One of the most pressing environmental concerns in Bulgaria is land degradation. In Bulgaria land degradation is widespread and is mostly manifested through water, wind and irrigation erosion, and through soil acidification and salinisation. According to a conservative estimate, 50-60% of the country’s land base is affected by some form of land degradation. The main causes of land degradation are: farming, where arable land is severely exploited; intensive livestock breeding, with the widespread practice of dumping land- and water-polluting livestock wastes; and forestry, with forest exploitation including a booming timber-exporting industry.
The UNDP Bulgaria Review of activities (2007-2008) was released on 07.09.2009, and includes details about the Capacity Building for Sustainable Land Management Project. According to the review, Bulgaria now has the necessary policies, legislation and institutional tools to comply with its obligations under the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and also to implement an up-to-date land policy and sustainable land management (SLM).
News: The UNDP Bulgaria Review of activities (2007-2008) is released
For more information, visit the UNDP's Country Office homepage - Bulgaria
There is also an adaptation project working to build national and local adaptation capacity to extreme water events in Bulgaria. For more information: Waterwiki.net
The Republic of Bulgaria is located in the north-eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. The territory covers 110,912 km2. The near-by Mediterranean Sea and the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula result in a great diversity of habitats. There is a climate transition from moderate continental in the north to continental Mediterranean in the south.