The Integrating Agriculture in NAPs Programme supports partner countries to identify and integrate climate adaptation measures for the agricultural sector into relevant national planning and budgeting processes. It is a multi-year initiative funded by the German Government that responds to country driven needs. This integration will help to enhance:
  • institutional capacities and processes for operationalizing climate response strategies in the sector.
  • access to international climate finance sources such as GEF and Green Climate Fund.
  • more strategic allocations of national budgets earmarked for adaptation investments.


Uruguay launches National Adaptation Plan for the agricultural sector

23 September 2019, Uruguay - To cope with the impacts of climate change faced by the agriculture sector, Uruguay developed a new plan for climate action that was launched on 18 September 2019.


Kenya celebrates successful climate change adaptation framework at closing of NAP-Ag project

10 September 2019, Nairobi, Kenya – Thirty stakeholders from Government ministries and departments, research institutions, universities, civil societies and the UN convened to reflect on the key results achieved, best practices and lesson learnt from the three-year National Adaptation Plan (NAP-Ag) project implemented in Kenya.

Uganda develops NAP for the agricultural sector

18 June 2019, Entebbe, Uganda - With the launch of Uganda’s National Adaptation Plan for the Agriculture Sector in November 2018, the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) went one step further by sharing the lessons learnt with the wider NAP community. The NAP-Ag programme in Uganda invited all stakeholders to a three-day workshop to discuss how lessons learnt and challenges faced from formulating the country’s first NAP could be applied in other similar processes.

Workshop to wrap up NAP-Ag support in Viet Nam held in Hanoi

4 June 2019, Hanoi, Viet Nam. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) hosted the closing workshop of the Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag) programme, a multi-country support initiative co-led by the UNDP and FAO and financed by the Government of Germany (BMU). It provides technical assistance to identify and integrate climate change adaptation measures into relevant national planning and budgeting process, with a focus on the agricultural sectors.

Strengthening collaboration among ASEAN members for climate adaptation

28-30 May 2019, Chiang Rai, Thailand – The Government of Thailand hosted the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Workshop on "Strengthening Climate Resilience of ASEAN Member States (AMS) through Experience Sharing and Lessons Learn on Progress of Climate Change Adaptation Activities" 

Advancing on monitoring and evaluation for climate change adaptation in the Philippines

A four-day workshop was held on 23-26 April in Quezon City by the NAP-Ag programme, to address the needs for an integrated M&E framework and system. The workshop's objective was to put thought to developing an integrated M&E system that builds on, rather than replicates, existing systems.

Exploring indicators to monitor and evaluate adaptation in Thailand’s agricultural sectors

Thailand’s Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MoAC) hosted a workshop in Bangkok to enhance the technical capacity to monitor and evaluate (M&E) climate change adaptation in the country’s agriculture sectors. The workshop was jointly organized through the Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Programme (NAP-Ag), a multi-country support programme led by the UNDP and FAO, and financed by the Government of Germany (BMU). 

Laying the foundations for climate-sensitive budgeting and expenditure tracking in The Gambia

20 -21 February 2019 – A two day workshop takes place in Banjul, The Gambia, to establish a methodology for climate-sensitive budgeting and expenditure tracking, which is a necessary foundation for ensuring long-term investments in national adaptation planning.

Webinar Recordings - Addressing agricultural resilience in long term climate planning instruments

Recordings and Presentations - The landscape of climate planning instruments available to countries under the UNFCCC process includes National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and Long Term Strategies (LTS).  These instruments have emerged at different milestones such as the Cancun Adaptation Framework and the Paris Agreement and have specific characteristics and objectives which can contribute to and reinforce each other if leveraged effectively. Despite their very distinctive nature, these national instruments can be harnessed to scale up climate change adaptation by fostering linkages depending upon country context.

Understanding cost-benefit analysis for adaptation options in Uganda

One of the key objectives of the joint FAO-UNDP Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Programme (NAP-Ag) is to build technical capacity at the national level on the use of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) tools to guide evidence-based investment decisions in agriculture based on quantitative methods. The use of these tools will enhance national capacity to reach the Sustainable Development Goals and Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Agreement, and are an essential building block in working toward a low-carbon, climate-resilient future.


The target population of this case study was women, aged 18 to 70 years old, from dairy, livestock, and horticulture production farms that were either family farms or medium-sized farms, and who lived on or up to 50 kilometers from their farms. The team prioritized the voices of women in the study, as previous national agriculture sector climate change adaptation surveys had not exceeded 25 percent female participation.

This country case study on Thailand is part of a series that describes the steps taken to formulate and implement National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), with a particular emphasis on adaptation in agriculture (including forestry, livestock and fisheries). The series aims to provide national policy makers with valuable information from colleagues and counterparts in Asia, Africa and Latin America who are on the same NAP journey to address the multiple challenges posed by climate change.



This technical guidance note details how to develop M&E systems for adaptation planning in agriculture sectors. The first section of the guide introduces the general concept of M&E, then outlines M&E of adaptation specifically and explains how adaptation M&E relates to the agriculture sectors. The second section proposes a seven-step process to support the development of M&E systems for adaptation planning in agriculture sectors.  For each step, a list of stakeholders to engage is provided and guiding questions posed for reflection among key stakeholders. Each step also suggests a set of possible actions and outputs, as well as a list of resources for further reading.