Climate Change Adaptation in the News

January 2020

January 2020

La sequía casi perenne obliga a pastores afganos a tomar medidas drásticas

InfoBae

Thursday 23 January 2020

Durante la sempiterna y devastadora sequía que se ha cebado con Afganistán, Norudin, un pastor, ha observado con impotencia cómo su rebaño de un centenar de ovejas poco a poco moría de sed y hambre.

El año pasado, en vez de dejar que sus apreciadas criaturas murieran lentamente en las secas laderas de la provincia de Balj, en el norte del país, Norudin tomó la decisión de matar a casi todo el resto.

"¡Las degollé!", confesó el pastor de 65 años. "Su carne era inútil, por lo que se la echamos a los perros", explicó.

Conversando con la AFP en un mercado ganadero en las afueras de Mazar-i-Sharif, capital de la provincia de Balj, Norudin ha sido una de las numerosas personas damnificadas, en tanto debido a que el cambiante clima en Afganistán afecta a los agricultores y causa estragos en otras actividades tradicionales, como el tejido de alfombras.

Por su parte, los expertos advierten que la situación sólo tiende a empeorar, puesto que Afganistán es uno de los países más vulnerables al cambio climático, a pesar de que solamente es responsable del 0,1% de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero en el planeta.

 

"He visto varias sequías antes, pero ninguna tan dura como la del año pasado", destacó el intermediario de ganado Mirza, de 45 años, quien, como muchos habitantes del lugar, sólo utiliza un nombre.

"La mayoría de los ganaderos no podía permitirse comprar comida para sus animales. Muchas ovejas y otros animales murieron de hambre y sed en las montañas y en el desierto", añadió.

Mohamed Aref, un joven pastor de 19 años que cría ovejas de raza karakul, célebres por sus pieles con lana suave y rizada que se transforman en sombreros tradicionales, destacó que el año pasado los criadores vendieron sus animales con pena sus animales famélicos y demacrados a los carniceros, que tiraron sus cueros en otras circunstancias tan apreciados.

"La mayoría entre nosotros sufrimos grandes pérdidas", comentó Aref en una fría mañana invernal con el ruidoso mercado en plena actividad.

"Tampoco podemos permitirnos comprar más (ganado) por lo que muestras vidas están arruinadas", se lamenta.

En tanto las lluvias leves de octubre aliviaron en algo los problemas más perentorios de algunos, la sequía se ha vuelto a imponer.

Preguntados si les preocupa el próximo año, varios ganaderos dieron al unísono una típica respuesta afgana.

"Si hay una sequía, Dios decidirá, por lo cual no me preocupo", señaló por ejemplo Aynodin.

- Notable aumento de las temperaturas -

Aref y otros habitantes de Balj no tenían la menor idea sobre el cambio climático, a diferencia de los de otros lugares con mayor acceso a la información y a la educación, pero ven cómo sus características tradicionales están cambiando.

La última gran sequía que recuerdan tuvo lugar hace aproximadamente una década. Antes de ésta, sólo hubo una medio siglo atrás, dijeron.

"Sufrimos una sequía hace unos 12 años", recordó Aynodin, de 68 años, otro pastor de ovejas karakul, "pero el año pasado fue la peor" de todas.

Según el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD), alrededor del 80% de los afganos dependen económicamente de cultivos de secano y de la cría de animales.

Para las próximas cuatro décadas, los científicos predicen para Afganistán una disminución de las precipitaciones y un aumento medio de las temperaturas de 4 ºC respecto a 1999, destacó el PNUD.

La agencia también advirtió que a partir del próximo año, la sequía podría considerarse la norma, provocando una mayor desertificación y, por lo tanto, una gran pérdida de tierras cultivables.

Y, peor aún, los problemas solo se agravan con la eventual llegada de las lluvias. En la primavera pasada, las repentinas inundaciones repentinas devastaron pueblos y campos enteros.

Al analizar las operaciones de ayuda del año pasao, la ONU destacó que casi la mitad de los habitantes de las áreas rurales en Afganistán ahora enfrentan cierto nivel de inseguridad alimentaria. Esto en un país en el que el desempleo y la pobreza son los principales impulsores de la guerra.

