This project supports the Government of Viet Nam’s vision to strengthen its capability to effectively integrate climate change adaptation into the government’s administration processes in priority sectors. These processes encompass policy formulation, development planning, budgeting, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation. The project is designed in two phases. The first phase aims to complete the upstream work, background studies, tools and guidelines, preliminary project pipeline, and capacity building in order to deliver the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) of Vietnam. The participatory and result based monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework and necessary capacity building support will also be completed in the first phase. Based on successful implementation of the first phase, the second phase of the project will be designed focusing on the implementation of the NAP, adaptation mainstreaming, M&E framework and a preparation of a financing strategy including detailed concept notes of high priority adaptation projects.
The "Viet Nam National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Development and Operationalization Support Project" is supporting the government of Viet Nam to establish an effective system to integrate climate change adaptation into government administration processes in five priority sectors.
Ranked 8th on the 2017 Climate Risk Index, Viet Nam is a country highly vulnerable to climate change. Average temperatures have risen by 0.5 degrees and sea levels by 20 cm in the last 50 years. Extreme weather events such as typhoons and tropical storms have increased in frequency and intensity, magnifying socio-economic and health impacts on rural, urban, coastal and mountain communities, and endangering critical transportation and drainage infrastructure. The Mekong Delta is one of the most susceptible deltas in the world to sea level rise.
The main challenge for the NAP process is the lack of capacity and resources to effectively integrate and coordinate climate change adaptation into plans and budgets at different levels and to design, operationalize, finance and monitor adaptation actions.
In addition to the key implementing partner, the Ministry of Planning and Investment, other project partners include the Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment (MONRE), the Department of Climate Change (DoCC), the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the Ministry of Transportation (MOT), and the Ministry of Health (MOH).
The following results are expected to be delivered through the three outcomes of the project:
- Integrated data analytics capability built in priority sectors.
- The NAP developed, consulted, and disseminated.
- Inter-ministerial coordination strengthened, and appraisal capacity built to implement the NAP integration.
- Background study for a financing strategy for both public and private investment in adaptation measures prepared with a preliminary project pipeline.
- Participatory and results-based M&E framework developed for priority sectors.
With the project support, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment approved a Circular which will serve as a common framework on methodology for assessing climate impacts, risk and vulnerabilities, loss and damage to identify and integrate climate change adaptation measures into sectoral plans. The Prime Minister of Vietnam approved the M&E framework which is an output of NAP project for nationwide application. All line ministries including MONRE, MARD, MOH and MOT have contributed to the development of a toolset for assessing climate change impacts, vulnerabilities, and risks. The climate risk and vulnerability assessments of priority sectors are being completed. The project led the process of producing a comprehensive report on mainstreaming gender into the National Adaptation Plan in Viet Nam, outlining key priorities and next steps.
A NAP portal has been developed and launched which provides comprehensive climate change related information on policies and programs, vulnerability and risk maps, and M&E reporting mechanism. Maintained by the Department of Climate Change, this web portal will serve as the climate change platform with regularly updated information from the government system as well as other official channels including international organizations and NGOs. As a milestone in the NAP process, Vietnam is planning to submit its “Technical report on the climate change national adaptation plan” to the UNFCCC ahead of the COP27.
Key Results and Outputs
Outcome 1: Capacity for data integration enhanced and National Adaptation Plan (NAP) prepared and aligned with the NDC review 2
Outcome 2: National adaptation plan and climate change adaptation integrated into national, subnational, and sectoral development plans and budget of priority sectors with private sector participation
Outcome 3: Participatory results-based monitoring and evaluation mechanism developed and operationalized.