Myanmar

Myanmar covers an area of 676,578 square kilometers and has a population of nearly 54 million people (CIA, 2011). Ranked 135 of 169 on the Human Development Index (UNDP, 2010), Myanmar is the lowest ranked country in East and Southeast Asia and the only one classified as having a “low” level of human development. Much of its struggling economy is based on fossil fuel industries (CIA, 2011) that contribute to environmental degradation. The climate of Myanmar is roughly divided into three seasons: summer, rainy season and cold season. Summer is from March to mid-May; the rain falls from mid-May to the end of October; and the cold season starts in November and ends at the end of February. Generally, Myanmar enjoys a tropical monsoon climate. However, climatic conditions differ widely from place to place due to widely differing topographical situations. For instance, Central Myanmar has an annual rainfall of less than 1016 mm while the Rakhine coast gets about 5080 mm. Major environmental issues include industrial pollution of air, soil, water, inadequate sanitation and deforestation.

Related Content

How women build resilience: Inclusion of gender in understanding and adapting to Myanmar’s climate change impacts

Climate change often impacts the lives of women and men differently due to existing inequalities and gender-based roles and responsibilities. Understanding those differences can help to inform how we plan for adaptation and how we build resilience. In Myanmar, women on average have lower levels of educational attainment, less land ownership, and lower participation in formal employment. This case study looks at the importance of gender in climate change adaptation efforts and shares the process and lessons learned from Myanmar Climate Change Alliance’s (MCCA) integration of gender considerations into Myanmar policies and actions to address climate change.

National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from Myanmar

This NAP in focus country briefing on the process to formulate and implement National Adaptation Plans in Myanmar considers firstly the country context and the climate change risks. The groundwork for supporting NAPs is considered, covering the policy, planning and budgetary framework, priority adaptation sectors in the NDC, climate assessments, the implementation of adaptation actions and plans thus far. The briefing contains a timeline of the process to formulate and implement NAPs in Myanmar. Challenges, successes and opportunities are also discussed.

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: Greening the Dry Zone (SP)

Attached is a 2-page project brief based on the Exposure Photo Essay: GREENING THE DRY ZONE: Conserving Land while Improving Water Access and Food Security in Myanmar (posted June 2015).

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: Greening the Dry Zone (FR)

Attached is a 2-page project brief based on the Exposure Photo Essay: GREENING THE DRY ZONE: Conserving Land while Improving Water Access and Food Security in Myanmar (posted June 2015).

UNDP Printable Photo Essay: Greening the Dry Zone (EN)

Attached is a 2-page project brief based on the Exposure Photo Essay: GREENING THE DRY ZONE: Conserving Land while Improving Water Access and Food Security in Myanmar (posted June 2015).

News Release for AF Myanmar Launching Workshop: Yadanarpon - MY

Local news release for the AF Myanmar Launching Workshop, 17 February 2015.

News Release for AF Myanmar Launching Workshop: Voice Weekly - MY

Local news release for the AF Myanmar Launching Workshop, 17 February 2015.

News Release for AF Myanmar Launching Workshop: 7 Day Daily - MY

Local news release for the AF Myanmar Launching Workshop, 17 February 2015.

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