La Iniciativa de Adaptación Mundial, liderada por la universidad estadounidense de Notre Dame, clasifica actualmente a Afganistán en el puesto 173º entre 181 países en términos de vulnerabilidad ante el cambio climático y su capacidad de adaptación (más atrás en la lista implica mayorn vulnerabilidad).

El costo humano queda en evidencia en un campamento para desplazados internos ubicado a las afueras de Mazar-i-Sharif, donde las hileras de tiendas blancas de la ONU albergan a centenares de familias y la fuente principal de agua es un gran tanque comunal...

 

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ANALYSIS-Whatever the weather: Southern Africa tries new hunger fixes

Thomson Reuters

Wednesday 22 January 2020

From drone-mapping in Mozambique to community radio weather programmes in Zambia, aid agencies are innovating to help millions of people in drought-ravaged southern Africa prepare for climate threats and produce enough food on a warming planet. Across the region, a record 45 million people face growing levels of hunger due to repeated drought, widespread floods, lost harvests and an economic crisis in Zimbabwe, the World Food Programme (WFP) said last week. A business-as-usual approach to providing aid will no longer do, humanitarian officials said. "We cannot see food insecurity through an emergency lens alone," said Michael Charles, head of the southern African office for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). "We will always be chasing shadows if we don't take a step back, go back to the drawing board, and work as a collective on long-term solutions with more impact," he added. Failing to do so would be "devastating", he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Over the past year, much of the central and western parts of southern Africa have experienced their lowest rainfall since 1981, according to the United Nations. Lola Castro, WFP's director for the region, said last week a "silent catastrophe" was playing out. The humanitarian innovation required to address it includes the use of new technology like drones but also simple solutions that deploy limited resources effectively, said Bettina Koelle, a researcher with the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre. "Aid groups need to engage in constant dialogue with those most affected by climate shocks to understand what it is they need," she said. "There are no quick fixes." 'VICIOUS CYCLE' Jesse Mason, an atmospheric scientist with WFP, and his team use long-term meteorological forecasts to predict weather patterns up to six months ahead and to finance humanitarian responses upfront. Bringing these projections to government, donors and farmers can stop "the vicious cycle" of responding to climate shocks and redirect energy to better preparation, Mason said. Zambia's government, meanwhile, has partnered with the United Nations Development Programme on a seven-year project aimed at safeguarding farmers' incomes against climate threats. Using community radio broadcasts in local languages, forecasts are announced every hour to reflect erratic weather patterns, and tips provided on "climate-smart" agriculture. So far 170,000 small-scale farmers across 16 districts have been involved in the project, some via extension officers on motorcycles who bring new information directly to them. In Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi, insurance schemes for 140,000 rural households have been rolled out by the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation (CTA), which is backed by African, Caribbean, Pacific and European states. Farmers sign up via their mobile phones, with low rainfall measurements triggering payouts they can use to purchase new seeds to replace crops destroyed by drought. "People are tired of hearing about climate problems," said Oluyede Ajayi, a senior programme coordinator for the CTA. "We need solutions - especially farmers whose families, livestock and livelihoods depend on them."

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OPINION: How can climate action balance the needs of nature and people?

Thomson Reuters

Tuesday 21 January 2020

Efforts to protect ecosystems must also take into account global development goals intended to lift people out of poverty

A difficult past has taught young Ugandan beekeeper Shildah Nabimanya the importance of protecting ecosystems.

Nabimanya, 18, moved with her family when she was a girl onto one of this landlocked East African nation’s vital wetlands to grow rice. But their drainage of the wetlands to graze cattle and grow crops did not go well. Their natural source of water depleted, the cattle had nothing to eat, and their only income and a major source of food disappeared.

This bitter experience was shared by others who encroached illegally onto the wetlands.

“When this wetland was drained, we faced shortages of food and water, and mothers had to fetch water from far away on hot sunny days,” Nabimanya said. “Children were no longer going to school.”

Nabimanya’s family was among the many now caught on the frontline of the ecological and social devastation that occurs when rural development clashes with natural protection.

The battering ecosystems are taking at the hands of humans is obvious. A UN report released last year shows ecosystems have lost about half their area, with a million animal and plant species at risk of extinction. Among natural habitats, wetlands have suffered the most, with 83% drained across the world since 1700.

