National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change; those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following NAPA details priority threats and priorities for Burkina Faso.
Climate Related Hazards:
- Strong decrease in water availability
- A drastic decrease and a deterioration of pastures
- Decrease of the biomass potential
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts:
- Reduced agricultural production
- Water shortage and/or groundwater depletion
- Increased disease and/or other health problems
- Food security
Priority Adaptation Projects:
- Laying-out and management of the Oursi pond
- Fight against ponds and stream stranding/silting up
- Implementation of mechanism and protection area against stream pollution and works for water harnessing (lakes, wells, borings...)
- Agriculture and Food
- Consolidation of early alert and prevention systems regarding food security (information, continuing of the agricultural campaign, seasonal forecasts, security stocks…)
- Promotion of complementing irrigation projects on food-producing cultivation
- Fodder production and stockpiling of food (hay, straw)
- Laying-out and rational management of natural formations, development of non-woody forest products
- Optimization of the use of water in irrigated fields
- Securing of pastoral areas and strategic pastoral spaces (shoals, access to water..)
- Promotion of the CES/DRS techniques
- Promotion of improved homes, renewable energies and equipment with alternatives energies (pressure cooker, stewpot M'Bora, water-heater and solar dryers...)
- Natural resources
- Management of the fauna and its habitat
Key results and outputs
Activity 1.1: Procurement of Project Goods and Services
Activity 1.2: Creation of NAPA Steering Committee
Activity 1.3: Creation of a Multidisciplinary Team
Activity 2.1: Identification of Sectors and Areas Vulnerable to Climate Change
Activity 2.2: Identification of Potential Adaptation Options
Activity 3.1: Selection of Priority Adaptation Measures and Development of Project Proposals
Activity 4.1: Production of the NAPA Document
Activity 5.1: Adoption of the NAPA Document
Activity 6.1: Dissemination of the NAPA Document
Reports and publications
Monitoring and evaluation
Project Inception Workshop: will be held within the first 2 months of project start with those with assigned roles in the project organization structure, UNDP country office and where appropriate/feasible regional technical policy and programme advisors as well as other stakeholders. The Inception Workshop is crucial to building ownership for the project results and to plan the first year annual work plan.
Day to day monitoring of implementation progress: will be the responsibility of the Project Manager, based on the project's Annual Work Plan and its indicators, with overall guidance from the Project Director. The Project Team will inform the UNDP-CO of any delays or difficulties faced during implementation so that the appropriate support or corrective measures can be adopted in a timely and remedial fashion.
Project Progress Reports (PPR): quarterly reports will be assembled based on the information recorded and monitored in the UNDP Enhanced Results Based Management Platform. Risk analysis will be logged and regularly updated in ATLAS.
Annual Project Review/Project Implementation Reports (APR/PIR): This key report is prepared to monitor progress made since project start and in particular for the previous reporting period (30 June to 1 July). The APR/PIR combines both UNDP and GEF reporting requirements.
Periodic Monitoring through Site Visits:
UNDP CO and the UNDP RCU will conduct visits to project sites based on the agreed schedule in the project's Inception Report/Annual Work Plan to assess first hand project progress. Other members of the Project Board may also join these visits. A Field Visit Report/BTOR will be prepared by the CO and UNDP RCU and will be circulated no less than one month after the visit to the project team and Project Board members.
Mid-Term of Project Cycle:
Mid-Term Evaluation: will determine progress being made toward the achievement of outcomes and will identify course correction if needed. It will focus on the effectiveness, efficiency and timeliness of project implementation; will highlight issues requiring decisions and actions; and will present initial lessons learned about project design, implementation and management. Findings of this review will be incorporated as recommendations for enhanced implementation during the final half of the project’s term.
End of Project:
Final Evaluation: will take place three months prior to the final Project Board meeting and will be undertaken in accordance with UNDP and GEF guidance. The final evaluation will focus on the delivery of the project’s results as initially planned (and as corrected after the mid-term evaluation, if any such correction took place). The final evaluation will look at impact and sustainability of results, including the contribution to capacity development and the achievement of global environmental benefits/goals. The Terminal Evaluation should also provide recommendations for follow-up activities.
Project Terminal Report: This comprehensive report will summarize the results achieved (objectives, outcomes, outputs), lessons learned, problems met and areas where results may not have been achieved. It will also lie out recommendations for any further steps that may need to be taken to ensure sustainability and replicability of the project’s results.
Learning and Knowledge Sharing:
Results from the project will be disseminated within and beyond the project intervention zone through existing information sharing networks and forums.
The project will identify and participate, as relevant and appropriate, in scientific, policy-based and/or any other networks, which may be of benefit to project implementation though lessons learned. The project will identify, analyze, and share lessons learned that might be beneficial in the design and implementation of similar future projects.
Finally, there will be a two-way flow of information between this project and other projects of a similar focus.