During the process of accession to the European Union, Romania implemented concrete actions in 2005 such as the development of the National Strategy and Action Plan on Climate Change – adopted by Governmental Decisions – and has started the implementation of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme as well as other climate change related actions promoted by the EU. Based on the first National Strategy on Climate Change, Romania is taking important steps towards a targeted and coordinated national effort to meet the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Kyoto Protocol commitments, limit GHG emissions and deal with climate change effects that are to be expected, regardless of efforts to limit GHG emissions.

Shifts in temperature and precipitation are expected, together with more frequent extreme weather events (storms, floods, and droughts) which are likely to make climate-related risks and damages become more significant. The most relevant possible impacts of climate change in Romania are: modification of vegetation periods, displacement of ecosystems, prolonged droughts, floods. Sectors potentially affected include agriculture, transports, energy supply, water management, health and households.

Sources: Romania's Fourth National Communication 4 November 2006 and the Progress Report 31 January 2006.