“I now know that I am not supposed to destroy the wetlands, because when I destroy them it will affect me in the future,” Nabimanya said during a recent Green Climate Fund (GCF) fact-finding mission to a project site introducing climate adaptation measures by providing livelihood alternatives.

Now she is more positive about her future, after her family (minus her father who died a few years ago from an illness) joined a local agricultural cooperative of 76 people which formed in 2014 on the outskirts of Rwizi Wetland in Uganda’s western Sheema district.

Most days, Nabimanya can be found tending a collection of beehives nestled in a banana tree grove where the cooperative is located. The cooperative is part of a broader national initiative, receiving GCF funds, to restore Uganda’s western and eastern wetlands by providing different ways for families to sustain themselves, rather than draining wetlands.


Uganda is trying to halt the decline of its wetlands as they offer vital protection against climate change effects such as droughts. PHOTO/Media Edge Consult

Uganda has lost around 30 percent of its wetlands in the past 15 years due to degradation. These ecosystems benefit the whole country as they act as vast water reservoirs - especially important in regulating water flows during floods and in replenishing water supplies during drought.

Keeping the wetlands healthy is important as about 4 million Ugandans live around these marshy areas. They act as breeding grounds for fisheries and feed into a national water table that supplies people’s drinking needs in many parts of the country.

The preservation of these ecosystems also has broad implications for climate change beyond local and national levels – as it reverses rising greenhouse gas emissions from land degradation.

TACKLING POVERTY 

Protecting the environment and people’s wellbeing at the same time is not always easy. The need to avoid taking hard choices emphasising one or the other has become more apparent as concerns over climate change strengthen moves to halt environmental destruction.

The complex networks of plant and animal life that make up ecosystems reduce erosion from flooding, decrease coastal destruction from rising sea levels, and preserve natural water reserves during droughts.

But attempts to preserve nature must also take into account global development goals intended to lift people out of poverty. As deadly riots in Ecuador last October showed, attempts to introduce efforts to tackle climate change (in this case, an aborted attempt to reduce fossil fuel subsidies) can backfire if they have detrimental effects on society’s most economically exposed. 

For many people in developing countries, accessing natural resources through farming represents their primary form of subsistence and family income. So enhanced activities to protect their environments will provide them with little solace if those measure lock them away from their use of the land and exacerbate their poverty. 


GCF is providing Ugandan people with livelihood alternatives such as beekeeping to avoid damaging ecosystems. PHOTO/Media Edge Consult

As the world’s largest provider of climate finance, GCF is expanding its support of ecosystem-based approaches that increase communities’ climate resilience, but not at the expense of making poor rural people poorer.

GCF has invested $24.1 million in Uganda to strengthen moves balancing wetland restoration with livelihood protection by the government and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Paul Mafabi, a leading wetlands specialist in the Ugandan Ministry of Water and Environment, said the key to effective wetland restoration is providing opportunities that both protect the environment and reduce poverty levels. The conservation of wetlands enriches biodiversity and helps to “increase productivity, which is the key factor in eradicating poverty”, he said.

Approaches that protect the planet and people’s livelihoods through ecosystem protection are not easy to establish as they require extensive community consultation. Nevertheless, the way these initiatives tap the resilient power of nature represents great opportunities to prepare for a warmer world, while hopefully also preventing the chances of a future, unbearably hot one.

This is a shortened version of an article that first appeared on the GCF's website.

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Using ecosystems to counter climate crisis only natural

Green Climate Fund

Tuesday 21 January 2020

Protecting nature and enhancing livelihoods

Tapping the natural power of ecosystems to counter climate change is gaining traction. This follows stark evidence that urgent action to address both is necessary. The period between 2015-2019 was the warmest on record, and on a longer timescale 47 percent of the world’s ecosystems have declined since the advent of humans.

Creating a virtuous circle, it is possible to enhance climate resilience by protecting ecosystems. But we cannot forget the place of people, especially those who are poor, in devising nature-based climate solutions. That is why the Green Climate Fund (GCF) is supporting climate action that balances land use and nature by protecting ecosystems in ways that also boost people’s livelihoods. One example is in Uganda.

Developing countries, many of them with large rural populations, are searching for ways to maintain the ecosystems which act as bulwarks against increasingly severe climate effects. But they also want to avoid impacting people’s lives by reducing their access to the land for their sustenance and incomes. This is the reason why developing countries are increasingly turning to approaches that protect both ecosystems and livelihoods.

