of an alternative member of the GCF Board from DRC. The country then appointed a Focal Point on 18 August 2014. Later on, a National Coordination Team for the Green Climate Fund, within the Ministry of Environment, Natural Conservation and Tourism was nominated as National Designated Authority (NDA) for DRC (11 April 2015).

The DRC has actively been engaging the GCF since the designation of the FP in various ways (meetings in the margins of the COP in Lima, emails, skype calls, etc.).

As one of the first REDD+ target countries, due its huge forest ecosystem potential, DRC has been implementing REDD+ readiness activities and making pilot investments to mitigate some of the key drivers of deforestation and forest degradation since 2011.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: NDA capacity strengthened to undertake GCF-related responsibilities

1.1 Presentations or other climate and development-related information materials

1.2 Summaries of meetings of country coordination mechanism and multi-stakeholder engagement, including list of participants

1.3 Annual report on activities of the Fund and other relevant funding mechanisms and institutions in the country

1.4 Information materials on the operational procedures of the Fund in local languages (where relevant) and distribution lists of recipients

Outcome 2: Strategic framework for engagement with the GCF developed

2.1 Country programme, including elements provided in the Fund’s Initial Guidelines for Country Programme

2.2 Summaries of meetings of multi-stakeholder engagement, including list of participants

Contacts: 
UNDP
Julie Teng
Location: 
Display Photo: 
Expected Key Results and Outputs (Summary): 

Outcome 1: NDA capacity strengthened to undertake GCF-related responsibilities

Outcome 2: Strategic framework for engagement with the GCF developed

Project Dates: 
2018 to 2020

TBB

Thematic Area: 
Civil Society Engagement

Supporting Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to advance their NAP Process

Status of assistance to DRC for their NAP process

  • A request from the Government of DR Congo was received by NAP-GSP, to support the development of a programmatic approach to adaptation, including through adaptation planning processes. A mission took place from 21-30 October 2016, to consult stakeholders on adaptation priorities and key activities to advance the NAP process. As a result of the mission, a stocktaking report was developed by NAP-GSP on the degree of integration of CCA into budgeting and planning processes at all level (national, sectoral, local). The stocktaking report has also identified the most urgent adaptation needs and the underlying strategic actions needed to implement them.
  • The Ministry of Environment, Conservation of Nature and Tourism (MECNT), through its Directorate for Sustainable Development (DDD), requested support from the NAP-GSP in 2014 to launch the NAP process in the DRC. Following a support mission in October 2014, which facilitated a national stakeholder consultation, the Government adopted a NAP roadmap to advance the NAP process in the DR Congo.
  • A National Adaptation Plan awareness and mobilization workshop was held in Kinshasa,  DRC from 1 to 3 October, 2014. The workshop was led by the Government of DRC, and organised by the national NAP team with support from the UNDP Country Office and NAP-GSP. Technical support was provided by  UNDP and GIZ. 
  • A National Adaptation Plan awareness and mobilization workshop was held in Kinshasa,  DRC from 1 to 3 October, 2014. The workshop was led by the Government of DRC, and organised by the national NAP team with support from the UNDP Country Office and NAP-GSP. Technical support was provided by  UNDP and GIZ. 

> More on the NAP Workshop in DRC

  • A delegation from DRC attended the NAP-GSP Training Workshop for African Francophone countries in Addis Ababa in April 2014. Following this regional workshop, the NAP Focal Point, Jean Ndembo, and the DRC participants to the workshop, with support of UNDP, continued preparing to launch their NAP process and requested support from the NAP-GSP for a national workshop.
  • DRC is also embarking on the development of its 'Vision 2035' Strategy with the expert support of UNDP. Vision 2035 will consider aspects of climate change adaptation. It was proposed that the NAP could build on Vision 2035 and that the NAP-GSP could help identify political entry-points for long term adaptation planning through Vision 2015.
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (15.336914047514 -4.3740168934676)
Funding Source: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

DRC NAP Training Workshop

The DRC National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Training Workshop took place from 1-3 October 2014 at the Cercle Elaïs in Kinshasa, DRC. The meeting was organized and led by the Government of DRC with support from NAP-GSP, the UNDP Country Office and GWP. Additional support was provided by GIZ.


Click the links below to access resources, presentations and information about the DRC NAP Training Workshop:

> PowerPoint presentations 

 

The DRC NAP Training Workshop was an opportunity to plan and develop sectoral activities to support longer term adaptation planning. It also facilitated stakeholder dialogue to determine the appropriate institutional arrangements for the implementation of the NAP process. An important objective was to engage political decision makers and policy makers at the very start of the NAP process in DRC. Approximately 50 participants attended the workshop from the Min. of Environment, Min. of Finance, Min. of Agriculture, Min. of Planning, Min. of Health, Min. of Budget, Min. of water and Electricity resources, Min. of Home Affairs, Min. of Gender, Min. of Transport, METTELSAT (Meteorological institute), Civil Society, University of Kinshasa, UNEP, African Model Forests Network, AfDB and WB. During the workshop, key stakeholders made presentations on the context of the NAP in the DRC and presented relevant activities, initiatives and findings. Specific technical presentations were delivered by NAP-GSP collaborating partners GIZ on vulnerability assessments and M&E, and by UNDP on appraising adaptation options and climate scenarios. The participants were also trained on the UNFCCC/LEG Technical Guidelines and discussed their implementation in working groups. On the last day of the workshop, the participants gathered in working groups to draft a roadmap for the NAP process for DRC.

