Croatia

 

In Croatia the effects of climate change will have impacts on hydrology and water resources, agriculture, forestry, public health, biodiversity and natural terrestrial ecosystems, marine ecosystems and fish resources, and coastal zones. The National Environmental Protection Strategy and the National Environmental Action Plan are documents intended to enable an integrated, effective and efficient implementation of environmental protection in the Republic of Croatia.

According to the 2040-2050 climate change scenario for Croatia, the temperature, especially the ground-level temperature (up to a height of 2 m), is forecast to rise regardless of the season. Warming will be higher in summer than in winter, in some places even exceeding the seasonal mean by more than 2.5 degrees. As a result of increased ground-level pressure over central and southern Europe in winter, the winters in Croatia will be more stable than at present. The scenario predicts reduced precipitation amounts in summer; however, no amplitude of decrease may be identified with certainty. An overall temperature rise and fall of humidity, especially in winter, will result in reduced snowfall and less snow on the ground. The cloudiness is expected to decrease, even by up to 15% in winter.

Sources: Croatia's National Communications 2, 3 & 4, submitted to the UNFCCC 6 February 2007.