The central importance of fortifying natural defences against climate change is not always apparent. As we often take the benefits of natural ecosystems for granted, their essential role in bolstering resilience to climate change is also often overlooked. The ecosystems on which we depend work so well that we generally only notice them when they don’t work, during times of environmental collapse. Nevertheless, it is becoming evident that the resilience of nature is essential in dealing with climate change. We now know that well-functioning natural ecosystems enhance the way our planet is dealing with the global warming we have imposed on it.

But a UN report released earlier this year shows ecosystems need help. In a stark call to action, the report found that human society is in jeopardy from the accelerating decline of natural ecosystems. It shows that nature is being destroyed at a rate tens to hundreds of times higher than the average over the past 10 million years, and that natural ecosystems have lost about half their area – with a million species now at risk of extinction. The study finds among natural habitats, wetlands have suffered the most, with 83 percent being drained across the world since 1700.

The onset of climate change has stimulated further thinking about the crucial role of ecosystems. The often underacknowledged benefits provided by ecosystems, ranging from supplying stable water supplies to cities to supporting ground vegetation that prevents flooding and landslides, also buttress communities from worsening climate effects. That is why GCF is directing climate finance flows to help communities in developing countries enhance their ability to deal with climate change by protecting and reinvigorating natural ecosystems – including natural wetlands.

Beekeeper Shildah Nabimanya, 18, who lives in Uganda’s western Sheema district, understands well the destructive ecological and social damage that followed when people moved into the local wetlands near where she lives. That is because she was one of those people, along with her family, and saw the destructive effects first-hand.

“I now know that I am not supposed to be destroying the wetlands because when I destroy them it will affect me in the future.” - Shildah Nabimanya, a beekeeper who lives in Uganda's western Sheema district

By switching from growing rice to beekeeping, Shildah Nabimanya is helping to protect wetlands and improve her family’s livelihood.

She told a visiting GCF mission: “When this wetland was drained, we faced shortages of food and water, and mothers had to fetch water from far away on hot sunny days. Children were no longer going to school, and were forced to go and fetch water.”

Ms Nabimanya said her family’s troubles began when people started to drain the wetlands to plant crops and raise cattle, which was then followed by a severe drought in 2010. Her family’s life was particularly difficult as her father died from an illness a number of years ago, leaving behind her mother and four brothers and sisters. After the draining of the wetland, an insufficiency of available water meant it became impossible to pursue any family activities beyond those directed towards sustenance alone.

But now Ms Nabimanya is more positive about her future, after joining an initiative financed by GCF, in tandem with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Government of Uganda, which is helping relocate people away from wetlands to allow these vital ecosystems to regenerate. She is part of a local agricultural cooperative, the Masheruka Environmental Restore Wetland Disaster Monitoring Committee and Cadres Association, in Sheema district. This cooperative of 76 people was formed in 2014 on the outskirts of the Rwizi Wetland to provide more productive and sustainable farming practices. Most days, Ms Nabimanya can be found tending a collection of beehives nestled in a banana tree grove where the cooperative is located near Sheema town.

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Initiative d’adaptation aux changements climatiques en Afrique : L’Union européenne dégaine une subvention d’un million d’euros

Torche Du Monde

Tuesday 21 January 2020

Le financement de l’adaptation aux changements climatiques a été l’un des points d’achoppement des négociations entres le continent africain et les pays développés. Alors que l’Accord de Paris avait fait état de cette contribution des pays industrialisés afin d’accompagner en grande partie les pays africains qui polluent le moins mais qui souffrent le plus des changements climatiques, le PNUD mettra en œuvre une nouvelle subvention pour améliorer les connaissances et intensifier les actions d’adaptation au changement climatique en Afrique

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Increase in sea temperature allows Sargassum weed to spread in Mexico

DevDiscourse

Tuesday 21 January 2020

An invasive species of seaweed which has blighted tourist beaches in Mexico has become more aggressive due to the heating effects of climate change. Scientists say an increase in the temperature of the sea, caused by climate change has allowed the Sargassum weed to spread, filling coastal waters and blocking sunlight essential to the growth of indigenous seagrasses and other plants. The presence of the weed also warms the sea in localized spots. And, it's estimated that nearly 40 million cubic tonnes of Sargassum are washing up on shores each year releasing harmful methane, a gas which absorbs the sun's heat and leads to the warming of the atmosphere. But now, thanks to support from the UN Development Programme, efforts are underway to hold back its advance and protect local ecosystems. 