News and Updates: 

 NAP launch kick starts longer-term, integrated adaptation planning in DRC

5 October 2014, Kinshasa,  Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC):National Adaptation Plan awareness and mobilization workshop was held at the Cercle Elaïs in Kinshasa,  DRC from 1 to 3 October, 2014. The workshop was was led by the Government of DRC, and organised by the national NAP team with support from the UNDP Country Office and NAP-GSP. Technical support was provided by  UNDP and GIZ. 
 
At the workshop opening session, Etienne de Sousa, Team Leader Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development, UNDP CO said; "The issues and challenges of climate change compel us to go beyond current efforts and to consider medium and long term approaches. It is imperative that adaptation be integrated into sectoral and/or local development plans. This is why a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) will be formulated. This workshop is an opportunity to build a base for inter-sectoral dialogue and to agree upon the type of mechanism and measures which should be put in place to foster enhanced resilience to climate change impacts and natural disasters."
 
Mr Katsuva, Representative of the Secretary General of the Ministry of Environment, said: "The NAP process will pave the way for climate change integration into development plans, both at national and provincial levels, and will further define a multisectoral framework to coordinate adaptation actions in our country".


The overall objective of the workshop was to assist the Congolese government to sensitize and mobilize stakeholders in the NAP process. 
The specific objectives were to: 
  • Improve understanding of the PNA process according to the technical guidelines of the UNFCCC / LEG for the NAP process; 
  • Discuss lessons learned from initiatives to integrate climate change and others, for example through the NAPA; 
  • Discuss potential entry points for the NAP process in the DRC taking into account the political economy, the existing processes for policy, planning, strategy and budgeting and relevant projects and programs; 
  • Identify the technical and institutional needs and priorities to support the integration of adaptation to climate change in the medium and long term planning and national and subnational existing processes; 
  • Establish a roadmap that will guide the next steps in the implementation of the NAP for DRC
During the mission to DRC, the NAP-GSP team also identified specific needs and gaps in capabilities related to the advancement of NAP process in the DRC, towards the formulation of a NAP road map.
 
Following the NAP-GSP Training Worshop for African Francophone countries in Addis Ababa in April 2014, which was atended by a deligation from the DRC, a small DRC working group was set up to prepare the formulation of the NAP for the DRC. 
 
The DRC NAP Training Workshop was an opportunity to plan and develop sectoral activities to support longer term adaptation planning. It also facilitated stakeholder dialogue to determine the appropriate institutional arrangements for the implementation of the NAP process. An important objective was to engage political decision makers and policy makers at the very start of the NAP process in DRC. Approximately 50 participants attended the workshop from the Min. of Environment, Min. of Finance, Min. of Agriculture, Min. of Planning, Min. of Health, Min. of Budget, Min. of water and Electricity resources, Min. of Home Affairs, Min. of Gender, Min. of Transport, METTELSAT (Meteorological institute), Civil Society, University of Kinshasa, UNEP, African Model Forests Network, AfDB and WB. Technical and Financial Partner representatives attended from UNDP, FAO, USAID, BM, ADB, GIZ, WHO and IFAD.

During the workshop, key stakeholders made presentations on the context of the NAP in the DRC and presented relevant activities, initiatives and findings. Specific technical presentations were delivered by NAP-GSP collaborating partners GIZ on vulnerability assessments and M&E, and by UNDP on appraising adaptation options and climate scenarios. The participants were also trained on the UNFCCC/LEG Technical Guidelines and discussed their implementation in working groups. On the last day of the workshop, the participants gathered in working groups to draft a roadmap for the NAP process for DRC.
 
The NAP process is building on achievements and lessons learned from previous adaptation initiatives implemented, including the economics of adaptation initiative. Representatives from the Interdepartmental Group on the Economics of Adaptation attended the NAP workshop, comprising 16 people from the Department of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Khonde Makoso,  Ministry of Water Resources and Electricity, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Ministry of Health, Dept. of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Dept. of Humanitarian Action, and Dept. of Gender, Women, Family and Children.

