The project supports the Government of Argentina in establishing the adaptation planning process, identifying gaps, capacity building and integrating climate change into national, regional and local levels. The project facilitates the assessment and reduction of vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change by integrating climate change adaptation into the country's development strategies.
The scope of the project includes preparation of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) with a regional and multi-sectoral approach and development of a system to monitor and assess adaptation needs and measures under the Law 27250 Minimum Standards for Adaptation and Mitigation to Climate Change (Ley de Presupuestos Mínimos de Adaptación y Mitigación al Cambio Climático). To achieve the proposed outcomes, the project develops a communication strategy on climate change adaptation, carries out a series of studies to identify adaptation options and supports inter-sectoral and inter-jurisdictional collaboration within the framework of the National Cabinet on Climate Change, the Federal Environment Council (COFEMA), and the National System for Comprehensive Risk Management (SINAGIR).
In recent years, Argentina has made decisive progress in planning and implementing measures to adapt to climate change. The National Communications on Climate Change have made valuable contributions in terms of information, diagnosis, and helped identify various information gaps. Within the framework of the National Climate Change Cabinet (NCCC) work, several sectoral initiatives that are directly or indirectly related to climate change adaptation were identified, as well as other information and capacity needs.
This project funded by the Green Climate Fund (GCF) NAP Readiness Programme aims to deepen this work by providing support for the development of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP), and to facilitate the evaluation and reduction of vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change by integrating adaptation to climate change in the development strategies of the country.
The “Readiness for the National Adaptation Plan Process” project was launched in December 2018 to support Argentina’s efforts to assess and reduce climate change vulnerability by integrating climate change adaptation into the country's sustainable development. To achieve this goal, the project aims to build adaptive capacity and resilience and facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular, into development planning processes and strategies within all relevant sectors and at different levels.
In particular, the project supports the Government of Argentina to (1) establish a national process to coordinate adaptation planning at all relevant scales with a medium and long-term perspective; (2) identify capacity gaps and strengthen capacities for adaptation planning and implementation, integrating adaptation to climate change into national, provincial and municipal development planning processes; (3) support the preparation of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) with a regional and multi-sectoral approach in the framework of the National Climate Change Cabinet; (4) establish a system for monitoring and assessing needs and adaptation measures; (5) design a communication strategy on adaptation to climate change, focusing on the most vulnerable populations and improve climate information services; and (6) support inter-sectoral and interjurisdictional collaboration, within the framework of the National Cabinet on Climate Change.
In most of the non-Patagonian Argentina, the average temperature has increased up to half a degree between 1960 and 2010, with smaller increases in the center of the country. These changes have already caused impacts on natural and human systems, and according to the climate projections, the impact will intensify. More frequent and intense rainfall has resulted in more frequent floods; and the dry periods of the winter have become longer in the west and the north of the country. This has adversely affected water availability for some populations, increased the risks for grassland fires and the stress on livestock.
Argentina has committed to articulate actions and initiatives related to adaptation to climate change through a systematic and participatory National Adaptation Plan in its 2016 National Determined Contribution (NDC), and later in its second NDC in 2020. The NDCs and further work implemented within the framework of the National Cabinet on Climate Change have detected various information gaps and sectoral initiatives that are directly or indirectly linked to climate change adaptation. The project focuses on addressing identified gaps, including establishing a baseline for the country's adaptation situation and initiating a participatory planning process.
The project goals will be achieved through three main outcomes and the corresponding activities. Outcome 1 “Institutional strengthening and coordination for the formulation and implementation of the NAP process” and related activities will support the initiation of the NAP process at the national level within the framework of Law 27250 through an appropriate strategy and the relevant institutional arrangements and support, such as the formalization of the External Advisory Council in consultation among others with representatives of civil society organizations, political parties, academia, and indigenous people. These activities will result in a clear groundwork; a strategy for the NAP process that establishes clear responsibilities for government ministries and departments and specifies key milestones and expected outputs of the NAP process; enhancing coordination and cooperation mechanisms. Following participatory and inclusive approaches with indigenous communities and others, risks and impacts of climate change and approaches to mitigate those risks will be identified and planned.
The activities under Outcome 2 “Awareness raising and capacity building” include conducting trainings to promote the evaluation, planning and the implementation of adaptation measures. This outcome will build capacities to reduce vulnerability to climate change and facilitate integration of adaptation into development. To date, the Climate Risk Maps Platform was updated and a social perception study on climate change is ongoing to facilitate the elaboration of a communication strategy on adaptation targeting the general public. Progress has been made on strengthening sub national climate teams by organizing workshops and training for officials at the subnational level to provide tools for the development of adaptation plans.
Outcome 3 “Baseline definition; formulation of NAPs; implementation, monitoring and reviewing” will result in a broad climate risk analysis helping to identify “adaptation deficits” and assessment of vulnerability at specific planning levels within the national context. Priority risks and needs at the regional level among provincial climate teams have been identified. Currently, adaptation options/measures are being prioritized made based on their contribution to short- and long-term sustainable socioeconomic development, costs, effectiveness and efficiency. Plans will be formulated at the national and subnational levels. In addition, a strategy for implementing and monitoring the NAP, including priority measures will be developed. To date, progress has been made in generating information to facilitate risk analysis and the identification of adaptation options through various studies, in topics such as transport supply chains and people mobility; regional economies and climate change; social vulnerability to disasters; economic impacts of climate change; health studies and cultural heritage and climate change, among others. The project also supports the elaboration of provincial adaptation plans by hiring individual consultants to strengthen the provincial climate teams.
Key results and outputs
Outcome 1: Institutional strengthening and coordination for the formulation and implementation of the NAP process.
Outcome 2: Awareness raising and capacity building.
Outcome 3: Baseline definition, formulation of NAPs, implementation, monitoring and reviewing.