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European Union ramps up support to Africa Adaptation Initiative with EUR 1 million grant

ReliefWeb

Tuesday 21 January 2020

Climate change impacts threaten economic and development gains across Africa. To address the pressing needs of this crisis, the European Union has announced EUR 1 million in new funding to the Africa Adaptation Initiative (AAI). The grant will be implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and looks to expand the knowledge base to inform improved and more effective climate change adaptation initiatives in African countries.

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UNDP launches accelerator labs in Cambodia

The Star Online

Tuesday 21 January 2020

The UN Development Programme has launched 'Accelerator Labs' in Cambodia. Housed in UNDP's office in Phnom Penh, the labs are aimed at addressing some of the most pressing issues facing the country, such as circular economy, youth employment, and climate change. The labs are among 60 global ones that will find, test and try to scale up innovative solutions helpful in combating poverty, climate change, and inequality. "We all need to be faster and more entrepreneurial if we are going to hit the sustainable development goals by 2030," Nick Beresford, UNDP resident representative, said. "The Accelerator Labs in Cambodia and in 59 other countries is how UNDP is meeting that challenge, re-energizing our work and our provision of development solutions."

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Philippines: Climate Change Commission pushes sustainable transport system

Manila Times

Saturday 18 January 2020

Incorporating climate-smart and low- carbon perspectives in national and local transportation plans is vital in the efforts to avoid increasing the levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions according to the Philippines' Climate Change Commission at a recent Low Carbon Transport Forum organised by the Department of Transportation and UN Development Programme. Climate Change Commissioner Rachel Anne Herrera underscored that GHG emissions in the country’s transport sector is projected to significantly increase from continually high population growth and economic expansion. With the recent devastation of Typhoon “Ursula” in the Visayas, flooding and landslides in Indonesia, and bushfires in Australia, Herrera also stressed the urgency for real leadership on climate action. 

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Premios Latinoamérica Verde

Ambientum

Friday 17 January 2020

Desde el 15 de enero hasta el 15 de marzo, las ONG’s, PYMES, Empresas Públicas y Privadas, Instituciones y Público en General podrán registrar sus proyectos sociales y ambientales para participar en la Séptima Edición de Premios Latinoamérica Verde en 10 categorías alineadas a los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenibles de la ONU:

  • Agua
  • Bosque y Flora
  • Ciudades Sostenibles
  • Desarrollo Humano
  • Energía
  • Fauna
  • Finanzas Sostenible
  • Manejo de Residuos Sólidos
  • Océanos
  • Producción y Consumo Responsable

Las inscripciones se recibirán a través de su página web en la sección: “inscribe tu proyecto”.

Colombia, Perú, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Venezuela, Brasil, Costa Rica y México son algunos de los países de la región que han participado en cada una de las categorías de Premios Latinoamérica Verde. En la edición del 2019, la organización superó la meta de proyectos inscritos desde la primera edición, llegando a más de 10.000 casos de 800 ciudades y 39 países.

Ecuador ha tenido una participación muy importante en el evento, ha registrado desde un inicio hasta la actualidad aproximadamente 1000 proyectos de diferentes puntos del país, destacando la participación de ciudades como: Quito, Guayaquil, Cuenca, Tungurahua y Galápagos. En la edición del 2019 Ecuador fue finalista en tres categorías y ganador en una:

  1. Producción y consumo responsable con el proyecto ambiental “REBIRD”
  2. Finanzas sostenibles con el proyecto “Fondo de páramo Tungurahua y la lucha contra la pobreza”
  3. Manejo de residuos sólidos con el proyecto “Huella Verde”, ganadores en la sexta edición.

Sobre los Premios Latinoamérica Verde

El evento nació en el año 2013 con un capítulo Ecuador donde se registraron 109 casos en 7 categorías y la participación de 19 ciudades.