 

Information in French / Informations en français: 

Etat de l'appui au processus PNA de la RDC

  • Un atelier national de sensibilisation et de formation s'est tenu à Kinshasa, RDC; du 1er au 3 octobre 2014. L'atelier était conduit par le Gouvernement de la RDC et organisé par l'équipe du PNA au niveau national avec l'appui du bureau pays du PNUD et le PAG-PNA. L'appui technique était également fourni par le PNUD et la GIZ.
  • 50 participants ont participé à cet atelier et représentaient les ministères de l'Environnement, des Finances, de l'Agriculture, du Plan, de la Santé, du Budget, des ressources hydrauliques et énergétiques, de l'Intérieur, du Genre, des transports, la METTELSAT, la société civile, l'Université de Kinshasa, le PNUE, le Réseau africains des forêts modèles, la BAD et la BM.
  • Au cours de l'atelier, les principales parties prenantes ont présenté le contexte du PNA aux Comores ainsi que les activités, initiatives et informations pertinentes pour le processus PNA. Des présentations techniques spécifiques ont été fournies par des collaborateurs du PAG-PNA, la GIZ, sur l'évaluation de la vulnérabilité et le suivi)évaluation, et par le PNUD sur l'examen des options d'adaptations et les scénarios climatiques.
  • Les participants ont pu être formés sur les Directives techniques de la CCNUCCC/LEG et ont discuté de leur mise en application pratique dans des groupes de travail.  Lors du dernier jour de l'atelier, les participants ont travaillé sur une ébauche de feuille de route pour le processus PNA aux Comores en groupes de travail.
  • Une délégation de la RDC a participé à l'atelier de formation PAG-PNA pour les pays francophones d'Afrique qui a eu lieu à Addis Abeba en avril  2014. Suite à l'atelir régional, le point focal PNA, Jean Ndembo, et les participants de la RDC à l'atelier, avec l'appui du PNUD, ont continué à préparé le lancement de leur processus PNA et ont demandé l'appui du PAG-PNA puor un atelier national.
  • La DRC est aussi en train de développer sa Stratégie "Vision 2035" avec l'appui du PNUD. La Vision 2035 tiendra compte des aspects liés à l'adaptation aux changements climatiques. Il est suggéré que le PNA fasse le lien avec le processus de la Vision 2035 et que le PAG-PBA aide à identifier des points d'entrée politiques potentiels ppur ue planification de l'adaptation à long terme à travers la Vision 2035.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo – LDCF Project on resilience of Women and Children Project Identification Form

 

Project Identification Form (PIF) for the project titled “Building the Adaptation Ability and Resilience of Women and Children to Changing Climate in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.”

Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience of Women and Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change and its effects on rainfall patterns and temperatures are exacerbating the vulnerability of rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Women in particular, who represent 60% of agricultural labourers and 73% of farmers, and produce 80% of food crops for household consumption, are at risk. Several dynamics make their adaptation more difficult such as lack of access to formal education, economic poverty, food insecurity, limited access to resources, etc. These inequalities increase women’s vulnerability to harmful climate change impacts while limiting their options for coping and adaptation. 

The GEF-LDCF funded project, Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience of Women and Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, seeks to support women and children through a community-centred approach to adopt and adapt livelihood strategies in innovative ways based on current and future climate changes scenarios. 

Photos: 
Level of Intervention: 
Key Collaborators: 
Coordinates: 
POINT (23.8183593597 -5.24412756697)
Primary Beneficiaries: 
The women and children of the rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Funding Source: 
Financing Amount: 
$4,725,000
Co-Financing Total: 
$15,500,000
Project Details: 

More Information to come...

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

The project has two main components with the following outcomes –

  1. Climate resilient diversification practices to secure communities livelihoods including the development of profitable climate resilient alternative livelihoods involving aquaculture, livestock and agriculture products by women groups to increase sources of revenue and improve family nutrition (Outcome 1.1); Installation of at least 200 unsophisticated food processing units (oil presses, presses and grated cassava, husking machines and millers, etc.) and fish conservation units by women's groups (Outcome 1.2); Production and distribution of certified adapted varieties of  at least 400 seeds multipliers through support of 50 women groups (Outcome 1.3);  Provision of 4 automated agro-meteorological stations and 400 rain-gauge for tailored agro-meteorological information (Outcome 1.4) and; Installation of small scale water saving technologies and distribution systems in high climate risks zone (Outcome 1.5)
  2. Development of key capacities for undertaking climate resilient activities including training and engagement of women's groups in food processing, processing technology, maintenance of units, rural finance, marketing and organization strategies (Outcome 2.1); Engagement of women’s groups in adapted seeds production and diversification, soil fertility and water management activities (Outcome 2.2); Extending support to nearly 10 rural radio stations and 100 community volunteers as well as producers and staffs from extension services to analyse, interpret, produce and disseminate climate and weather information (Outcome 2.3) and; Establishment of community learning mechanisms through website, technical papers, video, technical forums, and other relevant media/social networks (Outcome 2.4).
Monitoring & Evaluation: 

More Information to come...

Contacts: 
UNDP
Mame Diop
Regional Technical Advisor
Climate-Related Hazards Addressed: 
Location: 
Project Status: 
Programme Meetings and Workshops: 

More Information to come...

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