Mainstreaming gender into the National Adaptation Plan process in Viet Nam
The new report analyses the gender-differentiated impacts of climate change according to the five prioritized sectors of Viet Nam's National Adaptation Plan.
According to recent research, climate change causes more negative effects on certain groups of women owing to differences in terms of education, health, employment, access to and control of natural and financial resources, opportunities to participate in policy and decision-making processes, and division of labour.
Climate impacts can reduce livelihood opportunities for women, coinciding with the risk of reinforcing inequalities. In addition, the role of women has not been properly recognized in climate action. Traditionally, women have been often considered as ‘’victims’’ of climate impacts instead of “positive change-makers”. However, they have been making crucial contributions to the implementation of climate actions and they have the capacity to act and recover from shock and disasters. Nevertheless, the extent of their resilience will similarly depend on the social, economic and governance capacity and structures at different levels.
In this context, UNDP Viet Nam and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment collaborated to conduct research and are honoured to introduce the report, 'Mainstreaming Gender into the National Adaptation Plan Process' (2023), conducted under the framework of the GCF-funded NAP Development and Operationalization Support Project.
The report focuses on analysing the gender-differentiated impacts of climate change on five prioritized sectors of the National Adaptation Plan: natural resources and environment, agriculture, health, planning and investment, and transport. The recommendations section proposes a set of activities for a “roadmap to mainstream gender in climate change adaptation” that will contribute to achieving the objectives set out in Decision 1055/QD-TTg and guide ministries in mainstreaming gender in their sectoral plans.
The recommendations contribute to enhanced recognition of women’s vulnerabilities and their needs, and the fostering of an enabling environment for them to be empowered in leading climate action. The report provides information for national and sectoral policy planning, implementation, budgeting, monitoring and evaluating national and sectoral policies, and serves as the background report for the National Adaptation Plan’s development.