En el año 2014 se suman una red de aliados nacionales e internacionales para fortalecer la convocatoria latinoamericana y así poder lograr la participación de ONG´s, empresas, pymes, sector público e iniciativas personales de manera gratuita. En ese mismo año se estableció a Guayaquil como ciudad sede del evento por parte de la Muy Ilustre Municipalidad de Guayaquil.

Para el año 2015 se realizó la primera versión latinoamericana logrando un total de 1054 casos de 159 ciudades de 24 países.

En el 2016 el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) se unió a la red de aliados, con la cual se trabaja en conjunto para impulsar los Objetivos del Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) de esta manera se incluyen nuevas categorías al evento:

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COP25: Las soluciones para la crisis climática deben atender las distintas realidades para las mujeres

Forest News

Friday 17 January 2020

En el contexto de la financiación climática, el panorama es aún más sombrío, señaló Ihalainen, citando a un delegado que explicó que un estudio realizado en 2016 por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo encontró que los proyectos que abordan tanto el cambio climático como los derechos de las mujeres recibieron solo el 0.01 % de la financiación internacional.

“Con frecuencia, las consideraciones de género se han entendido en términos de participación en reuniones o distribución equitativa de beneficios, que realmente se introdujeron como garantías procesales de nivel mínimo, pero que ahora se supone que de alguna manera conducen a la igualdad de género”, dijo Ihalainen, quien moderó el evento titulado “¿Cuál es el papel del financiamiento en tecnología para catalizar un cambio sostenible y equitativo de género? ”, que reunió a un panel diverso de expertos para compartir sus puntos de vista sobre cómo podría y debería ser un financiamiento climático socialmente transformador.

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'We Can't Wait': Maldives Desperate for Funds as Islands Risk Going Under

New York Times

Friday 17 January 2020

The tropical Maldives may lose entire islands unless it can quickly access cheap financing to fight the impact of climate change, its foreign minister said. The archipelago's former president Mohamed Nasheed famously held a cabinet meeting underwater to draw attention to submerging land and global warming a decade ago. Yet the Maldives, best known for its white sands and palm-fringed atolls that draw luxury holiday-makers, has struggled to find money to build critical infrastructure like sea-walls. "For small states, it is not easy," Foreign Minister Abdulla Shahid told Reuters in New Delhi. "By the time the financing is obtained, we may be underwater." Continue reading the main story At the U.N. climate talks in Madrid in December, the Maldives and other vulnerable countries pushed for concrete progress on fresh funding to help them deal with disasters and longer-term damage linked to climate change - but failed. Shahid was hopeful the next round of talks, slated to take place in Glasgow in November, would yield better results. One of the world's lowest-lying countries, more than 80% of the Maldives' land is less than one meter above mean sea levels, making its population of around 530,000 people extremely vulnerable to storm surges, sea swells and severe weather. In 2004, the Indian Ocean tsunami ravaged the Muslim-majority state, causing financial losses of around $470 million - 62% of GDP - and hitting infrastructure, including its only international airport that was shut for several days. 'WE NEED IT' Two of the country's main industries - tourism and fishing - are heavily dependent on coastal resources, and most settlements and critical infrastructure is concentrated along the coast. Continue reading the main story In 2014, more than 100 of the archipelago's inhabited islands were already reporting erosion, and around 30 islands are identified as severely eroded. The Maldives spends around $10 million annually for coastal protection works, but will need up to $8.8 billion in total to shield all of its inhabited islands, according to a 2016 estimate by its environment ministry. "In order to protect the islands, we need to start building sea walls," Shahid said. "It's expensive, but we need it. We can't wait until all of them are being taken away." The United Nations has created a pot to help developing nations, called the Green Climate Fund, which has already approved nearly $24 million in funding to the Maldives, according to its website.

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UNDP commits $6m to 150 projects in Nigeria – Coordinator

New Telegraph Nigeria

Thursday 16 January 2020

The Global Environmental Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF-SGP) implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) yesterday said it has supported 150 projects with more than $6 million in Nigeria. GEF-SEP National Coordinator, Mrs. Ronke Olubamise, made this known at a stakeholders’ workshop on GEF-SGP Country Programmes Strategy for the GEF Operational Phase 7 in Abuja. Olubamise said the projects were implemented in 25 states from 2009 to date, adding that the projects were also co-financed with $6 million by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and other donors.

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Exploring The Potential Of Green Bonds For SDGs Financing In Ghana

Modern Ghana

Thursday 16 January 2020

The deadline for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is fast approaching, and 2020 commences the decade of action to accelerate SDGs implementation. Financing the SDGs remains a major challenge for many countries especially those in the developing world.

Exploring different innovative ways of SDGs financing within integrated national financing frameworks for which Ghana is a pioneer country, bring to the fore the option of green bonds.

Green bonds are debt securities issued by financial, non-financial or public entities where the proceeds are used to finance 100% environmentally friendly projects. Generally, the overall bond market size of green bonds is estimated at $100 trillion, yet demand is being unmet, calling for more uptakes.

As a step towards the potential issuance of green bonds in Ghana, the Ministry of Finance initiated a process of tapping into green and SDG related bonds. A partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Ministry of Finance was established. UNDP and the Ministry of Finance are training key national stakeholders to improve their knowledge of green and SDG related bonds to facilitate Ghana’s active participation in the green bond markets.

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Sustainable fashion: UNDP wants you to wear properly to reduce global warming

DevDiscourse

Wednesday 15 January 2020

The United National Development Program (UNDP) is advocating for sustainable fashion to make people aware about carbon footprint of the garment industry and the ways to minimize emissions.

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Études supérieures, technologie et changement climatique : les nouvelles inégalités du XXIe siècle

NovEthic

Wednesday 15 January 2020

Selon le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (Pnud), une nouvelle génération d’inégalités voit le jour, autour de l’éducation, de la transformation technologique et des changements climatiques. Des bouleversements qui, faute d’être maîtrisés, pourraient déclencher une "nouvelle grande divergence" dans la société, sans pareille depuis la Révolution industrielle, prévient l’organe onusien.

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Dafina Gercheva: How to help limit climate change

Kyiv Post

Wednesday 15 January 2020

New inequalities are being triggered by technology and climate change, and they are increasingly determining people’s opportunities in the 21st century. These two seismic shifts, if left without a response, could undermine democracy and jeopardize sustainable development by increasing inequalities in society.

We’re only just realizing the pitfalls of our rapidly changing information technology, from privacy issues, to disinformation spreading across the internet. Climate change, however, has long been on the horizon. We know some of its problems, but we also know some solutions for them.

Climate change does not respect borders and affects every living creature on earth. It’s easy for individuals to feel overwhelmed at the sheer scale of this phenomenon: We must have all asked ourselves at one point how our own actions – the actions of just one person – could possibly make any difference.

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Vers la création de 500 éco-villages au Togo

Agri Digitale

Wednesday 15 January 2020

Ces deux localités ont été équipées de sources d’eau potable, et de mini-centrales solaires grâce à l’appui du programme des nations unies pour le développement (PNUD). Les communautés bénéficiaires de d'Ando-kpomey et Donomadé ont également vu leurs capacités renforcées en matière de production agricole, d’élevage des ovins et des caprins, et de production du miel. "Le Togo est déjà engagé dans le processus de la transformation des villages en éco-villages basé sur un développement sobre en carbone résiliente au changement climatique qui puisse amener les populations à avoir un mieux-être à vivre dans un cadre environnemental ambiant," explique Akpamou Kokouvi Gbetey, directeur des études et de la planification du ministère de l’environnement, de développement durable et de la protection de la nature.

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India: Mock drills in schools prep students for emergencies

Times of India

Tuesday 14 January 2020

According to experts, factors such as rapid urbanisation, climate change and decreasing green cover have lead to an increase in the incidence of disasters such as cyclones and intense storms, leaving coastal communities particularly at risk.  The Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation (GVMC), in collaboration with the government of Japan and UNDP, is implementing a disaster preparedness project in municipal schools in the city. 

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Bhutan's Gross National Happiness Commission and UNDP sign USD 25.3M Green Climate Fund project

Kuensel Bhutan

Tuesday 14 January 2020

The Gross National Happiness Commission (GNHC) and UNDP have signed a project for which USD 25.3 million through the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The project ‘Supporting Climate Resilience and Transformational Changes in the Agriculture Sector in Bhutan’ is expected to help Bhutan prepare and adapt to climate change. The Chief of the Development Corporation Division of the GNHC, Wangchuk Namgay, said the project will help bridge the resource gap of the 12th Plan. It will also help address climate change adaptation challenges facing the country, particularly in the agriculture sector. The project will focus on enhancing the climate resilience of the rural population by supporting climate-resilient irrigation, sustainable land management practices, stabilisation of critical landslide-prone areas and providing climate information to the farmers to help enable better planning of farming activities. “With a long history of strong partnership with the GNHC, both at the policy and community levels, UNDP is pleased to support this project and contribute to the government’s top priority and Sustainable Development Goals,” said UNDP Resident Representative Azusa Kubota.


Economie – Un partenariat entre le PNUD et la FAO pour accélérer les actions climatiques des pays en développement – PNUD

Jambon Burst

Wednesday 8 January 2020

Un programme de 20 millions d’euros financé par l’Allemagne renforcera le rôle des secteurs agricoles dans la lutte contre les impacts du changement climatique et participera à la réalisation d’un développement à faible émission de carbone et résilient.

Le gouvernement allemand a annoncé un fonds fiduciaire spécial de 20 millions d’euros pour une collaboration entre le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) et l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO). Cette collaboration permettra aux pays en développement d’élaborer des plans agricoles et d’utilisation des sols plus efficaces et de présenter ainsi des Contributions déterminées au niveau national (CDN) plus ambitieuses à l’Accord de Paris.

Par le biais de son Initiative internationale sur le climat, le Ministère fédéral allemand de l’Environnement, de la Conservation de la nature et de la Sûreté nucléaire (BMU), financera cette collaboration de cinq ans (2020-2025) sur « l’intensification des efforts pour l’agriculture et l’utilisation des terres par la mise en oeuvre des Contributions déterminées au niveau national (CDN) et des Plans nationaux d’adaptation (PNA.»

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UNDP launches Ocean Innovation Challenge

UNDP

Wednesday 8 January 2020

The momentum on ocean protection and restoration has rapidly accelerated particularly since the 2017 Ocean Conference. However, a number of the SDG 14- Life Below Water targets still lag behind.  Between overfishing, pollution, habitat loss and the multiple impacts of climate change on ocean ecosystems, the ocean has never faced such a diverse range of threats.

UNDP launches a new call to action— Ocean Innovation Challenge (OIC) to accelerate progress on SDG 14 targets. The OIC seeks innovations that are transferable, replicable and scalable. The Challenge grants range from $50,000 to $250,000.

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Le PNUD appelle à des approches innovantes

Le Matin

Wednesday 1 January 2020

«Les projets d’adaptation innovants offrent de l’espoir aux communautés vulnérables au climat du monde entier, mais nécessitent des investissements politiques et financiers urgents avant qu’il ne soit trop tard», a écrit Srilata Kammila, chef de l’Adaptation au changement climatique, Programme des Nations unies pour le développement (PNUD). Incendies de forêt sans précédent en Californie, sécheresses paralysantes dans la Corne de l’Afrique, tempêtes meurtrières et inondations aux Bahamas et au Japon, les événements récents nous donnent un avant-goût de ce que le changement climatique réserve à l’humanité. «Cependant, tous les pays ne sont pas affectés par le changement climatique à la même échelle.
Les nations des régions moins développées des pays du Sud sont non seulement les premières touchées, mais aussi les plus durement touchées par les effets du changement climatique», poursuit Mme Kammila. Selon cette dernière, les outils et technologies existent déjà. «Nous avons besoin d’une action immédiate et urgente pour intégrer, intensifier et accélérer l’adaptation au changement climatique à travers le monde. Les partenariats sont essentiels pour mener une action climatique sur le terrain, en particulier, en garantissant l’accès aux technologies et aux pratiques pour les plus vulnérables afin de s’adapter au changement climatique. Les partenaires, comme le Climate Technology Center & Network, jouent un rôle important dans la facilitation des solutions technologiques et des capacités des pays à passer à des filières sobres en carbone et résistantes au climat», a-t-elle notamment souligné. «D’ici 2022, nous aiderons plus de 150 millions de personnes à s’adapter au changement climatique. Ce faisant, nous les aiderons à bénéficier d’une sécurité, d’un bien-être, d’une sécurité alimentaire et hydrique accrus, de moyens de subsistance résilients et de services écosystémiques améliorés», a conclu la responsable onusienne.

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